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On The Book of John
The Gospel of John Chapter 8
I will do the Gospel of John
Commentary similar to my other Commentaries . . . in that
I will bring the verse or verses in the KJV, followed by what
it is saying to me. What I write will be a personal comment,
it is NOT Scripture.
John 8:1 Jesus went unto the mount of Olives. (KJV)
Jesus went unto the Mount of Olives . . . which was about a mile east of Jerusalem. This is where Christ went on the evening of the last day of the feast of tabernacles (Lk.21:37), to avoid the danger and of the snares the Jews might lay for Him in the night.
John 8:2 And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them. (KJV)
And early in the morning He came again into the temple . . . this reveals His attentive diligence in His work, as well as His courage and steadfastness. He had NO fear of His enemies, although He was careful not to give them an advantage against Him, before His time.
And all the people came unto him . . . this speak well of diligence of those who came to hear Him. They came in great numbers, early to the temple just to hear Him.
And he sat down and taught them . . . it seems sitting was His way of teaching. He taught them as one having authority, and with such doctrine, and in such a manner, as man never had done before . . . plain and bold with great freedom. He was completely at ease doing the work that the Father had sent Him to do!
John 8:3 And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst, (KJV)
And the Scribes and Pharisees . . . those in the Sanhedrim, who had been disappointed the day before, were still up to their wicked ways, looking for any opportunity to take advantage of Christ. They would not give up their attempts to ensnare Him, and bring disgrace to Him.
Brought unto him a woman taken in adultery . . . it really is not important who this woman was, although some say that the woman's name was Susanna; that she was betrothed to a feeble old man, named Manasseh; and that she died a saint in Spain, where she had followed James, but this is just a fable.
And when they had set her in the midst . . . these religious rulers rude brutes say the least. As our Lord Jesus was sitting in the temple, teaching the people, there is a uproar outside. In comes these "religious rulers" dragging a woman. The crowd would automatically turn to see what was going on. These brutes bring her right in the middle of the group that Jesus is teaching! They throw her down and make their charge.
John 8:4 They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act. (KJV)
They say unto him, Master . . . they approached Him in a respectful manner, trying to cover their evil plan.
This woman was taken in adultery . . . there must have been two people at least, who could be witnesses; otherwise the accusation was not legal (Deut.19:15).
In the very act . . . she is guilty, there is no doubt about that. And what she did was sin. Our Lord called it sin. These hypocrites knew the Law very well. Lev.20:10 And the man that committeth adultery with another man's wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death. (KJV) . . . WHERE was the Man??? The fact that they did NOT bring the man with the woman, is proof that they were not interested in enforcing the Law. They had an evil, ulterior, underhanded motive.
It is said that adultery was very common at that time, so common that they had stopped putting the law in force against it. It sounds very much like today's world!
John 8:5 Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou? (KJV)
Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should, be stoned . . . (Deut.22:21-24). According to the Law, they were right. She should be stoned.
But what sayest thou? . . . they think they have Him now. They are putting Him in a predicament. Will He contradict Moses? Will He say something different? This is yet another of their traps! They really did NOT want to stone that woman . . . they wanted to stone Him! Our Lord Jesus knew that. John 2:25 And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man. (KJV)
John 8:6 This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not. (KJV)
This they said, tempting him . . . it was NOT this woman's sin that these hypocrites hated, nor did they put the question to Christ, out of their great respect to the law of Moses. They hated Jesus and were trying to trap Him.
That they might have to accuse him . . . they wanted Him to agree with Moses. If He did, they would accuse Him to the Roman governor, for taking upon Himself to condemn a person to death, which belonged to governor to do; or they would charge Him with cruelty, and acting inconsistently with Himself, who received this sort of sinners, and ate with them, and had said that publicans and harlots would enter into the Kingdom of Heaven, when the Scribes and Pharisees would not. And if He should disagree with Moses, then they would expose Him among the people, as an enemy to Moses and his law.
But Jesus stooped down, and with His finger wrote on the ground . . . WHAT did Jesus write? I do not know. I can only make a guess. Consider the following verse: Jer. 17:13 O LORD, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, and they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the LORD, the fountain of living waters. (KJV) . . . WHO had forsaken the Lord? This sinful woman? Yes. The religious rulers? Yes. Their names shall be written in the earth. Could it be that Jesus wrote their names, linking their names with sins of their past? I do NOT know. I do not think it is important that we know WHAT He wrote. Psalm 90:8 Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light of thy countenance. (KJV) . . . We need to be concerned with our sins, our lives, our eternal home. Jesus knows even our "secret sins" that we try to hide! BEWARE!!! Secret sin on Earth is open scandal in Heaven.
John 8:7 So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her. (KJV)
So when they continued asking him . . . when Jesus dropped down as He did, they thought that they had confused Him, and that He did not know what to say. So, they pressed Him all the more for an answer, hoping they would get an advantage over Him; and that they would be able to expose Him, and that His confusion would appear to all the people. These were NOT nice people!
He lift up himself and said unto them . . . He raised Himself up, and gave them this most wise answer, which put them in confusion.
He that is without sin among you . . . what a wise Man Jesus was/is! What a most important statement about judging others. Because Jesus upheld the legal penalty for adultery, stoning, He could not be accused of being against the law. By His saying that only a sinless person could throw the first stone, He showed the importance of compassion and forgiveness. When someone is caught in sin, are you quick to pass judgment? If you do, Jesus' Words here are for you. It is God's role to judge people, NOT ours. We must show forgiveness and compassion.
Let him first cast a stone at her . . . Duet.17:7 required the hands of the witnesses to be upon a person first, to put him to death; for though He passed no sentence upon the woman, and so took no judiciary power upon Himself, with which they could accuse Him to the Roman governor, it seems that He appeared to agree with Moses, that such an one deserved to be stoned; so they could not charge Him with being contrary to Moses; and by putting him that was without sin, to cast the first stone at her, He showed mercy to the woman, and to them, to be the searcher of hearts.
John 8:8 And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground. (KJV)
And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground. . . . having said enough to confuse them; and being unwilling to pursue the matter any further, or publicly expose them in any other way; and that they might have an opportunity of withdrawing themselves without more words of His, He simply ended the session by stooping down and writing on the ground again.
John 8:9 And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst. (KJV)
And they which heard it . . . meaning the Scribes and Pharisees.
Being convicted by their own conscience . . . they had to admit that thy were NOT without sin, for they had a "beam" in their own eye (Mat.7:3-5), yet they were so quick to see the mote (tiny speck) in another's eye. This is so often the way it is. Those who are most quick to criticize, and come down hardest on others for their sins, are often more guilty than they in another way, if not the same.
Went out one by one . . . these went out from the temple, privately, as unobserved as they could.
Beginning at the eldest . . . the older ones may have been the most responsible, or possibly took the hint the quickest; being more wise and learned.
Unto the last . . . when Jesus said that only someone who had not sinned should throw the first stone, ALL the leaders quietly slipped away, from oldest to youngest. Clearly the older men were more aware of their sins than the younger ones. Age and experience most often have more common sense than youthful self-righteousness. But, friend, no matter your age, take an honest look at your life. Be very aware of your sinful nature, and look for ways to help others rather than hurt them, like these sinful leaders.
And Jesus was left alone . . . not by His disciples, nor the multitude, but His enemies, who came to tempt and ensnare Him.
And the woman standing in the midst . . . she had not gone away. Their trap failed to catch Jesus. It actually caught those who laid it (Est.7:10, comes to mind). Stunned by the unexpected, they immediately left, making the boldness of those evil hypocrites in dragging such a case before the public eye, all the more disgusting.
John 8:10 When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee? (KJV)
When Jesus had lift himself up . . . from His stooped position, where He had been writing on the ground.
And saw none but the woman . . . none of those that had brought her there were any longer present, who had accused her to Him.
He said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? . . . where are the men that brought you here, and charged you with this crime? They were gone!
Hath no man condemned thee? . . . has no one stepped up to stone you? Was there no man that would take upon himself to execute this sentence?
John 8:11 She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more. (KJV)
She said, No man, Lord . . . no man said a word to me, no man lift up his hand against me, or cast a stone at me.
And Jesus said unto her, neither do I condemn thee . . . Christ did NOT come into the world to act as a civil magistrate, so He refused to decide a case, nor was He concerned in dividing an inheritance between two brethren (Lk.12:13-14). Nor did He come into the world to condemn it, but that the world, through him, might be saved (Jn.3:17). He would not pass any other sentence on this woman, other than what He had done, and he would not inflict any punishment on her Himself, but as agreeable to His office as a Prophet, He declares against her sin, tells her to repent and sin no more!
Go and sin no more . . . lest as He said to the man He cured at Bethesda's pool, "a worse thing should come unto her" (Jn.5:14). Consider: Deut. 13:5 . . . . . . . . . . . So shalt thou put the evil away from the midst of thee. (KJV)
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life. (KJV)
Then spake Jesus again unto them . . . possibly the Scribes and Pharisees, who went out and returned again, or some others of them, who came after this.
I am the light of the world . . . Christ Jesus formerly refers Himself to "Water" (Jn.4:13; 7:37-39), and to "Bread" (Jn.6:35). Here it is "Light." Our Lord says "I am" again and again in the Gospels. Consider also, Jesus is: the "Door" (Jn.10:7,9), the "Good Shepherd" (Jn.10:11,14), the "Son of God" (Jn.10:36), the "Resurrection" (Jn.11:25), the "Way, Truth and Life" (Jn.14:6), the "Vine" (Jn.15:1,5). In the Old Testament, God is the "...I AM THAT I AM..."
Ex. 3:14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. (KJV) . . . Jesus IS God!!!! . . . http://www.hisservants.org/is_jesus_god_h_s.htm
Christ Jesus has just exposed the sin of the scribes and the Pharisees who brought the woman guilty of adultery. Because they were just as guilty of sin as she was, they had to flee. When the light is turned on, all the rats and bats and snakes crawl away. Light exposes sin, which is why the scribes and the Pharisees had to leave. We really do not understand light, but we do know if we turn on the light switch when we enter a dark room, we can see. Christ Jesus is the LIGHT of this world. The sun is the physical light of this world, Jesus is spiritual Light. Just as a little child has sense enough to come out of the dark into a lighted room, so too any sinner can come into the Presence of the Lord Jesus Christ.
He that followeth me . . . as a person follows a light going before him on a dark and dangerous path. When I was a kid, long ago, I would have to go to a neighboring farm to buy milk for my mother. Pennsylvania was FULL of pit-holes from mining for coal. We were very poor. I had no flashlight. I had some very scary times. God got me through them all. I now know He took care of me many times!
Shall not walk in darkness . . . in the darkness of unrepentant sin, not knowing what they are, and where they are, and where they are going; for these know they are in the Light; and though they were blind, now they see; they know in whom they have believed, and that they are in Christ, in the covenant of grace, and in the love of God, and are going to Heaven and eternal happiness; such shall not walk in the darkness of unbelief; but walk by faith in Christ; not in the darkness of error, but in the Truth of the Gospel, and as becomes it; and though they may sometimes walk without the light of God's countenance, yet light shall arise to them; and such "shall not walk in darkness," as one version renders the words, into outer darkness, or the darkness of eternal death.
But shall have the light of life . . . Jesus is our Light in this life on Earth, our newly awakened spiritual and eternal life. We need not fear the darkness! (1 Jn.4:18).
John 8:13 The Pharisees therefore said unto him, Thou bearest record of thyself; thy record is not true. (KJV)
The Pharisees therefore said unto him . . . because Jesus declared Himself the Light of the world. These were either the same who went out of the temple, filled with remorse of conscience, and were now returned, and bearing him a grudge, came to take some advantage against Him, or they were others of the same attitude, sent by them, to observe Him.
Thou bearest record of thyself . . . are you the witness for yourself? (Pro.27:2).
Thy record is not true . . . John testified of himself, that he was not the Christ, nor Elias, nor that prophet; but the voice of one crying in the wilderness (Jn.1:19-23). His testimony was true; and so was "record" (1 Jn.5:11) which Christ bore of Himself; but they would NOT accept it as Truth, and it would not pass in any court of law, since no man can be a witness in his own case.
John 8:14 Jesus answered and said unto them, Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true: for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go. (KJV)
Jesus answered and said unto them . . . In vindication of Himself, and His testimony.
Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true . . . does this contradict what He says in John 5:31? No. There He speaks of Himself as Man, and in the opinion of the Jews, who saw Him to be just a man, and too, as alone, and separate from His Father. His testimony alone, and especially concerning Himself, could not be admitted as authentic among men . . . but here, He speaks of Himself as a divine Person, and in union with His Father, with whom He was equal; and therefore His testimony should be looked upon, and received as firm and good.
For I know whence I came, and whither I go . . . He truly was the Son of God, the only begotten of the Father, and had His mission and commission from Him into this world. Since He knew Himself, He was well able to make known to others, by His credentials, the doctrines He taught, and the miracles done by Him; which proved that He was Who He said He was, the Light of the world; and He knew that when He had finished the work He came to do, He would go to His God and Father, and take His place at His right Hand (Mat.16:19; Lk.22:69; Acts 2:33; 5:31; 7:55-56; Rom.8:34; Col.3:1; Heb.10:12; 12:2; 1 Pet.3:22).
But ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go . . . they did NOT consider Jesus to be God's Son, they said that Joseph was His father, and that He had come from out of Galilee. They were wrong. They did not know, that through a mass of sufferings and death, He must, and would enter into His glory in Heaven. They had NO idea where He came from, or where He was going. They had NO spiritual knowledge whatsoever.
John 8:15 Ye judge after the flesh; I judge no man. (KJV)
Ye judge after the flesh . . . because of their carnal affections and prejudices, they took the Messiah to be a temporal prince, and His kingdom to be of this world. They decided that Jesus could not be the Messiah, for they judged Him according to outward appearance. They judged by human standards; Jesus did not.
I judge no man . . . Christ did not come the first time to judge and determine in civil affairs, or in things pertaining to a court of law. That was not why He came. He did not condemn the woman brought to Him; nor did He judge the states of the men who brought he. rHe did not pass any sentence of condemnation on them, for He came NOT to condemn, but save the world (Jn.3:18). That was NOT His business then . . . BUT . . . all judgment shall be committed to Him one day, and He will exercise that right then (Jn.5:22).
John 8:16 And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me. (KJV)
And yet if I judge, my judgment is true . . . because Jesus is God, He does NOT see things as man does. He does not judge according to the outward appearance of things, like we do, He looks into the heart, and sees what is in it. He is the Searcher and Trier of it (Ps.44:21). All things are naked and open to Him, and therefore we cannot deceive Him in any way. He knows even our very thoughts (Eze.11:5). His judgment shall be sure and infallible.
For I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me . . . Jesus was NOT separate from the Father when He was here on Earth; He was in His bosom (Jn.1:18) in Heaven and when as the Son of Man, here below, He was not alone either, nor was He alone in His testimony and judgment, for the Father joined with Him there also . . . which is further proof of the Truth of His testimony, and the sureness of His judgment. Is Jesus God? . . . http://www.hisservants.org/is_jesus_god_h_s.htm
John 8:17 It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true. (KJV)
It is also written in your law . . . the law of Moses, which was given to the Jews, and of which they boasted (Deut.19:16; 17:6).
That the testimony of two men is true . . . in their Law it is written that the testimony of two men is valid.
John 8:18 I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me. (KJV)
I am one that bear witness of myself . . . as He does of His Son-ship (1 Jn.5:7).
And the Father that sent me, beareth witness of me . . . as He did, by the descent of the Spirit upon Him at His baptism (Mat.3:16-17), and by a voice from Heaven, both at that time, and at His transfiguration (Mat.17:5), and by the miracles that He did; and especially the testimony of Him, long before, in prophecy, that He was the Light of the world He now said He was (Isa.42:6). So, really, there were two testifiers, His Father and Himself; which show them to be two distinct divine Persons, and equal to each other. If the testimony of two men is true and authentic, and to be depended on, then much more the testimony of two divine Persons (1 Jn.5:7-9).
John 8:19 Then said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also. (KJV)
Then said they unto him, where is thy Father? . . . "show Him to us" . . . "where is this witness" . . . "let us see Him" was what they said in a cruel, insulting and mocking manner. "Where is thy Father? what! he is in Galilee; go get Him."
Jesus answered, ye neither know me nor my Father; if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also . . . they did NOT know the divine original of Christ, that He WAS the Son of God, and that God WAS His Father. They really boasted of their knowledge of God, but they did NOT know Him! Their ignorance of Christ proved it. The knowledge of both go together, hand in hand, and which is life eternal (1 Jn.5:20). NO one can any truly know One, without the other, and where the One is known, the other will also be known. Christ Jesus is the brightness of His Father's glory and the express image of His Person (Heb.1:3). There is NO way you can know One without the other! NO one can know the Father, but he to whom the Son reveals Him. This was a severe embarrassment to these men of knowledge.
John 8:20 These words spake Jesus in the treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come. (KJV)
These words spake Jesus in the treasury . . . this was a very public place, in the temple, openly, that Christ delivered the above words (Mk.12:41).
As he taught in the temple . . . His ministry was public, and He spoke freely, without reserve, in a very bold manner, without fear of man.
And no man laid hands on him . . . although they had wanted to do it the day before, and had sent officers to take Him; yet they were so fearful and over ruled by one means or another, that no man did it. The reason was . . .
For his hour was not yet come . . . the appointed time for His sufferings and death was not yet.
John 8:21 Then said Jesus again unto them, I go my way, and ye shall seek me, and shall die in your sins: whither I go, ye cannot come. (KJV)
Then said Jesus again unto them . . . it may be, immediately after he had said the above words, or some time after, it may be on the same day. We are not told.
I go my way . . . meaning, the way of all flesh, that He would die. This way of speaking shows, that His death was certain. Yet it was voluntary . . . He was NOT driven, NOT forced . . . He went freely, for this was the way through which He must enter into His kingdom and glory.
And ye shall seek me . . . they will desire His Coming, but the Messiah that you expect will not come; for they have rejected Jesus, and there is NO other Saviour. The biggest part of what is said here, was said by our Saviour before (Jn.7:34) . . . only here, instead of ye shall not find me, is, ye shall die in your sins; a phrase we find in (Eze.3:18-19), which doubtless means, in the guilt of your sins not removed from you, and is a threat of eternal death.
And shall die in your sins . . . in their sin of unbelief, and rejection of Him as the TRUE Messiah. They will diewith no pardon, for they did not seek Him where they might find Him. #1. All those who reject the Lord Jesus shall die in their sins. There is NO other way of pardon except by Him (Jn.3:14; Acts 4:12). #2. Those who reject the Lord Jesus shall perish in an eternal Hell (Mat.25:41,46; Jn.3:18,36; 8:24; Rev.20:15). Where He is, they CANNOT come, for where He is . . . is in Heaven.
Whither I, go ye cannot come . . . He was going to His Father, to Heaven and glory; to enjoy eternal happiness at His Father's right Hand . . . and NO one in the sinful human nature would ever come there. Only Jesus can regenerate a person! (Jer.32:39; Eze.11:19; 36:26; Jn.1:13-14; 3:3-8; 1 cor.4:15; 6:11; Tit.3:5; 1 Pet.1:3-5,18-19).
John 8:22 Then said the Jews, Will he kill himself? because he saith, Whither I go, ye cannot come. (KJV)
Then said the Jews, will he kill himself? . . . did they ask this question out of ignorance or malice? Suicide was considered then, as it is now, a great crime. They asked this question with mingled hatred and contempt.
Because he sayeth, whither I go ye cannot come . . . their question is cruel, mean and contemptuous.
John 8:23 And he said unto them, Ye are from beneath; I am from above: ye are of this world; I am not of this world. (KJV)
And he said unto them . . . after the wicked remark of theirs, and question on His words:
Ye are from beneath . . . not only of the Earth, worldly, and as carnal men; but even of Hell, for they were the children of the devil; they breathed his Spirit, spoke his language, and did his lusts (Jn.8:44; 1 Jn.3:10).
I am from above . . . not meaning His human body, for He did not bring that with Him from Heaven. That was formed below, in the Virgin's womb (Mat.1:18); otherwise He would not have been the seed of the woman (Gen.3:15), the Son of Abraham (Mat.1:1), the Son of David (Lk.18:38-39), and the Son of Mary (Mk.6:3) . . . but was with regard to His divine nature and Person, He was of God, the Son of God (Mk.16:16), the only begotten of the Father (Jn.1:14), who then lay in His Bosom (Jn.1:18), and was in Heaven before that time.
Ye are of this world . . . they were, as they were born into the world, sinful, carnal and corrupt. They were in it, and belonged to it, and had never wanted out of it. Their lifestyle was according to the course of the evil world, and they conformed to its evil customs. They were under the influence of the god of the world (2 Cor.4:4), and had taken up with the sinful and sensual lasts thereof. They were men of worldly spirits and they had their minds on worldly things. Warnings against worldliness, ungodliness: (Mat.16:26; Lk.21:34; Rom.12:2; Phil.3:19; Col.3:2; Tit.2:12; Jam.4:4; 1 Jn.2:15).
I am not of this world . . . Jesus was in it, but NOT of it. He came into it to save sinners, but He did NOT belong to it, He did NOT conform to it. He speak with sinners, He ate with them, and he received them, being called to repentance by Him . . . yet He was separate from them, and never did as they did. He did NOT pursue the pleasures, honors, and riches of this world, being all his days a man of sorrows and despised of men (Isa.53:3); and even though He is Lord of all (Acts 10:36), He had not a place where to lay his head (Mat.8:20). Unworldliness: (Mat.19:29; Jn.17:14; Rom.12:2; Gal.6:14; Col.3:2; 1 Pet.1:14; 1 Jn.2:15; 5:4).
John 8:24 I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins. (KJV)
I said therefore unto you . . . because they were from beneath, and of the world, they had a worldly, carnal and devilish disposition, in their conduct towards Him.
That ye shall die in your sins . . . this repeats what He said in verse 21. When Jesus or the Bible repeats something, it is important, and there is a reason.
For if ye believe not that I am he . . . the everlasting and unchangeable "I AM" (Ex.3:14) . . . the one and only TRUE God, the God over all, the eternal Son of God (Jn.1:1-2), God manifest in the flesh (Jn.1:14), becoming incarnate (embodied); the TRUE Messiah, the only Saviour of sinners (Jn.14:6; Acts 4:12); the one and only Mediator between God and man (1 Tim.2:5); the Head of the church (Eph.5:23; Col.1:18), Prophet (Deut.18:15,18), Priest (Heb.4:14), and King (Rev.19:16), and the Judge of quick and dead (Acts 10:42); as also the Light of the world (Rev.21:23) that He had declared Himself to be. These are things that are necessary to be believed about Christ. It is possible for carnal and unregenerate men to believe these things; for the devils themselves do, and tremble (Jam.2:9) . . . but they, as unconverted men, have no faith in them, nor do they apply them to themselves. TRUE faith in Christ Jesus deals not with Him in a general way, but in a special concern to a man's inner self (the eternal soul).
Ye shall die in your sins . . . because sins defile, and all are guilty for them before God, sins are liable to punishment. If a person does not turn to Jesus for removal of those sins, the sins remain, and the person is yet in their sins, even until death. When a person "dies in their sins" . . . they die not only a physical death, but an eternal death (Rev.21:8) in the fires of Hell (Rev.20:15). ALL 'without Jesus' shall be charged with their sins, and shall be held accountable. "Dying in sin" . . . and "dying in Christ" . . . are two completely opposite things! They that die in faith, die "in Christ" and go to Heaven. They that die "in unbelief" die in sin and go to Hell. . . . See these web sites.
John 8:25 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? And Jesus saith unto them, Even the same that I said unto you from the beginning. (KJV)
Then said they unto him, who art thou? . . . "Who are you to talk to us like that, and threaten us with death?" In cases of unbelief, this is the way people talk . . . then and now, with haughty air, and in a scornful manner.
And Jesus saith unto them, Even the same that I said unto you from the beginning . . . either of this discourse, that He was the Light of the world, and which He continued to claim; or of His being before the Sanhedrim, when He affirmed that God was His Father, and by many strong arguments proved His divine son-ship . . . or His ministry, when by miracles, and doctrines, He made it clear that He was He that was to come, the TRUE Messiah; the One who spoke from the beginning to Moses, saying, "I am that I am" (Ex.3:14) . . . who is that Word that was from the beginning with God (Jn.1:1); and who is called the Beginning and the Ending (Rev.1:8).
John 8:26 I have many things to say and to judge of you: but he that sent me is true; and I speak to the world those things which I have heard of him. (KJV)
I have many things to say, and to judge of you . . . since God is omniscient, and Jesus IS God, He knew these people: their actions, their lifestyles, their speech and ALL their sins and transgressions, which He could rightly have complained and charged them with, and proven against them, and judged and condemned them for . . . but this was NOT His present business. He came the first time NOT to judge and condemn, but to save (Jn.3:17) . . . so, He would not at that time, call them to an account, and punish them for them. And to judge of you . . . His "judging" at that time was to rebuke them for their sin, although there were many things in them which He could condemn. What about us?
But he that sent me is true . . . ALL of God the Father's Promises concerning the mission of His Son, to be the Saviour of the world (Jn.3:16) . . . but, so too are His warnings, to bring down vengeance on those who refuse to believe Him and reject Him (Jn.3:18,36).
And I speak to the world . . . I think this means ALL people, ALL nations. The Bible states there is ONLY ONE SAVIOUR of the world (Jn.14:6; Acts 4:12; 1 Jn.5:10-13). There are SO many 'religions' with SO many 'ways' to God. I must stay with God and His Holy Word! They are WRONG! God is right!
And I speak to the world those things which I have heard of him . . . God so loves the world (Jn.3:16), that He sent His love, His grace and His mercy through Jesus, to those that would believe in Him, and with warnings of the destruction to those who hate and reject Him. Jesus NEVER spoke in secret, or in a dark corner, but publicly and openly, before ALL the world, to Jews and Gentiles (non Jews). (Jn.18:20). Neither God the Father or Jesus the Son hides wisdom from us. We just must be willing to open our hearts and minds to what they say to us . . . both the good about Heaven and the warnings of Hell.
John 8:27 They understood not that he spake to them of the Father. (KJV)
They understood not that he spake to them of the Father . . . the Father that sent Jesus, and Who was true and faithful to ALL He had said, be it in a way of Promise, or threatening. So great was their foolishness, that they did not know that Jesus meant that God the Father had sent Him. Their ears were stopped up (Zec.7:11) that they should not hear the Truth.
John 8:28 Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things. (KJV)
Then said Jesus unto them . . . admonishing them for their ignorance, He would give them a sign, by which they would have knowledge of Him.
When ye have lift up the son of man . . . meaning Himself, Who was to be lifted up upon the cross, as was the fiery serpent upon the pole in the wilderness (Num.21:8). This signified the manner of death that He should die, the death of the cross . . . crucifixion.
Then shall ye know that I am he . . . the Son of God, and TRUE Messiah, as the centurion, and those that were with him, did, when they saw the earthquake (Mat.27:54); and the things that were done when He died (Mat.27:51), and after the death, resurrection, and ascension of Christ (Acts 1:9), and the pouring forth of His Spirit (Acts 2). After that, many of the Jews had a true and spiritual knowledge of Jesus, as the Messiah, that the TRUE Messiah was come, and that Jesus of Nazareth was He.
And that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things . . . Jesus does not say this to lessen Himself, or make Himself inferior to the Father, but to show the excellence of His doctrine, and to confirm the origin, authority and holiness of it. He was saying that it was not a human doctrine (Mat.15:9), or His own, as Man, but was holy and from God (Jn.7:16).
John 8:29 And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him. (KJV)
And he that sent me is with me . . . there was/is a close union there between Father and Son. They are ONE in personality, spirit, power and glory. It is by the gracious, powerful, comforting, assisting and strengthening Presence of His Father, which He gave favor to Jesus as Man, and Mediator.
The Father hath not left me alone . . . Christ, as the Word (Jn.1:1), was with the Father from all eternity, and, as the Son of God, was in Heaven, and in the Bosom of the Father (Jn.1:18). And when He, as the Son of Man, came here on Earth, He came forth from the Father into this world, by assuming the human nature . . . BUT, the Father was ALWAYS with Him, for the Father, through the unity of the divine nature, supported and assisted Jesus' Presence as Man. The Father NEVER withdrew His gracious and comforting Presence from Jesus, except when He was upon the cross, and the sins that were on Him (OUR sins), and the Father had to turn away from that degradation (Mat.27:46). Had Jesus decided not to go to the cross, we would not have had a chance of Heaven and eternal life. Thank You Jesus!
For I do always those things that please him . . . Jesus NEVER did anything to dishonor or displease the Father! At His baptism, the Father declared that He was well pleased in Him (Mat.3:17). Jesus ALWAYS complied with the ordinances of the ceremonial law, which pointed to Him; and by perfectly obeying the precepts of the moral law. He bore the penalty of it, by suffering and dying in the place of His people . . . all which were the will of God, and well pleasing to Him. Jesus sinless: (1 Pet.2:22; Isa.53:9; Lk.23:41,47; Jn.8:46; 2 Cor.5:21; Heb.4:15; 7:26-27; 9:28; 1 Jn.2:1; 3:5).
John 8:30 As he spake these words, many believed on him. (KJV)
As he spake these words . . . about His being lifted up (His crucifixion), and the knowledge the Jews should then have of Him; of the excellence and divinity of His doctrine, of His mission from the Father, and of the Father's Presence with Him, and of His always doing the things that are pleasing in the Father's sight; which were spoken by Him with majesty, authority and great power:
Many believed on him . . . as the Son of God, and TRUE Messiah. Faith came by hearing (Rom.10:17). Christ's hearers were of many different kinds; many did believe and had their eyes and their hearts opened, and received Him, and His words . . . but some did NOT understand Him, some did NOT believe, and rejected Him. Things have not changed in that respect, except today it is NOT very many who believe.
John 8:31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; (KJV)
Then said Jesus to those Jews that believed on him . . . He knew immediately who they were, and when they believed on Him; and therefore He turned Himself to them, and addressed them.
If ye continue in my word . . . Jesus meant the Gospel, called His, because He was both the author, the preacher, the sum and substance of it. "To continue in it" is #1. to have warmly received it, #2. to stand up for by it, #3. to hold it close, and #4. NOTto be moved from it by the temptations of Satan or the shrewdness of those that lie in wait to deceive, nor by abusive language and persecutions. To continue steadfast in it, is to be faithful to it, no matter what. Continue in: (Rom.2:7; Col.1:23; Heb.10:38-39).
Then are ye my disciples indeed . . . there really are two kinds of disciples of Christ;: #1. Many are only supposed, and merely in profession only of being one. These sometimes draw back from Him, do not continue in His word, and go out from among His people; which shows that they never were of them, nor are the true disciples of Jesus (1 Jn.2:19). #2. Then there are TRUE or genuine disciples of Christ , who continue in His Gospel, hold fast to Him, and remain with His people; which to do to the end (Mat.10:22; Rev.2:6), is proof of their being disciples indeed. John 14:21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him. (KJV) . . . Also see: 1 Jn.2:4; 3:24; 2 Jn.1:6.
John 8:32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. (KJV)
And ye shall know the truth . . . the Truth of the Gospel, the Truth as it is in Jesus. Those who have believed God (1 Jn.5:10-12), and accepted Christ Jesus as Saviour and Lord, have a greater knowledge of Truth, while others are forever learning, and never come to the know it, except the Spirit of Truth (Jn.14:17) should lead them into all Truth, and cause them to grow and increase in the Gospel and Jesus Himself, Who is the Way, the Truth, and the Life (Jn.14:6). The sense here is, that they should know more of Him (Jesus), of the worth of His Person, of the nature and usefulness of His offices; of the value of His Blood (1 Pet.1:18-19), the merit of His righteousness (1 Cor.1:30), and the fullness and sufficiency of His grace (2 Cor.12:9). Oh! That we all might know Him better!
And the truth shall make you free . . . from ignorance and error, from the dissimilarity of worldly education, from the damnable heresies (2 Per.2:1) being spouted by the devil's children (1 Jn.3:10), those false teachers under Satan's control. . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_1_false_teachers.1.htm
The Truth: (Ps.119:45; Jn.17:17; Rom.6:14,18,22; Jam.1:25; 2:12).
John 8:33 They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free? (KJV)
They answered him . . . not the believing Jews, whom He noticeably addressed, but the unbelieving Jews, who were present, and heard what He had said.
We be Abraham's seed . . . the Jews always valued themselves and considered themselves as Abraham's seed, and indeed they were/are the children of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
And were never in bondage to any man . . . that was a very great falsehood, for it was declared to Abraham himself, that his seed would serve in a land not theirs, and be afflicted four hundred years (Gen.15:13). The Lord their God brought them out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage (Ex.13:3); and they were frequently overcome by their neighbors, the Moabites, Ammonites, and Philistines, and reduced to servitude under them, until delivered by one judge, or another. This does not include the 70 years' captivity in Babylon, and they were at that very time under the Roman yoke, and paid tribute to Caesar . . . but such was the pride of their hearts, they did not want to be thought to be in bondage. So they continue with a haughty air.
How sayest thou, ye shall be made free? . . . they thought themselves already free, so in their minds, they were in NO need of being made free.
John 8:34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin. (KJV)
Jesus answered them, verily verily I say unto you . . . here are His words again: "Verily, verily" . . . pay attention to what He will say. It is important!
Whosoever committeth sin, is the servant of sin . . . NOT political bondage, but to the slavery of the soul to evil passions and desires. Our dear Lord corrects their mistake. He is NOT speaking about any physical bondage, but spiritual servitude; NOT of the freedom of men's bodies from the power of enemies, but the freedom of men's souls from the slavery and power of lusts and corruptions. If you continue in sin, you are the servant of sin. I think Jesus means that the committing or doing of sin here, is NOT single acts of sin, because there is not a person alive who does not sin. I really do think Jesus means willingly living in continual sin, consistently in a course of sin, and willingly in the practice of disgusting sins. (1 Jn.3:4; 2 Pet.2:19; Rom.6:16,20).
1 John 3:6 Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him. (KJV) . . . TRUE believers will NOT continue in sin.
1 John 3:9 Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. (KJV) . . . TRUE believers do NOT make a habit of sin because the Holy Spirit will not permit it. NO one who abides in Christ can keep on sinning. NO one who continues to sin has either seen Him or known Him. If we ‘abide in Him,' we will NOT ‘abide in sin’! We will NOT remain in sin; we will NOT practice sin; we will NOT live in sin! We CANNOT continue in sin. We simply CANNOT! We have God living within us (His Holy Spirit, Rom.8:9), and sin and purity just do NOT mix! Anyone who continues in sin, has not seen Him, nor has known Him! John is saying whoever keeps on in their sin is NOT God’s child. Very plain! Very clear! Very straight forward! FACT! TRUTH!
Mat.7:23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity. (KJV) . . . We must trust and OBEY the Lord! We must not be hypocrites.
John 8:35 And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever. (KJV)
And the servant abideth not in the house for ever . . . servants of God, and of Christ do abide in the house for ever, but NOT the servant of sin.
But the Son abideth ever . . . the Son of God, the only begotten Son of God, the Lord Jesus Christ will ALWAYS continue as a Son in His own house, for He is Lord and owner of it. And as High Priest over it, has an unmovable priesthood. He takes care of it, provides for it, and manages all the affairs within. All the adopted sons of God shall abide there also, being pillars in this house (Rev.3:12). They shall never go out, for they are no more servants, nor foreigners, but saints of the household of God. These, being sons, are heirs and shall never be cast out. They shall for ever enjoy the inheritance they are adopted to. Once sons, always sons! The relation continues for ever!
John 8:36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed. (KJV)
If the Son therefore shall make you free . . . the custom among the Romans, of a son's making free after his Father's death, those that were born slaves in his house. If the Son in this verse is the same as the Son in the former verse, they must both be understood to be Christ. It is Christ alone Who can make souls free from the slavery of the law, sin, death, Hell. Jesus says that this is TRUE freedom. Alas! Question: What is the freedom you boast of and glory in? If it is not the freedom of your inward man (2 Cor.4:16), you are not thinking of eternity. This should be what instantly comes to mind. The fullest and actual possession of this freedom is a blessing indeed. Otherwise, you are a bound by a slavish mind, and you are a servant to corruption and lusts. It is only the freedom which Christ Jesus can give to souls, that is a true and perfect liberty, and is worthy of the name of it.
Ye shall be free indeed . . . only Jesus can give us TRUE freedom. The Jews boasted of it, but what they had was just a faint shadow of freedom compared to what Jesus offers!
John 8:37 I know that ye are Abraham's seed; but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you. (KJV)
I know that ye are Abraham's seed . . . Jesus admits that they were the natural seed of Abraham. Truth is truth. But, as they were, they were in bondage to sin, and a generation of vipers (Mat.3:7), as those who came to John's baptism were. Even though they were the natural seed of Abraham, they might be cast out of the house of God, as Ishmael was cast out of Abraham's (Gen.21:14), although he was his natural seed. What follows proves them to be under the power, and slaves of sin, and that they were the seed of the serpent that was to bruise the heel of the woman's seed (Gen.3:15), or put the Messiah to death, even though they were the natural seed of Abraham.
But ye seek to kill me . . . they were under the power of sin, slaves to it, and the servants of the devil.
Because my word hath no place in you . . . their hearts were barred against it, with ignorance, enmity, and unbelief. His Word had NO entrance into them. It did not come with power to their hearts, nor work effectually in them, for it had NO place in them at all, much less dwelt there
John 8:38 I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father. (KJV)
I speak that which I have seen with my Father . . . this was an aggravating sin of the Jews, their seeking to kill Christ, because of His doctrine, since it was not His own, but His Father's; and was not merely human, but divine; was what He the only begotten Son (Jn.3:16), that lay in the bosom of His Father (Jn.1:18), had seen in His heart, in His purposes, and in His decrees, in His council, and His covenant, and so was clear, complete, certain, and to be depended upon.
And ye do that which ye have seen with your father . . . meaning the devil, whom, although they had not seen him with their eyes, they acted under his influence and according to his will. It was as if they had an intimate conference with him, and took their plan of operation from him. It is as though they had him constantly before them, as their example and pattern, to copy after.
John 8:39 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham. (KJV)
They answered and said unto him . . . because Jesus made mention of their father (the devil), whose works they did, and whom they imitated.
Abraham is our father . . . meaning their only one, they had none other.
Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham . . . for whom should children imitate but their parents? Abraham was a merciful, charitable, and hospitable man, as well as a man of strict justice and honesty. Abraham feared God, believed in Him, trusted Him and was ready to receive every message and revelation which came from Him. And they, being his legitimate children and offspring, should walk in the steps of his faith, charity, justice and piety. If any particular work is intended, it is most likely to be the work of faith, since it was that which Abraham was famous for (Heb.11:8). But, these children of Abraham, fell short, for they did NOT believe God and rejected the Messiah.
John 8:40 But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham. (KJV)
But now ye seek to kill me . . . a temper and disposition completely opposite from that of Abraham.
A man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God . . . to hunt out to kill a man is a horrible crime, and punishable with death. But . . . to kill an innocent one, that has done NO sin, who was pure, holy, harmless, was an aggravation of the iniquity; and to kill a Prophet, and one more than a prophet, who brought a revelation from God Himself, and declared the whole Truth of the Gospel, especially that of His divine, eternal Son-ship, angered them against Him, which made them to want to take away His life. This just increased their sin.
This did not Abraham . . . Abraham did not reject any Truth that was revealed to him, and he never wanted to take away the life of any person that brought it to him.
John 8:41 Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God. (KJV)
Ye do the deeds of your father . . . Jesus did NOT mean Abraham, but the devil (Jn.8:44; 1 Jn.3:10).
Then said they unto him, we be not born of fornication . . . meaning that they were not children of whoredom, illegitimately begotten or wedlock; or symbolically, that they were not the children of idolaters, idolatry being called fornication in Scripture. They stubbornly insisted that they were the holy seed of Israel, and children of the prophets, who had retained the pure word, and the true worship of God, though in all this they might have been contradicted and proven false.
We have one Father, even God . . . children of fornication is an expression meaning in the Scriptures idolatry, or the worship of other gods than the true God (Isa.1:21; 57:3; Hos.1:2; 2:4).They denied this. They affirmed that they acknowledged no God for their Father but the true God. They refused: Zec.1:4; 7:11; 2 Ki.17:13-15; 2 Chron.33:10; Neh.9:17,26, 29; Ps.58:4-5; Pro.1:24-32; Isa.1:19-20; 6:10; Jer.6:16-17; 7:24; 8:5; 13:10; 26:5-6; 35:15; 36:31; 44:16; Eze.3:7; Hos.4:16; Dan.9:5; Zep.3:2; Acts 7:51,57; Heb.10:38-39; 12:25).
John 8:42 Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me. (KJV)
Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father . . . if you had the spirit of God, or loved Him, or were worthy to be called His children . . . in other words, if they had been born of God . . .
Ye would love me . . . when a person is regenerated (born again), love to Christ is ALWAYS implanted within. It is a fruit of the Spirit (Gal.5:22-23), which always accompanies the abounding grace of God in the reformation. Whoever is born again into the family of God (Jn.1:12-13; 3:3-8) receives abundant grace and mercy and love from the unseen Jesus. And where there is NO love to Christ, there cannot or will not be regeneration. Such persons are NOT born again; nor is God their Father.
For I proceeded forth; and came from God . . . this means the eternity of Christ, as the Son of God, being the only begotten of the Father, and the Son of the Father in truth and love, coming forth on His mission from the Father as Mediator.
Neither came I of myself . . . Jesus did not take the office to Himself without being called to it, and empowered with it, by His Father.
But he sent me . . . not by force, or against the will of Christ, but He sent Him at the time agreed upon, in human nature, to obtain eternal redemption for His people. Christ is to be loved by all born again persons, those who have God for their Father.
John 8:43 Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word. (KJV)
Why do ye not understand my speech? . . . they did not know what Jesus meant by liberty and bondage, and by having another father than Abraham, or by His own proceeding and coming forth from God. Satan had blinded their minds (2 Cor.4:4).
Even because ye cannot hear my word . . . they had no spiritual discerning and understanding of the doctrine of Christ, proving them to be carnal, natural men, not regenerated ones, and the children of God. They could not bear to hear His Word.
John 8:44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. (KJV)
Ye are of your father the devil . . . by imitation and example, they were under Satan's authority and influence. His instructions and directions, they were ready to follow, obeying his commands.
And the lusts of your father ye will do . . . the devil's desires or wishes. They did what pleases the devil. Consider in what respects they showed that they were the children of the devil: #1. their murderous disposition; #2. rejecting the truth; #3. being favorable to falsehood and error.
He was a murderer from the beginning . . . he was not only spoken of from the beginning, that he should bruise the Messiah's heel (Gen.3:15), but he was actually a murderer of Adam and Eve, and of all their posterity, by tempting them to sin, which brought death and ruin upon them (Gen.2:17). He also instigated Cain to slay his brother (Gen.4:8); and truly had a part in all murders committed since. He has been in all ages, and still is, a murderer of the souls of men. He is rightly called Abaddon and Apollyon (Rev.9:11), which mean the destroyer. Satan was created a holy creature, was in the truth, though he did NOT abide in it. . . . http://www.hisservants.org/who_is_satan_h_s.htm
And abode not in the truth . . . not in honesty, not in holiness, in which he was created; not in reality, or as a creature of truth, but spoke lies, and created a big one, by which he deceived Eve, saying, "ye shall not surely die" (Gen.3:4) . . . when God had told them they would die (Gen.2:17). Not in the Truth of the Gospel, which was at least in part made known unto him; above all that the Son of God would become Man, and in that nature be the Head of angels and men. Satan and his associates, in the pride of their hearts, were not able to tolerate that Human nature would be exalted above theirs, so they left their first estate (Jude 1:6), quit their being faithful to God, and turned against Him.
Because there is no truth in him . . . not that this is why he did not continue in the truth, because originally there was truth in him . . . although he did not abide in it. But there was NO Truth in him now, since he fell from it. If at any time the devil speaks truth, it is NOT from his heart, but because he is forced to it, or has an evil plan attached to it. He is also very good at half truths. Why? Because many people can see through a lie, but when a little truth is inserted, they begin to wonder: "Is that true?" SO very common in today's modern churches. BEWARE of these smooth talking preachers!
When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own . . . any time that Satan speaks, it is most likely a LIE, because LIES from him just come natural, and are just a part of his demonic plans.
For he is a liar, and the father of it . . . the devil was a liar, as early as he was a murderer . . . in reality, earlier. His lie (half-truth) deceived Adam and Eve back in the garden. He murdered our first parents, and has continued on ever since. He was the first author of a lie; the first lie that ever was told, was told by him. BEWARE!!! Do NOT fall for any of his garbage, spread by his children!
John 8:45 And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not. (KJV)
And because I tell you the truth . . . Jesus NEVER told a lie, nor will He ever tell a lie! The whole Truth of the Gospel, and especially the Truth of His divine Son-ship are 100% TRUTH! BELIEVE IT!!!
Ye believe me not . . . they had such an obsession and spiritual blindness toward Christ Jesus, they simply would NOT believe Him, no matter what He said. But . . . He did tell the Truth. God does NOT lie (Tit.1:2). They chose to believe a lie, that would lead to them being damned (Jn.3:18), revealing them to be the children of the devil (1 Jn.3:10), and under his power and influence.
John 8:46 Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me? (KJV)
Which of you convinceth me of sin? . . . to convince, with us, means to assure a person's mind of the truth of anything . . . but that is not the meaning here. Instead it means to convict. Jesus asks: "Which of you can prove that I am guilty of sin?" He was NOT guilty of ANY immorality, corruption or deception in doctrine. There were many of them that were forward enough to charge Him with both scandalous sins, and false doctrines; but none of them all could prove anything against Him, so as to convict Him according to law. They called Him a wine bibber and a glutton (Lk.7:33-34); they charged Him with blasphemy and sedition (Jn.10:33). They tried to prove it, but could not, because He was NOT guilty of ANY wrong-doing! Jesus sinless: (1 Pet.2:22; Isa.53:9; Lk.23:41,47; Jn.8:46; 2 Cor.5:21; Heb.4:15; 7:26-27; 9:28; 1 Jn.2:1; 3:5).
And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me? . . . since there was NO sin in Jesus' life, and NO corruption in His doctrine, they could NOT prove anything against Him. They showed unshakable stubbornness, not to believe Him.
John 8:47 He that is of God heareth God's words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God. (KJV)
He that is of God . . . those born into the family of God, not of blood, or by carnal descent from any person, or of the carnal will, or by the power of freewill, but born of God (Jn.1:12-13), according to His abundant mercy, of His own will, by the power of His grace (Eph.2:8-9). . . these have God as their Father . . . and these people always . . .
Heareth God's words . . . meaning the doctrines of the Gospel, which have God as their Author, in which His grace is displayed in election, redemption, justification, pardon, adoption, and eternal salvation, and His glory for the end. A born again person can clearly see the glory, beauty, excellence and usefulness of these things. They have ears to hear, eyes to see and a heart to understand them, which others have not . . . so they hear them with great pleasure, receive them in great love, warmly embrace them by faith, and is well able to tell them apart from the words of man (Mat.15:9). And those that HEAR God's Words, puts these things in practice, as the Lord requires.
Ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God . . . because God was NOT their Father, nor were they born of Him, as they boasted; they did NOT have eyes to see, did NOT have ears to hear, did NOT have hearts to understand. These hear the doctrines of the Gospel externally, NOT in the heart, internally. Most people today really do NOT HEAR. The words go in one ear and out the other.
John 8:48 Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil? (KJV)
Then answered the Jews, and said unto him . . . they were furious that He would say they were of their father the devil, and not of God; and that He spoke the Truth, and that NO one could convict Him of sin.
Say we not well, that thou art a Samaritan? . . . "thou art a Samaritan" . . . this was a term of contempt (Jn.4:9). It was charging Jesus with being a heretic, because the Samaritans were regarded as such.
And hast a devil . . . meaning to be familiar with and speak with one . . . by which means they imagined He knew their thoughts, and their actions, and by his assistance performed his miracles (Mat.12:24) . . . or they thought He was a lunatic, whose madness proceeded from the devil, with whom He was possessed. This seems to be the sense, since in verse 52, the Jews say they knew He had a devil, which they concluded from His saying, that such that observed His Words, and kept them, should never die. They considered the words as of a man out of his senses, seeing all men, even the best of men die. They did NOT understand He meant spiritually, not physically.
John 8:49 Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me. (KJV)
Jesus answered, I have not a devil . . . He does not say anything of the first contemptuous charge that He was a Samaritan. Christ Jesus replies to the other, that He had NOT a devil, had NO conversation with one, NOR was He possessed or assisted by one. Neither was He mad, and acted the part of a madman.
But I honour my Father . . . by ascribing His doctrine and miracles to the Father, by doing His will, seeking His glory, and always speaking well of Him . . . all which He would not be able to do, had He been in union with the devil . . . for NO one can be familiar with the devil, or be assisted by him, and honor God . . . nor could anyone out of his senses honor God.
And ye do dishonour me . . . they dishonored the Son of God by their wicked charges and disgraceful accusations. My friend, Jews who deny Jesus to be the Messiah, and treat Him in this hateful manner, are NOT the only people that dishonor Christ. It is sad indeed, that there are millions that take on His Name (Christians) . . . yet they horribly dishonor Him. HOW? You ask. #1. By their bad creeds, #2. by their evil practices that reflect on Him, #3. by denying His Deity, #4. by denying His eternal Son-ship, #5. by denying He did not exist before His incarnation, #6. by despising and rejecting His righteousness, #7, by not submitting to Him, #8. by accounting His Blood as common and useless, #9. by speaking disrespectfully of His Sacrifice on the cross, #10. by their talk of Him, and their pretense of faith in Him, and love to Him, #11. by speech that dishonor His Holy Name and His Gospel, #12. by disobedience to Him and blasphemy that is tolerated by the vast majority of people today.
John 8:50 And I seek not mine own glory: there is one that seeketh and judgeth. (KJV)
I seek not mine own glory . . . not in His doctrine, not in His miracles. He was NEVER an imposter, but a true, faithful and honest Person. Even though He was greatly criticized and abused, He committed Himself wholly to God that judges rightly, who would take care of His glory, and vindicate Him from all the unjust charges and insults of mankind.
There is one that seeketh and judgeth . . . He means God His Father, who had His glory at heart; who had glorified Him on the mount (Mat.17:2), and would glorify Him again (Jn.12:37-40), when He would raise Him from the dead, and spread His Gospel in all the world (Mat.28:19; Lk.24:47); and when He would judge the nation of the Jews (Mat.24:51), and bring wrath upon them, upon their nation, city and temple, for their contempt and rejection of Him (Jn.3:18,36; 8:24).
John 8:51 Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death. (KJV)
Verily, verily, I say unto you . . . what Jesus says is Truth! Listen to Him. He can always be depended upon, because he is the "Amen" and "faithful witness" (Rev.3:14).
If a man keep my saying . . . receives His Gospel and willingly OBEYS it in love from his heart, and warmly embraces it and firmly believes it, preserving it, holding it fast, having a comfortable, deep down spiritual experience of the doctrines of Christ, and yielding with a cheerful, ready, willing and able obedience to His commands in faith and love. "Keeping" His sayings is to NEVER let them go!
He shall never see death . . . meaning the second death, eternal death, which is an everlasting separation of a man, body and soul, from God. This "death" shall have NO power on such a person. He shall NEVER be hurt by it. Even though he may die a physical death, the second death (Hell) shall not be a curse to him. His hope is Heaven (Tit.1:2). Second death: (Rev.2:11; 20:6,14; 21:8).
For more on death: . . . http://www.hisservants.org/death_then_what_1.htm
John 8:52 Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death. (KJV)
Then said the Jews unto him . . . because of these last words that he spoke, giving assurance, that whoever kept His saying, would not die.
Now we know that thou hast a devil . . . see verse 48. They thought so and said so before, but now they were sure, that He must be under demonic influence, must be possessed with the devil, saying that no man in his right mind would ever talk like He did.
Abraham is dead, and the prophets . . . they are all dead (Zec.1:5).
And thou sayest, if a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death . . . they were convinced that He had a devil, because all those people have died and You say believers in Your Words will never "taste death." This was twisting Christ's words. Jesus meant the second or eternal death and they thought He meant physical death which all men must meet who live before the rapture (Heb.9:27; 1 Cor.15:51-58).
John 8:53 Art thou greater than our father Abraham, which is dead? and the prophets are dead: whom makest thou thyself? (KJV)
Art thou greater than our father Abraham? . . . that is what the woman at the well asked Him (Jn.4:12). The Jews had a very high opinion of their ancestors, especially Abraham. Would they allow the Messiah to be greater than Abraham, as Jesus truly was? Jesus' enemies are full of hate.
Which is dead . . . Abraham was a great and good man, but he was dead.
And the prophets are dead . . . although the prophets truly kept, and faithfully delivered the Word of God, they were dead too.
Whom makest thou thyself? . . . who do you think You are? You are a poor carpenter's son, a Galilean, a Nazarene, and yet You make Yourself greater than Abraham, or any of the prophets? And You make Yourself be God Himself, and to promise life after death, if we keep Your Word?
John 8:54 Jesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God: (KJV)
Jesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing . . . honoring Myself is empty and vain.
It is my Father that honoureth me . . . by a voice from Heaven, both at His baptism (Mat.3:17), and transfiguration (Mat.17:5), declaring Him to be His beloved Son, and by the works and miracles He did by Him. And afterwards He also honored Him by raising Him from the dead, and setting Him at His own right hand, Jesus at Right hand of God: (Mat.16:19; Lk.22:69; Acts 2:33; 5:31; 7:55-56; Rom.8:34; Col.3:1; Heb.10:12; 12:2; 1 Pet.3:22). And too by pouring forth His Spirit on His disciples (Acts 2), and succeeding in His Gospel in every place.
Of whom ye say that he is your God . . . they boasted that God was their covenant God and Father, since He was the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
John 8:55 Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying. (KJV)
Yet ye have not known him . . . they did not know the Father as the Father of Jesus, for to know Him is to know life eternal (1 Jn.5:20). They had NO spiritual knowledge of Him, NO communion with Him; nor did they really know His mind and will, nor how to worship and serve Him as they should.
But I know him . . . Jesus, the Son knew Him! Knew His nature and perfections, because He was of the same nature, and had the same perfections as Him.
And if I should say, I know him not, I should be a liar like unto you . . . our Lord again stresses that they were of their father the devil (1 Jn.3:10), and imitated him not only as a murderer, but as a liar. This was in complete opposition to the character they give of themselves. IF Jesus were to say that He did not know God His father, He would be a "liar" the same as they were, because Jesus knew the Father on a very personal basis!
But I know him, and keep his saying . . . did His will, and always did the things that pleased Him.
John 8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad. (KJV)
Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day . . . Abraham saw three things very clearly: #1. God the Father's Plan in sending His only begotten Son as the Messiah for His people, to redeem them and to
guarantee the land of Canaan as an everlasting possession to them (Gen.12:1-3; 17:1-22), #2. he also saw God's Plan in the Messiah being sent through his natural seed (Rom.4:13-22; 9:4-7; Gal.3:16), and he rejoiced by faith (Rom.4), #3. he saw the Second Person of the Trinity in visible form Gen.18:1-8,19-20; 19:24). Abraham looked to the day of this happening and greatly rejoiced.
And he saw it and was glad . . . Abraham saw it with an eye of faith, he saw it in the Promise, that in his (Abraham's) seed all the nations of the earth should be blessed (Gen.12:1-3); and when it was promised that he would have a son, which was the beginning of the fulfillment of the other, he laughed (Gen.17:17). He called his son Isaac, to which some say means "laughter."
John 8:57 Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham? (KJV)
Then said the Jews unto him, thou art not yet fifty years old . . . He was not much more than thirty; about 32 or 33 years old. Possibly the reason of their saying 50, was because Christ might look that much, being a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief (Isa.53:3), or maybe they allowed Him that many years, to gain their point, but what were 50 years, when Abraham had been dead over 2000? SO . . . according to them, He could never have seen Abraham, nor Abraham have seen Him. Also the age of 50, is often spoken of by the Jews, that at the age of 50, a man is fit to give counsel.
And hast thou seen Abraham? . . . it is remarkable how they perverted Jesus' words. His statement was NOT that He had seen Abraham, but that Abraham had seen His day. The intention of Jesus was to show that He said He was greater than Abraham (Jn.8:53). He said that Abraham, as great as he was, earnestly desired to see Messiah's time, thus acknowledging his inferiority to the Messiah. The Jews perverted this, and stated that it was impossible that He and Abraham could have seen each other.
John 8:58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. (KJV)
Jesus said unto them, verily, verily, I say unto you . . . what this means is: whether it will be believed or not, it is definitely fact.
Before Abraham was, I am . . . "verily, verily" . . . this expression is used only in John. It is a strong affirmation meaning the great importance of what was about to be declared. Verily, verily used only by John. Verily, verily: (Jn.1:51; 3:3,5,11; 5:19,24-25; 6:26,32,47,53; 8:34,51,58; 10:7; 12:24; 13:16,29-31,38; 14:12; 16:20,23; 21:18).
Before Abraham was, I am . . . before Abraham lived, Jesus was! "I AM" a Name in the present tense, here clearly refers to a past time. Psalm 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God. (KJV) When "I AM" is applied to God, it means continued existence with NO respect to time, so far as He is concerned. Mankind divides time into the past, the present, and the future. "I AM" means that God does NOT measure His existence by our time (2 Pet.3:8). I AM: ( Ex.3:14; Isa.43:13; 44:6; 47:8; Jn.1:12; Col.1:17; Rev.1:8). The Son of God, is of the same nature with the Father, and equal to Him; and His being of the same nature proves His eternity, as well as His deity. He is from everlasting to everlasting God; and is what He ever was, and will be what He now is. He is immutable, the same today, yesterday and for ever (Heb.13:8); in His nature, His love, His grace and His fullness. He is the unchangeable I AM!
John 8:59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by. (KJV)
Then they took up stones to cast at him . . . they were sure that He spoke blasphemy, because they well understood that He made Himself to be the eternal God, the unchangeable and Almighty God (Jn.10:31). They proceeded, with NO trial, to stone Him as a blasphemer (Lev.24:16), for such was the punishment prescribed in the law for blasphemy. The fact that the Jews understood Him in this way, is strong proof that His words obviously conveyed the idea that He was divine. This was in the temple. Herod the Great had not yet completed its repairs, and some say that stones would be lying around the temple in repairing it, which the people could easily use in their fury.
Jesus hid himself . . . (Lk.4:30). Did He by a miracle make Himself invisible? Some think that He withdrew and made himself invisible to them, maybe by casting a mist before them, that they could not see Him. Did He mix Himself with the multitude that He was concealed from them and escaped? It is not told. He did not hide in a corner or behind a pillar . . . He . . .
Went out of the temple . . . through one of the gates.
Going through the midst of them, and so passed by. . . NOT by the people that took up stones to stone Him; but the rest of the people, for there was a great multitude there to hear His doctrine, and see His miracles. And so He passed by, and escaped out of their hands.
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