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Book of Daniel
Chapter 5

INTRODUCTION TO DANIEL CHAPTER 5

This chapter tells us of an account of a feast made by King Belshazzar, which was attended with drunkenness, idolatry and profaning of the vessels which Nebuchadnezzar had taken from the Temple at Jerusalem (Dan.1:1). It speaks of the great displeasure of God, shown by a very unusual handwriting on the wall, which terrified the king and his guests, and caused him to send to quickly sent for the astrologers and wise men to read and interpret it, which they could not do!

In great distress, which was revealed in the faces of the king and his nobles. The queen mother
advised the king to send for Daniel, of whom she gives high praise.  When Daniel was brought in to the king, he was promised a great reward to read and interpret the writing. Daniel slighted the reward, but he said that he would read and interpret the writing, and afterwards Daniel reminded King Belshazzar of what had happened to his grandfather Nebuchadnezzar, and charging this arrogant king with pride, idolatry and sacrilege of the vessels of the Lord.

Daniel reads and interprets the writing to the king, and afterwards the king had honor done him, and he was preferred in the government. The chapter ends with an account of the immediate fulfilment of the judgment of God on King Belshazzar and the ancient prophecies . . . the king of Babylon was slain that very night, and ended with the utter termination of the Babylon kingdom. Darius the Mede took possession of the kingdom.

THEME: Feast of Belshazzar; fingers (sent by God) write upon the wall; failure of the wise men to read the handwriting; Daniel scorns the king's gifts; Daniel interprets the handwriting on the wall; fall of Babylon . . . fulfillment was that very night.

The things recorded in chapter 5 took place at a later date than those in the previous chapters. And too, this like Chapter 4, comes from a page lifted from the historical records of Babylon. So much has taken place since the events of chapter 4. 

Feast of Belshazzar (5:1-4)

Daniel 5:1 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand. (KJV)
Who was Belshazzar? And how did he get to the throne? In chapter 4, Nebuchadnezzar was the king. When Nebuchadnezzar died, his only son, Evilmerodach, succeeded him, in about 561 B.C. (2 Ki.25:27). http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5921-evil-merodach
Evilmerodach was supposedly murdered by Nergalsharezer who had married one of Nebuchadnezzar's daughters and now replaced him on the throne in about 559 B.C. Nergal-sharezer was succeeded by his young son who reigned only a few months before he was murdered by Nabonidus (the husband of another of Nebuchadnezzar's daughters).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabonidus
Nabonidus was the last ruler of the Babylonian empire, who spent much of his time away from the kingdom on foreign expeditions. Belshazzar his son remained at Babylon as his co-regent.
http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/2846-belshazzar

All this reveals just how accurate Jeremiah’s words are.
Jeremiah 27:6-7 And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant; and the beasts of the field have I given him also to serve him.
7  And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him
. (KJV) . . . What Jeremiah predicts is that the Babylonian kingdom would last through the reign of a son and a grandson of Nebuchadnezzar, and then the reign of the Babylonian kingdom as the head of gold would end (Dan.2:32).

At the same time of the feast of Belshazzar, Gobryas, the Median general, was besieging the city of Babylon. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gobryas
One historian describes how they took the city by detouring a canal of the Euphrates River back into main channel and then letting the army flow under the walls of the city.
The events of this chapter, which for many years had been discounted by critics, have been confirmed by secular history . . . in other words . . . secular history has been confirmed by the Word of God. Many historians were at times liars, so we cannot always depend upon what they said . . . but . . . historical research does agree with the Scriptures. God does NOT lie (Tit.1:2).

This proud, arrogant King Belshazzar gave a great feast, inviting 1000 noblemen to a great banquet, and they drank wine together. They got drunk! Liquor has always been a temporary crutch for weak men and women. Alcohol is still the number one drug problem in the United States. There are far more alcoholics in this country than there are drug addicts. More than half of those killed in traffic accidents each year are alcohol related! Billions of dollars are spent each year by Americans for alcohol. Alcohol is in millions of homes, readily available to children, so they start drinking liquor at a very early age.
Belshazzar started off his feast with a big cocktail party. It wasn’t long before they all got drunk. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/2846-belshazzar
http://www.britannica.com/biography/Belshazzar

Daniel 5:2  Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein. (KJV)
This king liked his wine, and he was determined to have a good time. In scorn and contempt, he
sent for the vessels of God's Temple, feeling victorious over God and His people . . . but this would NOT last long. The heathens had more honor and respect for the vessels of their own idols, which they kept sacred and untouched. Daniel will rebuke them for this brazen and disrespectful profaneness, for the concubines also drank out of them.

Daniel 5:3 Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the house of God which was at Jerusalem; and the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, drank in them. (KJV)
What went on there was that this group greatly insulted the great God of Heaven and Earth. The Name of God is never more profaned than among drunkards and epicures (people who pig out). BEWARE!!!

Daniel 5:4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone. (KJV)
These heathens had MANY gods of all kinds, of all types of metal; of wood and stone.

Fingers Of God Write Upon The Wall (5:5-7)

Daniel 5:5 In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaister of the wall of the king's palace: and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote. (KJV)
It was not very long before the king and all his guests saw fingers of a man's hand . . . the PART of the hand . . . the fingers started to write on the wall of the king’s palace, near the candlestick, where the light was the brightest. The king and his guests saw the fingers as it wrote.

Daniel 5:6  Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another. (KJV)
The king's countenance was changed . . . here is a description of fear and terror:
(1.) The face grows pale;
(2.) The mind becomes greatly disturbed;
(3.) Pains grabs hold of the lower part of the back and kidneys;
(4.) An over-all shaking takes place, so that the knees knock against each other;
(5.) And last of all, the cry of distress is muttered, and "The king cried" (vs.7).

Daniel 5:7 The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. And the king spake, and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with scarlet, and have a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom. (KJV)
The king was terrified . . . he commands bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the sooth-sayers, to read the hand-writing. He promises scarlet clothing, gold chains and honors. HOW can the devil help when God is against him? (1 Sam.28:16). And what is more, Belshazzar knew of his father's experience (Dan.2:27; 4:7). Twice Nebuchadnezzar tried them, and they could do nothing, and yet Belshazzar will still go for the devil's advice. Fools forsake God and go for a refuge of lies, and God will give them up to strong delusions to believe their lies (2 Thes.2:11).
Whosoever shall read this writing . . . three promises of reward: He shall:
(1.) Be clothed in scarlet, refers to being clothed in royal robes of purple.
(2.) Have a chain of gold on his neck, indicated political dignity.
(3.) Be third ruler in the kingdom, Nabonidus, the king, was the first ruler. Belshazzar, as coregent, was the second ruler. This would make Daniel the third ruler of Babylon; but he did not get to exercise this power, because Babylon was overthrown that very night (vs.29-31).

This proves that the writing was NOT in the ordinary language of the lords from the empire. Had it been in Hebrew, Aramaic, or some common language of the empire many could have read and interpreted it. Whatever language it was, it took a man gifted by the Holy Spirit, one possessing the gift of interpretation, to read and interpret it.
This would be done by the Holy Spirit, through Daniel, just like the previous interpretations were (Dan.2:19, 22-23, 28-30, 47; Dan.4:8-9, 19).

Failure Of The Wise Men To Read The Handwriting (5:8-12)

Daniel 5:8 Then came in all the king's wise men: but they could not read the writing, nor make known to the king the interpretation thereof. (KJV)
As usual the wise men failed the king, but Daniel came through (Dan.2:2-19; 4:7-9; 5:8-9).

Daniel 5:9 Then was king Belshazzar greatly troubled, and his countenance was changed in him, and his lords were astonied. (KJV)
Belshazzar greatly troubled  . . . again, because his hopes in his wise men made him ashamed. God would give him much grief since the king had such pleasure in his luxury.
Threefold effect of the handwriting:
(1.) It produced great distress in the king (vs.6,9).
(2.) It changed the happy-go-lucky mood of the king to one of fear and terror (vs.6,9).
(3.) The lords were overwhelmed (vs.9).

Daniel 5:10 Now the queen, by reason of the words of the king and his lords, came into the banquet house: and the queen spake and said, O king, live for ever: let not thy thoughts trouble thee, nor let thy countenance be changed: (KJV)
The merrymaking had ceased, the carousing stopped, and a death-like silence filled the banquet hall because of the handwriting. The queen broke the silence by informing the king of Daniel (vs.10-12).
The women in those courts always had an apartment by themselves, and this being queen and elderly, did not socialize herself with the king's wives and concubines, but removed herself from those pleasures in banqueting, yet she came in now in this terrifying occasion. This queen mother was either Nabonidus's wife or the wife of one of his predecessors, maybe even of Nebuchadnezzar. She was not Belshazzar's wife, because his wives were with him in the banquet hall.

Daniel 5:11 There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom is the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, I say, thy father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers; (KJV)
The elderly queen seems to remember Nebuchadnezzar's language (Dan.4:8-9,18), using the same terms to describe Daniel. Thy father means King Nebuchadnezzar . . . not Nabonidus.  Belshazzar was most likely a grandson of Nebuchadnezzar, not through Nabonidus, but through his mother, possibly the queen speaking here. Upon assuming the throne, Nabonidus is thought to have married one of Nebuchadnezzar's daughters to solidify his position. Master of the magicians (Dan.2:48) . . . is the position to which Daniel was promoted when he proved himself to be the most able interpreter in the kingdom (Dan.4:9). Upon taking the throne in Babylon, Belshazzar might not have been told of Daniel's gifts, for years have passed since chapter 4.
A man in whom is the spirit of the holy gods . . . this man was Daniel. It is always good to have a man like this in any kingdom. They were plentiful in early New Testament times (1 Cor.1:7; 12:4-11).
The queen, Nebuchadnezzar (Dan.4:8-9, 18) and others (Dan.5:14-16) recognized that the Holy Spirit was in Daniel.

Daniel 5:12 Forasmuch as an excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, and shewing of hard sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the same Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar: now let Daniel be called, and he will shew the interpretation. (KJV)
Even though Daniel was in high regard for his skill in the days of Nebuchadnezzar, who had him in high honor, for the Spirit of God in him; yet Nebuchadnezzar being dead, and other kings taking his place, that had never used his abilities nor known his virtues, (as it was in Joseph's case (Ex.1:8), he was not at all known.
Sevenfold testimony of Daniel:
(1.) He had the Holy Spirit in him (Dan.5:11).
(2.) He had an excellent Spirit (Dan.5:12).
(3.) He was full of knowledge.
(4.) He had great understanding.
(5.) He had the gift of interpreting dreams.
(6.) He could explain hard sentences.
(7.) He could dissolve all doubts.
The queen had absolute faith in Daniel for he had never failed (Dan.2:19-49; 4:8-30).

Daniel Spurns The King's Gifts (5:13-24)

Daniel 5:13 Then was Daniel brought in before the king. And the king spake and said unto Daniel, Art thou that Daniel, which art of the children of the captivity of Judah, whom the king my father brought out of Jewry? (KJV)
Daniel was brought in before the king. The king asked him: "Are you Daniel, that Jewish exile whom my father the king brought here from Judah?”

Daniel 5:14 I have even heard of thee, that the spirit of the gods is in thee, and that light and understanding and excellent wisdom is found in thee. (KJV)
I have heard that the spirit of the holy gods is in you and that you are skillful and have knowledge and wisdom. This was a true account of the prophet Daniel.

Daniel 5:15 And now the wise men, the astrologers, have been brought in before me, that they should read this writing, and make known unto me the interpretation thereof: but they could not shew the interpretation of the thing: (KJV)
They could not . . . is a familiar phrase when speaking of man apart from God. It is found in 58 Scripture verses.
Things that People Could Not Do:
1. Dwell together because of the abundance of their stock (Gen.13:6).
2. Speak peaceably unto Joseph (Gen.37:4).
3. Produce lice (magicians, Ex.8:18).
4. Stand before Moses (magicians, Ex.9).
5. Drink of waters of Marah (Ex.15:23).
6. Stand before their enemies (Josh.7:12; Judg.2:14).
7. Drive them out (Josh.15:63; 17:12).
8. Follow David to battle (1 Sam.30:12).
9. Recover themselves in defeat before Israel (2 Chron.14:13).
10. Cause Israel to cease work on the Temple (Ezra 5:5).
11. Drink of the bloody waters (Ps.78:44).
12. Spread the sail (Isa.33:23).
13. Read the writing (Dan.5:8).
14. Show the interpretation (Dan.5:15).
15. Bring the boat to land (Jonah 1:13).
16. Cure someone (Mat.7:16; Mk.9:18; Lk.9:40).
17. Answer Him again (Lk.14:6).
18. Take hold of His words (Lk.20:26).
19. Believe, because they hardened their own hearts and refused to do so (Jn.12:39).
20. Enter into rest because of their unbelief (Heb.3:19).
21. Endure the voice of God (Heb.12:20).
The devil may try to tell you that you do not need the power of God to live a Godly life in this world, and that you do not need Jesus to get you to Heaven . . . do NOT listen to him. He is WRONG! (Jn.14:6; Acts 4:12).

Daniel 5:16 And I have heard of thee, that thou canst make interpretations, and dissolve doubts: now if thou canst read the writing, and make known to me the interpretation thereof, thou shalt be clothed with scarlet, and have a chain of gold about thy neck, and shalt be the third ruler in the kingdom. (KJV)
Belshazzar told Daniel that he had heard he could find hidden meanings and explain mysteries. The king told Daniel that IF he could read this writing and tell me what it means, he would dress him in robes of royal purple, wear a gold chain of honor around your neck, and be the third in power in the kingdom. Dissolve doubts means to untie knots, unbind what is bound. It was an expression used in the east to indicate a judge of eminent wisdom and skill.

Daniel 5:17 Then Daniel answered and said before the king, Let thy gifts be to thyself, and give thy rewards to another; yet I will read the writing unto the king, and make known to him the interpretation. (KJV)
Daniel told the king to keep the gifts or give them to someone else, but I will tell you what the writing means. Daniel knew the gifts would be of little use to anyone because the city would very soon be taken and plundered.

Daniel 5:18 O thou king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honour: (KJV)
Daniel tells this king that the Most High God gave sovereignty, majesty, glory and honor to his father (or grandfather) Nebuchadnezzar. Daniel tells him this to make Belshazzar recall how God had dealt with Nebuchadnezzar, for it is good for kings to read over the story of their ancestors, and take warning from their examples.

 Daniel 5:19 And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down. (KJV)
Nebuchadnezzar had ruled chaotically, having power of life and death. He did whatever he wanted for his will was law. He had lifted up his heart in pride, and hardened it as He did Pharaoh's heart (Ex.4:21; 7:13-14; 8:15, etc), for which, being irredeemable and hopeless, he (Nebuchadnezzar) was deposed from his kingly throne, as seen in the next verse.
The true character of any dictator, is that his will is the only rule of his conduct.

Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him: (KJV)
The great Nebuchadnezzar’s heart and mind were puffed up with arrogance and pride as to what and who he was . . . but the Most High God brought him down from his royal throne and stripped of his glory. Because he became proud, stubborn and cruel . . . he was removed from his royal throne and lost his great place of honor. He became insane; and the power of the government was removed from his hands.

Daniel 5:21 And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild asses: they fed him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven; till he knew that the most high God ruled in the kingdom of men, and that he appointeth over it whomsoever he will. (KJV)
Nebuchadnezzar was driven from human society. He was given the mind of a wild animal, and he lived among wild beasts. He ate grass like an ox, and he was drenched with the dew of heaven, until he learned that the Most High God rules over the kingdoms of the world and appoints anyone he desires to rule over them. After the 7 year judgment (Dan.4:16, 23, 25), the king finally admitted that the Supreme God of Heaven (Ezra 1:2; 5:11-12; 6:9-10; 7:21, 23), controls all human kingdoms and can give them to anyone He so chooses.
They fed him . . . this may suggest that men protected and cared for Nebuchadnezzar to some extent, during his insanity. Although he did live with the animals, this may lead us to consider   that he did indeed have some human care until he became sane again. To me, this makes sense because of the nature of our awesome God! God is SO good to us, even when He punishes us.

Daniel 5:22 And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this; (KJV)
Literally, Belshazzar was Nebuchadnezzar’s grandson. Daniel boldly preached to Belshazzar giving him the exact reason of his ruin. His sin was the same as that of Nebuchadnezzar (Dan.4:25-36; 5:22-30). His heart was hardened, NOT humbled!
Sins of Belshazzar:
1. Did not humble himself in his heart.
2. Did not learn from the judgments of God upon his grandfather (Dan.5:22).
3. Ranked himself higher than Almighty God (Dan.5:23).
4. Defiled and dishonored the sanctified vessels of the house of God (Dan.5:23). 
5. Praised and worshipped idol gods (Dan.5:23.)
6. Refused to honor and glorify the TRUE God who gives life to all (Dan.5:23).

Daniel 5:23 But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified: (KJV)
Daniel told the king that he had committed blasphemy against the Lord of Heaven by bringing in the cups and bowls taken from the Temple. The king, his noblemen, his wives and his concubines drank wine out of them and praised the heathen gods made of gold, silver, bronze, iron, wood and stone . . . gods that can neither see nor hear and that know nothing. Neither did they honor the God who determines whether they live or die and who controls everything.
Idols; cannot hear, speak or do: (1 Ki.18:25-29; Ps.115:5-7; 135:16-17; Isa.41:26-29; 44:9-10; 48:5; Hab.2:18-19; 1 Cor.12:2).
Daniel very boldly tells the king what he did wrong:
(1.) He had used the vessels of God’s house to drink wine in, they used them in an irreverent and profane way in the idolatrous feast. Everyone there had polluted them with their filthy, blasphemous mouths, concubines and all.
(2.) They all praised the idol gods of metal, wood, and stone, which cannot hear, nor see, nor know.
(3.) They did not honor and glorify the One and Only TRUE God of Heaven, in whose Hands was the breath of all, and all their ways. They had highly dishonored, insulted and harassed Him.

Daniel 5:24 Then was the part of the hand sent from him; and this writing was written. (KJV)
Because of Belshazzar’s arrogant pride and ego, and what he had done in this blasphemous and irreverent feast, Almighty God had sent the part of the hand (fingers), to write the prophetic words that terrified this king.
It seems possible from this that the part of the hand, the fingers still were on the wall up to this point. If so, then it remained there for some time, until the wise men failed to make the mystery known and Daniel was called. It was the terrified king who told Daniel what had happened (vs.13-24).

Daniel 5:25 And this is the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN. (KJV)
The king then tells Daniel what was written. MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN. These words were not in the Chaldean language, for if they had been, every wise man there, and everyone else could read the words of their own language, and could have interpreted them.

Daniel 5:26 This is the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it. (KJV)
Daniel now tells the king what the strange words mean. MENE, MENE, means numbered, numbered . . . it is repeated for the sake of stressing the importance of it. Daniel told Belshazzar that the One and Only Most High God has numbered your kingdom. It is ended.

Daniel 5:27 TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting. (KJV)
Daniel continues: TEKEL means weighed. You are weighed in the balances, and you are found lacking. Beware, a lesson here for us . . . how many of us are found lacking

Daniel 5:28 PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians. (KJV)
UPHARSIN or PHARSIN is the plural of PERES, and it means division. Your kingdom is split and it shall be given to the Medes and Persians (Dan.2:32-33).

Daniel 5:29 Then commanded Belshazzar, and they clothed Daniel with scarlet, and put a chain of gold about his neck, and made a proclamation concerning him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom. (KJV)
They clothed Daniel with scarlet . . . most likely with purple. The gold chain about the neck was a symbol of superior authority. It is often thus mentioned in Scripture.
Daniel was to be "the third ruler in the kingdom." How precise the Book of Daniel is. Nabonidus was really the king, with Belshazzar, the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar as second in command. Daniel would have been third in command.
Gold chain about the neck: (Gen.41:42; Pro.1:9; Song 1:10; Dan.5:7, 16, 29).
Purple, scarlet: (Judg.8:26; Est.8:15; Dan.5:7, 16; Mat.15:17, 20; 27:28; Lk.16:19; Jn.19:25; Rev.17:4; 18:12,16).

Fall of Babylon
Fulfillment That Very Night (5:30-31)

Daniel 5:30 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain. (KJV)
This Biblical Truth is confirmed by heathen histories, and reveals the severity of God's righteous judgment against the highest offenders (Ps.2:9; Ps.21:8-9; Ps.90:5-11; Ps.137:8; Ps.149:6-8; Jer.51:33; Hos.10:7). It also confirms the Truth of what God threatens, and of the hand-writing, as Daniel interpreted. BEWARE!!! What God promises, God delivers. Sad and terrifying are many instances of God's Truth and reliability. God does NOT lie (Tit.1:2).
In that very night, Belshazzar was killed.

History says two lords, Gadatas and Gobrias, went over to Cyrus, to avenge themselves of certain wrongs which Belshazzar had done to them. It seems that Cyrus entered the city by the bed of the Euphrates, which he had emptied, by cutting a channel for the waters, and directing them into the marshy country.
http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/4828-cyrus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_Babylon
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Cyrus_the_Great

Daniel 5:31 And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being about threescore and two years old. (KJV)
Darius is supposedly the same as Cyaxares, son of Astyages and maternal uncle of Cyrus, to whom he gave the throne of Babylon, after he himself had had the honor of taking the city.
Daniel tells us nothing of the war that raged between the Babylonians and the Medes; but Isaiah speaks quite a bit of it (Isaiah chapters: 13, 14, 45, 46, 47), and so does Jeremiah (Chap. 50- 51). The Medes and Persians were partners in the war; the Medes under Darius, the Persians under Cyrus. Both these princes are supposed to have been present at the taking of Babylon.

At the exact time this profane banquet was being held, the Medes were marching underneath the walls of Babylon where the waters of the canal had flowed. It seems that underneath the wall of that city, there was a canal which brought water through the city, but now the waters had been cut off and channeled back into the main stream of the Euphrates River. It seems that Gobryas was marching his army into the inner part of the city where the palace was located. History records that he and his men were on the inside the inner city BEFORE the guards even knew that anything was wrong. Xenophon, the Greek historian, who recorded for secular history the way in which the Persians took the city.
Belshazzar was slain . . . because he had been weighed and found wanting by Almighty God. My friend, God uses HIS scale and HIS standards to weigh us, NOT your scale, NOT mine! God clearly tells us:
Psalm 14:3 They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one. (KJV)
Psalm 53:1 The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that doeth good. (KJV)
Psalm 53:3 Every one of them is gone back: they are altogether become filthy; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. (KJV)
Romans 3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: (KJV)  
Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; (KJV)

Consider the following: Isaiah 45:6 That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else. (KJV) . . . There is only ONE TRUE God in this Universe! And He ALWAYS does what is right and just! We really do have a GOOD God!

Belshazzar had rejected God, and he was sentenced to death by God! Darius the Median became the ruler of the kingdom of silver (Dan.2:32). He came with a sudden, unexpected attack and destroyed Babylon. Isaiah had prophesied the fall of Babylon (Isa.21). In the future, yet another Babylon shall fall by the mighty Hand of God (Rev.18), which shall be the end man's blasphemous and ridiculous exhibition of civilization. One day we shall be under the rule of God’s own Son! Come, Lord Jesus, come! (Mat.6:10; Rev.22:20).

Special Comments for Daniel Chapter 5

The God of Heaven

That they would desire mercies of the God of heaven . . . expressions such as this are found only in the books of the captivity: Ezra, Nehemiah and Daniel. It was only AFTER the departure of the glory of God from Jerusalem, from the Holy of Holies in the Temple, that God was addressed as the God of heaven. These young Hebrew men knew that God did not dwell in the Temple in Jerusalem. The One and Only Almighty God is the God of Heaven.
The God of Heaven: (Ezra 1:2; 5:11-12; 6:9-10; 7:21, 23; Neh.1:4-5; 2:4, 20; Ps.136:26; Dan. 2:18-19, 37). This expression was used only AFTER the glory of God was removed from the Temple (Eze.9:3; 10:4, 18; 11:22-23). God’s glory would then be gone from the Earth until Christ Jesus came (Lk.1:9; 2:1-30)
Daniel calls the true God the God of heaven, because He made Heaven and His Throne is there. The heathens and magicians' gods did NOT come from Heaven . . . but were evil demons of Hell. The God of Heaven (Ezra ch.7), will set up a Kingdom on Earth that shall never be destroyed.

Description of fear and terror in Belshazzar:
1. His face grew pale.
2. His mind became greatly agitated.
3. There is weakness in his whole frame.
4. His whole body trembled and shook.
5. A cry of distress was given (Dan.5:6-7; Job 4:12-21)

Daniel’s Three Promises of reward in Dan.5:7: 
1. Be clothed in scarlet.
2. Have a chain of gold on his neck.
3. Be third ruler in the kingdom.

Witness of Daniel:
1. He had the Holy Spirit in him (Dan.5:11).
2. He had an excellent Spirit (Dan.5:12).
3. He was full of knowledge.
4. He had great understanding.
5. He had the gift of interpreting dreams.
6. He could solve hard sentences.
7. He could dissolve all doubts.

Six sins of Belshazzar  . . . and MANY others:

1. Did not humble himself in his heart.
2. Did not profit by the dealings of God with his grandfather (Dan.5:22)
3. Exalted himself against God (Dan.5:23)
4. Profaned the sanctified vessels of the house of God (Dan.5:23)
5. Praised idol gods (Dan.5:23)
6. Refused to glorify the TRUE God who gives life to all (Dan.5:23)

Book of Daniel

Ch.1 . Ch.2 . Ch.3. Ch.4. Ch.5 . Ch.6 . Ch.7 . Ch.8 . Ch.9 . Ch.10 . Ch. 11. Ch.12 . Special Comments

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