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The Book of 1 Peter

Chapter 1

Suffering And The Security Of Believers (1:1-9)

Many people have never had the feeling of assurance in their salvation. So many think that they can lose their salvation by sinful acts. I believe in the eternal security of the believer, I believe Once Saved, Always Saved! Jesus wants us to have "peace" (John 14:27). HOW can you possibly have peace if you think you have lost your salvation?

OSAS! . . . http://www.hisservants.org/OSAS_1_eternal_security_h_s.htm

1 Peter 1:1 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, (KJV)

In those days people used to start letters with a greeting. So, this letter starts with a greeting. The greeting tells us who is writing the letter. It also tells us who will read the letter. I Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ . . . Peter was one of the 12 apostles whom Jesus personally chose to be with Him (Mark 3:14). Jesus chose them to be special leaders. They taught people about Jesus’ life and His Words. Because of this, Peter’s letter comes to us with the authority of God.

Peter is writing to Christians. He says that they are like foreigners. He means that wherever they live in this world, that place is not their true home. Heaven is the TRUE home of TRUE Christians (Phil.3:20).

Acts 2:1-13 gives an account of the day of Pentecost in the city of Jerusalem. Jews had gone there from many different countries. These included Pontus, Cappadocia and Asia, listed above. So, some of the people to whom Peter is writing may have been there and heard him preach about Jesus on the day of Pentecost.

1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. (KJV)

This verse mentions all three members of the Trinity. The Trinity means that there is ONE God who is THREE persons. The three Persons are God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ) and God the Holy Spirit. We cannot fully understand the Trinity, but, it is very important to know that TRUE Christians worship one God, not three different Gods. For instance, an apple has the peel, the flesh and the seeds . . . 3 different things . . . BUT just ONE apple!

God the Father chooses people. God knows more than the facts about each man or woman. He knows about each of us in a personal way. God is a loving Father in Heaven. God chose His people before He created the world (Eph.1:4). Don't ask why, just believe it! None of us will ever understand God's ways (Isa.55:8).

God the Holy Spirit works in these people whom God has chosen. He makes them holy, so that they obey Jesus. To be ‘holy’ means to belong to God and to be like Him.

God the Son (Jesus) died on the cross, a Perfect Sacrifice (Phil.4:18) for our sins, so that by our believing in Him, God could forgive all our sins.

By Jesus’ Blood . . . refers to Jesus’ death on the cross. In the Old Testament, the Jewish priest splashed blood on people when they promised to obey God. The blood came from a special animal that the priest had sacrificed (Ex.24:3-8). Jesus died as a Sacrifice to make each person who believes, clean from sin.

People sin when they do things against God or other people. When a person becomes a Christian, God forgives all his or her past sins (Ps.103:3; Mic.7:18-19; Heb.8:12; 10:17; 1 John 1:9). But Christians do NOT always obey God. So, they need to ask God to forgive them every day (1 John 1:9).

Grace is the help and protection that God gives to His people. Grace is a gift from God. We do NOT deserve it and CANNOT earn it. God gives grace because He is generous, loving, kind and merciful. The grace of God comes ONLY through Jesus.

Peace . . . In the Hebrew language this word is ‘shalom’. It is a traditional blessing in the Old Testament (Num.6:24-26), and among Jewish people today. Peace is NOT just the opposite of war or tumult. It is to have God’s gift of a quiet and content heart (John 14:27). This involves every part of our life and relationships. NO one can have TRUE peace without God's grace and the Holy Spirit (Gal.5:22). TRUE Christians have already received grace and peace. But Peter prays that they may know God’s grace and peace more and more . . . multiplied over and over again!

1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, (KJV)

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ . . . (2 Cor. 1:3; Eph. 1:3). God is called the God of Jesus Christ, according to Christ's human nature, and His Father according to His Divine.

Which according to his abundant mercy . . . this shows the fountain from where regeneration and all other spiritual blessings flow, and excludes ALL merit in us.
Abundant mercy is the same as riches of mercy. Eph. 2:4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, (KJV)

Hath begotten us again . . . translated us OUT OF a state of sin and misery and INTO a state of grace and life. Begotten again here, is the same as sanctifying in the previous verse.

Unto a lively hope . . . a lively hope for eternal life (Tit.1:2). A lively hope is a true and effectual hope, such as proceeds from a lively faith, and then itself produces peace and purity (Rom. 5:2; 1 John 3:3), in total opposition to the vain hope of worldly men, which neither comes from faith or leads to holiness.

By the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead . . . God's begetting us again, thus implies the resurrection of Christ to be the cause of our regeneration. We are raised to a spiritual life by the power of Christ's resurrection, and our being endowed with renewed life (1 Pet. 3:21; Rom. 4:25; 6:4-5; Eph. 2:5). Christ's resurrection being the cause, earnest and pledge of our resurrection, for the certainty of ours depends upon His.

Peter thought about all that God has done for people through Jesus. Then he praised God. The more that people understand what a wonderful salvation God has planned for them, the more they will love Him. Only then will they realize how great and good He is.

Lord Jesus Christ . . . is the full title of Jesus. Lord . . . means that He has complete authority. He is head over everything. Jesus . . . is His human Name. The name Jesus means ‘God is the one who saves’. Jesus saves people from their sins (Mat.1:21). Christ . . . is the Greek word for the Hebrew word Messiah, which means ‘the one whom God has anointed’. It shows that God has chosen that person for some special service. In the Old Testament they anointed kings (1 Sam.16:13) and prophets (1 Kings 19:16) and priests (Ex.28:1) with oil. God anointed Jesus with the Holy Spirit (Acts 10:38). Jesus is King over all kings (Rev.17:14). He is the great chief Priest (Heb. 7-8). He is God’s great Prophet (Deut.18:15; Luke 13:33; Acts 3:22).

Many of Peter’s readers were suffering because they were Christians. So he gives them several reasons why they should praise God. God has shown them great mercy. Before they knew God, they lived a bad life. They deserved punishment. God shows mercy when He forgives bad people instead of punishing them. Then He brings them into His family. He does this because He loves them very much.
When God gives people new life, they come alive in their spirit because of the Holy Spirit within them. They become members of God’s family. They are Christians. Sometimes the Bible calls this process ‘the new birth’. In John 3:1-21 Jesus explained this to a man whose name was Nicodemus.

To have hope in God is to expect all that God has promised to Christians for the future. We cannot guess what God will do. We have to trust Him. This hope is a living hope because God raised Jesus from the dead. Christians believe that God will raise them from death also.

1 Peter 1:4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, (KJV)

How I love this verse! It speaks so much to me!
To an inheritance . . . eternal life is the inheritance of TRUE believers (Eph. 1:18) and elsewhere, as being given NOT as wages to hirelings, but as a GIFT (Rom.6:23; Eph.2:8), an inheritance to children born of God, and adopted by Him.

Incorruptible . . . immortal, everlasting, which being once possessed, CANNOT be taken away, nor pass over to others. . . .

Once saved, always saved! . . . http://www.hisservants.org/OSAS_1_eternal_security_h_s.htm

And undefiled . . . being pure in itself, and having nothing to offend them that enjoy it; and incapable of any pollution or defilement, contrary to what is said of the land of Canaan, the earthly inheritance of the Israelites, (Jer. 2:7; Eze. 36:17).

And that fadeth not away . . . properly applies to that which does not fade or wither, in contrast to a beautiful flower that fades. It means that it is enduring, and is applied to the future inheritance of the saints to describe its permanence in all its brilliance and splendor, in contrast with the fading beauty of all that is earthly. The idea here, mean never ending, in contrast with decay. The crown of glory, though worn for millions of ages, will NEVER be dimmed; the golden streets will NEVER lose their luster; the flowers that bloom on the banks of the river of life will always be as rich in vibrant color, and just as fragrant, as when we first beheld them. . . . WOW!!! Do you see why I love this verse?

Reserved in heaven for you . . . this inheritance is appointed to us, and kept by One who can make it sure to us, and who will certainly bestow it upon us. (Mat.25:34; John 14:2; Col.1:5; Heb.9:15). My friend, your mansion has YOUR name on it! Reserved; laid up (Col. 1:5; 2Tim. 4:8); secured for the heirs, though not yet possessed by them.

In heaven . . . therefore safe, and out of the reach of enemies (Mat.6:19-21). This is opposed to the uncertain condition of earthly possessions, such as Canaan was.

I will include the following poem that God gave me about our "inheritance."

NO NEED FOR REPAIRS

All our needs shall be filled in eternity,
Our God shall watch o’er us, so lovingly.
The tree of life, its fruit shall always bear,
For our eternal Father, truly cares.

Our mansion in Heav’n, shall need no repair,
Thru’ all eternity, ‘twill show no wear.
The street of pure gold shall never be worn,
‘Twill always be bright; never look forlorn.

Never any dimness in Heaven’s Lights,
The unfailing Power, shall always be bright.
The City’s walls, shall never shift or fall,
No damage or harm shall ever befall.

The gates of the City shall never sag,
No repairs needed, for they’ll never drag.
As I humbly enter, Thy majestic Presence,
Thy awesomeness, I gratefully reverence.

What an amazing Place, Heaven shall be,
‘Twill be Perfection, for eternity.
No repairs needed; for nothing shall fail,
Only peace, joy and goodness shall prevail.

Are you going to this marvelous Place?
Will you meet our Saviour there, Face to face?
God gives the Gift of Heaven, to all who believe,
Accept Christ, and Heaven, you shall receive.
*****************************
By: His servant, Connie Kramer Aug. 1, 2001 # 794

If interested, see: Sept.2002 & Aug.2009 Messages . . . http://www.hisservantsministry.org/archive_messages_3.htm

1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. (KJV)

Who are kept . . . although the inheritance is safe in Heaven, yet the heirs are in danger here on Earth, because of the power and strategies of enemies, and too, their own weakness. Peter adds, that not only their inheritance is reserved for them, but they are preserved unto it, kept securely and carefully, against all the assaults, incursions, and devices of the devil and the world. Enemies cannot touch our soul (Mat.10:28).

By the power of God . . . this power is infinite and invincible, and therefore able to keep them (John 10:28-29; Rom. 8:31, 38-39; 2 Tim. 1:12).

Through faith . . . which, rests on the power of God, overcomes all their enemies: the flesh (1 John 3:9), the devil (1 Pet. 5:9; Eph. 6:16), and the world (1 John 5:4). It implies, that not only they themselves are kept through faith, because they rely on the power of their Keeper and His Promises of keeping them, but that they and their faith too are kept by the power of God.

Unto salvation . . . not only begun and imperfect here on Earth, but full and complete in glory.

Ready . . . our inheritance has already been purchased, prepared, and laid up for them. . . and us! Peter says that their not yet possessing it, is not because it is not ready for them, but because the time of their possessing it is not yet come.

To be revealed . . . it was said to be reserved in Heaven (verse 4), kept safe, as a rich treasure, for the greatness of it is not yet known by any of us, even to them that are the heirs of it (Col. 3:3-4; 1 John 3:2); here he adds, that it is to be revealed, and made known to them, as soon as the time of its manifestation shall come. In the last time . . . the Judgment Seat of Christ (John 6:39; 11:24; 12:48).

See: . . . http://www.judgmentcoming.org/j_c_judgment_seat_of_christ.htm

Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for being Christians. God’s power guards their spirits. As they trust in God, His power makes them strong. No one should run away from being a Christian. All Christians must continue to trust God until Jesus comes again. This is when they will receive their complete salvation (the inheritance in verse 4).

Peter and the other apostles saw Jesus go back to Heaven (Acts 1:9-11). They heard the angels say that Jesus would return. They also heard Jesus teach about this (Mat.16:27). No one knows when it will happen. Therefore, Christians must be ready. They should live good lives as they wait for that important day (1 Thes. 4:14-5:11).

1 Peter 1:6 Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations: (KJV)

Wherein ye greatly rejoice . . . rejoice in what? In something good? No, "in heaviness through manifold trials." This places in contrast two words that are worlds apart: rejoice and trials. The suffering and the security of the believer produces joy! HOW? Because of the work of the Triune God. God our Father, according to His mercy . . . OH! He is merciful! He has given us a new nature and a living hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. And out somewhere in the future He has a marvelous inheritance waiting for us.

Peter gives us reasons for enduring trials down here in this life. "Now for a season" . . . the trials will not be long, compared to eternity. In our day there is far too much emphasis on this present life. Psychology and materialism have crept into the church. We are told that we must develop ourselves into a gung-ho individual. If we are having trouble, something is wrong with our religion. How stupid! We should instead, look forward to the great God we have and to the marvelous inheritance which He has set aside for us to receive some day. We should stop this attempt to improve our old nature through the power of the flesh . . . because my friend, we CANNOT do it! God is the ONLY One who can improve us. He is the One who tries to bring us to a maturity in our Christian life, and God's way of improving us is through manifold trials.

Through manifold temptations . . . Peter calls them manifold, as being not only being many, but various and of different kinds. Afflictions and troubles, from the start and end and effect of them, are trials of faith (Luke 22:28; Acts 20:19; Gal. 4:14; Jas. 1:2; 2 Pet. 2:9):

When Christians understand what Peter wrote in verses 3-5, it makes them happy. They have joy deep in their spirits. Happiness and joy are not the same. Happiness is temporary here on Earth, while joy is eternal! We can have joy even in our darkest moments because a TRUE child of God KNOWS our inheritance waits for us. We all must expect to suffer trials, tribulations, temptations and troubles in our lives. These things make us sad for a little while. Go to the Lord in prayer, and ask for help. Claim His Promise: "I will never leave, never forsake you" (Heb.13:5). He WILL walk with you in any trouble that you may face. I know that for a fact! You will not be sad for ever. Trust Him! His grace is always sufficient (2 Cor. 12:9-10). And He will never give you more than you can bear (1 Cor.10:13). Some times I think that He thinks I am a lot stronger than I am.

1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ: (KJV)

That the trial of your faith . . . Peter compares the faith of the saints with gold, and tells us our faith is much greater than gold to God. The world does not believe this. They will go for the gold every time! When gold is tried in the fire, it is worn away, and eroded by use, (1 Pet.1:18); where faith is not consumed nor eroded, but is increased by its being used, and made more evident every time that it is tried.

Might be found unto praise and honour and glory . . . TRUE faith will lead to praising Almighty God! These words: praise and honour and glory, show how our present trials should end, and in what they provide. Though they may be reproachful and disgraceful now (Heb.12:2), they shall end in OUR glory in Heaven some day! We should not worry about the difference of these three words, praise, honor and glory, because they are mentioned elsewhere; praise(Eph.1:6; 1 Cor. 4:5; Heb.13:15), honor (1 Sam. 2:30; 1 Tim.1:17; Rev.4:9-10; 7:12; 19:7); and glory, as well as glory, honor and peace (John 12:26, Rom. 2:10; 1 Tim.6:16; Rev.4:3; 15:8; 19:1; 21:11,23).

At the appearing of Jesus Christ . . . as the day of judgment is often called (1 Pet.1:13; 5:4; Col. 3:4; 2 Thes. 1:7). Christ's glory is at present hidden and obscured, but He is hard at work instructing His elect, and teaching them patience. He defers the judging of His enemies, but one day (soon I think), His glory will be fully manifested: first to TRUE believers (1 Thes.4:13-18), then later, to the world, when He comes with clouds, and every eye shall see him (Zec.14:1-4; Rev.1:7; 19:11-21). I really feel sad about those who simply deny Jesus! Their end is NOT good, unless they change their mind about Him. BEWARE!!!

See: . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_judgment_sure.1.htm

It is easy to be a Christian when life goes well. But Christians often have troubles in their lives, and God uses these troubles to make their faith in Him strong and pure. To have faith in God means to believe God, and trust in God and in Jesus Christ His Son. James 1:2-4 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; 3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. 4 But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing. (KJV) . . . TRUE faith will bring praise, glory and honor to Jesus when He comes again. Hang in there people. Do NOT quench the Spirit! (1 The.5:19). Let Him do His job in helping you. You CANNOT do it alone. The Christian life is impossible without Him.

That the trial of your faith . . . trials are the main way with which God has always tried the faith of His people: Abraham, Job, Habakkuk, and many others, have been tried and come out victorious. You can too.

1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory: (KJV)

Whom having not seen . . . with our physical eyes. Most of these Jews lived out of their own country, so had not seen Christ in the flesh. Peter praises their love for Jesus, this One Whom they loved but Whom they had not seen. My friend, that goes for us too! They, like us, see Jesus with our heart! Yet, we love Him.

Though now ye see him not, yet believing . . . some had seen Christ in His days on Earth as Man, but most Peter wrote to, had not, yet Peter says, you shall one day in His glory see Him. Peter says that for now, they walk by faith, and not by sight (2 Cor. 5:7), as do we. We rejoice in the hope of seeing and being with Him.

See our poem: SEE GOD WITH YOUR HEART . . . http://www.hisservantsministry.org/Poems_S.html

With joy unspeakable . . . joy which cannot be expressed with words (Rom.8:26; 2 Cor. 9:15).

And full of glory . . . in respect to both seeing Christ Jesus, and our inheritance.
Peter had lived with Jesus for three years. But Peter is writing to people who have never seen Jesus. They love Jesus without seeing Him, like we do. To ‘believe in’ Jesus means to trust and obey Him, even though we cannot see Him. It means much more than believing facts about Him. People who believe in Jesus have joy in their soul. This joy comes from God. No one can explain it in words because it is too wonderful. This joy is possible in TRUE believers because of the Holy Spirit: (Gal.5:22; 1 Thes.1:6; Acts 13:52; Rom.14:17).

See: . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_unbelief.1.htm

1 Peter 1:9 Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. (KJV)

Receiving the end of your faith . . . TRUE faith ends with the reward of faith, eternal life. Our salvation BEGINS in this life (Eph. 2:8; Tit. 3:5). John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. (KJV) . . . Here our Lord Jesus tells us we HAVE "everlasting life" NOW! It begins when we believe!
But, it seems that salvation is in three stages: the past, the present, and the future.
Salvation in the past, when we first believe God (1 John 5:10-13) and trusted Christ (1 Pet.1:3).
Salvation in the present, as we learn to trust God each day and to receive His help (1 Pet.1:5).
Salvation in the future, when we will receive all of God’s promises in Heaven (1 Pet:1:4-5).
We have cause to rejoice in all the above. Eternal salvation; that which God appointed to His people for all eternity, is obtained by Christ, applied by the Spirit, and will be fully enjoyed in Heaven one day. This is the "salvation of your souls" which is worth more than anything the world offers.

Suffering And The Scriptures (1:10-14)

1 Peter 1:10 Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: (KJV)

Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently . . . this implies that this was a common wish of all the prophets. The prophets saw it only at a distance and dimly. But securing the salvation of the soul, would be revealed.
The prophets did not fully understand this salvation which would be perfected when Christ (Messiah) came and gave Himself a Sacrifice for our sins. It was only then that the grace of God became evident. Grace had always been there in the OT, but they saw it only thru a mirror dimly (1 Cor.13:12). It was with Messiah's appearing, suffering, death and resurrection, that the prophets and all the righteous men of old were made perfect by their faith (Heb.11:39-40).

OT saints only saw salvation through their Messiah from a distance. NO one was fully certain or secure until Christ came. They trusted in hope, looking ahead for a freedom from sin, looking to the Promise of a new covenant with a new heart and a new Spirit dwelling within them. New Testsment saints can go directly into God’s Presence (Rom.5:2; Eph.3:12; Heb.10:19).

This grace revealed in the Gospel, the prophets foretold, but in dark way; for the Sun of righteousness had not yet risen, the shadows were not gone, and the light was obscure.

1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. (KJV)

Searching what? . . . whether near or far off, or what particular part of time. This may relate particularly to Daniel's weeks, Dan. 9:1-27. The salvation the prophets searched and inquired into, and the grace of it; the time of its being wrought out, and what sort of times there would be when Christ should come, both to the church, and to the world, among Jews and Gentiles; and also what cruel sufferings the Messiah should undergo, and what great glory should be put upon Him afterwards. The prophets searched the Scriptures but were still in the dark.

The Spirit of Christ . . . is another Name for the Holy Spirit. Before Jesus left His ministry on Earth to return to Heaven, He promised to send the Holy Spirit, the Counselor, the Comforter, to teach, help, and guide His followers (John 14:15-17,26; 16:7). The Holy Spirit would tell them all about Jesus and would reveal His glory (John 15:26; 16:14). The Old Testament prophets, writing under the Holy Spirit's inspiration (2 Pet.1:20-21), described the Coming of the Messiah. The New Testament apostles, through the inspiration of the same Spirit, preached the crucified and risen Lord. The prophets spoke of "the sufferings of Christ" and the grace of God (Isaiah 50:6; 53; Psalm 16; 22; 69:20; Zec.13:6) as well as in many other Scriptures.

And the glory that should follow . . . is found in Isaiah 11 and Psalm 45. The prophets all spoke of Christ's suffering and of the sovereignty and of the glory that is to come when Christ comes as King to the Earth to establish His Kingdom.

The Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify . . . this tells us specifically that the prophets of the Old Testament wrote by the Spirit of Christ. This is one of the many statements contained in the Word of God declaring that the Old Testament was inspired of God. These men wrote by the "Spirit of Christ."

The prophets searched for and examined Scriptures, as we should do today (1 Pet. 1:11; John 5:39; 7:52; Rom. 8:27; 1 Cor. 2:10). They did not know the time of the sufferings of Christ or by whom, neither the glory to follow the sufferings.

1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into. (KJV)

Unto whom it was revealed . . . the prophets taught that the subject matter of their predictions related to a future time, not to their own. They did speak the things which were fulfilled by the Gospel, which was preached by the apostles The profound mysteries of the Gospel were subjects of earnest inquiry to the angels, an indication that like the prophets they could not understand until the mystery was revealed. Mystery is something revealed in the NT that was hidden in the OT.

Things the angels desire to took into . . . those Peter writes to are earnestly intent on finding out a thing, especially a difficult writing. Even the holy angels are astonished at the plan of redemption, and wonder at the incarnation of that infinite Object of their adoration. If then these things be objects of deep consideration to the angels of God, how much more so should they be to us? For the angels can have NO such benefit or interest as humans have.

1 Peter 1:13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ; (KJV)

In verses 3-6, Peter was teaching his readers what salvation means. He wants them to understand what God has done for them through Jesus. But to know these things only in their mind is NOT enough. What people believe will always affect the way that they live. So how should Christians live their lives? In verses 13-16, Peter writes very clearly. He tells his readers how God wants them to behave as Christians.

Christians must prepare their minds, so that they can willingly obey God. People’s minds are important. What they think about affects the way that they behave (Rom.12:1-2; Eph.4:22-24; 2 Cor.10:3-5.) They must have a clear mind about HOW to live as Christians. To have a clear mind means that they must not be like a person who is under the influence of booze or drugs. When people drink too much beer or wine, their mind is not clear! They really are not ready to act as they should. They cannot control themselves in the proper way.

The grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ . . . when the Lord Jesus comes to take the church out of the world (1 Thes.4:13-18), He will bring abundant grace with Him, for it is by His grace, that He will take out every TRUE believer. AND . . . each believer's works shall be judged at Christ's Judgment Seat (1 Cor.3:11-15). At that time we will either receive a reward OR lose a reward we could have had . . . by His grace!

See Judgment Seat of Christ: . . . http://judgmentcoming.org/j_c_judgment_seat_of_christ.htm

The FACT that we ALL shall be judged someday is another incentive to endure the trials of this world. How we live here on Earth is very important. One of the reasons God lets us go through trials and troubles is because He wants to fashion us according to His plan. We are to yield to Him in all our tribulations.

1 Peter 1:14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance: (KJV)

As obedient children . . . conducting yourselves as the children of God should, by obeying His commands (John 15:14); by submitting (Jam.4:7) to His will; and by manifesting unwavering (Jam.1:6) confidence in Him as your Father, at all times.

Not fashioning yourselves . . . . do NOT go back to the way you were before Christ! Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. (KJV) . . . The TRUE Christian is to be quite different from what he was before conversion. IF you continue in that same manner as before your profession of faith, it is very doubtful that you are saved! This is why I always use TRUE Christians! There are millions who say they are "Christians" . . . but are hypocrites! A person MUST love and possess Christ Jesus in their heart or their profession of being a Christian is void, worthless!

Before conversion, a person is: #1. selfish, #2. lived only to gratify self, #3. gave in to lustful appetites and passions, without any regard to the will of God #4. his supreme object was wealth or fame, #5. simply a me-me attitude.
A TRUE Christian is governed by a different rule, and their own former standard of morals and of opinions is no longer their guide, but the will of God.

Live holy lives

1 Peter 1:15-16 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; 16 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy. (KJV)

Children often look like their parents and behave like them. TRUE Christians are now children of God (1 John 3:1), because God is their Father in Heaven. God is holy. God wants His children to be like Him. They must have His character in their lives, and this is done by the "spirit of Christ" within them (1 Pet.1:11; Rom.8:9). If a person does NOT have the Spirit of Christ, they are NOT TRUE Christians! Period! the Bible says so!

To be holy means to be completely separate from all sin and evil. On our own, that is impossible! That is why we need the Spirit of Christ! To be holy also means to belong to God alone. God commands Christians to be holy. The Holy Spirit makes them holy (1 Pet.1:2). This does not mean that Christians will live their lives completely without sin. This will only happen in Heaven when we get our new bodies (1 Cor.15:52-54). But as we live this life now, it must be with God’s help as we try hard to avoid all sin and evil in every part of our lives. Not easy! Impossible without the Holy Spirit!
Quite often in this letter, Peter tells his readers what the Old Testament says, which was written before the birth of Jesus. This command to be holy is very important. God says it five times in the book of Leviticus (Lev.11:44-45; 19:2; 20:7; 20:26).

1 Peter 1:17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear: (KJV)

TRUE Christians can pray to God as their Father because they have been justified by faith in Christ Jesus (Rom.5:1-2). God does NOT judge people by what their faces look like. Instead, God judges ALL people by His standard of what is good and evil. God sees how each and every person lives. To fear God does NOT mean to be afraid of Him. It means that people respect and obey God because He is great and holy. Peter again reminds Christians that they are strangers in this world, sojourning here in fear. The home of TRUE believers is in Heaven (1 Pet.1:4-5).

Who without respect of persons . . . God will not excuse sin in ANY person! Not in a Jew descended from Abraham, and not those that are born of Gentile parents. God is NOT a respecter of persons (Job 34:19; Acts 10:34; Eph. 6:9).

Judgeth according to every man's work . . . God is not only a Father, but also a Judge, and a most righteous One.

According to every man's work . . . everyone shall be judged according to how they lived. Judgment according to works: (Job 34:11; Ps.28:4; 62:12; Pro.24:12,29; Jer.32:19; Lam.3:64: Mat.16:27; 2 Cor.11:15; Rom.2:6; Rev.20:13; 22:12)

Pass the time of your sojourning here . . . this means the temporary home of a man in a place where he was not born, or does not ordinarily reside; such being the condition of believers in the world, that they are sojourners, NOT citizens of it; they are traveling through it to their Father's house and heavenly country, (Heb.11:9-10, 13, 16).

In fear . . . meaning love, honor, respect, reverence, worship . . . ALL which is due to him as a Father and a Judge. It simply implies the greatest reverence and deepest humility (Phil. 2:12; 1 Cor. 2:3; 1 Pet. 3:2,15).

God does NOT deal with unbelievers the same way that He deals with Christians. But He is ALWAYS right and just! And He NEVER respects one person over another as we humans do. What a person receives on judgment day will be totally correct judgment!

http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_judgment_according_to_works.1.htm . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_judgment_seat_of_christ.1.htm . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_great_white_throne_judgment.1.htm

1 Peter 1:18-19 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; 19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: (KJV)

Forasmuch as ye know . . . I hope and pray that you KNOW (John 20:31; 1 John 5:13) that you have been redeemed.
Peter is speaking of the purpose of the work of God for your salvation, which is redemption. My friend, Christ Jesus paid a big price for you. We all are sinners doomed for Hell. Scripture says "...the soul that sinneth, it shall die" (Eze. 18:4). God has NEVER revoked that decree. God NEVER changes. He is the same yesterday, today, and forever (Heb.13:8). This Truth of God is the terror of the wicked, IF they give any thought to it at all.

That ye were not redeemed with corruptible things . . . this implies they were in a bondage condition, because of their own errors, until they were redeemed by Christ (Tit 2:14).

As silver and gold . . . the most precious things, of greatest value among men.

From your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers . . . empty, foolish, unprofitable, vain, worthless traditions and rituals. The Jews had added innumerable religious burdens and empty ceremonies which they thought to be needed for salvation. (Mat. 15:3; Mark 7:7; Gal. 1:14). This goes on today in many cults.

Consider Catholicism . . . http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_catholic_laws_rituals_wrong.htm

God redeemed us from the bondage of sin, NOT with corruptible money, but with the precious Blood of His own Son (Rom.6:6,7; 1 Cor. 6:20; Col. 2:13,14; Heb.9:12). We can NEVER escape from sin on our own; only the life of God's Son can free us.
Exodus 12:13
And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. (KJV) . . . Long ago the Jews were slaves in Egypt. When Pharoah refused to let them go, God punished the people of Egypt. He sent an angel to kill many of them. God told the Jews to kill a lamb and put its blood on their doorways. When the angel saw the blood on the door jams, he did not kill anyone in that house. The blood of the lamb saved the Jews in that house from death. The lamb had to be perfect in every way, without spot or blemish (Ex.12:5). Jesus lived a perfect life and never did anything wrong, never sinned (2 Cor.5:21; Heb.4:15; 7:26; 9:14,28; Jam.5:6; 1 Pet.1:18-19; 2:22-24; 1 John 3:3,5). So, when Jesus died on the cross, He was the perfect Lamb that the people were looking to in the O.T.

1 Peter 1:20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, (KJV)

Who verily was fore-ordained . . . by God's Plan appointed to the work of redemption, that being the Lamb that should take away the sins of the world (Eph. 1:9).

Before the foundation of the world . . . from eternity . . . everything before the world began was eternal (John 17:24).

But was manifested . . . not only by His incarnation (1 Tim. 3:16), but by the preaching of the Gospel. (Gal. 4:4; Eph. 1:10; Heb. 1:2; 9:26).

In these last times . . . in comparison of the times of the Old Testament; the fulness of time (Gal. 4:4).

For you . . . that you, with other believers, might partake of salvation by Him. The fruit of Christ's redemption reaches ALL ages, but much more abundantly the times after His coming in the flesh. Christ was ordained from eternity, promised to the fathers and manifested to you. Our privilege therefore is much greater than theirs (Mat. 13:17; Heb. 11:39-40).

People CHOOSE to do what is evil. Before God made the world, He knew what would happen. So He made THE Plan of how Christ would save people from the condemnation of that sin, Hell. God ‘chose’ Christ. ‘In these last times’ refers to the time since Christ came to Earth to the time He comes again. We live in the last times (last days) now.

1 Peter 1:21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God. (KJV)

Who by him do believe in God . . . both revealing God to you (Mat. 11:27; John 1:14). and making way for you to God who is Christ. There is absolutely NO coming to God the Father except by Christ (John 14:6; Eph. 2:18; 3:12; Heb 7:25).

Gave him glory . . . in His resurrection, His ascension, His sitting at the right hand of God (Phil. 2:9-11; Heb 2:9-10). Jesus now sits at the right hand of God! (Mat.26:64; Mark 14:62; 16:19; Luke 22:69; Heb.1:1-3; 8:1; 12:2; 1 Pet.3:22).

That your faith and hope might be in God . . . seeing that Christ was raised and glorified, we may be fully assured in our faith of a total satisfaction made to Divine justice for sin, and perfect reconciliation brought by Christ . . . for IF Christ had not fully paid the price of redemption, His Father would never have let Him out of the grave, in which His justice had shut Him up. Because of this, faith gives us a hope of eternal life (Tit.1:2), as we look to the resurrected Christ as our Head, and the certain pledge and earnest of our resurrection to life and glory (2 Cor.1:22; 5:5; Eph.1:14). Christ's resurrection and glory are the marvelous grounds of our faith (1 Pet. 3:21; Acts 2:32; 5:31; 10:40; Rom. 4:24-25; 1Cor. 15:14,17). All people one day shall be resurrected (Dan.12:2; Luke 20:35; John 5:28-29; 11:24; Acts 24:15; Rev.20:13).

That raised him up from the dead . . . Simon Peter keeps reminding us of the resurrection of Christ.

That your faith and hope might be in God . . . before, Peter linked words grace and hope; now it is faith and hope. Peter is the great apostle of hope, and hope rests upon the resurrection of Christ and upon the fact that we have a living Saviour who shall return some day. Jesus says that the only way that a person can come to God the Father is through Jesus Christ His Son (John 14:6). People of many different religions say that they believe in God, but NOT Jesus. If they do not believe in Jesus, then they are not Christians, because only Jesus can give us the Holy Spirit (John 14:16-18). And as already stated, if a person does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is NOT a Christian (Rom.8:9). They do NOT have eternal life with God. Jesus rose from death, He lives! Later, He returned to Heaven from whence He came, and received glory from God (Phil.2:6-11; Eph.1:20-21). TRUE Christians have a sure hope in God because they know that He ALWAYS keeps His Promises.

1 Peter 1:22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently: (KJV)

Seeing ye have purified your souls . . . the Word of God is a miraculous cleaning agent. Your souls . . . the whole person is implied but the soul being the main part.

In obeying the truth . . . when we give ourselves over to the Truth of the Gospel by faith, our hearts are purified (Acts 15:9). We are justified (Rom.3:24-26; 5:1), we are purged from the guilt of sin (Acts 5:31; 8:22; 13:38; 26:18; Rom.4:7; Eph.1:7; Col.1:14; Heb.8:12; Jam.5:15; 1 John 1:9 ), and we are sanctified, or set apart for God (John 17:17; Rom.15:16; 1 Cor.1:2,30; Eph.5:26; 2 Thes.2:13; 2 Tim.2:21; Heb.10:10,29; 13:12; 1 Pet.1:2 ).

Unto unfeigned love of the brethren . . . NO hypocrisy, and which is not in word only, but in deed and in Truth (1 John 3:18). We must love to the brethren in Christ for Christ's sake. This is one great end of our sanctification, our exercise of brotherly love, whereby our love to God is also shown, when we love them because of Him. This is a warning to purify ourselves more and more by faith, that so we might be purged from carnal affections, and to love one another as He has loved us (John 13:34).

Love one another with a pure heart . . . a pure heart is the source and fountain of our love to each other, and from whence it proceeds (1 Tim.1:5; 2 Tim.2:22).

Fervently . . . truthfully, intensely, strongly. The more fervent and strong love is, the more abundantly it puts forth itself for the benefit of others. Love = giving of self to benefit others . . . like Jesus did! Every day, Christians must obey the Truth. This will make their life pure. Psalms 119:9-11 Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word. 10 With my whole heart have I sought thee: O let me not wander from thy commandments. 11 Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee. (KJV) . . . OH! That we all might consider this! The Bible is God’s Word. The Bible is Truth.

1 Peter 1:23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever. (KJV)

Being born again . . . born spiritually into the family of God, born of God, according to His abundant mercy, by the resurrection of Christ, to a lively hope of a glorious inheritance (1 Pet.1:3). Then we, as children of the Father (1 John 3:1), belong to the same family, have the same spirit, and the same nature and disposition, and being members the same family, and heirs of the same grace and glory; are taught by the Holy Spirit in regeneration, to love one another.

Not of corruptible seed . . . corruptible seed refers not to seed cast into the ground, which first corrupts and dies, and then is quickened and rises, and brings forth fruit . . . but to human seed, which is in itself corrupt, and is corrupted, and whereby the corruption of human nature is spread; for whatever is born of the flesh (John 1:13; 3:6; Gal. 4:23) is carnal and corrupt . . . speaking of our first birth. Our first birth is polluted and depraved.

Of incorruptible seed . . . confirms what the apostle John said. John 1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. (KJV) . . . Regenerated, born again persons are NOT "born of blood." We become new 'spiritual' creatures, who desire to be holy, as God our Father is holy (Lev.11:44-45; 19:2; 20:7; 20:26). We are born of water, and of the Spirit (John 3:5), and of the grace of Almighty God . . . and this seed is pure and incorruptible, having NO mixture or taint of sin, with NO degree of pollution in it, nor can it be corrupted by the wickedness in man's heart; nor by all the pollutions of the world, or temptations of Satan. This incorruptible seed is conveyed into our heart by the Spirit of Christ (verse 11) in regeneration, and it contains the grace of God in it. NO evil can contaminate the new born again part of us . . . BUT the old part is still there and will play havoc with our souls (Rom.7:14-25).

By the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever . . . the Word of God is not the material of our spiritual new birth, but is the way of reaching us. By the Word of God (Rom.10:13-14), we receive the incorruptible seed of the Holy Spirit, and become "born again".

Which liveth and abideth for ever . . . it is because the Spirit of God accompanies the Word, which carries in it the germ of a new life. They who are born again live and abide for ever, in contrast to those who sow to the flesh.

1 Peter 1:24 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away: (KJV)

Don't ever think that there is anything of value in us that we can offer to God. There is NOT! All the glory of mankind is like the fragile flower of grass. In other words, mankind is like the grass which dies and blows away.

For all flesh is as grass . . . all human beings. The connection is this: the apostle, in the above verse, contrasted that which is begotten by man with that which is begotten by God, in reference to its permanency. Our first birth was corruptible and decaying, here today, gone tomorrow; the new birth abides eternally and was produced by God, who lives for ever.

Peter says that all flesh, every human being, is like grass. There is NO stability in anything that man does or produces, for he is like grass that soon fades and withers; but God and His Word endure for ever the same. Comparing a human being with grass or with flowers is very beautiful, and is quite common in the Scriptures. The comparison is placed on the fact, that the grass or the flower, however green or beautiful it may be, soon loses its beauty and freshness; is withered; is cut down, and dies. Psalms 103:15-16 As for man, his days are as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth. 16 For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more. (KJV)
Isaiah 40:6-8 The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field: 7 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the spirit of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people is grass. 8 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever. (KJV) . . . All the glory of man, all that man prides himself on: his fame, his power, his wealth, his rank, his talents, his beauty, his learning, his splendor of apparel, etc. etc. ALL will be GONE just like the grass of the field!

1 Peter 1:25
But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you. (KJV)

But the word of the Lord endureth for ever . . . absolutely, believe it my friend! (Ps. 119:160; Mat. 24:35). It is received by and dwells in believers, who always experience the effects of it in their regeneration and by which are preserved by it.

And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you . . . the Word, like its Author is eternal and never loses its power. This is the Word and that Word is the Gospel, the very same Gospel preached to them by Paul and his fellow ministers.

All people, even the greatest, the most wealthy, the most famous, the most powerful . . . . ALL people, will die. Their physical body will die, just as grass and flowers die. But God’s words will live for ever. When people believe God (1 John 5:10-13) accept the Word of the Lord, their spirit will live for ever in the beauty of God's Heavenly Home. Only God's will, word and work are permanent. We must stop foolishly grasping in vain, the temporary, and begin focusing our time, money, and energy on the permanent . . . the Word of God and our eternal life in Christ.

Bible Commentaries

First Peter

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