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Book of Isaiah
Chapter 66

Chapter 58-66 give God’s gracious Promises of hope. Isaiah’s powerful message of hope shines out so clearly from the reminders to the wicked. Almighty God demands contrite hearts, renewed lives and personal faith in Him from those who sincerely want salvation. If anyone is easily turned away from the LORD by His continual reminders to put away sin, then that person most likely will never be able to continue to read on to the hope that is so beautifully revealed to us in the later Passages. In the last section of Isaiah (chapters 58-66), reform and repentance is mentioned far less, while the idea of hope in God's salvation seems to throb in our heart.  

This section has another interruption (or detour). In the middle of chapters 58-66 lies (Isa.63:7 to Isa.64:12) describing an Israelite’s personal confession and pleading. Before and after this, God speaks through the prophet Isaiah in different prophecies. But, this sincere pleading of a godly Israelite’s pleading is placed here, in the middle, and is like the smell of sweet incense drifting up to God in the middle of a sacrifice to Him, which can be seen as a sense of balance between God’s sovereignty and man’s will, for as God predicts the future, man pleads with the LORD to fulfill the mighty acts of redemption. It is a wonderful song of praise, cry of hope and humble confession all rolled together . . . and stands as a tribute day and night, pleading to God for help. The Israelites deserve to be abandoned, just as we do. Their sin (and ours) totally fits like a glove for God’s judgment. They are far worse than their enemies because they betray the One and Only TRUE God.  These two chapters become a firm monument calling the godly ones to hope in this faithful God and to remind God there are a few who really care.

The Hope of the Contrite
Chapter 58, exposes religious sins and extolls righteousness.
Chapter 59, convinces us of His desire to help us, even when it cost Him dearly.
Chapter 60, God gives the people a tremendous vision of the future.
Chapter 61, God calls the Servant to insure the peoples’ righteousness.
Chapter 62, God explains the participation of the people in realizing the vision.
Chapter 63:1-6, God uses the Servant to bring salvation to His people.
Chapter 63:7-64, helps us understand our sin and His grace.
Chapter 65, discovering the riches of His grace.
Chapter 66, confirming and expanding their (and our) hope.

Ch.40-48: Isaiah 48:22 There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked. (KJV)  
Ch.49-57: Isaiah 57:21 There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked. (KJV)   
Ch.58-66: Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. (KJV)  

All three of these last sections end with the same idea . . . there shall be no peace, to the wicked. The Messiah brings peace, but any and all who reject Him will NEVER know peace. Turning TO idols is turning AWAY from the Messiah. As we have seen, this section has majored in a condemnation and rebuke of idolatry. Idolatry is a road that leads to Babylon. The LORD, in the Book of Isaiah, is traveling the lonely road to Calvary. BEWARE!!! ALL idolatry and witchcraft are an abomination to the LORD: (Deut.27:15; 1 Ki.11:7; 23:13; Isa.44:19; Jer.32:35; Eze.18:12; Dan.12:11; Mal.2:11; Rev.21:27)         

ISAIAH 66 parallels with REVELATION. Isaiah 66 describes whom the Lord chooses, whom He refuses, and the blessings bestowed upon the chosen; also the final destination of both. It is the conclusion of God's doings, even as is Revelation the conclusion of the Bible. We see the man child in Isaiah 66:7 and in Revelation 12:5. Isaiah 66:7 Before she travailed, she brought forth; before her pain came, she was delivered of a man child. Rev. 12:5 And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne. We see the glorious appearing of Christ Jesus as Judge in Isaiah 66:15-16 and also in Revelation 19:11-21.

Isaiah Chapter 66 speaks of the same things as Chapter 65: the rejection of the unbelieving Jews, and the respect the LORD had to them that did believe; the Jews in the last days; the calling of the Gentiles, and the happy state of the church in the last days. The reasons the Jews were rejected was their unworthy ideas of Almighty God, and their thinking that He was confined only in the Temple of Jerusalem, and that He would be pleased with only with external sacrifices, both then and at an end under the Gospel dispensation; a better Sacrifice having been offered, and a more spiritual worship (Jn.4:23-24) being set up everywhere; which designs are considered (vs.1-3), and because they were set upon their ways and works, and rejecting the Gospel of Christ, they are threatened with ruin (vs.3-4), and the disciples of Christ, whom they removed and persecuted, have a promise of divine appearance for them, while
vengeance shall be taken on their enemies, their city and Temple (vs.5-6), however, in the last days, there will be a large and sudden change in this nation of the Jews, which is indicated by the birth of them, which will be a matter of great joy to all those who have a firm interest in Christ (vs.7-11), and what will add to the prosperity, joy and comfort of the Gospel church of Christ at this time, will be the bringing in of the fulness of the Gentiles (vs,12-14; Rom.11:25), at which time the vials of God's wrath will be poured out upon the satanic Antichrist and his followers (vs.15-17). The chapter ends with a fresh account of the large conversions of people of all nations, and of the union of Jews and Gentiles in one church
state, which shall remain, and be undisturbed by enemies, who will all be slain, and their carcasses looked upon with contempt (vs.24).

Theme: The Creator, Ruler, Redeemer, Judge, Regenerator and Rewarder; it will be the LORD who shall decide the destiny of both the saved and the lost (Rev.20:15). Today our prayer should be a very serious and solemn: Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done. (Mat.6:10). In Isaiah 66, Isaiah sees Christ’s Kingdom as having already come.

The Creator, Ruler, Redeemer, Judge,
Regenerator and Rewarder (66:1-10)

Isaiah 66:1 Thus saith the LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest? (KJV)

Thus saith the LORD, the heaven is my throne . . . the Third Heaven (Isa.65:17), the heaven of heavens, where angels and glorified saints are, and it seems two in bodies (Enoch and Elijah, Gen.5;24; 2 Ki.2:11), and where Christ Jesus now is in His human nature. The Third Heaven is the seat of the Almighty God, where He in a most outstanding manner displays His glory; and therefore we are to look up to Him, and direct all our love, devotion and faith to Him there. He does NOT dwell in temples made with hands; nor is confined only to one place, much less to any place on Earth, such as the Temple at Jerusalem, as the Jews boasted of, and trusted in; and which were the totally unworthy ideas they had of God in the times of Christ and His disciples.
And the earth is my footstool . . . dear one, God is so glorious that even the Earth itself could be considered only as His footstool. It is possible that the LORD Jesus had this Passage in mind in His declaration in the sermon on the mount. Matthew 5:34-35 But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God's throne: 35  Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King. (KJV)
Where is the house that ye build unto me? . . . what house could they build that would be a suitable dwelling place for God . . . for He fills heaven and earth! The same idea was expressed by Solomon when he dedicated the Temple. 1 Kings 8:27 But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded? (KJV) . . . And the same thought is found in the speech Paul made at Athens. Acts 17:24 God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; (KJV)  
And where is the place of my rest? . . . where would God take up His rest and residence in? Would it be as a man does in a house? There would be NO such place that could be found for Him . . . nor does He need any! The Temple was built for a house of rest for the ark of the LORD, which was originally a tent (Tabernacle), which before was moved from place to place (1 Chron.16:37-40; 21:29, 23:25-26); but then was replaced by the Temple which was just a type of the church, which God had chosen for His rest, and where His Presence would dwell, as well as in the Third Heaven, for Almighty God is omnipresent (present everywhere), and the resting place of His people with Him for all eternity.

*****This Earth on which we live is only a footstool for God! There is no way that any temple here on Earth could contain Him. Solomon knew this! 1 Kings 8:27 But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded? (KJV) . . . The way I understand this is that the timeless character of the Eternal Kingdom seems to be the very Presence of God everywhere. Revelation 21:22-23 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. 23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. (KJV) . . . There will be NO need a Temple there. I think that the New Jerusalem (Rev.21) will be a place to which the people on Earth will come to worship and visit.

Isaiah 66:2  For all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith the LORD: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word. (KJV)

For all those things hath mine hand made . . . meaning the heavens and the earth, and all that is in them. The sense is that since the LORD had made for Himself a far more magnificent and appropriate temple than they could ever think to make. He had formed the heavens as His dwelling place, and did NOT need not a dwelling place made by the hand of man. Almighty God is immense, omnipresent and He cannot be kept in any space or place.
And all those things have been, saith the LORD . . . they had been made by Him, or for Him. This implies that God claims to be the Creator of them all, and so they all belonged to Him.
But to this man will I look . . . the LORD prefers a humble heart and a contrite spirit to the most magnificent earthly temple (Isa.57:15). In whom shall I dwell? . . . NOT in temples made with hands; not in the Temple of Jerusalem; but in every true believer, who is the temple of the living God. 1 Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? (KJV)
Even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word . . . Christ was poor literally (Mat.8:20), and His estate and condition in this world was very low and mean (2 Cor. 8:9). It was foretold of Him that He would be lowly; and this character was abundantly seen in Him (Zec.9:9). He was of a contrite spirit, not only was His Body broken, but His Spirit as well . . . but NOT through a sense of sin, and consciousness of it, but through His sorrows and sufferings that led up to and included His death on the cross. A contrite spirit = hard hearts being broken by the Spirit and Word of God, and melted by the love and grace of God.
He also trembled at the word of God . . . the LORD Jesus had an appropriate reverence for the Word of God; it was at the Word of the LORD, that He assumed human nature (Jn.1:14); and did according to His Father’s will, and gave Him commandment. When He spoke, He always agreed with the Word, and laid down His life, and became obedient to death (Phil.2:8): and now the Father looks to Him as His own Son, with a look of love, and is well pleased with all he did (Mat.3:17; 12:18; 17:5; Mk.1:11; Lk.3:22; 2 Pet.1:17). The Father looked to Him as the Surety of His people, for the payment of their debts, and the security and salvation of their souls.

*****Who Are The People That Tremble At The Word of God?
<> They are unbelievers, the devil’s children (1 Jn.3:10), the wicked.  
<> They are God’s TRUE children who have been born again into His family (Jn.1:12-13; 3:3-8)
Why Do They Tremble?
<> Because of His exceeding majesty.
<> because of the penetrating power of God’s Word.
<> They tremble when God’s Word because it can be in the form of a threat.
<> They tremble with fear in case they would break God’s law.
<> They tremble in case they would miss the Promises when they are spread out before them. <> Because there were some who could not enter in because of unbelief (Heb.3:19; 4:6), they tremble for fear that they would be like them.
What Does it Mean to Tremble at God’s Word?  
It does not mean a mind-numbing fear. They that tremble at God’s Word at first may do so because the Word threatens them with death. But as they advance in their fellowship with Him, they see that He is the God of love, they tremble because they have a holy reverence of God, and as a result of that Word which resides within them, and they are in awe of the power and majesty of the Most High . . . and reveres His commands.

Isaiah 66:3 He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine's blood; he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations. (KJV)

He that killeth an ox, is as if he slew a man . . . the wicked man who sacrifices a calf, is as if he killed a dog; and he who offers to me fine flour, it is the same as the blood of swine. Some think that the most shameful crimes were united with hypocrisy, and that they who were guilty of the most extreme acts of wickedness at the same time affected great strictness in the performance of all the external duties of religion. Ezekiel 23:39 For when they had slain their children to their idols, then they came the same day into my sanctuary to profane it; and, lo, thus have they done in the midst of mine house. (KJV) . . . There can be no doubt that such offences were often committed by those who were very strict and zealous in their religious services (Isa.1:11-14). There is probably a reference to the fact that human victims were offered by the pagan; and that the sacrifices of the wicked referred to here, were no more acceptable in the sight of God than they were. It was as serious to God as offering their children to Moloch; or as the murder of a man; and was indeed a trampling underfoot the Son of God (Heb.10:29), and accounting His Blood and Sacrifice as nothing, which highly displeased God.
He that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck . . . the lamb for the daily sacrifice, morning and evening, or the Passover lamb, or any other . . . this now is no more acceptable to God, than if it was a dog, a very impure creature, was slain, his head cut off, and offered on the altar; which was so abominable to the LORD, that the price of one might not be brought into His House (Deut.23:18).
He that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine's blood . . . the meat offering, made of fine flour, on which oil was poured, and frankincense put on (Lev.2:1), however rightly made up it might be, and offered according to law, yet now it was of no more esteem with God than blood, which was forbidden by the same law; indeed, than the blood of swine, which creature itself, according to the ceremonial law, was unclean, and might not be eaten, and much less be offered up, and still less its blood (Lev.11:7-8).
And he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol . . . that offers it as a memorial of mercies, and by way of thankfulness for them, as if he gave thanks to an idol, which is nothing but vanity and vexation in the world; sacrifices of such kind, be they what they will, are counted as no other than idolatry.  
Yea, they have chosen their own ways . . . they chose their own ways which were evil, and totally opposite to the ways of God, especially to the way of salvation by Christ . . . they instead paid heed to the traditions of the elders; continuing in the service of the ceremonial law; and set up their own righteousness, which opposes the doctrines of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, its ordinances, sacrifice and the perfect righteousness of Christ. The Law is NOT sufficient to save: (Acts 13:39; Rom.3:19-20; 4:14; 8:3; 10:3; Gal.2:19; 3:21; Eph.2:15; Heb.7:19).
Ceremonial Law: The ceremonial laws (statutes) mean the custom of the nation. These laws seem to focus on getting the attention of God; including how to regain right standing with God by sacrifices and other ceremonies about uncleanness, feasts and festivals, specific regulations meant to distinguish Israelites from their pagan neighbors. Christians are NOT bound by Jewish ceremonial law. Galatians 3:23-25 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. 24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25  But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. (KJV)
And their soul delighteth in their abominations . . . the souls of the wicked was pleased in their abominations: things which were abominable (repulsive) unto God; as were their traditions, which were preferred to the Word of God, and by which they made it void; and their sacrifices being offered up contrary to His will, and with a wicked mind; and their righteousness being imperfect, and trusted in, to the neglect and contempt of the righteousness of His Son. Isaiah refers here, most likely, to the spirit with which this was done. Their sacrifices were offered to God with a very offensive attitude, as if they were guilty of murder and feeling no repentance. They were proud, vain and hypocritical. And too, it may also be understood here, that the time was coming when no more sacrifices would no longer be acceptable to God. When the Messiah would come, and when He would make ONE Offering for a sufficient atonement for the sins of the whole world (1 Jn.2:2; 4:10, 14; Jn.1:29; 1 Pet.2:24; 3:18; Rom.3:25-26); then all bloody sacrifices would no longer be needed, and would be offensive in God’s eyes. Abominations; things God hates: (Deut.7:25; 18:9-12, 22; 20:13; 25:13-16; Pro.6:12-19; 11:20; 12:22; 21:27; 28:9; Jer.16:18; 44:4; Eze.7:9; Lk.16:15; Rom.1:24-28; 1 Cor.6:9-10; Jude 1:7; Rev.1:5; 21:27).    
The sacrifices of the proud and arrogant were only an outward obedience, for in their hearts they were murderers, perverts and idolaters. God shows mercy to the humble, but He curses the proud and self-sufficient (Lk.1:51-53). We should never allow our freedom and rights to lead us away from God's only Way to eternal life (Jn.14:6; Acts 4:12; 1 Jn.5:10-13).

Verse 3 reveals the hatred of God toward wicked hypocrites in their religious practices:
#1. The wicked man who sacrifices an ox to God is as abominable as a murderer in His sight.
#2. If the wicked sacrifices a lamb, it is as abominable as offering a dog.
#3. If the wicked offers a solemn offering, it is as abominable as offering swine's blood.
#4. If the wicked burns incense, it is as abominable as blessing an idol.

Seven continued sins of the wicked:
#1. They are hypocrites, acting religious while willingly living in sin.
#2. They choose their own ways, while disobeying God’s ways.
#3. They take great pleasure in their lust for what are abominations to God.  
#4. They refuse to pay attention to what God wants.
#5. They refuse to hear God's voice.
#6. They do evil in God's sight, doing what He hates.
#7. They choose things that God hates which brings on His wrath.  

*****Solomon gives us a short but full commentary on this verse: Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright is his delight. (KJV) . . . This shows God's hatred of ceremonial performances from men of wicked hearts and lives. It is plain that Isaiah is not speaking about idolatrous worship, but formal worship. Sacrifices are snubbed by God when they come from ungracious hands. The sacrifice of the wicked is not only unacceptable, but it is an abomination to the LORD: Proverbs 15:9 The way of the wicked is an abomination unto the LORD: but he loveth him that followeth after righteousness. (KJV) . . . Consider how detestable their sacrifices were to God. The carnal Jews, after their return from captivity, although they did not return to idolatry, they grew very careless and unaffected in their service and worship of God. They brought the hurt, the lame, and the sick for sacrifice to Him (Mal.1:8, 13), which made their service to God abominable. The wicked had no regard or reverence to their sacrifices, so how could they think that God would have any regard to them?
The unbelieving Jews, after the Gospel was preached and in it notice was stated about the Offering up of the Great Sacrifice (Christ on the cross), which put an end to all the ceremonial services, they continued to offer sacrifices, as if the law of Moses was still in force. Matthew 5:17  Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. (KJV)
Romans 6:14-15 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace. 15  What then? shall we sin, because we are not under the law, but under grace? God forbid. (KJV)
He that kills an ox for his own table was allowed to do it; but if he kills an ox for God's altar, it is as if he killed a man; for it is as great an offence to God as murder is. He that does it, is in reality setting aside the Sacrifice of Christ, and treads underfoot the Blood of the covenant (Heb.10:29; 12:24; 13:20; 1 Pet.1:18-19), and makes himself an accessory to the guilt of the Body and Blood of the LORD. He that sacrifices a lamb, if it be a corrupt thing, and not the best male in his flock, as if he thinks he can put something over on God, he insults God instead of pleasing Him. The wicked that burns incense to God, by doing so pours contempt on Christ's intercession, and it would be as great an insult to God as if they had given their devotions to a false god. Hypocrisy and profaneness are as provoking to God as idolatry. Have you ever considered just how hateful your sacrifices are to God? Beware!!!

Isaiah 66:4 I also will choose their delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none did answer; when I spake, they did not hear: but they did evil before mine eyes, and chose that in which I delighted not. (KJV)

I also will choose their delusions . . . as they had done their will, so will the LORD do His will for a while. He will make them to perish by their mockeries (Isa.65:11-12). They thought to deceive Him by an outside service; but it shall appear that they have tricked themselves when I bring upon them the reward of their manifold delusions. Delusions (2 Thes.2:11), answering to their own ways (vs.3; Pro.1:31-33). Delusions could also mean vexations and calamities, which also parallels with fears. They chose disasters which they thought to escape by their own ways.
And will bring their fears upon them . . . the things they feared; such as the sword, famine and pestilence; and especially the Romans, who, they feared would come and take away their place and nation (Jn.11:48). Their fears, as they have mocked God and greatly dishonored Him by their wickedness, so too God will give them up to their enemies, to be trampled upon and insulted by them. They shall be deceived by the same vain confidences with which they have deceived themselves. God will make their sin their punishment; they shall be beaten with their own rod and rushed into ruin by their own delusions. God will bring their fears upon them, that which shall be a great terror to them, that which they themselves have been afraid of and thought to be able to escape by sinful moves. Unbelieving hearts, and consciences that have no comfort, shall make them miserable.  
Because, when I called, none did answer; when I spake, they did not hear . . . when Christ Jesus called out to the Jews, in the ministry of the Gospel, to come and hear Him, they refused to come, nor would they allow others to answer to this call, and hear Him, and attend on His ministry. This rejection of Him and His Gospel was the cause of their ruin.  I called, none would answer: (Isa.50:2; 65:12; Jer.7:13; Zec.7:7, 11-13; Mat.21:34-43; 22:3; Jn.1:11).
But they did evil before mine eyes . . . openly and publicly to His Face; they blasphemed and opposed His Word, they hated His ordinances (decrees, laws).
And chose that in which I delighted not . . . they chose instead to do that which angered the LORD: their oral law (Mat.15:9), their legal sacrifices, and their own self-righteousness, as well as their continued immoralities and wickedness.

Isaiah 66:5 Hear the word of the LORD, ye that tremble at his word; Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake, said, Let the LORD be glorified: but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed. (KJV)

Hear the word of the LORD, ye that tremble at his word . . . this is said to comfort the believing Jews, who are thus described (vs.2).

Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake . . . as the unbelieving Jews, the Pharisees; who were brethren to them that believed in Christ, by blood, by birth, by country, yet hated them, although without a cause as they did Christ (Ps.69:4; 109:3; Mat.5:22; Jn.15:25), and cast them out of their company, conversation; and out of their own houses, and synagogues; excommunicated them from fellowship with them, and that because of their believing in Christ, and professing His Name; having made a law, that whoever confessed Him should be put out of the synagogue (Jn.9:22).         
And, said, Let the LORD be glorified . . . they pretended, by all this hatred of and aversion to those of their brethren that believed in Christ, and by their persecution of them, that all their desire and design was to the glory of God, thinking that in so doing, they did God good service (Jn.16:2).
But he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed . . . there will come a day when the LORD shall appear and let them know His judgment concerning their violence and rage, then you shall have joy, and they shall be ashamed (1 Thes.4:13-18).

***** God will make the distinction between the true and the false, between that which is real and that which is not. Christ said that the wheat and tares would grow together, and that one day He would separate them. The Pharisee who was so careful in his religious practice is to be cast out. The publican who stood afar off and repented will be received (Lk.18:13).

Who Are The People That Tremble At The Word of God?
<> They are unbelievers, the devil’s children (1 Jn.3:10), the wicked. 
<> They are God’s TRUE children who have been born again into His family (Jn.1:12-13; 3:3-8)
Why Do They Tremble?
<> Because of His exceeding majesty.
<> because of the penetrating power of God’s Word.
<> They tremble when God’s Word because it can be in the form of a threat.
<> They tremble with fear in case they would break God’s Law.
<> They tremble in case they would miss the Promises when they are spread out before them. <> Because there were some who could not enter in because of unbelief (Heb.3:19; 4:6), they tremble for fear that they would be like them.

What Does it Mean to Tremble at God’s Word?  
It does not mean a mind-numbing fear. They that tremble at God’s Word at first may do so because the Word threatens them with death. But as they advance in their fellowship with Him, they see that He is the God of love (1 Jn.4:8, 16), they tremble because they have a holy reverence of God, and as a result of that Word which resides within them, and they are in awe of the power and majesty of the Most High, and they revere His commands.

Isaiah 66:6 A voice of noise from the city, a voice from the temple, a voice of the LORD that rendereth recompence to his enemies. (KJV)

A voice of noise from the city, a voice from the temple . . . Isaiah sees in a vision a commotion in the city of Jerusalem, and he hears a voice coming from the Temple, which was sudden and hurried . . . such as a man would display who would suddenly see a huge unrestrained group, and hear a confused sound of many voices. There is also a remarkable suddenness in the whole description here. In the preceding verse, all was calm and solemn, and full of loving assurance of the LORD’S divine favor to those whom the prophet saw to be persecuted. Here the scene suddenly changes. The vision passes to the agitating events which were occurring in the city and the Temple, and to the great and sudden change which would be produced in the condition of the church of God. But to whom or what this refers has been a subject of many different opinions. (1). Some understand it to be the sound of triumph of Judas Maccabeus, and of his soldiers, rejoicing that the city was forsaken by Antiochus, and by the party of the Jews who followed him. (2). Some say is the Voice of God, who is seen by the prophet taking vengeance on His enemies. There can be no doubt that Isaiah, in this vision, sees God taking vengeance on His enemies, because that is clearly stated. (3). Some say it refers to the last days and the battle where Christ returns, and in righteousness He doth judge and make war (Rev.19:11).  
A voice of the LORD, that rendereth recompence to his enemies . . . the LORD'S voice was in all this, and His Hand in the destruction of the wicked; for it was according to His position, His direction and order, in righteous judgment for their sins, they being His hardhearted enemies, that would not have Him to rule over them (Lk.19:14).

*****That rendereth recompence, Consider:
#1. It is vengeance taken on those who had cast out their brethren (vs.5).
#2. It is vengeance taken within the city, on the internal enemies, not the external ones.
#3. It is vengeance taken in the midst of this turmoil.
All this is a striking description of the scene when the city of Jerusalem and the Temple were taken by the Roman armies. It was the vengeance taken on those who had cast out their brethren; but I also think this refers to the vengeance which shall precede the glorious triumph of truth and of the cause of the TRUE religion in the last days, when the satanic Antichrist and all the anti-Christians who follow him and accept his mark (Rev.13), shall receive their just reward! BEWARE!!! Do NOT accept the mark of the Antichrist (beast)! (Rev.14:9-11; 15:2; 19:20; 20:4).       

Isaiah 66:7 Before she travailed, she brought forth; before her pain came, she was delivered of a man child. (KJV)

Before she travailed, she brought forth . . . meaning Zion (Israel), as appears in verse 8. The idea here is, that there would be a great and sudden increase of her numbers. Zion is here represented, as it often is, as a female (Isa.1:8), and as the mother of spiritual children (Isa.49:20-21; 54:1). The main idea here is, that the increase would be sudden, as if a child were born without the usual delay and pain of childbirth. There was sudden increase of the church when the Messiah came, and in the great revivals of religion which attended the first preaching of the Gospel. 3000 were converted on a single day in Acts 2, and the Gospel was quickly spread almost all over the known world.
Before her pain came, she was delivered of a man child . . . like a woman before she barely feels any pain; as soon as she notices the least uneasiness, is delivered of a son, to her great joy, and the joy of all about her. She was delivered of a man child some understands this of the Messiah, Who was descended from the Jewish church. The Hebrew word probably means a male, or man-child, and it could mean the character of the early converts to the Christian faith, who would not be feeble and effeminate (1 Cor.6:9); but vigorous, active and energetic. It could refer to that fact, that the increase of the church would be such as would be altogether a subject of exultation and joy.

*****It seems in the last days that God will set up a church for Himself in the world, which shall be abundantly replenished in little time. Before she (Israel) travailed, she brought forth. This is to be applied in the type to the deliverance of the Jews out of their captivity in Babylon, which was brought about very easily and silently, without any pain or struggle, and when they were brought out of Egypt; that was done by might and power (Deut.4:34-35), but this shall be by the Spirit of the LORD of hosts (Zec.4:6). The man-child of the deliverance is rejoiced in, and yet the mother was never in labor for it; for before her pain came she was delivered. This is altogether surprising, uncommon, and without example, unless in the story which the Egyptian midwives told of the Hebrew women, that they were lively and were delivered before the midwives came in unto them (Ex.1:19).

Isaiah 66:8 Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children. (KJV)

Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? . . . who hath heard such a birth so sudden? Usually in childbirth there are prolonged pains before childbirth. And too, the Earth brings forth its fruits gradually and slowly. Nations rise slowly in stages, and are long before reaching maturity. But here it seems as if the Earth should overnight be covered with a luxurious vegetation, or as if a nation should spring into being all at once. The increase in the church would be as great and wonderful as if these changes were to occur in a moment.
Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? . . . will the Earth produce grass, flowers, fruit and trees overnight? It usually takes a long time for Earth’s productions to mature. Seeds do not germinate in a moment, nor does it start at once to flower, bring forth fruit, have a yellow harvest, nor are lofty trees produced in a moment. Months and years are required before the Earth would be covered with its luxuriant and beautiful productions . . . but here would be an event as remarkable as if the Earth would bring forth its productions in a single day.
Or shall a nation be born at once? . . . such an event has never taken place. A nation comes into being by stages, maturing gradually, after a long process of years. But here is an event as remarkable as if a whole nation would be born in a day, mature in its laws, its civil institutions, and in all that establishes greatness. In looking for the fulfillment of this, we can apply this to the Gospel in the times of the apostles, when events occurred as sudden and as remarkable as if the Earth, after the misery of winter or of a drought, should be covered with rich luxuriance in a day, or as if a whole nation should start into existence, mature in in a moment. I think this also applies to the last days, when similar sudden changes are to be expected on the Earth; and I see no reason why this should not be applied to the spread of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in pagan lands, and why we should not expect the rapid spread of Christianity in a manner as surprising and wonderful as would be such an instantaneous change in the appearance of the Earth, or such a sudden birth of a nation or kingdom.
For as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children . . . this shows that verse 7 must be understood to have some travail and pain, although very little, and so soon gone that it was as if there was none. This may be understood of the pains which Gospel ministers have when preaching the Gospel, which is the only means of spiritual rebirth, and they the instruments of it; and so are called fathers, who through the Gospel beget souls to Christ. I believe that TRUE servants of the LORD are very concerned about the conversion (change) of sinners, and the formation of Christ’s righteousness in them, which is called a travailing in birth (Rom.8:19, 21-23; 1 Pet. 1:23); and it may also mean the earnest prayers of the church and its members, striving and wrestling with God, being persistent with Him, that the Gospel preached might be useful for the good of souls; and too, their earnest and fervent prayers for the conversion of the Jews, which will soon be brought about, when a spirit of grace and supplication (Zec.12:10) is not only poured on them, but upon the saints in general, to pray fervently and earnestly for it.

*****Shall the Earth bring forth her fruits in one day? No, it does not happen that way. It is the work of some period of time in the spring to renew the face of the Earth and cover it with its products. Some read this as the same importance with the next clause, shall a nation be born at once? Is it to be imagined that a woman at one birth should bring children sufficient to people a country and that they should in an instant grow up to maturity? Something like this was done in the Creation; but God has since rested from all such works, and leaves His Ccreation to produce their effects gradually. Yet, in this case, as soon as Zion travailed she brought forth. I believe this refers to the church in the last days.

Isaiah 66:9 Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth? saith the LORD: shall I cause to bring forth, and shut the womb? saith thy God. (KJV)

Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth, saith the Lord? . . . as in verse 8, Isaiah praised in lofty terms the work of God, and now he shows that it should not to be thought incredible or unbelievable. We should NEVER doubt the awesome power of God, which surpasses ALL the order of nature. If we consider just WHO it is that speaks, and how easy it is for Him to perform what He has promised, we will not doubt to know that the renewal of the world is in His Hand. Dear one, He is well able to create a dozen worlds in a moment, with NO difficulty . . . IF He so chose to do so! I truly love this man, Isaiah! He always encourages the people to consider the LORD’S love and His power. He never tires of speaking good of Him, so that he may more fully convince the people that nothing is too difficult in the eyes of men, that cannot be remedied by the LORD! He mentions things that we see every day; for in a woman’s bringing forth a child we see clearly His awesome power. There shall be a day come, in the last days, when the LORD shall show just how wonderful He is, when He rids the world of the ‘whore’ churches (Rev.17), and replaces them with the TRUE church! What a wonderful day that shall be!
Shall I cause to bring forth, and shut the womb, saith thy God? . . . no! He will not. Just as God has regenerated many souls in the first times of the Gospel, and many more in various nations, since, He has not ceased, nor will He cease from His work, until ALL His elect (Deut.7:6; Mat.25:34; Jn.15:16; Eph.1:4; 1 Pet.1:2) are born again (Jn.3:3-8); for everyone that is chosen of the Father, are given to the Son (Jn.10:27-30), and redeemed by His precious Blood (1 Pet. 1:18-19), shall be live again with a lively hope of a glorious inheritance (1 Pet.1:4-5). God will NOT shut the womb of conversion until ALL He has chosen shall be brought to faith in Christ, and repentance towards God. He will produce many more sons and daughters; and He will cause the fulness of the Gentiles (Rom.11:25) to be brought forth and brought in, and convert His ancient people the Jews. ALL His Promises shall be accomplished, and all prophecies relating to these things shall be fulfilled.

I bring the following from Isaiah 58:11, because it seems to fit here as well.

*****Isaiah does not seem content in describing the loving-kindness of God, which He shows to His sincere worshippers. I often have this feeling. I just cannot say enough about how tremendous and wonderful our awesome God really is! Isaiah uses symbols of a watered garden, and a spring of waters which we cannot find anywhere else than the LORD, so it is absolute wisdom to seek Him. The devil and the world offer in vain, nothing but desolation and emptiness. It adds up to this: the Fountain of God’s kindness never dries up, but always flows continually . . . unless we do something to stop its course. Disobedience to God is a terrible thing! Disobedience is in reality, a spring, NOT of water . . . but of SIN!  It would be wise for us all to check out what God may think of our life! Is there any continual sin in your life? Repent and get rid of it, and trust and accept God’s way, and that wonderful Spring of Water or Fountain of Life will quench your thirst forever! 

Isaiah 66:10 Rejoice ye with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all ye that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all ye that mourn for her: (KJV)

Rejoice ye with Jerusalem, and be glad with her . . . the church will bring many spiritual children to Christ; just as when a woman is delivered of a child, her friends and neighbors commend her and rejoice with her (Lk.1:57), so too, the church's friends here are called together to rejoice with her, at the many births and conversions of souls in her, for nothing is more joyful to the saints (Lk.15:6).
All ye that love her . . . shall wish her well, and pray for her peace and prosperity; for all that love God, love His church, the place where He dwells and where His glory and honor dwells.  All that love Christ love her who is His spouse and His bride, and purchased by His Blood (Acts 20:28). All that love the Word of God and ordinances, love the TRUE church where they are overseen.
Rejoice for joy with her, all ye that mourn for her . . . those that had mourned for her, when things were wrong with her; these are they that mourn in Zion, and for Zion, because of the sins of her professors; corruptions in doctrine (Mat.15:9), corruptions in worship; their punishment, their decline in grace; lack of love to one another, and so few instances of conversion. Now things were in reverse, and was going well with her, they are called upon to rejoice exceedingly with her; for such is the sympathizing spirit of the saints, that they rejoice with them that rejoice, and weep with them that weep (Rom.12:15).

***** A mourner is an interesting person. The best kind of mourner is one whose griefs are not selfish nor groveling. Someone who bears spiritual sorrow because of others is nobler than the man who cries about his personal woes. The most outstanding style of mourner is the mourner in Zion, the mourner for Zion, who mourns with Zion.

WHO ARE THOSE THAT MOURN WITH JERUSALEM? Those that love the TRUE Church of God, and desires her success; and when they do not see that success, are depressed in spirit.
#1. Nothing makes the heart of the people of God heavier than to think that the Gospel glory of the Church is declining.
#2. Mourning happens when we see the holiness of the visible Church troubled.
#3. Mourning happens when we see her sacred enthusiasm cooling.
#4. Mourning happens when the services of God’s House are neglected.
#5. Another very serious cause for mourning to all TRUE Christians is the multitude of sinners that remain unsaved.

WE SHOULD REJOICE WITH JERUSALEM:
#1. When we remember that God has NOT changed, either in nature or in love to His people, or for the reason of His grace.
#2. We may expect the LORD to appear. He shall appear to your joy, etc. (Isa.66:5).
#3. When the LORD puts on strength, then shall His Church be aroused.
#4. Then shall the Church have many converts.
#5. Then shall she nourish them well.
#6. When there is an abundant degree of peace and joy in all believing hearts (Isa.66:12).
#7. When God will raise up men fitted to do His work (Isa.66:21).

Isaiah 66:11 That ye may suck, and be satisfied with the breasts of her consolations; that ye may milk out, and be delighted with the abundance of her glory. (KJV)

That ye may suck, and be satisfied with the breast of her consolations . . . that ye may suck, this verse seems that it should be joined with verse 10; where the Prophet explains what should be the occasion of joy, specifically, because the wretched and miserable condition of the Church shall be changed into a happy and prosperous condition. By the word suck, Isaiah refers to young infants. Here all believers, whatever their age, are compared by him to children, that they may remember their infirmity and may be confirmed by the strength of the LORD; and so this symbol of sucking and milking should be carefully observed. The Holy Scripture, with the Old and New Testaments, are like two breasts that feed; and agree in the Person and offices of Christ, and in all the doctrines of grace, and are full of the sincere milk of the Word (1 Pet.2:2) and of spiritual comfort. The two ordinances of baptism and the LORD'S Supper; agree with each other; baptism leads to the Blood of Christ for cleansing and pardon; and to the burial of Christ it represents (Rom.6:4; Col.2:12). The LORD'S Supper is another breast of consolation, representing the broken body and bloodshed of Christ, whose flesh is meat indeed, and His Blood drink indeed (Jn.6:53-56), and so is a means of spiritual nourishment and comfort. These breasts are to be sucked as the mouth of faith is to be laid onto them.
That ye may milk out, and be delighted with the abundance of her glory . . . the brightness of her glory. Christ is the Glory of His church; for His Presence is with her, His grace and righteousness is bestowed upon her, which gives her an abundance of glory; and it is He in whom she glories. The Spirit of God, as a Spirit of glory, rests upon her, and His grace makes her all glorious within; it is her glory to be interested in the covenant of grace, its Promises and blessings, and to have the Word and its ordinances.

***** To take part in the church's comforts, we must suck and be satisfied with the breasts of her comfort. The Word of God, the covenant of grace (especially the Promises of that covenant), the ordinances of God, and all the occasions of attending on Him and fellowshipping with Him, are the breasts, which the church calls and counts the breasts of her consolations, where her comforts are laid up, and where by faith and prayer they are drawn. So, with her we must suck from these breasts, by applying the Promises of God to ourselves with a diligent attendance to His ordinances; and with the comforts which are drawn, we must be satisfied, even though we have very little earthly comforts. It is the glory of the church that she has the LORD for her God. We must more truly consider our relationship to God and fellowshipping with Him, than in all the delights of the sons and daughters of men. Whatever the glory of the church is (Christ), must also be our glory and joy, mainly her purity, unity and increase.

Isaiah 66:12 For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream: then shall ye suck, ye shall be borne upon her sides, and be dandled upon her knees. (KJV)

For thus saith the Lord, behold, I will extend peace to her like a river . . . as the river Euphrates or the Nile, which overflowed Egypt, and made it fruitful; or as any flowing river, large and spreading, continuing to flow, and bringing blessings with it where ever it comes; and so means the abundance of peace, the endlessness of it, and its blessed effects. This respects not the first times of the Gospel; for although Christ the Peacemaker came and made peace by His Blood, and preached peace to Jews and Gentiles, with many enjoying spiritual peace in believing, flowing from His Blood and righteousness, yet there was very little outward peace to the churches of Christ; and when at any time they did have peace, it did not last long . . . but in the last days, there will not only spiritual peace, which passeth all understanding (Phil.4:7), and joy unspeakable and full of glory (1 Pet.1:8) that will be extended unto and possessed by the saints, and an outward and lasting peace in great abundance, with all kind of temporal and spiritual prosperity (Ps.72:7).  Peace is a general word meaning prosperity of all kinds, and is a favorite word with Isaiah to describe the future happiness of the church of God (Isa.9:6-7; 26:12; 32:17; 45:7; 48:18; 52:7; 54:13; 55:12; 57:19).
And the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream . . . the word glory contains a repetition, by which Isaiah means every kind of riches, so that nothing is lacking to have full and perfect peace. Since the Gentiles had formerly lived luxuriously, and had enjoyed a vast abundance of everything they wanted, Isaiah states that all riches, and everything that belongs to a happy life, shall be possessed by believers, just as rivers run into the sea. By the constant flowing, he means a continuation; because our God is an inexhaustible Fountain (Jer.2:13; 17:13; Joel 3:18; Zec.13:1; Rev.21:6). The LORD’S peace widely differs from the peace of the world, which quickly passes away and is dried up. The glory of the Gentiles will be like a flowing stream; like the Nile, that overflows; meaning either the vast number of converts, from among the Gentiles, that shall flow into the church, and especially many of their great men, princes, nobles, even kings and queens, who shall be nursing fathers and mothers to her (Isa.60:3); or their riches, which are the honor and glory they shall bring with them to the church in great abundance, and shall cheerfully and freely use them in the service and worship of God (Isa.60:6), as some interpret it of their wealth and substance.
Then shall ye suck . . . the milk of the Gentiles, and the breasts of kings; meaning to partake of their good things (Isa.60:16), or the church's breasts of consolation, the sincere milk of the word and ordinances (Isa.60:11), this is spoken to the friends of Zion, and lovers of Jerusalem, newly converted persons (Isa.60:10),
Ye shall be borne upon her sides . . . as children being carried by parents on one side of them in their arms; it means the affectionate care and regard the church has to young converts, who are said to be nursed at her side (Isa.60:4), the church shall support and supply them with everything in her power, by means of the Gospel and its ordinances.
And be dandled upon her knees . . . as a child is bounced on her knees by its mother. The idea is, that the most tender care would be applied to the church; the same as an affectionate mother shows to her children. The meaning is, that God would show to them the loving feelings of a parent, and treat them with the tenderness as a mother shows for her children. Just as a mother carries her children on her side (Isa.60:4), so would God tenderly provide for the church; tenderly and affectionately He would regard Zion (Jerusalem).

***** The peace of God's TRUE Church resembles a river (Isa.48:18). The source or spring of a river is hidden. The river starts from the fountains of the great deep beneath the earth (Gen.7:11; Ps.36:6; Ps.51:10). Many see the river in its course, and see the fertility with which its progress. The Source of peace to God's children is God Himself. The peace of God is as a well of water springing up in the depths of the spirit (Jn.4:14; 7:38-39; Rom.8:9), and for that reason men can see that this peace in its effects and results, can come only from the LORD!

All rivers are fed continuously by their springs, from the great deep beneath the earth, but an external nourishment is also supplied to them by occasional rains and land floods, which swell the rivers and cause them to rise, and at times even to overflow their boundaries (Job 26:10). The river of the Christian's peace is greatly increased by repentance (turning away from sin). The tears and sighs of godly sorrow (2 Cor.7:10), are vital to the fullness of that peace. Psalm 126:6 He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him. (KJV)

A river in its course quietly progresses, just as the Christian's peace progresses in grace. A river is very deep, just as the peace of God is said to passeth all understanding (Phil.4:7). The nature and character of that peace cannot be comprehended (understood). It is totally meaningless to those who have not felt it nor tasted it, but by those who have felt or tasted its depth, it is utterly profound.

A river in its nonstop course fertilizes and enriches all it comes in contact with, just as the awesome peace of God is at the root of all holy fruitfulness in God’s TRUE children.

A river in its continued course is clean and cleansing, just as the peace of God's Church is a clean and holy peace . . . clear as crystal, and totally free from any and all defilement and evil.

A river also bears burdens, and one of the most wonderful characteristics of the peace of God is that its hopefulness supports many grievous burdens. The peace of the TRUE believer is enlarged as he draws nearer to the heavenly goal, and for that reason His soul is more abundantly enriched. http://www.godcannotlie.org/true_children_of_god.htm

Isaiah 66:13 As one whom his mother comforteth, so will I comfort you; and ye shall be comforted in Jerusalem. (KJV)

As one whom his mother comforteth, so will I comfort you . . . those who have mourned will be divinely comforted, like a child who is comforted by its mother (Isa.40:1-2; 49:15). Although ordinances are means, and ministers are instruments of comfort, God is the sole effective cause of comfort. He is an immense and infinite Being, the high and lofty One, who possesses all perfections . . . yet He bends down to revive the spirit of the humble and contrite; for He is the Maker of Heaven, Earth and all things, and those whom He comforts are dust and ashes (Gen.18:27). God comforts like the best mother. The only perfect mother is in the mind and heart of God. God comforts lovingly, naturally, personally and practically. He comforts broadly, constantly and effectively.
And ye shall be comforted in Jerusalem . . . it is wonderful that Isaiah, who has already spoken a lot about this renewal, dwells on it so much. I think it is because this wonderful servant of God, simply cannot express fully the greatness and warmth of the love that God has for us, and neither can he satisfy himself with speaking about it; so he mentions it often (Isa.58:11). You shall be comforted in Jerusalem. Some think that believers shall have joyful hearts, when they shall behold the Church restored; or that the Church, after having been restored, shall do her duty by bringing joy to her children. This is not spoken to ungodly scorners, who are not moved by any kindness of the Church, but to those who, with holy passion and zeal, declare that they are her children.

*****There shall be an abundance of the Millennial riches in Jerusalem under the Messiah, when all nations will shower gifts upon Israel to honor the Messiah in His building up of the nations, and in His fulfillment of prophecy. Peace will flow like a river and the glory of the Gentiles will be like a continual flowing stream (vs.12). Jerusalem will be comforted just as a mother comforts a hurt child (vs.12-14).

Isaiah 66:14 And when ye see this, your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like an herb: and the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, and his indignation toward his enemies. (KJV)

And when ye see this . . . all the above things prophesied, shall come to pass; the conversion of the Jews; the peaceable and prosperous condition of the church of Christ; for they shall feel, see and enjoy the comforts of God. There shall be a great number come to the church from the Gentile world.
Your heart shall rejoice . . . for nothing can be of greater joy than these, that cause an inward, heart-felt and sincere joy, and not just outward expressions of it.
And your bones shall flourish like an herb . . . like in a well-watered garden (Isa.51:3); or on which the dew lies; which revives, lifts up its head, and is green and flourishing . . . so shall the hearts of God's people be comforted and filled with joy, renewing their spiritual strength; the bones that were dried up with sorrow shall become fat and flourishing and like a garden of herbs, whose springs fail not (Pro.17:22). The Jews, in their present state, are like dry bones (Eze.37:1-10); but these dry bones shall again live at the Word of God, and through the power of His grace, and stand upon their feet, and which will cause great joy to others, and be as life from the dead.
And the hand of the Lord shall be known towards his servants . . . in making them fruitful, joyful, prosperous and in protecting and preserving them, and in supplying all their needs (Phil.4:19); His Hand of power, which is not shortened that He cannot save (Isa.59:1); and His grace is always sufficient (2 Cor.12:9), which is opened to distribute to all the needs of His people (Phip.4:19).
And his indignation towards his enemies . . . those who worship the Antichrist, and all the children of the devil (1 Jn.3:10), will drink deep of the wine of the wrath of God, poured out without mixture into the cup of His indignation (anger, wrath), He will put into their hands; whose indignation is such as is intolerable. There is NO standing before it, NO sustaining it, or NO abiding under it (Rev.14:9). This will most likely be fulfilled in the war of Gog and Magog (Eze.38:1-39:29; Rev.20:8).

*****I think this refers to the battle of Armageddon when God will defend and deliver Jerusalem and destroy Israel's enemies (Isa.63:1-5; Joel 2 & 3; Zec.14; Rev.19:11-21). This is proven by the fact that it will take place in the last days at the Second Coming of Christ, when He comes with fire, and with His chariots like a whirlwind, to render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with flames of fire. For by fire and by His sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD will be many (Isa.63:1-5; 66:15-16; Joel 2 & 3; Eze.38:17-21; Zec.14; 2 Thes.1:7-10; Jude 1:14-15; Rev.19:11-21).

It seems the Jews reject Passages that talk about a chastisement for Israel just before their restoration and because they reject Jesus as their Messiah, they will be spiritually blind to proper understanding of certain prophetic Passages.

The Jews, and in fact, most of the world must first experience the wickedness of the Antichrist in the last days before they even begin to understand. The satanic Antichrist (BEAST) symbolizes what the world will really be like without Jesus. This Beast also represents what eternity will be like without God (2 Thes.1:8-9; Rev.20:10, 15). If some people were not shown pure evil they would never come to Jesus Christ for salvation.

There are some clear differences between the wars in the last days. Ezekiel’s Gog/Magog war and the battle of Armageddon are not the same war.

Consider the differences between the Gog/Magog war of Ezekiel 38 and 39 and the battle of Armageddon (Har Megiddo):
#1. Ezekiel 38-39 . . . God puts hooks in the jaws of Gog (probably a demon king who possesses a Russian leader) to bring him down from the North against the land of Israel to take a spoil. Ezekiel 38 through 39 tells of a future invasion of Israel by a vast coalition of nations that surround it.  As we read the headlines in the newspapers of today, and witness the conflict in the Middle East, it's not hard to imagine that this invasion prophesied over 2600 years ago, could be fulfilled in our lifetime. Ezekiel 36-37 predicts a gathering of the Jews to the nation of Israel, which will be followed by this massive invasion. 
#2. Armageddon . . . Demons come out of the mouth of the Dragon, the Beast and the False Prophet and they deceive the kings of the Earth and lead all nations to come against Jerusalem to kill all Jews and oppose Jesus at His Coming (Zec.12 – 14; Rev.16:14; 19:11-21; Joel 3:2).  Armageddon describes the great battle where all the armies of the world gather against Jerusalem.  The Battle of Armageddon ends when the Lord Jesus Christ returns from Heaven with His raptured church, and He destroys these armies supernaturally with the sword of His mouth . . . simply using His spoken Word.  Wild beasts and flesh-eating birds will devour the dead bodies left behind in a short period of time, after which Christ will set up His Millennial Kingdom.  
Consider the following:
Eze.39:9-10 weapons strewn on mountains will provide fuel for 7 years.
Eze.39:11-16   burial of the dead will take 7 months.
Eze.39:17-20   dead bodies of horses and riders will provide a feast for birds and beasts of prey.
Eze.39:21-24   in that day, Gentiles will know that Israel’s captivity was not because God was                       unable to prevent it, but because their sins demanded it.
Eze.39:25-29   Israel’s restoration shall be complete. They will finally acknowledge the LORD.  The pouring out of His Spirit is a pledge that He will hide His Face no more (2 Cor.1:22; Eph.1:14; Philemon 1:6).

Both wars will be made up of Gog and Magog, which is simply symbolic of God’s enemies.

Isaiah 66:15  For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire. (KJV)

For, behold, the Lord will come with fire . . . either with material fire, with which mystical Babylon (Rome) shall be burnt (Rev.18:8), or with indignation and wrath of God, which shall be poured out like fire, and be as intolerable and consuming as fire. In flaming fire: (Eze.38:1-21; Isa.29-31; 2 Thes.1:7-10).
And with his chariots like a whirlwind . . . making a great noise, and striking great terror; referring to chariots in which men in Isaiah’s time used to fight the enemy. Possibly these chariots will be the same as those which came for Elijah (2 Ki.2:11), and appeared to protect Elisha (2 Ki.6:17). Angels will accompany Christ to Earth, and while some of the armies of Heaven will ride horses (Rev.19:14) others may use chariots (Eze.1; Zec.6:1-8; Mat.24:31; 2 Thes.1:7-10). God’s chariots: (Ps.18:10; 68:17; 104:3; 139:9; 2 Sam.22:11; 2 Ki.2:11; 6:16-17; Isa.66:15; Hab.3:8). Whirlwind, symbol of sudden destruction: (Pro.1:27; 10:25; Isa.5:28; 17:13; 40:24; 41:16; 66:15; Jer.4:13; 23:19; 25:32; 30:23; Dan.11:40; Hos.4:19; 8:7; 13:3; Zec.7:14; 9:14).    
To render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire . . . a lot of words that reveal the fierceness of His wrath, and how severe His rebuke of enemies will be. This will NOT be a rebuke in love, as He shows to His own people, but shall be His vindictive wrath.

Isaiah 66:16  For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many. (KJV)

For by fire, and by his sword . . . fire is a symbol of judgment, and His sword is an instrument by which punishment is executed (Isa.34:5; Rom.13:4), meaning God shall judge in fire. Isaiah simply confirms what he said in verse 15, showing that this judgment will be dreadful; so that everyone will know just how angry God is. He describes the horror in strong language, so the wicked may fear, and that believers may keep themselves faithful and holy, and remove themselves from the wicked people, but they were to patiently endure the unjust and cruel attacks of enemies, until the armed Avenger comes on their behalf. 
Will the LORD plead with all flesh . . . the LORD will execute His purposes of vengeance on the wicked who were subject to punishment, meaning all His enemies, against whom He will rain upon them fire and brimstone, signified by Gog and Magog (Eze.38:22), and with the other anti-Christian powers at the battle of Armageddon; and when the fourth vial will be poured upon the sun, and men will be scorched with fire (Rev.16:8).
And the slain of the LORD shall be many . . . Isaiah threatens the destruction of many, so that there may be an exceptional mass of corpses. Isaiah specifically adds this, because ungodliness was everywhere, and TRUE believers were exposed to dangerous temptations because of the prosperity of the wicked. Isaiah reminds them, that the more ungodliness abounded, and the greater the number of wicked men, so much the more the wrath of the LORD would be ignited, and He would make a greater and more extensive slaughter. No matter the multitude or the schemes of the ungodly, it shall NOT hinder the LORD from carrying out His judgment by fire, and by his sword.

Isaiah 66:17 They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the midst, eating swine's flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith the LORD. (KJV)

They that sanctify themselves . . . sanctifying themselves describes the enemies of the LORD, and His people. These enemies shall be slain at this time; but not those who are sanctified by the Spirit and grace of God (Jn.17:17; Rom.15:16; 1 Cor.1:2, 30; Eph.5:26; 2 Thes.2:13) . . . only those who sanctify themselves, pretending to make themselves holy, and thinking they are holier than others; professing great outward holiness as some cults do . . . but have absolutely NO real inward holiness (Rev.9:20-21).
That purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the midst. . . or in pools or ponds of water in gardens. Some think this means those who bathe and purify themselves daily, but yet are their lives are filthy, immoral, wicked. The holy water in churches CANNOT purify you! The sign of the cross CANNOT purify you! Praying to Mary CANNOT purify you! Only faith in Christ Jesus can purify (cleanse, justify) you in the eyes of God, NO one or nothing else, Just Jesus (Isa.53:11; Acts 15:9; Rom.3:22-27; 4:3-13, 16; 5:1-11; 2 Cor.7:1; Eph.1:6-7; 2:7-10; Col.1:14; Tit.2:14; 3:5-7; Heb.9:14; Jam.4:8; 1 Pet.1:18-22; 1 Jn.1:7, 9; 3:2-3).       
Eating swine's flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith the LORD . . . eating swine's flesh, and the mouse, were forbidden by the Law of Moses (Lev.11:7; Deut.14:8). Some think the abomination means the weasel (Lev.11:29), since it is mentioned in the law with the mouse; although Isaiah may mean things offered to idols are intended. The word which translated mouse is found nowhere but here (vs.17), and mice in (1 Sam.6;11, 18), but it is not a matter of great importance. The sense is, that God would not only destroy the open and gross idolaters and superstitious persons, but ALL those also who refused to yield to and obey the Law of God in such things as seemed unimportant to them. On Judgment Day, the pagan idolaters and cult priests, and all the lewd and disobedient ‘Christians’ shall be charged alike. Whatever specific kind of idolatry Isaiah refers to here, I do not know, but the general sense of what he speaks is perfectly clear. God is angry!

*****Isaiah returns again to Israel's sins. He may refer in particular to idolatry in the gardens with their Asherah or totem-pole type of idol is called a tree here. These places of idolatry were in the midst of wooden places or sacred groves and high places. The idea here is that in the future fulfillment of this, people will seek to be sanctified and ceremonially purified through swine and mouse sacrifices to idols, which are both unclean and forbidden to be used as food or sacrifice (Lev.11:7, 41-42).
Although the ceremonial law is abolished, and all differences of meats stopped, and will continue so in the last days, the description of these unclean people, who pretended so much holiness and purity, is taken from such persons who were considered impure in the times when Isaiah wrote this; and may especially point to those who abstain from meats at certain times, to be eaten lawfully; and yet are just as unclean as those under the law were, who ate things forbidden. Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death. (KJV)  . . . They all shall be consumed together, saith the LORD, in the above mentioned battles, and condemned to the lake which burns with fire and brimstone (Rev.20:15, 21:8).

http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_hell_is_it_there.htm
http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_hell_what_is_it_like.htm

The LORD Decides the Destiny of
Both the Saved and the Lost (66:18-24)

The last part of Isaiah is devoted to the Millennium and the new heavens and the new earth (vs 22-24). (1). Isaiah tells us that God speaks of gathering all nations to see His glory (vs18), of setting up a sign among them by sending Jewish missionaries to those who have not heard of His fame or seen His glory (vs.19; Rev.7). He speaks of bringing the Israelites back from the midst of the nations to Jerusalem (vs.20; Isa.43:6; 49:12-26; 54:3; 60:3-14), and of taking these Jews to be priests and Levites to minister in the Millennial Temple (vs.21; Dan.9:26-27; Eze.40-45, 48; Rev.11:1-2). (2). Isaiah finishes the book by speaking of the new heavens and the new earth which are to be eternal (vs.22), of the eternal seed of Israel who will inhabit the new earth, of new moons and Sabbaths when all flesh . . . Jews and Gentiles will come to worship before Him (vs.24). The Millennial Temple: http://www.templemount.org/TM34.html

Isaiah 66:18  For I know their works and their thoughts: it shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come, and see my glory. (KJV)

For I know their works, and their thoughts . . . Isaiah confirms what he said in verse 17, about the punishment which shall be executed on ALL the ungodly, meaning the persons before described; their evil works and thoughts, which are known to Christ the Discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart, whose eyes are as a flame of fire to pierce and penetrate into them (Rev.2:18). Isaiah tells us that the LORD sees and observes ALL their works, and that on Judgment Day, He will actually show that nothing can be concealed from His eyes, for the books shall be opened (Rev.20:12), and people shall be judged by those books (Rev.20:15).
It shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues . . .  not against Jerusalem in the war of Gog and Magog, as some think (Zec.14:2); but to Christ and His church, by the preaching of the Gospel; which in the last days will be published to every nation, kindred, tongue, and people (Mat.24:14; Rev.14:6).
And they shall come, and see my glory . . . the glory of CHRIST . . . His Person, His grace, the glory of His Gospel, His worship, and ordinances. The glory that will be upon Zion the church, and the LORD’S Glory shall be a defense on all who are there! What a glorious sight it will be!
Isaiah 4:5 And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence. (KJV) . . . And see my glory, meaning the manifestation of His perfections in the great events referred to here . . . the utter destruction of His enemies, and the deliverance of His people. I believe in the last days, Almighty God shall reveal Himself as the Punisher or Avenger of His enemies, and ALL the nations shall also SEE His Glory, if they are assembled together.  
http://www.godcannotlie.org/book_of_isaiah_ch.4.htm

*****ALL nations shall appear before Him. The LORD Jesus said so (Mat.25:31-46). Before the LORD shall be gathered ALL nations: and He shall separate them as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats. At that time a great number of Gentiles shall be saved along with many from Israel. Jerusalem shall be the place of worship . . . and everyone shall go and worship in Jerusalem.

Following the terrible picture of the judgment in Isaiah 66:15-17, this returns to the glory of the New Dispensation, the rescue of the righteous remnant of Israel who, after accepting Christ, appear here as missionaries of the Gospel to the ends of the earth, as Paul and others did (Acts 13:47). The focus in this paragraph is God's Promise here that priests of God will be enrolled from among the Gentiles. This came to pass in the designation of all Christians as kings and priests unto God (Rev.1:6; 1 Pet.2:5). There shall no longer be any distinction whatever in the eyes of God between Jews and Gentiles (Gal.3:26-29).

Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles. (KJV)

And I will set a sign among them . . . sign, a banner on a high place, to indicate the place of meeting for the dispersed Jewish exiles, preparing for their return to their land (Isa.5:26; 11:12; 62:10). And I will set a sign this may be understood: (1). that God holds out a sign, symbol or (2). by some mark He seals His own people, that they may be placed in safety. Revelation 7:3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads. (KJV) . . . As many as the LORD seals shall be safe, even when His anger shall be fiercely kindled throughout the whole world; just as they whose door-posts were marked in Egypt escaped safely (Ex.12:13). This seems to show that NONE can escape God’s wrath, except the elect, on whom the LORD has impressed His mark and seal.
And I will send those that escape of them unto the nations . . . the Gentile survivors spared by God (Isa.2:2-3; 66:18; Mic.5:7; Zec.14:16-19), the Gentiles come up to Jerusalem to learn the LORD'S ways there. This does not mean the apostles and first preachers of the Gospel that escaped the perverseness and forwardness of the Jewish nation, and the wrath of God that came upon them to the uttermost . . . but those that shall escape at the defeat of and ruin of mystical Babylon (Rome), and at the fall of the tenth part of the city (Rev.11:13), and who also, in a spiritual sense, will escape the pollutions of the world, through the grace of God, and knowledge of Christ. The vengeance of divine justice; the curses of the law, the wrath to come; Hell and eternal damnation, all can be avoided by fleeing to Christ!
To Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow . . . Tarshish, Tartessus in Spain, in the west; some think Tarshish means Cilicia, and includes the whole coast of the Mediterranean Sea opposite to Judea. Others think that it means Africa and Cappadocia; Pul and Lud, some take to be the same as Put and Lud, or Lybia and Lydia, which go together (Jer.46:9), both countries in Africa, famous for archery.
To Tubal, and Javan . . . some say this is Italy and Greece:
To the isles afar off . . . even as far as the West Indies: what places and countries are exactly and precisely meant cannot be determined; only, in general, that into various parts of the world, east, west, north, and south, even the most distant, the Gospel and Gospel ministers shall be sent.
That have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory . . . the Gospel, which is a good and true report of Christ. These Pagan nations, covered with gross darkness, have not even heard of Him, but now shall, through these men being sent to them, they shall declare publicly, plainly, and clearly, that Christ is the brightness of the God’s Glory; they shall declare the glory of His deity; of His rich grace and love to sinners, by suffering and dying for them on the cross; of the eternal salvation He brings, how abundant, far-reaching, right and outstanding it is; with all the wonderful Truths of the Gospel, peace, pardon, righteousness and eternal life by Christ Jesus.
Isaiah promises that the glory of God shall be known in EVERY part of the world. The word nations is forceful; for at that time the LORD was known only to the Jews. . . but in the last days, He shall reveal Himself to all.

***** Those who have escaped the wrath to come should do all they can to snatch others also as brands out of the burning (Am.4:11). God chooses to send those on His errands that can deliver His message fervently and willingly to warn people of the danger of their sin, as those who themselves have narrowly escaped the danger.  
They shall be sent to the Pagan nations, several of which are named, and the isles of the Gentiles, that were inhabited by the descendants of Japheth (Gen.10:1-5), and probably are here meant by the isles afar off, that have not heard the LORD’S Name, neither had they seen His glory, for only in Judah was God known, and there only His Name was great for many ages. Other countries sat in darkness, heard no the joyful sound, saw no joyful light. This terrible state of theirs seems to be spoken of here with compassion; for it is a shame that any of the children of men should be so far away from their Maker, as not to hear His Name and see His glory.
Those that are sent to the nations shall go at God's command, to declare His glory among the Gentiles. The Jews that shall be dispersed among the nations shall declare the glory of God's providence concerning their nation, by which many shall be invited to join with them.
Zecharaiah 8:20-23  Thus saith the LORD of hosts; It shall yet come to pass, that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities: 21 And the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, Let us go speedily to pray before the LORD, and to seek the LORD of hosts: I will go also. 22 Yea, many people and strong nations shall come to seek the LORD of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the LORD. 23  Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you. (KJV) . . .  http://www.godcannotlie.org/zec_ch8.htm

Thus the glory of God was in part declared among the Gentiles; but more clearly and fully by the apostles and early preachers of the Gospel, who were sent into all the world, even to the isles afar off, to publish the glorious Gospel of Jesus Christ. They went forth and preached everywhere, the LORD working with them (Mk.16:20), but this shall also be, so much more so, in the last days.

Isaiah 66:20 And they shall bring all your brethren for an offering unto the LORD out of all nations upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and upon mules, and upon swift beasts, to my holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the LORD, as the children of Israel bring an offering in a clean vessel into the house of the LORD. (KJV)

And they shall bring all your brethren, for an offering unto the LORD, out of all nations . . . Isaiah clearly explains what was said before, that all who shall escape and survive, though they be few in number, shall be made priests, who shall bring sacrifices to God from all places. He refers to the ancient ceremony of the Law, although he points out the difference that will be between those oblations and the sacrifices of the ancient Law; for he appoints a new kind of punishment and new sacrifices. He had said that the LORD would gather all the nations, so he now shows that the priests, whom the LORD had appointed, shall not labor in vain; for God will grant success to their deeds. Israel regathered: (Isa.11:12; 27:13; 43:5-6; 49:11-26; 54:3, 7; 56:8; 60:3-14; Jer.23:3; 29:14; 31:8, 10; 32:37; Eze.11:17; 20:34, 41; 34:13; 36:24; 37:21).          
For an offering to the LORD . . . which shall be offered to Him, by the persons that are the ministers of the Gospel, who are the priests of the LORD (vs.21), and who offer, NOT slain beasts, as under the law, but living persons, men and women, converted under their ministry; whom they bring to the LORD, as trophies of His victorious grace, to serve and glorify Him. Upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and upon mules, and upon swift beasts, to my holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the LORD . . . horses were used by the Hebrews (Isa.2:7), but they were much more used by the Arabs, and form an important part of the caravan that goes to distant places. Chariots (vs.15), and in chariots and in counes . . . a vehicle much used in the east, consisting of a pair of hampers or cradles, thrown across a camel's back, one on each side; in each of which a person is carried. They have a covering to defend them from the rain and the sun. Some describe them as covered cages hanging on both sides of a camel. And in litters more properly expresses the idea. Mules, women of inferior condition in longer journeys are commonly stowed, in a sort of covered cradle on a mule. And upon swift beasts camels and dromedaries. Different ways brought the people to God’s holy mountain Jerusalem.
As the children of Israel bring an offering in a clean vessel into the house of the LORD . . . just as the meat offering, was brought in a pure and clean vessel into the sanctuary of the LORD, and there presented before Him. ALL the vessels in the Temple were Holy Ones (Ezra 8:28), meaning those who would be brought and offered must also be holy . . . persons whose hearts were purified by faith in the Blood of Christ; called with a holy calling; sanctified by the Holy Ghost; and appearing in the beauty of holiness (1 Chron.16:29; 2 Chron.20:21; Ps.29:2; 96:9), of heart and life.

*****Again, Isaiah speaks of the Gentiles helping to gather Israel from all lands back to the Promised Land where they will then become an eternal nation under their Messiah (Isa.49:22; 60:3-12). This has not yet been fulfilled. That shall happen in the last days when the LORD returns to the Earth (Zec.14:1-5; Rev.19:11-21).

Isaiah 66:21 And I will also take of them for priests and for Levites, saith the LORD. (KJV)

And I will also take of them for priests . . . meaning of the Gentiles, the brethren brought as an offering to the LORD (vs.21, 24). This respects Gospel times, when the Aaronic priesthood would be changed and cease, which did NOT admit Gentiles, nor any of any other tribe in Israel, just the tribe of Levi. Only the tribe of Levi were priests (Num.1:47-54; 3:6-16; 16:9; 26:57-62; 1 Chron.15:2). This is not to be understood of the spiritual priesthood common to all believers (1 Pet.2:5), since of those converted Gentiles brought, not all, but only some of them, would be taken for priests; and therefore can only be interpreted of the ministers of the Word, who, in Old Testament language, are called priests, although NEVER in the New Testament. The first preachers of the Gospel were Jews, as were the twelve apostles, the seventy disciples, Paul and Barnabas, and others; but when the Gospel was preached, and churches were started in the Gentile world, then pastors or elders, were taken out from among them, and ordained over the churches everywhere; and which have continued, more or less, ever since; and will be more abundant in the last days.
And for Levites, saith the LORD . . . this more clearly shows that the prophecy belongs to the Gospel dispensation, and is to be understood symbolically and spiritually; for none but those of the tribe of Levi could be taken for Levites in a literal sense; but here Gentiles are said to be taken for such, and put men in Gospel churches. The Levites, as their name signifies, were such as were joined to others; they ministered to the priests, assisted them, and had the charge of the Temple and the vessels of it, to whom deacons now answer; who are helps and assistants to the ministers of the Word. Their business is to serve tables, and to take care of the secular affairs of the church (Acts 6:1-6); so that this is a prophecy of the churches in the last days being truly organized, and filled with proper officers, as well as with numerous members.

*****Under the Gospel dispensation in the last days God will select both out of Jews and Gentiles a chosen people (Ps.105:43; Isa.43:20; 1 Pet.2:9), who shall stand before Him spiritually as the priests and the Levites stood before Him in the Old Testament. This shows us that this is not only a great Promise but also a great privilege. It shall be in the last days that we shall be priests and Levites. Israel’s priests or Levites were persons set apart to be God’s special property, being thus set apart, they lived only to serve God. Priests and Levites had two works to do. They offered the sacrifices that were brought to the door of the tabernacle, whether according to the general ordinances, or to any special vows, and they spoke up in intercession for the rest of Israel. So too, there is a people to be found today who offer unto God acceptable prayer and praise, and in answer to their prayer, countless blessings (Ex.20:6; 23:22; LK.8:10; 15:31; Rom.5:2; 1 Cor.2:10; Col.1:26-27; Heb.3:14; 6:11-12; Rev.3:3), shall come down upon the sons of men (Ps.33:13; 58:1; 145:12; Pro.8:31; Eph.3:5).           

The Old Testament Levites were leaders in the schools and tutors in the families of Israel. Within the Levites were the scribes (Mat.5:20; 7:29; 9:3; 12:38; 15:1; 16:21; 20:18; Mat.23; 26:3; 27:41), who were the instructors of the people, and the teachers of its statutes and ordinances; ministers who opened up the Word to the people, as Ezra did, the difficult points of the old covenant, and explained the Word of God. Not all scribes were in the same category then, but dear one, all of us now, to some extent, are to be teachers of God’s revealed Truth.

Some think it surprising that the LORD would take any of the persons here mentioned . . . from the sinful, backsliding, transgressing Jews, or of the blind, dark, ignorant, heathen Gentiles . . . and make them priests and Levites before Him. But, this compares to the fact that God does take some of the most unlikely persons (like me), who seem to be the most unsuitable of all, and make these to be His faithful and honored servants among the sons of men. 1 Cor. 1:24-31 But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God. 25  Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. 26  For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called: 27  But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; 28  And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: 29  That no flesh should glory in his presence. 30  But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: 31  That, according as it is written, He that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord. (KJV) . . . Thank You LORD Jesus!

Isaiah 66:22 For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, saith the LORD, so shall your seed and your name remain. (KJV)

For as the new heavens, and the new earth, which I will make . . . (Isa.65:17). NOT have made; for this is not to be understood of the heavens and the earth made new in the beginning (Gen.1), and which continue on without any change or alteration; although sometimes the eternity of the church, which is here predicted, is confirmed by God’s Promises (Ps.89:34-37). The new state of things under the Gospel dispensation, which still continues, promised (Isa.65:17), and that would be an illustration of it by the same thing in different words, it may be interpreted literally of the new heavens and the new earth, which will be made when the present ones shall wax old and perish, and be no more (2 Pet.3:10).
Shall remain before me, saith the LORD . . . the new heavens, and new earth shall not pass away and be succeeded by others, but would be permanent and abiding . . . these shall continue, not only throughout the Millennium (thousand year reign), but forever!
So shall your seed and your name remain . . . (Isa.65:15). God had promised that the sun and moon, so long as they remained in heaven, would be witnesses of the eternal succession, and that the descendants of David would not be cut off, for a Davidic Kingdom would be forever (2 Sam.7:12-16; Isa.9:6-7; Lk.1:32-35). God will establish the new heavens, and new earth, that it will NEVER perish, so the progress of the Church shall be continuous, that it may be extended throughout all ages.

*****Isaiah clarifies what he had formerly said about renewing the world, and that no one might think that this refers to trees, or beasts, or the order of the stars . . . for it definitely refers to the inward renewal of man (2 Cor.5:17; Eph.2:15; 4:24; Col.3:10).               

 The ancients were wrong when they thought new heavens, and the new earth referred completely to Judgment Day; for they had not sufficiently considered the setting of the Prophet or the authority of the LORD’S servant. Yes, this does include God’s judgment, because we cannot hope for a perfect restoration . . . before Christ, who is the life of the world, shall appear,  but we must begin higher, even with that deliverance by which Christ regenerates His people, that they may be new creatures (2 Cor.5:17; 7:1). This does not refer to the natural seed of believers; for all have not been converted . . . this refers to the spiritual seed of the church, born in her, and brought up by her; which shall continue on in successive generations to the end of time, which shall then be separated from the persecutions of men, and the deceptive craft of false teachers, and the reproaches and mockeries of a vain world (Ps.22:25-31), and the Name of Christ they Name and confess, and that is called upon them, and from whence they are called Christians (Acts 11:26); this shall endure as long as the sun (Ps.72:5, 17). Psalm 112:6  Surely he shall not be moved for ever: the righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance. (KJV)  

Isaiah 66:23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD. (KJV)

And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another . . . and it shall come to pass, as Isaiah brings to a close the book and winds up his whole prophecy, he brings our attention to that future period which had occupied so much of his attention in visions, when the whole world would be acquainted with the TRUE religion, and ALL nations would worship Almighty God. There really could not be a more suitable ending. That from one new moon to another . . .  meaning from one month to another. The Jews held a festival at every new moon (Isa.1:14). A like prophecy occurs in: Zec. 14:16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. (KJV) . . . As to the meaning of this, it is clear that it cannot be taken literally. It would be impossible for all nations to literally go before God in Jerusalem once a month, or once a year, to worship. So it must mean that at certain seasons, all the human family would worship the LORD. The festivals of the new moon, the feast of tabernacles, and the Sabbaths, had set times among the Hebrews for the worship of God; and it seems that on these times, or at regularly repeated intervals, the worship of God would be celebrated in all lands.
Aand from one sabbath to another . . . (Isa.58:13-14)
There can be no permanent worship of God, and no permanent religion on the Earth, without a Sabbath; and so it was, that while the observance of the feasts of tabernacles, and of the Passover, and of the new moons, made a part of the ceremonial law, the law respecting the Sabbaths was incorporated with the Ten Commandments ((Ex.20:8; Deut.5:12-14), as a moral and continuous duty and responsibility; and it seems that all people, in the last days shall yet be brought to worship God on the return of that Holy Day. The Sabbath was instituted in Paradise (the Garden of Eden); and since one design of the plan of redemption is to bring man back to the state in which he had in the Garden of Eden, so too, one effect of the TRUE religion everywhere will be, to make people reverence the Sabbath of the LORD. Sabbath instituted: (Gen.2:2-3; Ex. 20:10-11; Deut.5:12-14).
All flesh shall come to worship before me, saith the LORD . . . this means men of ALL nations, and not Jews only, as before, but ALL men and women that have been converted (Eze.36:26-28), which will be many, shall come to the places of public worship, where the saints meet together for that purpose. These shall not only worship in the Presence of God, and in the view of Him, the omniscient God, and by His assistance, and to His glory; but to our awesome Triune God: Father, Son and Spirit, with reverence and devotion, in spirit and in truth, and that being constantly in the New Jerusalem, and ultimate glory, in the utmost perfection and purity.
http://www.lastdaysprophecy.org/L_D_books_our_awesome_triune_god.html

*****Christianity will one day be spread around the world, so certain will it be that the Sabbath will be observed in ALL lands. This period is yet to arrive, in the last days, when there shall be an amazing display will be presented by ALL the nations of the Earth bowing before the One and Only True, Living God. Toil and care will be laid aside; and nation after nation shall worship the TRUE God. Peace and the beauty of the Christian Sabbath will spread over all the hills and vales of the world. Who is it that loves the LORD will not desire that such a period may soon come? Who is it is it that loves the LORD would not have his heart set on a scene so full of honor to God, and goodwill to His people?

Two Classes of Eternal Men:
<> Natural people . . . subjects of the Kingdom. The natural men will be people who continue to live from the Great Tribulation time, on into the Millennium and then into the New Heaven and New Earth period, along with their descendants.
<> Resurrected people . . . rulers of the kingdom. The resurrected men will be the ones who have been redeemed from all generations, from Adam to the Millennium, and who will have part in the first resurrection. They will be kings and priests, or rulers of natural men on the Earth forever (Dan.7:18, 22, 27; 1 Cor.6:2; Rev.1:5-6; 5:10; 20:4-6). These people will not multiply as will the natural people, but shall be as the angels who do not need to marry to keep their race alive. Matthew 22:30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven. (KJV) . . . AS the angels, NOT be changed into angels! Resurrected people will live in the New Jerusalem forever (Jn.14:1-3; Heb.11:10-16; 12:22-23; 13:14; Rev.21:9-10). The natural people will live on the Earth outside this great city but will circulate and mingle in it (Rev.21:24-26). The redeemed of all ages will worship God throughout eternity. The most appealing and important business of eternity will be to love, serve and worship the LORD!

Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. (KJV)

And they shall go forth . . . we must not try to dream up subtle and clever interpretations here; for Isaiah simply informs those who shall be adopted into the Church that they shall see, all around them, the horrible vengeance of God. Those continuous, spiritual worshippers shall go out from the holy mountain Jerusalem, the church of God, where they are brought as an offering to the LORD (vs.21,24), and where they worship Him. I don’t think this is to be understood of going out of Jerusalem literally, as some think; or of their going out of their graves after the resurrection, as others say; but either out of the Christian meetings, or out of the houses of the saints, and the beloved city, when fire shall come down from Heaven, and destroy the wicked (Rev.20:9).
And look upon the carcasses of the men that have transgressed against me . . . and shall see the dead bodies of men. Isaiah does not meanthat this slaughter shall take place in the assembly of believers. Before, he spoke of the eternal glory by which the LORD shall exalt His people, but here, he now threatens the punishment which the LORD shall inflict on the wrongdoers, that the godly may be more careful to keep themselves in the fear of God.
For their worm shall not die . . . this image must refer to the condition of unburied bodies, and especially on a battlefield, when worms are generated in dead bodies (Ex.16:20; Isa.14:11). It is more properly means worms which are produced in rotting substances. This entire Passage is applied by the Saviour to coming future punishment; and is indeed a fearful image which He means the final suffering of the wicked in Hell (Mk.9:42-46). Their bodies die . . . but their souls shall never die. They will for ever suffer the vengeance of eternal fire; and the smoke of their torment shall ascend for ever and ever (Rev.14:10-11).
http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_hell_soul_is_eternal.htm
http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_hell_is_it_there.htm
Neither shall their fire be quenched . . . the fire that shall consume them shall burn eternally. This image refers to the fires kindled, especially in the valley of Hinnom, to consume bloated and decaying substances. That was a valley on the south side of Jerusalem, into which the trash of the city was thrown. It was the place where, formerly, an image of brass was raised to Moloch, and where children were offered in sacrifice (2 Ki.16:3; 2 Chron.28:3). This place was then regarded as a place of special abomination by the Jews. The trash and filth of the city was thrown there, and it became very offensive. The air was polluted and infected with pests and vermin; the sight was horrible; and to keep it in any way pure, it was necessary to keep fires continually burning there. The horror of the place, with its filth and decay, the offensive air, and the fires blazing day and night, made it one of the most appalling and loathsome places with which a Jew was acquainted. Children offered in sacrifice in the valley of Hinnom (2 Chron.28:3; 33:6; Jer.7:31-32; 19:2, 4, 6; 32:35). It was called the Gehenna of fire, and was the image which the Saviour often employed to mean the future punishment of the wicked. In that deep and loathsome valley it seems to have been the common expectation of the Jews that some great battle would be fought which would establish the supremacy of their nation over all others. We do not know for certain that Isaiah refers especially to the valley of Hinnom, but the image in his mind clearly was that of a vast army slain, and left to rot on the field unburied, and where fires would be started to consume the heaps of bodies slain, and in part to save the air from deadly influences. All the enemies of God and His church would be like such a vast host strewed on the plains, and the endlessness of His Kingdom would be finally established.
And they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh . . . the true worshippers of God (vs.23), to whom these carcasses will be loathsome, when they look upon them; and their souls abominable, because of their wicked actions; and who cannot but approve of the justice of God in their condemnation; and admire the LORD’S unique grace and mercy, that has preserved them from the same ruin and destruction.

*****It seems this is the last of the series of bright visions had that passed before the mind of Isaiah, and is a very appropriate end of this succession of wonderful revelations. The vision stretches on to the judgment, and is closed by a thought of those scenes which begin there, but which never end. The church is triumphant. Its conflicts cease. Its foes are slain. Its Redeemer is revealed; and its everlasting happiness is established on a basis which can never be shaken.

When I think of the visions of this wonderful prophet and willing servant of God, I thank the LORD for the source of every right feeling and every holy desire, and of every plan that will in any way clarify His Word and support His glory. I thank the LORD for preserving my life, and His sufficient grace (2 Cor. 12:9) that keeps me going through health problems. I thank the LORD for His Spirit, Who helps me in everything I do, and for His Promise that He shall be with me for ever (Jn.14:16-18; Rom.8:9; Eph.1:13-14; 2 Jn.1:2). I thank the LORD that I can do all things He has given me to do, for He strengthens me (Phip.4:13). I thank the LORD for the privilege of serving Him. I thank the LORD for the wonder of His Word, and the amazing prophets who stood firm in what the LORD asked them to do. May we all consider their willing obedience!

Isaiah 66:23-24 express the final outcome of the two opposite classes of people, the righteous and the wicked, when people of all ages, shall be determined; with which this amazing Book of Isaiah ends. Those who are holy and righteous, who fear God and love the Truth, are the humble, meek and merciful, and who continue in every good work to the end, shall be the ones to enter the Millennial Kingdom.

The other class of people are the wicked. They shall be the ones to fall under the wrath of God!  The carcases of the men that have transgressed against me . . .  their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched . . . for they shall die physically in this judgment, and be condemned to an everlasting Hell! (vs.24). http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_hell_is_it_there.htm  

I come humbly before His Throne of grace, giving thanks to God the Father, and His Son Jesus Christ, through the Holy Spirit, for the grace, light and strength with which He has so kindly gifted me, His unworthy servant, for working on the commentary on this marvelous Book. I know without a doubt, there would be NO way I could have done it without the Spirit of Christ giving me wisdom and words, and leading me every step of the way! Thank You Jesus.

Eight Eternal things:
#1. The new heavens (vs.22)
#2. The new earth (vs.22)
#3. The seed of Israel (vs.22)
#4. The name of Israel (vs.22)
#5. New moons (vs.23)
#6. Sabbaths (vs.23)
#7. All flesh shall worship Him (vs 23)
#8. Eternal hell and punishment (vs.24)

SUMMARY

Ch.40-48: Isaiah 48:22 There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked. (KJV)  
Ch.49-57: Isaiah 57:21 There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked. (KJV)   
Ch.58-66: Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. (KJV)
All three of these last sections of the Book of Isaiah end with the same idea . . . there shall be no peace, to the wicked. The Messiah brings peace, but any and all who reject Him will NEVER know peace. Turning TO idols is turning AWAY from the Messiah. As we have seen, this last section has majored in a condemnation and rebuke of idolatry. Idolatry is a road that leads to Babylon. The LORD, in the Book of Isaiah, is traveling the lonely road to Calvary. BEWARE!!! ALL idolatry and witchcraft are an abomination to the LORD: (Deut.27:15; 1 Ki.11:7; 23:13; Isa.44:19; Jer.32:35; Eze.18:12; Dan.12:11; Mal.2:11; Rev.21:27)      

There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked . . . that shall be their condition all through eternity . . . NO peace, NO rest, NO contentment, NO God. 2 Thes. 1:8-9 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:
9  Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; (KJV) . . . The Book of Isaiah closes with this THIRD warning that there is NO peace for the wicked. Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. (KJV)

Matthew 13:9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. (KJV)  . . . The LORD Jesus is warning ALL to pay attention . . . you have ears, use them, listen to what He has to say! God has given us ears to hear and be aware of what He is saying. We should seriously consider and carefully focus on the warnings of both Isaiah and Jesus, for IF we do not HEAR Him and heed the warnings, the terrible days, months and years of an eternity in Hell awaits. You do NOT want that! BEWARE!!!

As we come to the close of Isaiah's prophecy, let us consider with humble reverence and godly fear, how the Prophet Isaiah finishes his ministry. Do you see how Isaiah speaks of the LORD’S unique character: Heaven is His Throne, and the Earth is His footstool? Dear one, God's Throne is everywhere! Christ is, and was the mercy-seat; and in Him, and from Him, God speaks with those that are poor and of a contrite spirit. The whole of the Father’s love, forgiveness, grace, mercy and goodness are revealed to poor fallen man, and all are found in the LORD Jesus. And anytime anyone slights Jesus, slights God the Father. And to kill an ox in sacrifice to God, is the same as if the sinner crucified the Son of God all over again, because he is saying that the Sacrifice of the broken Body of Jesus Christ, once for all, was not enough. Let us learn to thank God the Father, every day for His unspeakable gift (JESUS,2 Cor.9:15).

Special Comments

Twenty-nine Predictions in Isaiah Chapter 66 . . . Not Fulfilled:

#1. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain (vs.5).
#2. The LORD will vindicate His people (vs.5).
#3. He will recompense His enemies (vs.6).
#4. Before she (Israel) travails she will bring forth; before her pain comes she will be delivered of a man-child (vs.7).
#5. A nation will be born at once when Zion travails (vs.8).
#6. Jerusalem will be restored and be like a flowing stream (vs.12).
#7. I will extend peace to her like a river (vs.12).
#8. The glory of the Gentiles will be like a flowing stream (vs.12).
#9. Israel will be prosperous (vs.13).
#10. Israel will be comforted (vs.13).
#11. Your heart will rejoice when this will be fulfilled (vs.14).
#12. The hand of the LORD will be known toward His servants (vs.14).
#13. His indignation will be known toward His enemies (vs.15).
#14. The LORD will come with fire (vs.15).
#15. He will come like a whirlwind (vs.15).
#16. He will render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with flames of fire (vs.15).
#17. By fire and sword the LORD will plead with all flesh, and the slain of the Lord will be many (vs.16).
#18. All rebels will be consumed together (vs.17; Zec13:9).
#19. All nations will be gathered to see My glory (vs 18); and they will declare My glory to the Gentiles (vs.19).
#21. Gentiles will bring all your brethren to Jerusalem for an offering to the LORD out of all nations (vs.20).
#22. I will take of them for priests and Levites to serve Me (vs.21).
#23. The new heavens and the new earth which I will make shall remain before Me eternally (vs.22).
#24. Israel will continue eternally (vs.22).
#25. From one new moon to another, and one sabbath to another, all flesh (on the earth) will come and worship before Me (vs.23).
#26. All men (in the new earth) will go and look upon the carcasses of the men who have sinned against the LORD (vs.24).
#27. Their worm will never die (vs.24).
#28. Their fire will never be quenched (vs.24).
#29. They will be an abhorring unto all flesh (vs.24). 

Isaiah 66:3 pictures the hatred of God toward the wicked hypocrites in their religious practices:
#1. The wicked man who sacrifices an ox to God is as adominable as a murderer in His sight.
#2. If he sacrifices a lamb, it is as abominable as offering a dog.
#3. If he offers an oblation, it is as abominable as offering swine's blood.
#4. If he burns incense, it is as abominable as blessing an idol.

Seven great sins of the wicked:
#1. Live in hypocrisy . . . act religious while living in sin.
#2. Choose their own ways.
#3. Delight in their abominations,
#4. Refuse to answer God's call (vs.4).
#5. Refuse to hear God's voice
#6. Do evil in God's sight.
#7. Choose things that God hates.

Who Are The People That Tremble At The Word of God?
<> They are not unbelievers, the devil’s children (1 Jn.3:10), the wicked. 
<> They are God’s TRUE children who have been born again into His family (Jn.1:12-13; 3:3-8)

Why Do They Tremble?
<> Because of His exceeding majesty.
<> Because of the penetrating power of God’s Word.
<> They tremble when God’s Word comes in the form of a threat.
<> They tremble with fear in case they would break God’s Law.
<> They tremble in case they would miss the Promises when they are spread out before them.
<> Because there were some who could not enter in because of unbelief (Heb.3:19; 4:6), they tremble for fear that they would be like them.

What Does it Mean to Tremble at God’s Word?  
It does not mean a mind-numbing fear. They that tremble at God’s Word at first may do so because the Word threatens them with death. But as they advance in their fellowship with Him, they see that He is the God of love, they tremble because they have a holy reverence of God, and as a result of that Word which resides within them, and they are in awe of the power and majesty of the Most High, and they revere His commands.

Book of Isaiah . . Isaiah's Mini-Bible

Isaiah Ch.1 . . Isaiah Ch.2 . . Isaiah Ch.3 . . Isaiah Ch.4 . . Isaiah Ch.5 . . Isaiah Ch.6 . . Isaiah Ch.7 . . Isaiah Ch.8 . . Isaiah Ch.9 . . Isa.Ch.10 . . Isa.Ch.11 . . Isa.Ch12 . . Home Page

JUDGMENT ON THE NATIONS . . . . . Isaiah Ch.13 . . Isaiah Ch.14 . . Isaiah Ch.15 . . Isaiah Ch.16 . . Isaiah Ch.17 . . Isaiah Ch.18 . . Isaiah Ch.19 . . Isaiah Ch.20 . . Isaiah Ch.21 . . Isaiah Ch.22 . . Isaiah Ch.23 . . Home Page

ISAIAH’S APOCALYPSE . . . . . Isaiah Ch.24 . . Isaiah Ch.25 . . Isaiah Ch.26 . . Isaiah Ch.27 . . Home Page

ISAIAH'S SIX WOES . . . Isaiah Ch.28 . . Isaiah Ch.29 . . Isaiah Ch.30 . . Isaiah Ch.31 . . Isaiah Ch.32 . . Isaiah Ch.33 . . Isaiah Ch.34 . . Isaiah Ch.35 . . Home Page

Isaiah's Historic Part . . Isaiah Ch.36 . . Isaiah Ch.37 . . Isaiah Ch.38 . . Isaiah Ch.39 . . Home Page

Isaiah Speaks of Messiah's Incarnation. . Isaiah Ch.40 . . Isaiah Ch.41 . . Isaiah Ch.42 . . Isaiah Ch.43 . . Isaiah Ch.44 . . Isaiah Ch.45 . . Isaiah Ch.46 . . Isaiah Ch.47 . . Isaiah Ch.48 . . Home Page

Isaiah's Introduction to the Suffering Servant

Isaiah's Suffering Servant Prophecy. . . Isaiah 52:13-53:12

Isaiah's Redemption Through the Suffering Servant . . . Isaiah Ch.49 . . Isaiah Ch.50 . . Isaiah Ch.51 . . Isaiah Ch.52 . . Isaiah Ch.53 . . Isaiah Ch.54 . . Isaiah Ch.55 . . Isaiah Ch.56 . . Isaiah Ch.57 . . Home Page

Isaiah's Vision of the Dispersion . . . Isaiah Ch.58 . . Isaiah Ch59 . . Isaiah Ch.60 . . Isaiah Ch.61 . . Isaiah Ch.62 . . Isaiah Ch.63 . . Isaiah Ch.64 . . Isaiah Ch.65 . . Isaiah Ch.66 . . Home Page

 

 

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