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BIBLE STUDY on the Gospel of Matthew
Matthew records the genealogy of Jesus Christ and record of His virgin birth. The genealogy which opens the Gospel of Matthew and the New Testament is really an extremely important manuscript in the Holy Scriptures. The entire Bible rests upon its accuracy. This genealogy is divided into three divisions:
#1. Genealogy from Abraham to David (verses 1-6).
#2. Genealogy from Solomon to the Babylonian captivity (verses 7-11).
#3. Genealogy from the Babylonian captivity to Joseph, the carpenter (verses 12-17).
In the Book of Genesis is about families. The genealogies there are also very important, and we see them here as we start the New Testament.
The New Testament rests upon the accuracy of this genealogy because it establishes the FACT that the Lord Jesus Christ is of the line of Abraham and of the line of David. Both are very important. The line of Abraham places Him in the nation, and the line of David puts Him on the throne . . . He is in that royal line, He is the King!
The genealogies were very important to the nation Israel, and through them it could be established whether a person had a legitimate claim to a particular line. When Israel returned from the captivity, Scriptures record: Ezra 2:62 These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but they were not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood. (KJV) . . . It was possible in Ezra's day to check the register of the tribe of Levi and remove those who made a false claim. It seems these genealogies were kept by the government and were accessible to the public. It seems logical that these records were kept in the Temple because Israel was a theocracy, and actually the "church" and the state were one. This genealogy was evidently on display and could have been copied from the public records until the temple was destroyed in A.D. 70. These Jewish enemies of Jesus could have checked them and probably did, challenging every move of the Lord Jesus, even offering a substitute explanation for the Resurrection (Mat.28:13), but they never did question His genealogy. They must have checked it out and found that it was 100% accurate.
Jesus’ genealogy is extremely important because it puts Jesus in a very exclusive position. You remember that He said the Shepherd of the sheep enters in by the door but the thief and the robber climb up some other way to get into the sheepfold (Jn.10:1-2). That "fold" is the nation Israel. Jesus did NOT climb into the fold over a fence in the back, and He did NOT come in through a secluded alley. Jesus came in through the gate. He was born in the line of David and in the line of Abraham. This is what Matthew tells us. Christ Jesus is the Fulfillment of everything that had been mentioned in the Old Testament . . . so the enemies of Christ could NOT challenge Him in regard to His genealogy. They had to find some other ways to challenge Him, and they did.
Also consider this, since the Spirit of God inspired the writers of the Bible, the genealogy must be important! 2 Tim. 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: (KJV)
Gospel of Matthew
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