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Book of Isaiah
Chapter 58-66 give God’s gracious Promises of hope. Isaiah’s powerful message of hope shines out so clearly from the reminders to the wicked. Almighty God demands contrite hearts, renewed lives and personal faith in Him from those who sincerely want salvation. If anyone is easily turned away from the LORD by His continual reminders to put away sin, then that person most likely will never be able to continue to read on to the hope that is so beautifully revealed to us in the later Passages. In the last section of Isaiah (chapters 58-66), reform and repentance is mentioned far less, while the idea of hope in God's salvation seems to throb in our heart.
This section has another interruption (or detour). In the middle of chapters 58-66 lies (Isa.63:7 to Isa.64:12) describing an Israelite’s personal confession and pleading. Before and after this, God speaks through the prophet Isaiah in different prophecies. But, this sincere pleading of a godly Israelite’s pleading is placed here, in the middle, and is like the smell of sweet incense drifting up to God in the middle of a sacrifice to Him, which can be seen as a sense of balance between God’s sovereignty and man’s will, for as God predicts the future, man pleads with the LORD to fulfill the mighty acts of redemption. It is a wonderful song of praise, cry of hope and humble confession all rolled together . . . and stands as a tribute day and night, pleading to God for help. The Israelites deserve to be abandoned, just as we do. Their sin (and ours) totally fits like a glove for God’s judgment. They are far worse than their enemies because they betray the One and Only TRUE God. These two chapters become a firm monument calling the godly ones to hope in this faithful God and to remind God there are a few who really care.
The Hope of the Contrite
Chapter 58, exposes religious sins and extolls righteousness.
Chapter 59, convinces us of His desire to help us, even when it cost Him dearly.
Chapter 60, God gives the people a tremendous vision of the future.
Chapter 61, God calls the Servant to insure the peoples’ righteousness.
Chapter 62, God explains the participation of the people in realizing the vision.
Chapter 63:1-6, God uses the Servant to bring salvation to His people.
Chapter 63:7-64:1-12, helps us understand our sin and His grace.
Chapter 65, discovering the riches of His grace.
Chapter 66, confirming and expanding their (and our) hope.
Ch.40-48: Isaiah 48:22 There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked. (KJV)
Ch.49-57: Isaiah 57:21 There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked. (KJV)
Ch.58-66: Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. (KJV)
All three of these last sections end with the same idea . . . there shall be no peace, to the wicked. The Messiah brings peace, but any and all who reject Him will NEVER know peace. Turning TO idols is turning AWAY from the Messiah. As we have seen, this section has majored in a condemnation and rebuke of idolatry. Idolatry is a road that leads to Babylon. The LORD, in the Book of Isaiah, is traveling the lonely road to Calvary. BEWARE!!! ALL idolatry and witchcraft are an abomination to the LORD: (Deut.27:15; 1 Ki.11:7; 23:13; Isa.44:19; Jer.32:35; Eze.18:12; Dan.12:11; Mal.2:11; Rev.21:27)
ISAIAH 63 parallels with 2 JOHN. Isaiah 63 describes the judgment of the false teachers and the Antichrist, and the praise and prayer of the remnant who were liberated through the Truth and learned to know Him who is love and truth. In 2 John the love in the truth is stressed, also warning against the false teachers and the Antichrist.
Chapter 63 contains a prophecy about the vengeance of Christ upon the enemies of His church in the last days, where complete salvation could be obtained for them; this being shown by the mercies of God to the people of Israel of old; and is concluded with the church’s prayer to Him. The reason for the vengeance of Christ on His enemies is presented by a discussion between Him and His church; and starts with a question, in which He is described by the places from where He came, by His clothing, and by the way He walked, to which He gives an answer (vs.1), then a second question is stated, about the color of His clothes; for which He gives a reason (vs.2), it being the time of His vengeance on His enemies, and of the redemption of His people (vs.4), the manner in which He performed both is observed (vs.5), and the thorough, in-depth work He would make; which the entire removal of all His enemies is decided upon (vs.6), which puts Isaiah in mind of former mercies bestowed upon Israel of old, the peculiar people (Ex.19:5; Deut.14:2; 26:18; Tit.2:14; 1 Pet.2:9), and children of God (Mat.5:9; Lk.20:36; Jn.11:52; Rom.8:16-17, 21; 9:8, 26; Gal.3:26; 1 Jn.3:10; 5:2), of whom the LORD had a great love for, whom He dealt with very tenderly, and redeeming, saving and preserving (vs.7), even though they acted ungrateful to Him, which was aggravated by the various compassionate and kind steps of Providence, in leading them through the Red Sea (Ex.14:21-22), guiding
them in the wilderness, and bringing them to rest safely in Canaan's land, for His own glory (vs.10), and Chapter 63 ends with the church's prayer to God, pleading for His grace and mercy; begging fellowship with Him; complaining to Him about their present case, and seeing the difference between them and their enemies (vs.15), and which prayer is continued in Chapter 64.
Isaiah Chapter 63 and Chapter 64 convey the same general subject, and many say they should not have been separated. The subject with which they are introduced is the destruction of the enemies of God (Isa.63:1-6), which is followed by tender expressions of confidence in Almighty God, and by earnest prayers on the part of His people, that He would intervene on their behalf. It seems that Isaiah sees in a vision, a magnificent conqueror, stained with the blood of His enemies, returning from Edom, and from its capital Bozrah . . . a warrior glowing with victory, unsubdued, unweakened and coming with the majesty and power of a complete takeover. Who He is, is the question; and the answer is, that He is the One and Only Holy Deliverer. Why His glorious clothes are so polluted with blood, becomes the next question. The reply of the Conqueror is, that He has been subduing mighty foes; and that He went alone; for there was none that could help; and that He had trodden them down as a treader of grapes treads grapes in the wine-press to make wine. The entire image is that of a triumphant, blood-stained warrior, returning from the conquest of Idumea. Most interpreters refer to the person as being the Messiah.
Theme: The winepress of judgment; in wrath the Saviour remembers mercy.
The content of the first six verses of this chapter is in direct contrast to the preceding section. It seems out of tune in this entire section of Isaiah, but judgment does precede the Kingdom, and this has always been the divine order of God.
Isaiah 53:2 describes Christ at His First Coming: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him . . . but in Chapter 63, we see power, majesty and beauty, which definitely places this Passage with His Second Coming to the Earth (Zec.14:1-5; Rev.19:11-21). The day of vengeance (Pro.6:34; Isa.34:8; 61:2; 63:4; Jer.46:10) has always been understood with Christ's Second Coming rather than His First Coming, as the LORD Himself clearly stated. I believe that the TRUE church will be removed from the Earth BEFORE the day of vengeance (Tribulation period) in an event known as the rapture I Thes,4:13-18, 1 Cor.15:51-53). The church shall be saved from the wrath to come (1 Thes.5:9; Rev.3:10). All through the Bible, the Tribulation is referred to by other names such as the Day of the LORD (Isa.2:12; 13:6-9; Joel 1:15; 2:1-31; 3:14; 1 Thes.5:2); trouble or tribulation (Deut.4:30; Zep.1:1); indignation (Dan.11:36), the Great Tribulation, which refers to the more intense second half of the seven-year period (Mat.24:21; Rev.Ch.16 & 17); time or day of trouble (Dan.12:1; Zep.1:15); day of thy watchman (Mic.7:4), the day, the time of Jacob's trouble (Jer.30:4-7), fiery furnace of God’s wrath (Eze.22:17-22), days of recompense (Hos.9:7), dreadful day of the LORD (Mal.4:5). A basic understanding of Daniel 9:24-27 is necessary in order to understand the purpose and time of the Tribulation Period.
In the first part of this chapter, we see the wrath of Christ compared to a winepress in His Coming judgment. Then the second part of the chapter reveals the lovingkindness which Christ manifests toward His people.
The Winepress of Judgment (63:1-6)
Isaiah 63:1 Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. (KJV)
Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? . . . these are not the words of the angels at the time of Christ's ascension to Heaven; nor of the people of Israel; but rather of the prophet, or of the church he represents; by whom this question is put. It does not concern Michael the archangel returning from fighting the king of Persia (Dan.10;13), for Edom and Bozrah has nothing to do with Persia; nor does it concern Judas Maccabaeus, in whose times it seems a victory was obtained over the Edomites.
The description here is far too impressive and majestic to agree with any mere man . . . therefore it is to be understood of the Messiah. Who is this that comes from Edom? Some think that the Ishmaelites or Turks shall come against Rome, and destroy it; and then shall be revealed the Messiah, the son of David (Mat.1:1; 9:27; 1:22; 20:31; 21:9, 15; 22:42; Mk.10:47-48; Lk.18:38-39; Rom.1:3), and shall complete the redemption of the LORD, according to Daniel 12:1-2.
Although the Messiah is intended here, this is NOT to be understood of His First Coming, which was out of Zion, out of the tribe of Judah, and out of Bethlehem Ephratah; nor of His ascension to Heaven, after His horrible bloody sufferings and death, and the victory He had obtained over all our spiritual enemies: sin, Satan, the world, death and Hell (Isa.25:8; 1 Cor.15:54-57; Heb.2:14-15), for that was from the land of Judea, from Mount Olivet, near Jerusalem, the place of His sufferings and death . . . this speaks of His Second Coming, which is yet future, to take vengeance on the Antichrist, and all the anti-Christian powers. It is usual in Scripture for the enemies of the church and people of God in Gospel times to be expressed by such who were the known and hard-hearted enemies of the people of Israel; and such were the Edomites, the inhabitants of Idumea, of which Bozrah was a principal city (Ps.137:7), and were an active symbol of Antichrist (Rev.13) and his followers, for their relationship to the people of Christ, their cruelty to them and their contempt and hatred of them. The defeat and slaughter of which Christ is here represented returning as a victorious and triumphant Conqueror (Isa.34:5),
He is said to come from Bozrah with dyed garments, or stained with the blood of His enemies, which agrees with the following: Revelation 19:18-21 That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great. 19 And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army. 20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. 21 And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh. (KJV)
This that is glorious in his apparel . . . although it was stained and discolored with the blood of His enemies, yet it was glorious to Him, having gotten such a complete victory over all His and His church's enemies, and it was glorious to them to behold. Revelation 19:16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. (KJV)
Travelling in the greatness of his strength? . . . the Messiah marched in great splendor and majesty at the head of His victorious troops, for neither He nor they had nothing to fear from their enemies, for ALL shall have been defeated and destroyed. Strength, and the greatness of it, may well be attributed to Christ, who is the Mighty God, made strong by the LORD for Himself; and the Mighty Mediator (Gal.3:19-20; 1 Tim.2:5; Heb.8:6; 9:15; 12:24) of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel (Heb.12:24), having all power in Heaven and Earth (Mat.28:18; Jn.3:35; 5:22-27; 13:3; 17:2).
I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save . . . these seem to be the words of Christ describing Himself, by His speech and by His power, by His Word and by His Works . . . for He always spoke in righteousness. Mighty to save . . . the fact that He destroys the foes of His people is also a fact that He can save those who put their trust in Him, for the same power that destroys a sinner, can also save a saint.
*****Isaiah asks the question concerning the One coming from Edom because he is overwhelmed by His majesty and beauty. He comes from Edom and the east, and we are told that His Feet will touch the Mount of Olives on the east: Zec.14:4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. (KJV) . . . This shall happen at Christ’s Second Coming to the Earth! Are you ready?
Both Edom and Bozrah are actual places on Earth, and are to be considered as such. Edom is a symbol of the flesh and the entire Adamic race, and here we see the horrible judgment that shall come down on sinful mankind.
Isaiah 63:2 Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? (KJV)
Wherefore art thou red in thy apparel . . . now comes a second question, about the color of His clothes, which was red, and the reason for it. His garments at his transfiguration were white as the light (Mat.17:2), whiter than freshly fallen snow, whiter than anyone on Earth could ever whiten them. His robe of righteousness was fine linen, clean and white; the clothing of His human nature or His form as Man, was white, but this, through His bloody sufferings, became red, being all over bloody through the scourges He received, the crown of thorns He wore, the piercing of His Hands, Feet, and Side, with the nails and spear . . . but here it appears that this red color did NOT come from His own Blood, but with the blood of His enemies (Rev.14:19-20). The imagery is fitting, for the country round Bozrah abounded in grapes. This final blow shall be inflicted by Messiah and His armies (Rev.19:13-15), which shall decide His claim to the kingdoms seized by Satan, and by the beast (Antichrist) to whom Satan delegates his power. It will indeed be a day of vengeance to all the hostile enemies of Christ and His people, just as His First Coming was a day of judgment to the unbelieving Jews.
And thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? . . . in the winepress, into which grapes are cast, and then are trampled by men, the juice of which splashes on their garments, and stains them, so that they become of a red color (Rev.14:19-20; 19:15). The symbol was appropriate, for the country around Bozrah abounded in grapes. This final blow inflicted by Messiah and His armies (Rev.19:13-15) shall reveal His claim to the kingdoms seized by Satan, and by the beast (Antichrist) to whom Satan delegates his power.
***** In Isaiah’s day men would get into the winepress barefoot to tread (stomp, smash) out the grapes. The red juice would gush out of the ripe grapes and stain their clothes. That is the picture you have here, and that is why this question is asked. Isaiah sees that there is blood on His beautiful garments just as if He had trodden the winepress.
Isaiah 63:3 I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. (KJV)
I have trodden the winepress alone . . . I have destroyed the enemies of My people, I have crushed them as grapes are crushed to make wine; this being a usual way to describe the utter destruction of a people (Ps.44:5; 60:12; 108:13; Isa.10:6; 25:10; Joel 3:3; Zec.10:5; Mal.4:3; Rev.14:19-20), and the ease of doing it, no more than to crush a bunch of grapes. Alone, noting His good-will and great power. The LORD did indeed trod the wine-press of His wrath, and He did it completely alone (Isa.34:5-6). The owners of vineyards are not willing to do the hard work in their vineyards themselves; but Christ was willing to undertake it, and was well able to do it, without calling in the help of any other.
And of the people there was none with me . . . although people will rise up out of the Earth in order to destroy the nation of Israel in the last days, the LORD shall be separate from them. When Christ returns, not one person of the people whom He is coming to save will be with Him as He descends from Heaven to the Earth (Zec.14:1-5; Rev.19:11-21). Only the resurrected saints from Heaven (1 Thes.4:13-18. 1 Cor.15:51-54; Phil.3:21), and the holy angels from Heaven will come with Him (Mat.16:27; 25:31; Mk.8:38; Lk.9:26; Jn.1:51). See Special Comments at the end of this chapter for the loneliness of Christ.
For I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury . . . tread them in mine anger
step on and crush them like grapes in a winepress, trample them in my fury, this is but a more aggravating way of saying tread them in mine anger, which implies a kind of insult, a reference to conquerors, who were in the habit of making the conquered to lie down, that others might tramp on them (Isa.51:23).
And their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments . . . shall be sprinkled, or was sprinkled; as juice sprinkles upon the clothes when treading grapes. There is no doubt here that this refers to blood of His enemies being spurted on His clothing by the treading down His foes.
And I will stain all my raiment . . . I will stain; it was not only sprinkled with blood, but completely stained, as if it were rolled in blood (Isa.9:5).
*****Please take note . . . this is the blood of His enemies, NOT the Blood of the Messiah! The early church fathers wrongly thought these first six verses in Isaiah 63 were associated with the First Coming of Christ. They mistook the winepress as the suffering of Christ on the Cross. That interpretation is invalid and unacceptable, for the blood on His garments is NOT His precious Blood but that of His enemies, sometime yet in the future, in the coming last days, atJesus Second Coming (Zec.14:1-5; Rev.19:11-21). It is the coming day of vengeance (Pro.6:34; Isa.34:8; 61:2; 63:4; Jer.46:10). It is absolutely identified with the Second Coming of Christ . . . NOT his First Coming! The LORD Jesus made that clear: Luke 4:18-20 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, 19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. 20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. (KJV) When He read: Isaiah 61:2 To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; (KJV) Also see our Isaiah 61 Commentary.
The LORD Jesus DID shed His own Blood at His First Coming, but that is NOT the picture Isaiah presents here. Christ Jesus was trodden under foot at His First Coming (Heb.10:29), but here He is the One doing the treading. This is a horrible picture of judgment in the last days, in the day of vengeance. You do NOT have to be here! Jesus delivers us from the wrath to come! (Rom.5:9-10; 1 Thes.1:10; 4:13-18; 5:9; Rev.3:10).
Isaiah 63:4 For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. (KJV)
For the day of vengeance . . . designed, desired and purposed by Almighty God to take vengeance on the enemies of His church; or above all on the descendants of Esau, the Edomites (Isa.34:8). http://www.godcannotlie.org/book_of_isaiah_ch.34.htm
Day of the Lord: (Job 21:30; Ps.1:5; 98:9; 110:5; Pro.11:4; Isa.2:10-22; 4:1-6; 11:10-1; 13:9-16; 24:21-24; 26:20-21; 34:8; 61:2; 63:1-6; 66:15-24; Jer.25:33; 30:7; 46:10; Eze.7:19; Dan.7:10, 26; Joel 2:1,11,31; 3:14; Zep.1:14; Mat.7:22; Lk.17:30; Jn.12:48; Acts 2:20; Rom.2:20; 2 Tim.1:18, 18; 4:8; Heb.10:25; Jude 1:6; Rev.6:17; 11:21; 16:14).
Is in mine heart . . . or, vengeance was in my heart; a desire to destroy My people’s enemies.
And the year of my redeemed is come . . . day and year is all one, except the year may have some respect to the length of their captivity. Vengeance could be described as a day . . . and the grace and reward to the redeemed, as a year, for the LORD delights in grace, rather than in vengeance. My redeemed, the Jews have this title, because He redeemed them out of Egypt, and would also out of Babylon, and would also redeem them out of the last days ‘Babylon’ (Rome).
*****The LORD has a passion against His and His people's enemies. The day of vengeance is in His Heart, and that day is fixed in His eternal counsels for taking vengeance on them. There is a day fixed (set) for divine vengeance, which may be long delayed (2 Pet.3:8), but will absolutely come in the last days. The LORD has come to save forever His redeemed ones from their vicious oppressors. This is His righteous judgment upon the Earth, and it is defined as the day of vengeance.
Isaiah 63:5 And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me. (KJV)
And I looked and there was none to help . . . the same emotion is expressed in Isa.59:16. There was none to uphold . . . none to assist or support. The idea here is to express the fact that He was completely alone in this work. There were none were willing or able to help Him. Although this has no direct reference to the plan of salvation, or to the work of the Messiah as a Redeemer, yet it is true of Him also that in that work, He stood alone. No one did or could aid Him! He alone bore the burden of the world's atonement.
And I wondered that there was none to uphold . . . not the Saviour and Redeemer, for He needed none; but His people under their sufferings and trials.
Therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me . . . to Himself, His spiritual self, His church and people, and for His own glory . . . a salvation which none other than His own all-powerful Arm could bring about (Isa.59:16).
And my fury, it upheld me . . . His determination to inflict punishment on His foes sustained Him. There is no doubt a reference to the fact that courage activates the arm and sustains a man in deadly conflict; that a purpose to take vengeance, or to inflict deserved punishment, does stimulate one to make efforts which he could not otherwise perform. The idea is, His righteousness always sustained Him; but here it is that His fury did. There the purpose was to bring salvation; here it was to destroy His enemies. His zeal for His church and people, and His outrage against their enemies, excited His almighty power on their behalf, and carried Him through the work of their deliverance and salvation He engaged in (Isa.9:7). See Special Comments at the end of this chapter for the loneliness of Christ.
*****The LORD Jesus Christ worked out the plan of salvation ALONE when He was on the Cross, and judgment on the day of vengeance shall also be His solo work.
THOSE THREE DARK HOURS
When Jesus hung on that cross, without ev’n one friend,
Those three hours of darkness, I cannot comprehend!
‘Twas a private time, between the Father and Son,
When my sin debt was paid, and Christ’s battle was won!
There is NO way, I can comprehend Jesus’ love,
Coming to Earth to die, leaving Heaven above!
He left the comfort of Heav’n’s safety, to endure great agony,
For the likes of a nobody, like sinful me!
NO earthly mortal, this kind of love could possess,
We are filled way too much, with worldly wickedness.
We are blessed indeed, to access this kind of love,
In this evil, immoral world, of push and shove!
In those three hours of darkness, Christ took on my sins,
The devil was jubilant, he thought he would win!
But it was Christ Jesus, who had the victory,
In those three hours of darkness; that Godly mystery!
Jesus paid my full sin debt, in those dark three hours,
Ne’er did He doubt, fear, hesitate, waver or cower!
He tolerated all, that agony and pain,
Ne’er did He protest, object, grumble or complain.
The suffering that He endured, for you and for me,
Was love indescribable, that set our souls free!
Jesus’ love surpasses all, that we could ever know,
We’re privileged indeed, that on us His love does flow!
Have you e’er considered, those three hours of darkness?
When our precious Saviour, brought us such great success?
Have you thanked Him, for providing the only Way,
That we might access, Heav’n’s glorious beauty one day?
By: His servant, Connie Kramer Oct.5, 2014 #1359
All forsook Him: (Mat.26:31,54-56; Mk.14:27,50-52; Jn.16:32; 18:8-9; 2 Tim.4:16; Ps.38:11) Darkness: (Mat.27:45; Mk.15:25,33-34; Lk.23:44-45) Love of Christ. (Mk.10:21; Jn.10:11; 11:3; 13:1,34; 14:6,21; 15:9,13; 19:26; 20:2; Rom.5:7; 8:35-38; 2 Cor. 5:14; Gal.2:20; Eph.3:19; 5:2,25; 1 Tim.1:14; 1 Jn.3:16) Battle between Christ and Satan: Gen.3:15; The devil’s seed: (Mat.3:7, 12:34; 23:33; Jn.8:44; Acts 13:10; 1 Jn.3:8,10). Her seed: Ps.132:11; Isa.7:14; Jer.31:22; Mic.5:3; Mat.1:23,25; Lk.1:32-35,76; Gal.4:4). Gift Of God: (Mat.7:11; Jn.4:10; 6:32; Acts 8:20; 15:11; Rom.5:15,18; 6:23; 8:32; 11:29; 1 Cor.7:7; 2 Cor.9:15; Eph.2:8; 2 Tim.1:6; 1 Jn.4:9; 5:11)
That this general darkness was totally supernatural is evident that it happened at the Passover, which was celebrated ONLY at the full moon, a time in which it was impossible for the sun to be eclipsed, natural eclipses happening only at the time of the new moon.
Isaiah 63:6 And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth. (KJV)
And I will tread down the people in mine anger . . . the reference here is to a warrior who tramples on his foes and treads them in the dust (Isa.25:10).
And make them drunk in my fury . . . make them reel and fall under His fury like a drunken man. In describing the destruction of Idumea, Isaiah says that the sword of the LORD, which is bathed in Heaven shall make them drunk. He states here that the people, because of God’s wrath, lost power of self-control, and shall fall to the earth like a drunk man. Drinking of the wrath of God: (Ps.11:6; 60:3; 75:8; Job 21:20; Isa.29:9; 34:5; 51:17, 21; Jer.25:15, 17, 27-28; Rev.14:9-10; 16:19).
And I will bring down their strength to the earth . . . the LORD shall subdue their strong places, and their mighty armies. The idea is that Almighty God by His own power, and by the might of His own arm, would subdue ALL His foes and redeem His people. Edom in its hostility to His people, is the fitting symbol of all God’s enemies. The little Book of Obadiah is the only place in the entire Word of God where we find the explanation of WHY God hated Esau. God never said that He hated Esau or loved Jacob UNTIL He came to the last Book in the Old Testament (Mal.1:2-3). Both men had become nations, Edom and Israel. Edom is singled out because of their open hostility toward Israel and represents all nations who oppose God.
*****When Christ returns to Earth at His Second Coming (Zec.14:1-5; Rev.19:11-21), it will be the end of man's hatred and oppression of God’s people! The Almighty and glorious KING is coming to the Earth, and it shall be a time of horrible judgment. Most people do NOT want to hear this . . . but dear one, this day of vengeance is on the ‘books’ of God, and you nor anyone else can change that! You may as well face the FACT that this DAY of vengeance is coming, and it shall be just as bloody and violent as Isaiah predicts! YES!!! God does get angry! And He will tolerate the sin and rejection of His only begotten Son (Jn.3:16), and contempt of Israel just so long before He lowers the boom!
The next time the LORD comes it will be in judgment. How else could He set up His Kingdom? The LORD Jesus must eliminate ALL evil that stands in the way of Him, His Kingdom and His people! Do you think Russia, Iran, Syria, Arabia, and all the terrorist groups are ready? Are YOU ready for Him to come?
There are those who say that the Book of Isaiah is in the Old Testament, and that was a different God back there. They say God was a God of wrath in the Old Testament, but when you get to the New Testament, He is a God of love. WRONG!!! God does NOT change (Num.23:19; 1 Sam. 15:29; Ps.102:26; Mal.3:6; Heb.6:18; 13:8; Jam.1:17). Why is it that the Book of Revelation has never been popular with liberals? Because it is full of judgment. The Book of Revelation is in the New Testament, and the language there is the strongest anywhere in the Bible, except that which came from the lips of the LORD Jesus, who spoke more of HELL than anyone else (Mat.3:12; 5:22, 28-30; 7:13-14; 8:11-12; 10:28; 13:30, 38-42, 49-50; 16:18, 26; 18:8-9, 34-35; 22:13; 23:13, 15, 33-34; 25:28-30, 41, 46; Mk.8:36; 9:24-25, 43-48; Lk.3:17; 10:15; 12:5; 16:16, 23-26, 28; Jn.3:18; 5:24; 8:24).
The Book of Revelation speaks of Christ's Coming to put down the unrighteousness and rebellion and godlessness that is on the Earth. God is absolutely and perfectly right and just in anything that He does . . . no matter what you think! Do NOT let anyone tell you that we have a God of wrath in the Old Testament and a God of love in the New Testament! THAT is NOT so! The SAME God (of love AND wrath) is the One making these statements in both the Old and New Testaments because there is love in law AND there is law in love. Judgment is terrifying, but Christ Jesus shall come in judgment when He returns to this Earth, because He said so! Believe it! God does NOT lie! (Tit.1:2). Jesus IS God!
Whether this should start the beginning of a new chapter or not, is not important; but it is certain that a new subject starts here, which contains the prophet's prayer, either in his own name or in the name of the church, and it continues to the end of Chapter Isaiah 64; where he begins by mentioning the great kindnesses that God had shown the Jews, and does that rather insistently, setting it forth with the greatest advantages; either to aggravate their abundant unkindness, or to give them some hope of finding Him again in their distress, or by way of argument with God to show them mercy, because He had been so good to them.
God's People Meeting Him with Their Prayers.
This Part of Chapter 63 Continues on
to the Close of the Chapter 64
In His Wrath the Saviour Remembers Mercy (63:7-19)
Isaiah 63:7 I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, and the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses. (KJV)
I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD . . . I will mention is clearly the language of the people celebrating the praises of God in view of all His mercies in former days, and to encourage their faith and hope in the performance of what was promised to them . . . these he calls the lovingkindnesses of the LORD; meaning not only the instances of His providential goodness in bringing them out of Egypt, leading them through the Red sea and wilderness, and settling them in Canaan's land, after those mentioned; but also those of His special grace and goodness to the chosen of God among them.
And the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us . . . honor and praises are certainly due to Him from all creatures, angels and men, and especially God’s TRUE people, the saints (1 Sam.2:9; Ps.30:4; 31:23; 34:9; 37:28; 97:28; 116:15; Pro.2:8; Zec.14:5; Jude 1:14). All three of the divine Persons of the Godhead, according to the various gifts of grace freely bestowed by them deserve the honor and praise from each and every one of us . . . to God the Father, for the gift of God Himself to His people; the gifts of His only begotten Son and of His Holy Spirit . . . with all His abundant graces, faith, hope, love, repentance, etc.; and all the marvelous blessings of grace which are applied to us when by faith we become children of God (Jn.1:12-13; 3:3-8), such as pardon, justification, adoption and eternal life; a right to access Heaven (Jn.14:2-3; 1 Pet.1:3-5).
And the great goodness towards the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses . . . the gifts of grace are bestowed, NOT because of the goodness, merits or qualities of men, for then they would not be free grace gifts (Eph.2:8-9; Rom.6:23); for there is NO good in a creature. The best works of the best of men are absolutely NO value in the eyes of God, except that they have flowed from His sovereign mercy, pure grace, and free unmerited love, which is abundant, boundless and endless. No amount of the fanciest words on Earth can express the amazing lovingkindness of God in the acts of His love, grace and goodness to His church and His people, and which should always kept in sight and mind, and to be remembered and spoken of privately and in public. Do you honor, praise and glorify Him daily?
*****The complete content and intent in this chapter changes abruptly here. It is like coming out of total darkness into the bright sun at noon. Our awesome God is glorious in His holiness, doing great things for His people and this is just one tiny part of His countless attributes. He is good, and He exhibits lovingkindness to those who love Him. He is also a God of mercy. If these attributes were not evident, we would all be consumed today. He must come in judgment, because of all the hatred, sin, wickedness and violence to take over this Earth. Are you ready?
Isaiah 63:8 For he said, Surely they are my people, children that will not lie: so he was their Saviour. (KJV)
For he said . . . within Himself, when He made a covenant with our fathers, and brought them out of Egypt,
Surely they are my people . . . although they, and we, are not worthy of God, yet He sees them, and us, as His people. Their enemies would try to persuade themselves that they Israel was not God’s people, but cast-outs that none cared for or looked after them . . . but dear one, God will NEVER disown Israel (Jer.31:35-37).
Children that will not lie . . . that will keep His covenant (Deut.5:25); they will not deal falsely with Him. It is so with parents who are likely to tenderly think of those children that they have been generous to, that they will not abuse their kindness . . . so it is with God, for He thinks the best of them. Some think that maybe He refers here to what they should do, even though He knew they would do otherwise. Or it could mean that He would not disgrace them after He had renewed them.
So he was their Saviour . . . He alone was their Saviour; when there was none to save, none to uphold . . . He stepped in and He saved them . . . not Cyrus, Zerubbabel, Nehemiah, etc., but Christ Jesus Himself.
*****His people here are believing Israelites and also a great company of Gentiles who will turn to Christ during the Great Tribulation. The TRUE Church has already gone to be with Him before the Tribulation period starts (1 Thes.4:13-18). God has a reasonable expectation from Israel and the Gentiles, that they would be faithful to Him. Children that will not lie . . . it sounds like He had high hopes of them, but they disappointed Him. He does expect us to live lives pleasing to Him, and He specifically warns us: Colossians 3:9 Lie not one to another, seeing that ye have put off the old man with his deeds; (KJV)
Isaiah 63:9 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old. (KJV)
In all their affliction he was afflicted . . . because of all the afflictions Israel endured in Egypt, this shows the compassion of Christ, He having the same Spirit in Him that the church has, and is her Head and Father. It was the same Spirit that led them through the wilderness, there called an angel (Ex.33:2), and His presence (vs.14), and the LORD (Ex.13:21); so that it seems this must be the LORD Jesus Christ, who appeared to Moses in the bush (Ex.3:3-4). And the angel of his presence saved them . . . from the house of bondage; brought them through the Red Sea, the wilderness. Israel’s Rock was Christ (1 Cor.10:4).
In his love and in his pity he redeemed them . . . angels are often in His Presence, but not always. This shows His kindness, for they were a stubborn, superstitious, idolatrous people, yet Christ's love and pity saved them from all that, because He loved them.
And he bare them, and carried them all the days of old He bare them . . . He did not leave them to shift for themselves, but carried them as a father carries his child, He carried them in the arms of his power (Isa.46:4), and on the wings of His providence (Deut.1:31).
*****I believe that the angel of the LORD is none other than the pre-incarnate Christ. We are told that in His love and pity He redeemed and carried them. He entered into the sufferings of His people. When the LORD went through the wilderness with the children of Israel, He was like a mother or a father who stood by and waited for them. He did not go on without them. The pillar of cloud and the pillar of fire were there. He waited for them. For forty years through that wilderness experience He was ever so patient with them.
Isaiah 63:10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them. (KJV)
But they rebelled . . . against God. This charge is often made against the Jews, for their history is a record of a series of rebellions against God (Num.14:9; 17:10; 20:24; 27:14; Ps.2:2, 5:10; 10-12; 66:7; 68:6; Deut.1 :5; 1 Sam.12:1-15; 15:22-23; Isa.66:24; jer.33:8; Eze.2:8; 28:16; 29:32; Lam.1:18; 3:42; Dan.9:5-9; Hos.13:16).
And vexed his holy Spirit . . . vexed meaning to distress, pain, afflict, grieve. Grieved: (Ps.78:40; 95:10; Acts.7:51; Eph.4:30; Heb.3:10-17). The idea here is that their conduct was so horrible that it produced deep pain in the Holy Spirit of God.
Therefore he was turned to be their enemy . . . He abandoned them for their sins, and left them to reap the consequences.
And he fought against them . . . He took the side of their enemies, and gave them the victory. He gave Israel up to a series of disasters which finally terminated in their long, painful captivity, including the destruction of their Temple, City and nation. The truth is, that when we grieve the Spirit of God, He abandons us to go our chosen path, which most often leads us to one spiritual and temporal disaster after another. BEWARE!!! Any time that we grieve His Holy Spirit, He abandons us for our sins, and leaves us to reap the penalties. Eph. 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. (KJV)
*****I am grateful and thank the LORD for His love and patience toward me. He is extremely patient with us. I am sure that the Holy Spirit gets sick and tired of us grieving Him and causing Him pain . . . if it were not for the patience of our Almighty God, we would be in big trouble! Longsuffering of God: (Gen.3:8-21; 18:2-33; 35:7-9; Judg.2:1-5; 6:11-24; 1 Ki.3:5; 9:2; 11:9; 2 Chron.1:7-12; 7:12-22). Do you thank God for His loving patience with you?
Isaiah 63:11 Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying, Where is he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where is he that put his holy Spirit within him? (KJV)
Then he remembered the days of old, Moses and his people . . . He did not forget His solemn Promises to be their Protector and their God. For their crimes they were subjected to punishment, but God did not forget that they were His people, nor forget that He had entered into a covenant with them. Even in the darkest days of adversity, God still remembers His Promises, and intervened to save them. The LORD remembered His lovingkindnesses towards the people of old, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and the wonders He did for them in Egypt, at the Red sea, and in the wilderness by the hand of Moses, and His intercession to him on Israel’s behalf, and the many great and good things He did for them. Therefore He was now determined not to cast them off altogether, but to do as He had done before.
Saying Where is he . . . where is the Protector of the people, who defended them in days of old? The idea here is that God remembered the times of Moses and intervened, because should He not, it would bring criticism upon His Name and cause. And although it is the language of God Himself, yet it indicates that state of mind which arises when the question is asked, Where is He that was your former Protector and God of these people?
That brought them up out of the sea . . . the Red Sea (Ex.15), when He brought them out of Egypt. This FACT is the subject of many constant references in the Scriptures, when the holy writers would illustrate the goodness of God in any of His great deliverances.
With the shepherd of his flock . . . if this is to be plural, as many manuscripts read it, it probably refers to Moses and Aaron as the shepherds or guides of the people. Or it may also include others, meaning that Almighty God led the people with all their rulers and guides.
Where is he that put his Holy Spirit within him? . . . (vs.10). Where is He that put the Holy Spirit in the midst of the people or the flock? They were then under His guidance and holy influence. The generation which was led to the land of Canaan was eminently devout, perhaps more so than any other of the people of Israel (Josh.24:31; Judg.2:6-10). This seems to indicate that God, who then gave His Holy Spirit, had seemed to forsake them. The nation seemed to be abandoned to wickedness; and in this state, God remembered how He had formerly chosen and sanctified them; and He planned again to impart to them the same Spirit.
*****This seems to be a direct reference to Israel, but at the same time it is a picture of the complete human family. Some expositors do not feel that the reference here is to the Holy Spirit, the third Person of the Godhead, because the Old Testament does not contain a clear-cut distinction of the Holy Spirit . . . but . . . I believe that the Holy Spirit mentioned here is the Holy Spirit that today dwells in all TRUE believers (Rom.8:9). Although in the Old Testament we do not have a clear-cut distinction of the work of the Holy Spirit, I believe this is absolutely a mention of it. http://www.hisservants.org/books_our_awesome_triune_god.html
Isaiah 63:12 That led them by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to make himself an everlasting name? (KJV)
That led them by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm . . . through the Red Sea, as was done by the right hand of Moses, and the rod in it, to which who by divine order, lifted up his rod, and stretched out his hand over the sea, and divided it, and led the people through it. This should not be credited to Moses and his rod . . . but to the glorious arm of the LORD. The right hand of Moses is mentioned because it was from there that power of Almighty God was exerted on this occasion. Some interpret this to be the Angel of the LORD that went before them. I certainly will not argue the point.
Dividing the water before them . . . the waters of the sea, rose up as a wall on each side the Israelites, through which they passed as on dry land (Ex.14:21-31;15:1-19; Neh.9:11; Ps.66:6; 78:13; 95:5; 106:9-10; 136:13-15).
To make himself an everlasting name . . . He planned to do a work which, would be impossible to be performed by any false god or by any human arm . . . and to do it in such a way that it might be seen everywhere that this was the One and Only TRUE God (Isa.45:6). The deliverance from Egypt was attended with such amazing miracles, and with such a sudden destruction of His enemies, that none but the TRUE God could have performed it. Egypt at that time was the center of all the science, civilization and art known among mankind; and what happened there would be soon known to other lands. So, the TRUE God planned to make a public demonstration of His existence and power that would be known in all lands, and would never be forgotten (Ex.14:17-19).
Isaiah 63:13 That led them through the deep, as an horse in the wilderness, that they should not stumble? (KJV)
That led them through the deep . . . they went through the bottom of the sea on dry land for the waters had divided and left a wide open path. With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible (Mat.19:26).
As an horse in the wilderness . . . the idea is, that the Israelites passed through the sea with as much ease, and as little difficulty, as a good horse will walk over a plain, where there is nothing to hinder his course.
That they should not stumble?. . . they did not stumble for there was no clay or mud to get stuck in, no rocks to stumble over, for all was like an even plain and it was dry ground (Ex.14:16, 22). Do you really realize just how much power the LORD has? The sea divided and the people walked across on DRY ground! WHO but Almighty God could do this? NO one!~
Isaiah 63:14 As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself a glorious name. (KJV)
As a beast goeth down into the valley . . . this could be a picture of a herd led down from the hills to a fertile and well-watered valley (Ps.23:2); for so God's Spirit caused Israel to rest in the Promised Land after their weary wanderings. As a herd of cattle in the heat of the day descends to a shady spot to find relief, near softly flowing streams of still water (Ps.23:2).
The Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest . . . or gently led Israel, as He walked them through the sea, with much ability, and feeling little danger, as a beast walks on in a valley, or a horse in a plain. Some understand this of leading Israel through the wilderness, where often resting places were found for them, and at last they were brought to the land of rest, Canaan, and settled there.
So didst thou lead thy people . . . Israel was led both through the sea, and through the wilderness, in an easy, safe and gentle manner.
To make thyself a glorious name . . . among the nations of the world, as He did by this amazing miracle of His for Israel. A glorious name, that He might be glorified, eternally glorified, because of this account. This is what God is doing in the world with His glorious arm, He is making to Himself a glorious Name, and it shall last to the eternal ages, when the most celebrated names of the great ones of the Earth shall be written in the dust, the Name of the LORD shall be forever glorious!
Isaiah 63:15 Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where is thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained? (KJV)
Look down from heaven . . . this starts an earnest appeal that God would have mercy on them in their present calamities and trials. They plead with Him to remember His former mercies, and to return and bless them, as He had done in ancient times. This prayer continues to the end of Chapter 63, and goes through Chapter 64. The answer to which begins in Isaiah 65:1. Some call it the prayer of the wise in captivity. It seems to be the petition of some converts among the Jews, either in the first times of the Gospel, or in the last days; who plead that the LORD would look down from Heaven, meaning the third heaven (2 Cor.12:2), where the seat of His majesty is, where His Throne of glory is, and His Presence is most visible to angels and glorified saints (Ps.33:13; 80:14; 113:4-6).
And behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory . . . this is a description of Heaven, as the dwelling place of God, who is most holy . . . He is true holiness itself, in whom that perfection is most glorious, and which is displayed in all of His works; and so Heaven is a Holy as well as a high place, where NONE but holy persons dwell (Rev.22:14-15); and which is a magnificent place, where the glory of God is displayed everywhere, and the glory of Christ is seen, because He is Glory itself (Isa.57:15).
Where is thy zeal, and thy strength? . . . the strength or power of God has appeared in Creation, and in the sustaining of all things; in Christ, the Man at His right hand; in strengthening His people, destroying their enemies, and in delivering them.
The sounding of thy bowels, and of thy mercies towards me? . . sounding properly means a noise or sound, as of rain (1 Ki.18:41), of singing (Eze.26:13), of a multitude or a crowd of people (Isa.13:4; 33:3). Here it seems to mean an emotion or affection of the mind; and I think it means compassion or tender concern for them in their sufferings. The noise and rumbling of the bowels, to which the reference is, are sometimes caused by strong passions such as fear and love, and which produce what is called the yearning of the bowels (Gen.43:30; 1 Ki.3:26). The tender mercies of God, His pity and compassion, are expressed in which are owing the mission of His Son, the forgiveness of sins, and help and relief under afflictions.
Are they restrained? . . . it was thought that His mercies were shut up in anger, and would not be let out again (Ps.77:7-9). It is thought from the customary expression in the Bible that the bowels, meaning the organs in the chest region . . . were the seat of the emotions, and were supposed to be affected by any strong and tender emotion of the mind (Isa.16:11). Are His mercies to be exercised no more?
Isaiah 63:16 Doubtless thou art our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, O LORD, art our father, our redeemer; thy name is from everlasting.
Doubtless thou art our father. . . doubtless indicates highest confidence that the LORD still had the feelings of a tender Father. Thou art our father even though appearances seem to disagree, and even though we would be disowned by all others, we believe that He does hold the bond of a spiritual Father; so why should You hold back Your tender mercies and bowels of compassion from us? The relationship of God the Father and children, does exist between Almighty God and His people, for He is a Father to all men through Christ Jesus (Ps.31:19; 36:7-9; Isa.56:5; Jn.1:12-13; 3:16; 14:6; Rom.5:8; 8:14-18, 32; 2 Cor.6:18; Gal.3:26; 4:5-6; Eph.1:5; 5:1; 1 Jn.3:1-2, 10; 4:9-10; 5:1; Rev.21:7).
Though Abraham be ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledge us not . . . Israel’s ancient ancestors were dead; and the dead know nothing of their descendants. And Israel acknowledged us not . . . Jacob’s name changed to Israel (Gen.32:28; 35:10), Jacob was also their father; and therefore it was a vain thing to call upon them, for if they were dead, they could not help them out of their troubles. Some say Abraham and Israel are here mentioned, and not Isaac because:
#1. The covenant was made more earnestly with Abraham and Jacob, and the Promises more frequently renewed, with them, rather than with Isaac.
#2. Because with Abraham the covenant was first made (Gen.12:1-3; Ch.15; 17:1-22; Ex.6:4-8; Ps.105:8-11; Rom.9:7-13; Gal.Ch.3)
The Abrahamic Covenant continued through Isaac: (Gen.17:19, 21; 26:3-5, 24; Ex.2:24; 6:3-4; 1 Chron.16:15-16; Ps.105:9; Rom.9:7-9).
The Abrahamic Covenant continued through Jacob: (Gen.28:13-15; 32:12; 35:9-12; Ex.2:24; 6:3-4; 1 Chron.16:15-17; Ps.105:9-10; Mic.7:20; Rom.10:10-13).
The Abrahamic Covenant continued to Israel (Ex.6:4-8; Lev.26:44-45; Judg.2:1; 1 Chron. 16:15-17; Neh.9:8; Ps.105:8-10; Eze.16:8, 60; Lk.1:72-75; Eph.2:12; Rom.9:4; 15:8).
Thou, O LORD, art our father, our redeemer; thy name is from everlasting . . . this is repeated to confirm it, and to express their full assurance of faith in it the more strongly. Our Redeemer; thy name is from everlasting; Christ Jesus alone, was appointed from everlasting to everlasting to be the Redeemer of His people (Jn.14:6; Acts 4:12). John 1:1-2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. (KJV)
God was so early in Him, drawing the plan of redemption and salvation, and made so early a covenant with him concerning it; which may be properly called the covenant of redemption, for Christ was/is the Redeemer of His people in all ages, and lived as such, just as God the Father was, of old, in all ages, the Protector of His people, and the Avenger of their wrongs, to whom they might at all times apply to for help (Jn.1:1-2, 18; 3:13; 10:30; 14:9; 17:24).
With God as our Father:
#1. He gives us our spiritual life. By His Spirit He quickens and conveys His own nature and image into us (2 Cor.4:16; 5:17; Eph.4:23-24; Col.3:10).
#2. He secures us by His works, His Word and His Spirit.
#3. He supplies all our need, for His supplies are abundant, inexhaustible and satisfying (Phil.4:19).
#4. He protects us when we are exposed to perils and evils, He is our shield (Eph.6:16).
#5. He gives us a glorious and everlasting portion (Jn.14:2-3; 1 Pet.1:3-4).
Such a relationship cannot fail to be a source of wonderful comfort to the people of God even in the midst of all their trials. Our Father in Heaven is ever living and loving. Are you His child by the adoption of grace? (Rom.8:15; 9:4; Gal.4:5; Eph.1:5).
God the Father wants you to be His restored, obedient child. We all are, or can be, the children of God, by faith in Christ Jesus. Faith in Jesus is the same as believing in Jesus as Saviour (Rom.3:22-26). Jesus’ righteousness is given to us when we believe He took our place on the cross by paying the penalty of sin for us. To have faith in Jesus means to trust Him. When a person has faith in Jesus, it means that he or she believes WHO Jesus is (God in human form) and trusts what Jesus has done (died and was resurrected). Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God (1 Jn.5:1).
Without faith in Jesus, we remain in sin and will NOT be accepted into God’s Presence in His perfect Heaven (Rev.22:14-15). When we have faith in Jesus, we are given access to the Father as God’s own children (Jn.1:12; Rom.5:1-2).
*****The tender mercies of God are NOT kept back, for they are the tender mercies of a Father, who, even though He may for a time be displeased with His child, but shall through His natural lovingkindness, soon be reconciled to the wayward child. There is NO doubt that our heavenly Father, loves His children, so we can be sure He shall have compassion and mercy when we confess our sin and repent. We should always have good thoughts of God in our hearts and minds, for God is good!
It was the honor of Israel that they had Abraham as their father, who was the friend of God (Jam.2:23), and Jacob who was a prince with God (Gen.32:28), but what was far better was the fact that they had God Himself for their spiritual Father. Abraham and Jacob cannot help us, for they do not have the power that God has; since they are a long time dead and have no knowledge of us. They are not ever-living, for it is God alone that is our eternal Father, that always knows us, and is never a far distance from us.
Our Redeemer is from everlasting to everlasting. It is a Name by which we will know and own Him. It is the Name by which from of old He has been known; His TRUE people have always looked upon Him as the God to whom they might go to in prayer to bring their complaints and plead their cause. Although Abraham and Jacob cannot, nor would not help us, God can and will . . . IF we repent and ask for forgiveness (1 Jn.1:8-9).
Isaiah 63:17 O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, and hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance. (KJV)
O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, and hardened our heart from thy fear?. . .these words seem to be from the truly godly, lamenting and confessing their wandering from the ways, commands, and ordinances of God, the hardness of their hearts; their lack of devotion and affection for God; and their neglect of His worship. They are not blaming Him for these things, nor complaining to Him as having done anything wrong; but disagreeing with Him, and wondering if He, who was their loving and tender Father, should withhold His grace and withdraw His Presence from them; by leaving them to the corruptions and hardness of their hearts; by really admonishing them, and allowing their enemy to afflict them in a severe manner.
Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance . . . return; change Your way towards us, do not keep on in Your controversy with us; return in mercy, and return Your gracious Presence with us; or, as the Targum, return Thy Shekinah to Thy people. Return . . . That is, return to bless us. The tribes of thine inheritance, the Jewish tribes spoken of as the heritage of God on the Earth. This is a pleading prayer, asking God to intervene for them.
Isaiah 63:18 The people of thy holiness have possessed it but a little while: our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary. (KJV)
The people of thy holiness have possessed it but a little while . . . the people who have been received into solemn covenant with the LORD. The Jews are the LORD'S holy people, whom He had separated from others (Ex.6:7; 19:5; Num. 23:9; Deut. 4:37; 6:6-7; 14:2; 26:19; 28:1, 13; 1 Sam.12:22; 2 Sam.7:23; Isa. 43:1; 45:5; Ps.29:11; 135:4). Have possessed it but a little while . . . meaning the land during the time during which they had enjoyed a peaceful possession of it was short, compared with the time without end of the Promise made.
Our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary . . . the Temple; the first Temple was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar; and the second Temple by the Romans; and Antiochus, and Pompey, and others, profaned it, by treading in it. For more on Antiochus IV Epiphanes, see: http://jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1589-antiochus-iv-epiphanes
This whole prayer is thought to be offered by the exiles near the close of their captivity. The language is such as they would then use. The scene is laid in Babylon, and the object is to express the feelings which they would have had then, and to furnish the model for the petitions which they would then urge. We are not to suppose that the Temple when Isaiah lived was in ruins, and the land in the possession of his foes. All this is seen in a vision; and although it would be a hundred and fifty years before it would be realized, yet, according to the prophetic manner, Isaiah describes the scene as actually passing before him (Isa.64:11).
Isaiah 63:19 We are thine: thou never barest rule over them; they were not called by thy name. (KJV)
We are thine . . . His children, His people, His subjects. They were the LORD'S special people, being chosen by Him in Christ (Jn.10:29) before the foundation of the world (Eph.1:4-6) and taken into an everlasting covenant by Him, when He became their God, and they His people; which agrees with the Targum, we are Thy people that were of old.
Thou never barest rule over them . . . over our enemies, regarded in the prophetic vision as then in possession of the land. The idea is, that they had come into the land by violence, and laid waste a nation where they had no right to claim any control, and have now no claim to His protection.
They were not called by thy name . . . they were not called the people of God, nor the children of God, nor the servants or subjects of God, neither is His Name called upon by them, but they served other gods. They were aliens and strangers who had unjustly intruded into the heritage of the LORD. It was as if they had never had God rule over them, as if they had not been called by His Name.
*****They had complained to God, as so many do in today’s world, but now they surrender completely to God. This should be the attitude of TRUE Christians today . . . yielding completely to God, but how many of us do this? So many are afraid to yield to God because we fear what He will allow to come our way. It reminds me of those people who will not pray for patience, because they are afraid of what God will send their way. How utterly foolish! Patience (longsuffering) is a fruit of the Spirit (Gal.5:22-23), and only a fool would not truly desire it.
Our awesome and almighty God wants only the best for His TRUE children. But He wants us to love Him and trust Him completely. He will never give us more than we can bear (1 Cor. 10:13), and His grace is always sufficient for any problem (2 Cor.12:9-10). And last but certainly not the least, He will never leave us or forsake us (Heb.13:5-6).
The Almighty One on His Throne in Heaven will be gentle and kind with us IF we will just obey Him and trust Him to give us His best! BUT . . . if you insist on keeping on in sin, which you know is wrong, you are asking for the God of judgment to fall on you. He certainly is a God of love . . . YES!!! But He is also a God of wrath and judgment. He is the Great One who is going to return to Earth someday to tread the winepress of the fierceness of His wrath. Does this scare you? Dear one, God’s Holy Word tells you the TRUTH, hoping that you are wise enough to believe Him.
The Spirit of God in Isaiah
Reference What the Spirit of God Does
Isa.11:2 The Spirit brings wisdom, understanding, knowledge, and the fear of the LORD.
Isa.32:15 The Spirit of the LORD brings fruitful abundance.
Isa.34:16 The Spirit of the LORD carries out God's Word.
Isa.40:13 The Spirit of the LORD is the Master Counselor.
Isa.42:1 The Messiah, God's Servant, will be given the Spirit.
Isa.44:3-5 Through the Spirit, God's TRUE children will thrive.
Isa.48:16 The Spirit of the LORD sent Isaiah to prophesy.
Isa.61:1 God's servants (Isaiah and Jesus) were appointed by the Spirit to proclaim the good tidings.
Isa.63:10-11 The Spirit of the LORD was grieved because of the sins of God's people.
Isa.63:14 The Spirit of the LORD gives rest.
Who Is the Old Testament Holy Spirit?
The Nature of His Work
Consider the following in the Holy Spirit’s ministry to people in the Old Testament.
<><><>#1. He was IN certain ones. Pharaoh accepted and knew that the Spirit of God was in Joseph (Gen.41:38). It was not likely that Pharaoh understood this was the Holy Spirit, but later revelation seems to make this clear. The Spirit was in Joshua which is why God chose him (Num.27:18). The Spirit was in Daniel (Dan.4:8; 5:11-14; 6:3).
<><><>#2. The Spirit CAME UPON some. Several people experienced this ministry of the Spirit (Num.24:2; Judg.3:10; 6:34; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6, 19; 1 Sam.10:10; 16:13; 2 Chron.15:1; 24:20). These included judges, Saul, and the prophets Balaam and Azariah.
<><><>#3. The Spirit FILLED Bezalel. (Ex.31:3; 35:31). This seemed to be a special enablement to lead the craftsmen as they worked on the tabernacle.
The indwelling of the Holy Spirit in Old Testament times was selective and temporary, but that does not mean that He was not working in the lives of people. I believe that He did same type of work as is seen in John 16:8-11, even though the object of faith was different. In the Old Testament there was the expectation of the Coming of Christ through the Tabernacle, Temple, priesthood and sacrifices. I believe that the Holy Spirit worked in the hearts of people to enlighten, convict and lead people to believe the message as though it existed in Old Testament times. The Holy Spirit clearly had to regenerate people and lead them, but it seems it was not from the indwelling Presence as it is today (Jn.14:16, 18, 26; Rom.5:5; 8:9)
It is the Major Prophets who use the word Spirit most often. The word spirit appears 32 times in Isaiah; 16 times in Ecclesiastes, and 22 times Ezekiel. Especially important is the Passage in Ezekiel 37:1-14, which portrays the life-giving power of God's Spirit in the Valley of Dry Bones. Only the Spirit of God can put life and spirit back into a nation, such as Israel, that has seemed to have passed out of existence.
Ezekiel 36:24-28 For I will take you from among the heathen, and gather you out of all countries, and will bring you into your own land. 25 Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. 26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. 27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.
28 And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; and ye shall be my people, and I will be your God. (KJV) . . . This may be the Passage that Jesus held Nicodemus responsible for. This seems to teach that the Old Testament does teach of a personal Holy Spirit who brought people to faith in the Man of Promise who was to come in the line of Abraham and David . . . for I believe that the Holy Spirit indwelt those saints just as surely as He indwelt believers in the New Testament, and in today’s world (Rom.8:9).
Psalm 51:10-11 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. 11 Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me. (KJV) . . .
David confessed his sin with Bathsheba, and his heartfelt desire was to have a clean heart and spirit before God. It seems that he greatly feared that God might withdraw the indwelling Presence and work of His Holy Spirit from him. He feared the removal of God's Holy Spirit because he had drifted away from God as a result of his sin and decision to stay away while Bathsheba's pregnancy was in progress. When he had confessed his sin, he found himself in deep spiritual hunger, starving for the Presence of God, desperately desiring to be reconciled with the God whom he had forsaken. I do not know about you, but I know how David felt.
If the Old Testament believer already possessed the Holy Spirit, why was the Day of Pentecost necessary? I think the answer is that the Holy Spirit must have a Coming, in a solemn, visible and victorious manner, just as Christ Jesus had (Lk.2:7-11), and where all the Jews would be and were witnesses. Pentecost pointed to a visible and mighty manifestation of the Person and work of the Holy Spirit. The Day of Pentecost was a downpour of the Holy Spirit compared to the previous brief showers. This was the start of the full experience of the Holy Spirit. Dear one, the Holy Spirit, just like the Father and the Son (Jn.1:1-2), had existed from all eternity. The Spirit of God did NOT remain bound and suppressed without any job in the Old Testament! The Day of Pentecost simply marked a fuller awareness and understanding of what had already been in progress.
Joel 2:28-32 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: 29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit. 30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. 31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come. 32 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call. (KJV) . . . This has not happened yet. This shall happen in the last days.
The Loneliness of Christ Jesus
There is always a certain degree of being solitary with a great person. What is true of all great minds must have been, far beyond all others, characteristic of the mind of Jesus who, with all His real humanity, could think it no robbery to be equal with God (Phil.2:6).
The light shone in darkness, and the darkness comprehended it not (Jn.1:5). The LORD Jesus had nothing in common with the spirit of the times in which He lived. His views, His principles, His motives, His associations, His object of life, did NOT agree with those of His own nation, nor of any land or climate on Earth . . . but were drawn from the infinite, the eternal. Those around Him were narrow-minded, groveling and lustful, while the LORD breathed a spirit of indescribable purity and holiness. He must have felt so alone.
The sufferings He endured were lonely, private and solitary, since His assignment in this world was that of no other human. No one else could fulfill the commission on which He was sent. The nature of this Divine Sufferer had certain features or conditions which placed His sorrows, as such as no other of our race could have endured, for they were far beyond the range of mere human experience or endurance. In the midst of all the people of sorrow that crowd the pages of human history, I think that the LORD Jesus stands forth as the man of sorrows (Isa.53:3). He alone was the solitary Sufferer of humanity when He went to the cross to die for the sins of you and me! He paid a price He did not owe because we had a debt we could not pay!
When we consider that it is the cup that is deepest, that can be filled the fullest; or as it is the highest tree that feels the most fury of the storm, so it is the soul that is largest and most exalted that is capable of the greatest sorrows. The range of our minds with its joys and sorrows is so limited and constricted compared to the blessed Heart and Mind of Jesus. It presents just a narrow target to the arrows of misfortune, and it escapes uninjured where the broader Mind of Jesus was pierced through with many sorrows (1 Tim.6:10).
Consider the heart-felt feelings of Jesus when He saw and lived in the midst the immoral ruin and degradation of mankind . . . a pure, spotless soul in the middle of wickedness! Can you imagine His thoughts? Lonely tops the list, with sad closely following! Luke 19:41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, (KJV) . . . The emotion He felt was of a far deeper kind than we mortals are capable of. I am sure when He thought of the mournful immoral and spiritual degradation of humanity, as contrasted with the glory of its original structure, and the splendors of that destiny for which it was created, He cringed, for the body, the mere tabernacle in which the soul resides, is a work which only God could create, and is a work over whose ruin even the Creator might mourn. But dear one, the destruction of the body is quite insignificant and minor when compared with the ruin of the soul.
<> All views of the sufferings of Jesus should clearly suggest gratitude on our part, for His marvelous self-devotion on our behalf.
<> The subject of the sufferings of Jesus should be a serious warning to all who are living in carelessness or indifference to the spiritual interests of themselves and others. What more awful indication could be conveyed to us, of the evil of sin, and of the infatuation of those who are indifferent to its fatal consequences, than in the sorrow of Jesus?
<> The sufferings of Jesus should get the full attention of every penitent soul, that the strongest encouragement we can have is to rely on the Saviour’s love. Our salvation was an object which even at such a devastating cost, He was willing to seek.
The loneliness of Christ in His sufferings
Our Blessed Redeemer was:
<> Deserted by His human friends. I do not think that any human friend could understand or determine the work of Christ. Twelve chosen associates, Jesus had, but they were utterly incapable, of understanding Him, much less could they sympathize with, the great work of His life and death. The work of Christ was actually a very lonely one.
<> Completely alone when condemned by His own people to the cross (Jn.19:6, 15).
<> Completely alone to accomplish our redemption.
<> Completely alone in His foreknowledge of what would happen to Him.
<> Completely alone in the Divine purity and loftiness of His soul, for Christ suffered far more than any mere man could suffer. But sin, and eternal death as its punishment (Rev.20:15) and the whole world’s burden sin of which rested upon the pure heart and soul of the Redeemer, brought about for Him a dark and dreadful reality of the horror, which is inconceivable by any of us whose innermost heart has been tainted with the love of sin.
<> Completely alone in the grief of the LORD Jesus Christ in this world, was what the sorrow of no mere man could be, the sorrow of the Creator in the midst of His unwavering work.
When Christ foretold to the disciples about their desertion, He added: John 16:32 Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone: and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. (KJV) . . . But in the hour of His deepest agony there was an exception even to that companionship of eternity. Mark 15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? (KJV) . . . Jesus cried with a loud voice, in great distress, having been silent during the three hours of darkness, and patiently bearing all His Soul sufferings, being under a sense of divine wrath, and the hiding of His Father's Face from Him. WHY did the Father hide His Face from Jesus? Because God is SO holy and pure, that He CANNOT look on ANY sin . . . and when Jesus hung on that cross, He carried the sins of the world on His sinless Self! He endured all His conflicts with the powers of darkness; but then, in the anguish of His Soul, He cries out.
Book of Isaiah . . Isaiah's Mini-Bible
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ISAIAH’S APOCALYPSE . . . . . Isaiah Ch.24 . . Isaiah Ch.25 . . Isaiah Ch.26 . . Isaiah Ch.27 . . Home Page
ISAIAH'S SIX WOES . . . Isaiah Ch.28 . . Isaiah Ch.29 . . Isaiah Ch.30 . . Isaiah Ch.31 . . Isaiah Ch.32 . . Isaiah Ch.33 . . Isaiah Ch.34 . . Isaiah Ch.35 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Historic Part . . Isaiah Ch.36 . . Isaiah Ch.37 . . Isaiah Ch.38 . . Isaiah Ch.39 . . Home Page
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Isaiah's Introduction to the Suffering Servant
Isaiah's Suffering Servant Prophecy. . . Isaiah 52:13-53:12
Isaiah's Redemption Through the Suffering Servant . . . Isaiah Ch.49 . . Isaiah Ch.50 . . Isaiah Ch.51 . . Isaiah Ch.52 . . Isaiah Ch.53 . . Isaiah Ch.54 . . Isaiah Ch.55 . . Isaiah Ch.56 . . Isaiah Ch.57 . . Home Page
Isaiah's Vision of the Dispersion . . . Isaiah Ch.58 . . Isaiah Ch59 . . Isaiah Ch.60 . . Isaiah Ch.61 . . Isaiah Ch.62 . . Isaiah Ch.63 . . Isaiah Ch.64 . . Isaiah Ch.65 . . Isaiah Ch.66 . . Home Page