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The Book of Micah
This chapter continues the subject which began in Micah 4; prophesying future glory because of past Promises of God. In chapter 4 we saw prophecies regarding the last days; now we shall see prophecies regarding the First Coming of Christ.
Micah 5:1 Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek. (KJV)
Judah is here called "daughter of troops" because of her bands of men employed in highway robbery and bloodshed (Mic.2:8; 3:2). The word "troops" is almost always used of such marauding bands. Now they are called to resist the invader entering Palestine and making war. The invader referred to was the Roman general who destroyed Jerusalem in 70 A.D. (Mic.5:1; Luke 21:20-24). This was the only power that laid siege to Jerusalem in the days of the first advent of the Messiah, when He was smitten on the cheek (Mat.27:30).
Micah projects the horrors of the Babylonian invasion right on down to the “last days,” meaning to the Great Tribulation Period and the War of Armageddon.
King Zedekiah was reigning in Jerusalem when Nebuchadnezzar conquered the city (2 Ki.25:1-2). Zedekiah was the last of the kings in David's line to sit on the throne in Jerusalem. Micah said that the next king in David's line would be the Messiah, who would establish a kingdom that would never end.
Jerusalem's leaders were obsessed with wealth and position, but Micah prophesied that mighty Jerusalem, with all its wealth and power, would be besieged and destroyed. Its king could not save it.
Micah states that Bethlehem, a tiny town, would be the birthplace of the only King who could save His people. This deliverer, the Messiah, would be born as a Baby in Bethlehem (Luke 2:4-7), and eventually would reign as the eternal King (Revelation chapters 19-22).
You might think from this devastating experience that the Davidic line had come to an end and that the Promise God made to David, that One was to come in his line who would reign forever, could never be fulfilled, but not so. God does not lie! He keeps ALL His Promises!
The Davidic line which was carried away into captivity, were the ancestors of the line of which came both Joseph and Mary, the mother of the Lord Jesus.
Nebuchadnezzar put Zedekiah (the uncle of Jehoiachin) on the throne at Jerusalem. When he rebelled against Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar took Zedekiah, slew all of his sons before his eyes, and carried him into captivity. 2 Kings 25:6-7 So they took the king, and brought him up to the king of Babylon to Riblah; and they gave judgment upon him. 7 And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of brass, and carried him to Babylon. (KJV)
Prophecy Of The First Coming Of Christ Micah 5:2-15
Micah 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting. (KJV)
Ephratah was the district in which Bethlehem was located. This Ruler is Jesus, the Messiah. Micah predicted exactly Christ’s birthplace hundreds of years before Jesus was born. The promised eternal King in David’s line, who would come to live as a Man, had been alive forever; from of old, from ancient times. Although He is the eternal God, Christ entered human history as the man, Jesus of Nazareth.
Micah 5:3 Therefore will he give them up, until the time that she which travaileth hath brought forth: then the remnant of his brethren shall return unto the children of Israel. (KJV)
Mary travailed, but this passage also refers to the nation of Israel. It speaks not only of their worldwide dispersion . . . they were scattered by the judgment of God, but of their travail.
Micah 5:4 And he shall stand and feed in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God; and they shall abide: for now shall he be great unto the ends of the earth. (KJV)
He . . . the Messiah, shall firmly stand and receive strength from Almighty God. He shall be the peace and the preserver of Israel.
They shall abide . . . they . . . Israel, His flock. And He will persevere to lead His flock with the Lord’s strength, in the majesty of the Name of the Lord His God. Then His people will live there undisturbed, for He will be known and highly honored around the world.
Micah 5:5 And this man shall be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men. (KJV)
This man . . . the One just mentioned; the Messiah, He and He alone.
The peace . . . only Jesus the Messiah is the fountainhead of peace between God and man, between Israel and her rightly offended God (gen.49:10; Isa.9:6; Eph.2:14,17; Col.1:20), and, as the consequence, the fountain of "peace on earth" where now all is strife (Mic.4:3; Hos.2:18; Zec.9:10; Luke 2:14).
The Assyrian . . . was Israel's most powerful foe at that time, Assyria is made the representative of all the foes of Israel in all ages, who shall receive their final destruction at Messiah's appearing (Eze.38:1-23).
Seven shepherds, and eight . . . "Seven" expresses perfection; "seven and eight" means a full and sufficient number (Job.5:19; Pro.6:16; Ecc.11:2).
Principal men . . . anointed (humble) men (Ps.62:9), such as Jesus' apostles were.
This chapter gives one of the clearest Old Testament prophecies of Christ’s coming. The key: “and he will be their peace.” “Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you” (John 14:27). Because of Christ’s First Coming, we have the chance to experience peace with God with no fear of judgment and no guilt. Christ’s peace gives us assurance even though wars continue. At Christ’s Second Coming, all wars and weapons will be destroyed (Micah 4:3-5). Micah’s words seven shepherds and eight leaders is a illustrative way of saying that the Messiah will raise up many good leaders when He returns to reign. The Assyrian symbolically refers to ALL nations in every age that oppose God and His people. These good leaders will help Christ defeat all evil in the world.
Micah 5:6 And they shall waste the land of Assyria with the sword, and the land of Nimrod in the entrances thereof: thus shall he deliver us from the Assyrian, when he cometh into our land, and when he treadeth within our borders. (KJV)
The land of Nimrod is another name for Assyria, which here symbolizes all the evil nations. Babylon (Mic.4:10; Gen.10:10-11).
Micah 5:7 And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many people as a dew from the Lord, as the showers upon the grass, that tarrieth not for man, nor waiteth for the sons of men. (KJV)
Though Israel will be but a remnant among many nations after her restoration, yet she shall exercise the same blessed influence in quickening them spiritually like the small vague dew exercises in refreshing the grass (Deut. 32:2; Psalm 72:6; 110:3).
Micah 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, if he go through, both treadeth down, and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver. (KJV)
Above, Israel’s gracious influence on the nations is described; but here her vengeance is on the godless hosts who assail her (Isa.66:15-16, 19,24; Zech.12:3,6,8-9; 14:17-18). Judah will be as a lion, not in respect to its cruelty, but in its power of striking terror into all opponents.
Micah 5:9 Thine hand shall be lifted up upon thine adversaries, and all thine enemies shall be cut off. (KJV)
Israel will stand up to their foes, and all their enemies will be wiped out. Israel’s enemies are God’s enemies. (Ex.13:9; 14:8).
Micah 5:10 And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord, that I will cut off thy horses out of the midst of thee, and I will destroy thy chariots: (KJV)
When God rules in His eternal kingdom, our strength and deliverance will NOT be found in military might but in God’s almighty power. There will be NO need for armies because God will rule in the heart of every person. People shall have confidence in God, not like today.
Micah 5:11 And I will cut off the cities of thy land, and throw down all thy strong holds: (KJV)
In that time of peace, people shall live in un-walled villages (Eze. 38:11; Jer.23:6; 49:31; Zech. 2:8).
Micah 5:12-13 And I will cut off witchcrafts out of thine hand; and thou shalt have no more soothsayers:  Thy graven images also will I cut off, and thy standing images out of the midst of thee; and thou shalt no more worship the work of thine hands. (KJV)
Carved images, sacred stones, and Asherah poles were all part of pagan worship back then. God will put an end to ALL witchcraft; with no more fortune-tellers to consult. What about today? Is God perhaps speaking to US through this marvelous little Book of Micah?
Micah 5:14 And I will pluck up thy groves out of the midst of thee: so will I destroy thy cities. (KJV)
God would do away with ALL their pagan shrines with their Asherah poles and destroy the cities where your idol temples stand. God hates idolatry!
Micah 5:15 And I will execute vengeance in anger and fury upon the heathen, such as they have not heard. (KJV)
God will pour out His vengeance and righteous wrath on all the nations that refuse to obey Him. I truly am concerned for our dear country where we have so much freedom and prosperity. People are moving farther and farther AWAY from our Creator God, rejecting Him, ridiculing Him, blaspheming Him, scorning Him day after day. His patience shall one day come to an end.
Book of Micah
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