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Types of Christ in the Old Testament
The Tabernacle as a Type of Christ
THE TABERNACLE (Ex.25:1-40:38). In this one structure with its many details, the most extensive typology of the Old Testament is presented and there is so much that is related to the death of Christ. The tabernacle itself is a 'type' of Christ as the only way to God; the ark of the covenant sprinkled with blood is the place of propitiation; the shewbread is another type of Christ as the Bread of Life given for the world; all references of silver speak of redemption; the brazen altar represents those judgments against sin which Christ bore in His death; the candlestick is a type of Christ the light of the world; the golden altar represents that aspect of Christ's death which was a sweet aroma unto God; and the brazen laver foreshadows the cleansing of the believer/priest through the precious Blood of Christ (1 John 1:7).
The Death of Christ in Different Scriptures
If you want to study about the death of Christ, you will be amazed at the many places it occupies in the Bible. The 'types' that are found characterizes the early portions of God's Word. His death is a very important teaching in the Old Testament historical books. Not all Passages will be cited.
The death of Christ . . . in Genesis. Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. (KJV) . . . This was a prophetic fact
of Christ's death, its relation to demonic authorities, and its relation to sin and judgment.
The death of Christ . . . in Old Testament prophecy. The Psalms which bear prophetically on the death of Christ are 22:1-21; 40:6-7; 69. In Isaiah 52:13-53:12 the outstanding prophecy occurs.
The death of Christ . . . in the Gospels. There are four extended accounts of Christ's death, as well as His own predictions concerning His death.
The death of Christ . . . in Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, and Galatians. The theme of salvation is so dominant in all these books . . . and since ALL salvation rests completely on the death of Christ, the New Testament doctrine is found mainly in these four Letters. Consider:: Rom.3:22-26; 4:25; 5:7-10; 6:1-15; 14:9; 15; 1 Cor.1:18 - 2:8; 15:3; 2 Cor.5:14-21; Gal.1:4; 2:20; 3:10; 13; 6:14-15.
The death of Christ . . . in Ephesians, Phillipians and Colossians. The following Passages present the most vital truth: Eph.5:25-27; Phil.2:5-8; Col.1:14, 20, which Passage refers to the reconciliation of things, not creatures.
The death of Christ . . . in Hebrews. The Letter to the Hebrews is an article on the death of Christ and with special reference to the Truth that the old order with its sacrifices has been superseded by the ONE Sacrifice of the cross by our Saviour. The book of Hebrews has more on the death of Christ than any other one New Testament book, just as Leviticus has the most of all the books of the Old Testament. Consider: Heb.1:3; 2:9; 5:1-10; 7:25-27; 9:12-15, 16-18; 10:1-21; 12:2, 24; 13:10-13.
The death of Christ . . . other New Testament Books. This is a more general classification which certain passages are to be considered: Acts 17:3; 1 Thes.4:14; 5:10; 1 Peter 1:18-21; 2:21; 3:18; 4:1; 1 John 2:2; Rev.5:6, 9, 12; 13:8.
The Temple was the central place of Israel's worship throughout her history. In the New Testament it is used symbolically of Christ's place of dwelling within the life of the redeemed.
Psalm 5:7; 79:1; 138:2; Isaiah 44:28; Eze.41:1; 41:20; 41:22; 48:8; Mat.4:5; Acts 3:1
The Temple was a more permanent house in connection with the temporary tabernacle of Moses which was made of cloth walls and skin coverings. It could have been a house for the high priest and others to live in, for it seems Eli and Samuel lived in one to take care of the daily duties of the tabernacle (1 Samuel 3:3,5-18). God Himself testified that He had not dwelt in a permanent house, but in a tent and a tabernacle from the days of Moses to David (2 Samuel 7:6-7; 1 Chron. 15:1; 2 Chron. 1:4; Psalm 78:60). It is clear then that the tabernacle of Moses was called a temple of the Lord (1 Sam.1:9; 1 Sam.3:3).
See note on Rev. 11:2 for five past and future temples of the Lord besides the heavenly temple of Rev. 3:12; Rev. 7:15; Rev. 11:19; Rev. 14:15,17; Rev. 15:5-8; Rev. 16:1,17; Rev. 21:22. These and the tabernacle (called a temple) make seven temples of Scripture. There are seven references in the N.T. about believers being the temple of God, but this by no means does away with the fact of a literal temple of God in heaven, as in the above scriptures (2 Cor. 3:9-17 1 Cor 6:19; 2 Cor. 6:16; Eph. 2:20-21; Heb. 3:6; 1 Peter 2:5; 1 Peter 4:17).
Five temples in history and prophecy:
1. Solomon's temple (1Ki. 5-8)
2. Zerubbabel's temple (Hag. 1-2; Ezra 3:4-13; 6:1-22)
3. Herod's temple (Jn. 2:19-20; Mt. 24)
4. The future Jewish temple in the days of Antichrist (Dan. 9:27; 11:45; 12:7; Mat. 24:15; 2Th. 2:3-4; Rev. 11:1-2)
5. The millennial temple (Eze. 40-48; Zech. 6:12-13; Eze.45:7)
The court here refers to the court of the Gentiles in the Millennial Temple. It is not to be measured and given over to them, for it is already theirs. The rest of the Temple and Jerusalem, will be taken over by Antichrist for 42 months (Rev. 11:2; 13:1-18; 2Th. 2:2-4; Dan. 11:40-45; 12:7; Mt. 24:15).
The Temple is given unto the Gentiles. Five things proven by this prophecy:
1. The times of the Gentiles did NOT end in 1843-1844,1914-1918,1924, 1927,1936,1942,1948,1954, or any other date set by man!
2. The times of the Gentiles CANNOT end until the end of the 42 months of Rev. 11:2-3; 12:6,14; 13:5 (Rev. 19:11-21; Lk. 21:24; Zech. 14; Rom. 11:25-29).
3. The Jews must become victorious over the Arabs again in order to get control of Jerusalem so that it can be given back into the hands of the Gentiles for the 42 months (Rev. 11:1-2).
4. The Jews will have to be defeated by the Antichrist before he can take over the city for the 42 months (Rev. 11:1-2; Dan. 11:40-45; 2Th. 2:2-4).
5. The Jews will become victorious over the Antichrist and the Gentiles at the end of the 42 months and will then have control of Jerusalem FOREVER! (Rev. 11:1-2; Zech. 14; Rev. 19:11-21).
Rebuilding of the Temple
Ezekiel wrote nine chapters on the subject of the rebuilding of the Millennial Temple, the Sanctuary, the Holy Oblation, and Jerusalem, as they will be when Messiah reigns (Eze.40:5 - 48:35). He did NOT reveal who would be doing the building. BUT . . . Zechariah very plainly tells us that Christ will be the One to build the future and eternal temple (Zech.6:12). This is NOT the future Jewish temple in Jerusalem in the days of Antichrist, who will take over Palestine for 3 1/2 years, for that Temple shall be destroyed when the city is divided by the great earthquake under the seventh vial (Rev. 11:13; Rev. 16:17-21), and when the Mount of Olives is completely removed (Zech.14:1-5). The temple Zechariah referred to here will NOT be built until the Second Coming of Christ to take over the kingdoms of this world (Zech.6:12-13; Rev. 11:15).
Zechariah 6:13 Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both. (KJV) . . . Not only will Christ build the Temple of the Lord at His Second Coming, but Christ will also receive the glory, and rule upon His eternal throne as a King and Priest.
This will be the throne of David and the Kingdom will be that of David restored to eternal glory and power (Isa.9:6-7; Hos.3:4-5; Amos 9:11-15; Luke 1:32-33; Acts 15:13-18). This confirms the priesthood of Christ, as well as His kingship. He will be a Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek (Psalm 110:4; Heb. 5:6,10; Heb. 6:20; Heb.7:1-21). Thus, our Lord Jesus shall hold a three-fold office of Christ the Prophet (Deut.18:15-18; John 6:14; Ac.3:22), Christ the Priest (Psalm 110:4; Zec.6:13; Heb.2:17; Heb.3:1), and Christ the King (Psalm 2:6; Isa. 9:6-7; Micah 5:2; Mat.2:2; Mat.21:5; Mat.25:31,34,40; Luke 1:32-33; Rev. 11:15; Rev.19:16; Rev. 20:1-10).
All the offices are combined in One Person, the Lord Jesus Christ . . . no office will be exalted higher than another. The Kingship and Priesthood of Israel shall be combined in Christ, and there will be absolutely NO enmity between the two offices as when filled by two men. The prophecy in Zech.6:15 shall be fulfilled.
Zechariah 8:3 Thus saith the LORD; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain. (KJV)
Zechariah 6:15 And they that are far off shall come and build in the temple of the LORD, and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you. And this shall come to pass, if ye will diligently obey the voice of the LORD your God. (KJV)
Three Prophecies Fulfilled:
1. They that are afar off shall come and build in the Temple of the Lord.
2. You shall know that the Lord of hosts has sent me unto you.
3. This shall come to pass if you will diligently obey the voice of the Lord your God.
Types of Christ in the Old Testament
Type of Israel, Jonah
Types . . . Eve Bride of Christ
Types of Christ's Death, Coats of Skin
Types of Christ's Death, Old Testament Sacrifices
Types of Christ's Death, Tabernacle
Types of Christ, Adam
Types of Christ, David
Types of Christ, Elijah
Types of Christ, Elisha
Types of Christ, Examples
Types of Christ, Isaac
Types of Christ, Job
Types of Christ and His Resurrection, Jonah
Types of Christ, Joseph
Types of Christ, Melchezidek
Types of Christ, Moses
Types of Christ, the Pillar of Cloud and Fire
Types of Christ, Samson
Types of Christ, the Rock
Types of Christ, the Brazen Serpent
Types of Christ, the Exodus