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1 Corinthians
Chapter 15

Theme: Resurrection

I think that this is one of the most important and crucial chapters of the Bible. If you were to select ten of the greatest chapters of the Bible, this chapter has to right up there at the top of the list.  It is that important. Its importance actually answers the first heresy of the church, which was to deny the bodily resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ.

In this chapter Paul comes to the third great spirituality. If you remember, he first dealt with carnalities (things of the flesh). He dealt with those things which seemed so important to the Corinthians and still seem so important to people today.

Then Paul moved from the carnalities to spiritualities (gifts of the Spirit). How great it is to know that every believer has a gift from the Holy Spirit. Think about that. God has given each and every TRUE believer (Rom.8:9), a spiritual gift for us to use in this world, so that we are actually united with Jesus Christ, and all other Christians.

Paul then went on to the great love chapter. ALL spiritual gifts are to be exercised in love, or they are worthless, for love is a fruit of the Holy Spirit (Gal.5:22). Love (charity) is NOT something that we can do on our own. It is given to us. Above everything else we need in life, we need to have love, this fruit of the Spirit, in the life of a TRUE believer.

Chapter 15 brings us to that third great spirituality . . . that being the FACT of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, and our own resurrection. The wonder of the Christian faith is that it NEVER sees this life on Earth as ending with death. This life on Earth is NOT all there is, whether you are a believer of an unbeliever! The two destinations are totally opposite! So make sure that you are headed for gates of Heaven and NOT the lone solitary, no-return gate of Hell!

The TRUE Christian always looks beyond the sunset to the beautiful sunrise. He looks far out into eternity, to something so awesome, that so wonderful that we cannot even imagine it! When I read Revelation chapters 21 & 22, I simply cannot picture what Heaven looks like. I agree with Paul when he was privileged to see into the “third Heaven.Unspeakable! Cannot be put into words!  If we really knew what it was like, we would not want to stay here!
2 Cor.12:2-4 I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven. 3  And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) 4  How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter. (KJV)

I have a comment to make on those who say they have seen Heaven, or had visions or revelations of it, like some false teachers. My humble opinion is, that IF anyone did see Heaven, or have a vision or revelation of it, they could NOT lightly describe or discuss “seeing the Lord” in a like manner that they would describe a sunset! Anyone, like Paul, who was given the opportunity of such a rare privilege, would be overcome with intense somberness; because viewing such a spectacle would be simply overwhelming to say the least. I really think the person would be at a complete loss for words.
Consider some who came in contact with the Lord! They fell at His Feet as dead! (Eze.1:28; Dan.8:18; 10:8-10; Rev.1:17).

Oh, that we might get the fantastic view which the resurrection of Jesus Christ should give to believers. This great resurrection chapter really deals with the Gospel. It tells us that the most important part of the Gospel is the resurrection of Christ. Friend, without that, everything else, even the death of Christ means nothing. He was delivered (died) for our offenses and was raised again (resurrected), for our justification (Rom.4:25). In His three dark hours on the cross, He subtracted our sins! But, in His resurrection He gave to us a sure, abundant entrance into Heaven. We stand, ONLY in His righteousness (1 Cor.1:30). He was delivered for our offenses, but He was raised again for our justification (Rom.5:1).

God recently gave me a poem, which I will include here.

THOSE THREE DARK HOURS

When Jesus hung on that cross, without ev’n one friend,
Those three hours of darkness, I cannot comprehend!
‘Twas a private time, between the Father and Son,
When my sin debt was paid, and Christ’s battle was won!

There is NO way, I can comprehend Jesus’ love,
Coming to Earth to die, leaving Heaven above!
He left the comfort of Heav’n’s safety, to endure great agony,
For the likes of a nobody, like sinful me!

NO earthly mortal, this kind of love could possess,
We are filled way too much, with worldly wickedness.
We are blessed indeed, to access this kind of love,
In this evil, immoral world, of push and shove!

In those three hours of darkness, Christ took on my sins,
The devil was jubilant, he thought he would win!
But it was Christ Jesus, who had the victory,
In those three hours of darkness; that Godly mystery!

Jesus paid my full sin debt, in those dark three hours,
Ne’er did He doubt, fear, hesitate, waver or cower!
He tolerated all, that agony and pain,
Ne’er did He protest, object, grumble or complain.

The suffering that He endured, for you and for me,
Was love indescribable, that set our souls free!
Jesus’ love surpasses all, that we could ever know,
We’re privileged indeed, that on us His love does flow!

Have you e’er considered, those three hours of darkness?
When our precious Saviour, brought us such great success?
Have you thanked Him, for providing the only Way,
That we might access, Heav’n’s glorious beauty one day?
***********************************
By:  His servant, Connie Kramer   Oct.5, 2014 #1359
All forsook Him: (Mat.26:31,54-56; Mk.14:27,50-52; Jn.16:32; 18:8-9; 2 Tim.4:16; Ps.38:11) Darkness: (Mat.27:45; Mk.15:25,33-34; Lk.23:44-45) Love of Christ. (Mk.10:21; Jn.10:11; 11:3; 13:1,34; 14:6,21; 15:9,13; 19:26; 20:2; Rom.5:7; 8:35-38; 2 Cor. 5:14; Gal.2:20; Eph.3:19; 5:2,25; 1 Tim.1:14; 1 Jn.3:16) Battle between Christ and Satan: Gen.3:15; The devil’s seed: (Mat.3:7, 12:34; 23:33; Jn.8:44;  Acts 13:10; 1 Jn.3:8,10). Her seed: Ps.132:11; Isa.7:14; Jer.31:22; Mic.5:3; Mat.1:23,25; Lk.1:32-35,76; Gal.4:4). Gift Of God: (Mat.7:11; Jn.4:10; 6:32; Acts 8:20;  15:11; Rom.5:15,18; 6:23; 8:32; 11:29; 1 Cor.7:7; 2 Cor.9:15; Eph.2:8; 2 Tim.1:6; 1 Jn.4:9; 5:11)
That this general darkness was totally supernatural is evident that it happened at the Passover, which was celebrated ONLY at the full moon, a time in which it was impossible for the sun to be eclipsed, natural eclipses happening only at the time of the new moon.

Before we go any further into this chapter, it would be wise to define and describe the meaning of the Resurrection. The Resurrection is/was not spiritual, but instead physical. These bodies of ours are to be raised one day, whether you are a child of God or a child of the devil (1 Jn.3:10).  The Resurrection in Scripture always refers to the body. It does not refer to a spiritual resurrection.
In Paul's day, in Corinth and in the Roman world, there were three philosophies concerning death, and life after death. #1. Stoicism, which taught that the soul merged into deity at death, so that there was a destruction of the person. That makes the Resurrection nothing. #2. Then there was the Epicurean philosophy, which was materialistic. It taught there was no existence beyond death. Death was the end of existence. #3. The third was Platonism which taught the immortality of the soul, believing in a process like a transmigration or reincarnation. You still find that teaching in Platonism today in the religions of India and in the cults of America. It simply denies the bodily resurrection. Because of these philosophies, when Paul mentioned the Resurrection while he was in Athens, they thought he was talking about a new God.
We need to understand very clearly that Paul is not talking about a spiritual resurrection. The soul does NOT die. The minute a body dies, the person goes somewhere.
Ecc. 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it. (KJV)  . . . If the person is a child of God, he goes into the Presence of the Lord (2 Cor.5:6,8). If a person is not a child of God, then he goes to the place of torment (Lk.16:28).
How anyone can think that the soul is not immortal is beyond me! Multiple places in the Bible! IMMORTALITY of the soul: (Gen.5:24; 2 Sam.12:23; 2 Ki.2:11; Neh.9:5; Job 14:13; Ps.16:101-11; 21:4; 22:26; 23:6; 31:5; 36:9; 37:18,27; 49:7-9,14-15; 73:26; 86:12; 102:4,25-28; 121:8; 133:3; 145:2; Pro.14:32; Ecc.3:21; 12:7; Isa.14:9; 25:19; 26:19;38:18-19; Eze.32:31; Dan.12:2-3; Mat.10:28; 16:26; 19:16-17; 25:46; Mk.10:30; 12:26-27; Lk.9:25; 10:25-28; 20:36-38; Jn.3:14-16,36; 5:39-40, 6:39-40,44,47,50,51,53,54.58; 10:28; 11:25-26; 14:19; 17:2-3; Acts 20:32; 23:8-9; 26:7-8; 26:18; Rom.2:7; 6:22-23; 1 Cor.15:12-55; Gal.6:8; Col.1:5-6; 1 Thes.4:13-18; 5:10; 2 Thes.1:7-9; 2:16; 1 Tim.4:8; 6:12,19; 2 Tim.1:9-10; Tit.1:2; 3:7; Heb.9:15; 10:34; 11:5,10,13-16; 2 Pet.1:3-5; 1 Jn.2:17,25; 5:13; Jude 1:21; Rev.1:7; 3:4; 22:5).

There were, probably, two reasons why the apostle Paul presented this argument about the resurrection.
*****#1. It was necessary for him to introduce a concise and summarized statement of the main argument for the Truth of the Gospel. The Corinthians had been confused with questions, and torn by different sects and parties with doctrines other than the Gospel that had saved them. Paul was afraid that the enemies of the Gospel, which existed there, would take advantage of these conflicts, and say that Christianity could not be from God. It was important that they should have access to an argument plain and clear, for the Truth of Christianity.
*****#2. It is obvious, from 1 Corinthians 15:12, that the extremely important doctrine of the resurrection of the dead had been denied at Corinth, and that this error had gained a foot hold in the church. On what grounds, or by what party it was denied, is not known. It may have been that the influence of some Sadducee teacher may have led to their rejecting the doctrine; or it may have been the effect of philosophy. Acts 17:32 tell us that among some of the Greeks, the doctrine of the bodily resurrection was regarded as ridiculous; and 2 Timothy 2:18 tells us that some believes that the resurrection was already passed (1 Thes.4:13-18), and therefore, there was nothing but a spiritual resurrection. To respond to these errors, and to put the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead on a firm foundation, Paul had to prove the Truth of Christianity.
 
Chapter 15 may be divided into four parts, and four questions in regard to the resurrection are solved.
#1. Was there a resurrection of the dead? (1 Cor.15:1-34).
#2. With what kind of body, will the dead rise? (1 Cor.15:35-51).
#3. What happens to those who are alive when the Lord Jesus comes at the Rapture? (1 Cor.15:51-54).
#4. What are the everyday conducts of this doctrine? (1 Cor.15:55-58).

Prominence of Resurrection in the Gospel (1 Cor.15:1-4)

Paul clearly states that the Resurrection is part of the Gospel; in fact, there really is NO Gospel without the Resurrection. Christianity does not rest on ideas or creeds, but on facts. The Gospel is not the Ten Commandments, nor is it the Sermon on the Mount. The Gospel of Jesus Christ is a series of FACTS concerning a Person and that Person is Jesus Christ. See Religion or Christ:
http://www.hisservants.org/religion_or_christ_h_s.htm

1 Cor. 15:1  Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; (KJV)

Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you . . . declare properly means, to make known, to reveal, to inform, to confirm. Here it does not mean that he was communicating any new truth to them, but he wished to remind them of it; to impress it deeply on their memories.
The gospel . . .  gospel means the good news about the coming of the Messiah, his life, and sufferings, and death, and especially His resurrection. The main subject to which Paul refers in this chapter is the resurrection; but he includes in the word Gospel, here, the doctrine that he died for sins, and was buried, as well as the doctrine of His resurrection (verses 3-4).
Which I preached unto you . . . Paul founded the church at Corinth (Acts 18:1). It was proper that he should remind them of what he had taught them at first; the great elementary truths on which the church had been established, because their minds had been diverted by other subjects that had been introduced as matters of debate and strife. It was fair to presume that they would regard with respect the doctrines which the founder of their church had first proclaimed, if they were reminded of them; and so Paul calls their attention to the great and vital truths by which they had been converted, and by which the church had thus far prospered. It is well, to often remind Christians of the truths which were preached to them when they were converted, and which were instrumental in their conversion. Many times they stray from these doctrines, when they allow their minds to hearsay and attitude. We all need to be reminded that we were converted by the simple truths that Christ died, was buried and rose again from the dead. TRUE Christians owe their faith, comfort and peace which they have to these doctrines; and that we should still stick by them as the foundation of all our hopes.
Which also ye have received . . . which doctrines you embraced and admitted as true, and which were the means of your conversion. 
And wherein ye stand . . . by which your church was founded, and by which all your devotion and hope has been produced, and which is at the base of all your hope. The doctrine of the resurrection is vital and fundamental, and demonstrates that Christ died "for sins," and rose from the dead.

1 Cor. 15:2  By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. (KJV)

By which also ye are saved . . . on which their salvation (and ours) depends. Believing is indispensable to your salvation (Jn.3:16,36; 1 Jn.5:10). Paul shows how important the doctrine is. In every respect it demanded their attention, and ours. It was that which was first preached among them; that which they had seriously professed; that by which they had been built up; and that which was connected with their salvation. It means that their hopes of eternal life rested on this; and by this they were then, in fact, saved from the condemnation of sin, and were in the possession of the hope of eternal life (Tit.1:2).
If ye keep in memory what I preach unto you . . . if ye hold fast. The idea is, that they were saved by this, or would be, if they faithfully retained or held the doctrine as Paul had delivered it.  if they observed it, and still believed it, notwithstanding all the efforts of their enemies, and all the arts of false teaching to wrest it from them. 
Unless ye have believed in vain . . . what does it mean, to believe in vain? It means that they were saved by the Gospel of the resurrection, but  . . . IF there was no resurrection of Jesus, then they were not saved. False teachers were spreading damnable heresies (2 Pet.2:1), that there was no bodily resurrection, only a spiritual resurrection. My friend, Jesus was raised BODILY into Heaven to sit at the right Hand of God, where He is at this very moment!
Ascended into Heaven: (Ps.68:18; Eph.48-10; Mk.16:19; Lk.24:51; Jn.20:17; Acts 1:9; Heb.1:3; 4:14; 1 Pet.3:22). 
Right Hand of God: (Mk.16:19; Lk.22:69; Acts 2:33; 7:55-56; Rom.8:34; Col.3:1; Heb.10:12; 12:2; 1 Pet.3:22).

1 Cor. 15:3  For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; (KJV)

For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received . . . (1 Cor.11:23), among the first doctrines that Paul preached, were the main doctrines of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. That which I also received . . . the doctrines of the resurrection had been communicated to him by the Holy Spirit. The doctrines of which he was NOT the author, nor did he regard then as his own. Paul here refers to the fact that he had received these doctrines from the Lord Jesus by inspiration (1 Cor.11:23; Gal.1:12). This is just one instance in which Paul claims to be under the Divine guidance, and to have received his doctrines directly from God.
How that Christ died for our sins . . . the Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ, died as an expiatory (atoning) offering because of our sins. OUR sins caused HIS death. For OUR sins, He shed His precious Blood (1 Pet.1:18-19); to make expiation (atonement, restitution) for them, and to wipe OUR sins away, He died on the cross. This marvelous Passage is full proof that Christ did not die just as a martyr, but that His death was to make atonement for sin . . . He atoned for OUR sin IF we believe and accept His death on the cross. Jesus redeemed our souls from the penalty of death (Rom.6:23). That he died as an atoning Sacrifice, or as a vicarious Offering, is here declared by Paul to be among the first things that he taught; and it is the striking basic Truth on which the church at Corinth had been founded. Jesus took OUR place on the cross! He substituted His Body, His life for US! Have you thanked Him yet today? If not, why not?
According to the Scriptures . . . Jesus died according to the prophesies of the Old Testament. It is not certain what parts of the Old Testament Paul here refers. He simply teaches that the doctrine of Jesus’ death is contained there that the Messiah would die for sin. Some of the places where this is taught: Death of Christ Prophesies: (Psalm 16:10; chapter 22; 34:20; 35:11-16; 41:9; 68:18; 69:19-21; 109:1-5;  Isaiah 52:13-15; Chapter 53; Dan.9:26; Zec.12:10; Lk.24:25,46).
John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. (KJV)

1 Cor. 15:4  And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: (KJV)

And that he was buried . . . clearly, according to the Scriptures (Isa.53:9).
And that he rose again the third day according to the Scriptures . . . (Ps.47:5; 68:18; Hos.6:2), that Jesus would rise from the dead was foretold in the Scriptures. It is not implied that it was predicted that he should rise on the third day, but that He would rise from the dead. See the argument for this stated in Peter’s sermon (Acts 2:24-32).

1 Cor. 15:5  And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: (KJV)

And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve . . . Paul mentions Cephas first, meaning Simon Peter, to whom Jesus appeared privately. What took place in that meeting?" It is none of our business! If it is not recorded, we need not know. Jesus appeared to Peter, the one who had denied Him. I think that maybe Jesus had to get some things straightened out with Peter. Then Jesus was seen "of the twelve." Who are the Twelve? He appeared to Peter privately, then He appeared to the ten (Judas was dead at this time). I think "The Twelve" was used as a joint term for the body of apostles. It does not necessarily mean that 12 apostles were present. However, when you put them all together and Paul joins them (Acts 9), you have twelve men.

The Proofs of the Resurrection (1 Cor.15:5-19)

1 Cor. 15:6  After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. (KJV)

After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once . . . more than 500 Christians or followers of Jesus at one time. This was probably in Galilee, where the Lord Jesus had spent the greater part of His public ministry, and where He had made most disciples. The place where this happened is not told, so we can only guess where it was. It is incredible that this fact is omitted by all the Gospel writers. Why they ever omitted such a remarkable a proof of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus is unknown. There is a minor incidence implied in (Mat.28:10), which may throw some light on this Passage. After His resurrection, Jesus said to the women who were at the sepulchre, "Go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me." And in the following: Mat. 28:16 Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them. (KJV)  
Jesus had spent most of His public life in Galilee, and had made most of His disciples there. It would seem likely that those disciples who would have heard of His death, could actually confirm the fact that He had indeed risen. It is also very likely, that the eleven who went down into Galilee after He rose would notify the brethren there of what Jesus had said to them, that He would meet them on a certain mountain. It seems almost certain that they who had followed Him so faithfully, and in such great numbers in Galilee would be drawn together by the report that the Lord Jesus, who had been put to death, was about to be seen there again alive.
One thing is proven by this, that the Lord Jesus had many more disciples than is normally thought. If there were 500 who could be assembled at once in a single part of the land where He had preached, there is every reason to think that there were many more in other parts of Judea.
The greater part remain unto this present . . . most were still alive, and could be asked, to prove that they did see Him. What more definite argument for the truth of His resurrection could there be, than that 500 people had seen him, who had been closely acquainted with him in His life, and who had been His followers? If the testimony of 500 could not prove His resurrection, NO number of witnesses could. 
But some are fallen asleep . . . this is the usual expression used in the Scriptures to describe the death of saints.

1 Cor. 15:7  After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles. (KJV)

After that, he was seen of James . . . this appearance is not recorded by the other Gospel writers. It is mentioned in the fragment of the apocryphal gospel according to the Hebrews, which is, however, of no authority. I think that it is very likely that the Lord Jesus appeared often to the apostles, since He was 40 days on Earth after His resurrection. The other writers only mention the more prominent occasions, which was enough to confirm the fact of His resurrection. This James, some say, was James the Less, the brother of the Lord Jesus (Gal.1:19). The other James was dead (Acts 12:1), when this Letter was written. This James, thought to be the author of the Letter that bears his name, was stationed in Jerusalem. When Paul went there, after his return from Arabia, he had a meeting with James, (Gal.1:18-19). "But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother;" and it is highly likely that Paul would state to him the vision which he had of the Lord Jesus on his way to Damascus (Acts 9), and that James also would tell Paul that he had seen Jesus after He rose. The reason why Paul mentions the fact here, is because he had it from the lips of James himself.
Then of all the apostles . . . maybe this occasion was at the sea of Galilee (Jn.21:14), but it is my humble opinion that since Jesus was 40 days on Earth after He rose (Acts 1:3), that He was often with the apostles, meeting and assembling together; and that Paul means to say, that during the forty days after his resurrection He was often seen by them. This makes sense to me.

The Christian Faith is strongly grounded on the bodily resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. Below is a list the resurrection appearances, as recorded in the Bible:
#1. Jesus first appears to Mary Magdalene, shortly after His resurrection. (Mark 16:9; John 20:11-18).
#2. Jesus appears to the women returning from the empty tomb. (Matthew 28:8-10).
#3. Jesus appears to two disciples on the road to Emmaus. (Mark 16:12-13; Luke 24:13-35).
#4. He appears to Peter. (Luke 24:34, 1 Cor.15:5).
#5. He appears to His disciples, in Jerusalem, Thomas is absent. (Luke 24:36-49; John 20:19-23).
#6. Jesus again appears to His disciples, in Jerusalem. Thomas is present. (John 20:24-29).
#7. To seven apostles by the Galilean Sea (John 21:1-2)
#8. Jesus is seen by 500 believers at one time. (1 Cor.15:6).
#9. He appears to James. (1 Cor.15:7).                                           
#10. He appears to His disciples on a mountain in Galilee. (Matthew 28:16-20).
#11. He appears to His disciples, blesses them, and ascends into Heaven. (Luke 24:50-53).
#12. He appears to Paul, on the road to Damascus. (Acts 9:3-6; 1 Cor.15:8).

1 Cor. 15:8  And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time. (KJV)

And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time . . . the last of all the apostles to see the resurrected Jesus was the apostle Paul. I do think that Stephen also saw Jesus as they were stoning him. Acts 7:56 And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God. (KJV) . . . But after this, none but Paul saw the resurrected Jesus.  
Acts 9:4 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? (KJV) . . . Paul heard His Voice, and there is no doubt that Paul had a bodily sight of Him, for he here considers himself among those that were eye witnesses. I do not think there is any objection to this, because Paul was struck blind, BUT . . .  that was after He saw Christ, NOT before. I believe Paul saw Jesus in His transfigured form, and I think that is what blinded him. Mat.17:2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light. (KJV) . . . Jesus’ Face did shine as the sun. NO one can look directly into the sun without being blinded! Paul was blinded by Jesus’ dazzling appearance.
As of one born out of due time. . . I think that this could mean that Paul felt himself so vile, guilty, contemptible, abominable as a persecutor, and was unworthy to be an apostle, because the following verse shows that this is what he meant.

1 Cor. 15:9  For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. (KJV)

For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle . . . least (Eph.3:7-8). I am the least of the apostles. . . not because of any defect in his commission, or any want of qualification to bear witness in what he saw; but because of the great crime in his life, the vile fact that he had been a persecutor of Christians. Paul just could NOT forget that he had been a profane scoffer, when he was converted. The deep guilt of his former life haunted him. The effect it had on him produced humility, and a deep sense of unworthiness. Have you ever felt emotions like this? I have.
I can’t help but think . . . all those wasted years! I know how Paul felt. I also know how he felt in Romans chapter 7. Am not meet to be called an apostle . . .  he did not feel fit to be regarded as a follower of the Lord Jesus, not fit to defend His cause, and to bear His Name among the Gentiles. Paul had a deep sense of his unworthiness; and the memory of his former life kept him humble.
Because I persecuted the church of God . . . (Acts 9). It is obvious, that as deeply as Paul might feel his unworthiness, and his unfitness to be called an apostle, this did not reduce him to an incompetent witness of what he had seen. Yes, he was unworthy; but he had no doubt whatsoever that he had seen the Lord Jesus; and amidst all his deep sense of unfitness for his office, he never once suggests the slightest doubt that he had indeed seen the Saviour. He felt himself fully qualified to testify to that; and with unwavering firmness he did testify to it to the end of life.

The resurrection of Christ was a FACT, but it had to be proven, like all other facts, by competent and credible witnesses. Paul appeals to the witnesses who had confirmed, or who yet still lived to verify the truth of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus. He shows that it was NOT possible that so many witnesses could have been deceived. This was not the first time in which the evidence had been told to them. Paul’s purpose was just to remind them of what they had already heard and believed. He does not present all the witnesses to the event, but refers only to the more important ones. He does not mention the woman to whom the Saviour first appeared, nor does he refer to all the times when the Lord Jesus manifested himself to His disciples. But he does not refer to them in general, but mentions names, and refers to persons who were still alive, who could prove it was truth . . . the truth of the resurrection.

1 Cor. 15:10  But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. (KJV)

But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain . . . Paul says, by the kindness and mercy of God, what I have is to be traced to Him, and not to any native tendency to goodness, or any native inclination to His service, or to any merit of my own. All my hopes of Heaven; all my zeal; all my success; all my piety; all my apostolic endowments, are traced to Him. Nothing is more common in the writings of Paul, than his character to trace all that he had to the mercy and grace of God. Oh! That we all would do this! 
But I laboured more abundantly than they all . . . he was more diligent in preaching; he had come upon more perils; he had exerted himself more. The records of his life, compared with the records of the other apostles, fully show this.
Yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me . . . not I (Mat.10:20). Paul did not take credit for it. He would not boast of it. The fact was plain and could not be denied, that he had so labored. He was not proud or vain, because he remembered that he persecuted the followers of Christ, and he knew that all his desire to serve the Lord, all his ability, and all his success, could be traced to the grace and mercy of God.

1 Cor. 15:11 Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed. (KJV)

Therefore whether it were I or they . . .  Paul or the other apostles. It is comparatively immaterial by whom it was done. Establishing the Truth of the Gospel is what matters . . . the question by whom it is done is not important.
So we preach, and so ye believed . . . they all preached the Good News of Christ. They all defended the same great doctrines; and they all declared the fact that the Lord Jesus died and rose again; and this doctrine you all have believed. The doctrine of the resurrection is endorsed by all who preach it; and this Truth enters into the faith of all who believe. Paul’s plan was to affirm that the doctrines which he here refers to were great, undeniable, and fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith, and were immensely important to all.

1 Cor. 15:12  Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? (KJV)

Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead . . . Paul (verses 1-11), having stated the direct evidence for the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, continues here to show that the dead would also rise, by showing how it followed the fact that the Lord Jesus had risen. Paul’s whole argument is based on the FACT that the Lord Jesus had risen. If the resurrection of Jesus was admitted, Paul states that it must follow that Jesus’ people would also rise. Now if Christ be preached . . . this seems to include the idea of such preaching as to be believed; or so as to prove that Jesus did rise. If this was the doctrine on which the church was grounded, that the Lord Jesus rose from the dead, how then could the resurrection of the dead be denied?
How say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? . . . these may have been some of the philosophic Greeks, who spurned the doctrine of the resurrection (Acts 17:32), or they may have been followers of Sadducean teachers; or it may be that the Gnostic philosophy had corrupted them. To discredit the idea of any compatibility between Christianity and Gnosticism, one has only to compare their teachings on the main doctrines of the faith.
Gnosticism was probably the most dangerous heresy that threatened the early church. It was influenced by such philosophers as Plato. Gnosticism is based on two false principles #1. Gnostics state that matter is inherently evil and spirit is good. As a result of this supposition, Gnostics believe anything done in the body, even the grossest sin, has no meaning because real life exists in the spirit realm only. #2. Gnostics claim to possess a “higher truth” known only to a certain few. Gnosticism comes from the Greek word gnosis which means “to know.” Gnostics claim to possess this higher knowledge, NOT from the Bible, but attained on some supernatural higher plain of existence. Gnostics see themselves as a privileged class far above everyone else by their higher, deeper knowledge of God.

On the doctrine of salvation:
*****Gnosticism teaches that salvation is gained through the acquisition of divine knowledge which frees one from the illusions of darkness. Although they claim to follow Jesus Christ and His original teachings, Gnostics contradict Him at every turn. Jesus said nothing about salvation through knowledge, but instead by faith in Him as Saviour from sin (Eph.2:8-9). And too, the salvation Christ offers is free and available to everyone (Jn.3:16), not just a select few who have acquired a special revelation.
*****Christianity proclaims that there is ONE source of Truth and that is the Bible, the inspired, inerrant Word of the living God, the only infallible rule of faith and practice.  

False apostles at Corinth denied the resurrection of the dead (2 Cor.11:13-15).
Ten Proofs of the resurrection:
#1. Proven by Scripture (1 Cor.15:1-4; Job 19:25; Ps.16:10; Dan.12:1-3; Mat.28; Mk.16; Lk.24; Jn.20-31; Acts 2:27)
#2. Proved from facts (1 Cor.15:5-8; Jn.21:14; Eph.1:20; Rev.1:12-18)
#3. Proven by the absurdity of unbelief in the resurrection (1 Cor.15:12-19)
#4. Proven by declaration of fact (1 Cor.15:20-22)
#5. Proven by prophecy (1 Cor.15:23-56)
#6. Proven by the inconsistency of those who deny it (1 Cor.15:29)
#7. Proven by faith and consecration in sacrificing all for it (1 Cor.15:30-34)
#8. Proven by nature (1 Cor.15:33-49)
#9. Proved by absolute necessity of immortality of body in order to inherit the kingdom and other promises (1 Cor.15:50-54)
#10. Proven by fulfillment of prophecy in final victory over death (1 Cor.15:43-57)

1 Cor. 15:13 But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen: (KJV)

But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen . . . if there is no resurrection from the dead, then Christ is not risen. They are linked together. It is on the basis of the resurrection of Christ . . . that Jesus Christ is the firstfruits (Rom.11:16), that means there will be more to follow. He is the firstfruits, and later at His Coming (1 Thes.4:13-18), there will be the resurrection of those who are His.

1 Cor. 15:14 And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. (KJV)

And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain . . . another concern which must follow, IF it be that there was no resurrection, then Christ did not rise; and IF Christ did not rise, what good would it do to preach? The substance of the apostles’ preaching was that Christ was raised! All their preaching was based on the resurrection of Christ Jesus! If that FACT were not true, the complete system was dishonest, and Christianity was a burden. The word vain here seems to include the idea of useless, idle, false. It would be false to claim that the Gospel of Jesus Christ was from Heaven; and it would be utterly useless to proclaim such a system, because it could save NO one!
And your faith is also vain . . . it would be senseless to believe in a false system that could not save you, for it could be of NO advantage whatsoever! IF Christ was NOT raised, He was an impostor and a liar, because He repeatedly declared that He WOULD rise (Mat.16:21; 17:22-23; 27:63; Lk.9:22,44; 18:31-34; Jn.2:19-21; Acts 2:23-32), and since the whole of His Gospel depended on that.
The Gospel could NOT be true unless Christ Jesus had been raised, just as He said He would be; for to believe a false doctrine could be of NO good or NO use to anyone. The argument here is one addressed to all their feelings, their hopes and their belief. It is drawn from all their beliefs that the Gospel was true. Resurrection from the dead: (Job 14:14; 19:25; Ps.49:15; 71:20; Ecc.3:21; Isa.25:8; 26:19; Dan.12:2; Eze.37:1-4; 37:12; Hos.13:14; Mat.22:29-32;  Mk.12:26; 16:6; Lk.14:14; 20:37; 24:26,46; Jn.5:21,25,29; 6:40,45,54; 11:23-26; Acts 23:6; 24:15,21; 26:8; Rom.4:17; 1 Cor.6:14; 15:20-22,42,51-54; 2 Cor.1:9; 4:14; Phil.3:11; 1 Thes.4:14,16; Heb.6:2; 11:35; Rev.20:13).

1 Cor. 15:15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. (KJV)

Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God . . . Paul says the IF the Lord Jesus was not raised up, that we have been false witnesses.
Because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ . . . Paul says that IF the Lord Jesus was not raised, our evidence has been against Him, and we have affirmed something that is not true. It is implied here, that it would be a crime to testify that God had raised up the Lord Jesus IF He had not done it.
Whom he raised not up, if so that the dead rise not . . . if there is no resurrection, and there can be no resurrection . . . it would prove that all the apostles were false witnesses of the worst kind, they were false witnesses against God. The apostles had ample opportunity to know whether God did in fact, raise up the Lord Jesus; and they were indeed witnesses who had no reason whatsoever to bear a false witness in this case.

1 Cor. 15:16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: (KJV)

For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised . . .this repeats what is said in verse 13. Any time something is repeated in the Scriptures, it is because it is important. It would be a great and momentous truth which would bear repetition, IF there was no resurrection, and if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not been raised.
 
1 Cor. 15:17 And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. (KJV)

And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins . . . (verse 14). The meaning of this Passage is, that their faith was vain, because, IF Christ was not raised up, they were still unpardoned sinners. The pardon of sin was joined with the belief of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, and, IF He was not raised, they were still in a state of sin.

1 Cor. 15:18 Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. (KJV)

Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished . . . there have been millions of believers who have died trusting Christ as their Saviour, and IF Christ is not risen, then every one of them has perished. Which are fallen asleep in Christ . . . which had died as Christians (1 Cor.15:6; 1 Thes.4:15). Are perished . . . are not saved, are bound for Hell.
TRUE Christians hoped to have been saved by the merits of the Lord Jesus; they trusted a risen Saviour, and fixed all their hopes of Heaven on Him . . . BUT if Jesus did not rise, the whole Gospel was delusion, and their hopes of Heaven have failed, and been destroyed. Their bodies lie in the grave, and return to their native dust without the prospect of a resurrection, and their souls are destroyed. It means that the believers in Christ who have died are NOT saved, but instead lost . . . IF Jesus did not rise.

1 Cor. 15:19  If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable. (KJV)

If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable . . . the Christian faith is a religion for today (Romans chapter 6) . . . but, Christianity is also a religion reaching into eternity. My friend, IF Christ Jesus was not raised, we have been deceived and we have absolutely NO hope whatsoever for Heaven . . . and IF we have no hope of Heaven, we are indeed most miserable! For IF our hope in Christ is good for this life only, then we should be pitied, more than anyone else in all the world. But we're not! We're rejoicing!

That is the end of Paul's "IFS" (verses 12,13,14,15,16,17,19). Will you face up to the possibilities which he presents? If you go through these "IFS" logically, you will clearly see that the human family is totally lost and hopeless IF Christ had not been raised from the dead.

Ten disasters IF Christ did NOT rise:
#1. Our preaching is in vain (1 Cor.15:14).
#2. Our faith is in vain (1 Cor.15:14,17).
#3. We are liars; because we preached such a doctrine (1 Cor.15:15).
#4. We are yet in our sins (1 Cor.15:17; Rom.6:10-11).
#5. All the dead believers in Christ are perished (1 Cor.15:18).
#6. We have no hope (1 Cor.15:19).
#7. We are most miserable, and should be pitied (1 Cor.15:19).
#8. We are deceived fools (1 Cor.15:30-32).
#9. God’s Promises are lies (1 Cor.15:50-54).
#10. Prophecies are false (1 Cor.15:50-54).

The Procession of the Resurrection (1 Cor.15:20-28)

1 Cor. 15:20  But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. (KJV)

But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept . . . Christ Jesus is the firstfruits in the resurrection. In the Old Testament they had the festival of firstfruits (Lev.2:12-16; Num.18:12; Deut.18:4), when they would bring the first sheaf of grain to the Lord. Firstfruits mean that there would be more to come, otherwise it could NOT be the firstfruits. The fulfillment of that is in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. He came back from the dead in a glorified Body. And He is the only One who has ever come back from the dead in a glorified body.

1 Cor. 15:21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. (KJV)

For since by man came death . . . death came by Adam, by means of his transgression (verse 22). Clearly, the sense here is, that as a result of Adam’s sin, all men are exposed to temporal death. In other words, man would not have died, had it not been for the crime of the first man, Adam (Rom.5:12). Should we be angry with Adam because he sinned and put ALL mankind after him in danger of death? Do you actually think that you would have done differently that Adam? Do you think that YOU would have obeyed God instead?
This Passage may be regarded as proof that death would not have entered the world had it not been for SIN! IF man had not sinned back in the Garden, he would have remained immortal on the Earth, or would have been translated to Heaven, as Enoch and Elijah were (Gen.5:24; 2 Ki.2:1-11), without seeing death.
By man came also the resurrection of the dead . . . by the Lord Jesus, the Son of God in human form. The resurrection came by Jesus, He was the first to rise . . . He was the FIRST of those who would not again die. It was Jesus who proclaimed the doctrine of the resurrection, and placed it on a firm foundation; and because by His power the dead shall be raised up. Thus He came to counteract the evils of the fall of man, and to restore man to more than his primeval dignity and honor. The resurrection through Christ will be with the assurance that all who are raised up by Him shall never die again.
Jesus who proclaimed the doctrine of the resurrection: (Mat.16:21; 17:23; 20:19; 27:64; Mk.9:31; 10:34; Lk.9:22; 13:32; 18:33; 24:7,21,46; Acts 10:40; 1 Cor.15:4). 

1 Cor. 15:22  For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. (KJV)

For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive . . . as it was with Adam, all men that came after him became subject both to temporal (physical) death, and all the afflictions and miseries of this life on Earth, and forerunners of eternal death, which is the result of the guilt of sin (Rom.6:23). Only in Christ, that is, through the merits of His death, and through His resurrection, all that are in Him (Col.2:7,9), being chosen in Him (Eph.1:4), given to Him (Jn.10:29), and by faith rooted in Him (Col.2:7), are not only made alive spiritually, being passed from death unto life (1 Jn.3:14), but shall be raised from the dead unto eternal life. Although this verse does not prove the general resurrection, (intended only for believers, that are members of Christ), still, it does not oppose it. The all here mentioned here is only TRUE believers, and seems not only from the term in Christ in this verse, but from the whole of the following address; which is only concerning the resurrection of believers to life, NOT that of the wicked to eternal condemnation (Dan.12:2).

Comment on eternal death:

Eternal death is ETERNAL SEPARATION from God and all His goodness and mercy.
2 Thessalonians 1:8-9 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: 9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; (KJV)
Revelation 20:15 And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire. (KJV)

OTHER Scriptures on Eternal Death:
Isa.1:31; 33:14; 34:10; 66:24; Dan.7:11; 12:1-2; Mal.4:1; Mat.3:12; 13:30,42; 18:8; 25:41; 9:44; Luke 3:9,17; 16:24; Heb.6:8; Jude 1:7; Rev.14:10; 19:20; 20:10; 21:8.
See different deaths: ttp://www.hisservants.org/death_then_what_1.1.htm

1 Cor. 15:23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming. (KJV)

But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits . . . Christ is risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept . . . meaning the SLEEP of physical death. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead (verse 21). In Adam all die . . . you are in the family of Adam, and you are going to die unless the Lord comes to take you in the Rapture (1 Thes.4:13-18). Even so in Christ shall all be made alive. Jesus IS the Resurrection and the Life. But every man in his own order . . . I do not think that there is a common (shared) resurrection day for all people. Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. . . . Do you think that BOTH groups mentioned here, will be raised at the same time? NO! Absolutely not! There will be many years separating the two groups. See Rev.20:4-6. Different resurrections: http://www.godcannotlie.org/rev_ch20.htm
But every man in his own order . . . this could mean either with respect to time or dignity. The order is not given to us, Paul just tells us that God had appointed an order, each person resurrected in God’s own time and fashion. In the Rapture, there shall be order! 1Thes.4:15  For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. (KJV)
Afterward they that are Christ's at his coming . . . the resurrection is done in order! Christ first, then believers, those that are members of Christ, by faith rooted in Him, should also rise, but not before His Second Coming.

1 Cor. 15:24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. (KJV)

Then cometh the end . . . the end of what? The end of the age. How will it end? The Great Tribulation will come first, on all the rebellion in the world, and then will come the Millennial Kingdom here on the Earth. After the Millennium, Satan will be released again for a little while (Rev.20:1-5), then he will be cast forever into the lake of fire (Rev.20:10), and the Lord Jesus Christ will establish His Kingdom forever. That will be the eternal Kingdom. In reality, it seems that the eternal Kingdom of Christ is a just furthering of the Millennial Kingdom, for the Millennial Kingdom will be a time of trial. Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God. When will this take place? At the end of the Millennial Kingdom, Christ will put down all rule and all authority and power.
When he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father . . . Christ shall then deliver up those keys of life and Hell and death to His Father, yet shall not Christ's Kingdom cease (Isaiah says in Isa.9:7, that of it there shall be no end). Christ's essential Kingdom, which is His dominion, is that which He has and exercises over all created beings, together with His Father, and the Holy Spirit. ALL was done by ONE Divine spirit that shall hold and abide for ever. It is Christ’s Mediatory Kingdom, by which He rules over His church in the midst of His enemies. It seems that it is that Kingdom that shall cease, and be delivered up unto the Father.
Christ's delivering up the Kingdom to His Father, proves absolutely NO inferiority of Christ to His Father, any more than His Father's committing that Mediatory Kingdom to Christ can prove His Father's not reigning, or inferiority to Christ. It means only the ceasing of that particular dispensation, or Christ's exercise of His Mediatory Kingdom on Earth, in the rule and government of the church, when He subdues His, and His people's enemies. For more on Dispensations: http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_what_is_dispensationalism.htm
When he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power . . . it is then that all rule and authority of kings and princes of the Earth cease, and all the ministration of good angels, and power of evil angels; so shall all ministrations and governments in the church rebellion here on Earth cease, and all those that are the enemies of the church shall be utterly restrained.

Five things to happen before the end: 
*****#1. The Millennial Kingdom will be delivered to God (1 Cor.15:24; Rev.21:1-Rev,22:5).
*****#2. All rebellious rule, authority, and power SHALL be put down (1 Cor.15:24; Eph.1:23; Heb.2:6-9; Rev.20:7-10). 
*****#3. Death shall be destroyed (1 Cor.15:26; Rev.20:7-15; 21:3-5).
*****#4. Christ's work of removing rebellion from the Earth, must be accomplished and accepted by the Father (1 Cor.15:27-28; Rev.20:1-15; Eph.1:10). This is the purpose of the 1,000 years reign of Christ on Earth. When this is completed, the Kingdom of Heaven will be received by the Father as part of the universal Kingdom of God, just as it was BEFORE any rebellion started. Rebellion by Satan and Adam made it necessary to send Christ to re-establish the Kingdom of God over all again. The Father and the Son will come to Earth with an army large enough to take the kingdoms of this world in ONE day (Zec.14; Rev.19:11-21). The Son of God is authorized to reign the first 1,000 years of the eternal reign to rid Earth of all rebellion. After that, the Father will move His capital city, the New Jerusalem, from Heaven to Earth, so that He can be among His people forever. 
*****#5. God becomes "all in all" again, just as it was before any rebellion started by Satan in the pre-Adamite world, and by Adam in the Adamite world (1 Cor.15:28; Rev.21:1-Rev.22:5).

1 Cor. 15:25  For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. (KJV)

For he must reign . . . WHO must reign? Satan, the devil! (Jn.12:31; 14:30; 16:11). This is according to the Promise: Psalm 110:1 The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. (KJV) . . . The kingdom cannot be given to God the Father until all the evil rule and government be cast down. As long as the world lasts, Jesus, as the Messiah and Mediator, must reign; and all humans are rightly His subjects, and are under His government, and are accountable to Him.

1 Cor. 15:26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. (KJV)

The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death . . . all the the other foes of God will have been put down before the final resurrection. The power of Satan will have been broken and taken from him. All the false religions that had controlled men will have been destroyed. The Gospel of Jesus Christ will have spread everywhere, and the world will have been converted to God. Nothing would remain but to subdue or destroy death, and that would be by the resurrection because:
*****#1. The resurrection would triumph over death, showing that there was one of greater power, and that the power would be removed from the hands of death.
*****#2. Death would cease to reign. No one will ever die again. All God’s TRUE children would be raised up to everlasting life (Dan.12:2), to live for ever. The effects of sin and rebellion in this world would be for ever gone, and the Kingdom of God restored as it was in the Garden before any rebellion started! Death is here shown as an oppressor, exercising absolute power over the human race, but death shall be subdued.
*****#3. Death shall be destroyed by the resurrection (Hos.13:14; 2 Tim.1:10; Rev.20:14). Death can only be destroyed and conquered by a total resurrection, of both the good and the bad (Dan 12:2). Those raised to shame and everlasting contempt will NOT go to Heaven. Their destination will be the lake of fire (Rev.20:15). Until all resurrections take place, it is most obvious that death will still remain. For that reason, the fact that death shall be destroyed assures us that there shall be a resurrection; and after the final resurrection there shall be no more death.

1 Cor. 15:27  For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him. (KJV)

For he hath put all things under his feet . . . the Father hath put all things under the feet of Christ according to prophecy (Ps.8:6-8; 110:1-7). The psalmist adores God for the privileges given man in His Creation; amongst which God had put all things under his feet.
It is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him . . . Paul explains the positive (Heb.2:8), by a negative, he left nothing that is not put under him. For although the Scripture says, God put all things under His feet, it is only common sense, that all things do not include God Himself, who puts all things under Christ.

1 Cor. 15:28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all. (KJV)

And when all things . . . in the future, when this shall take place. This implies that the time has not yet arrived, and that His power is now exercised, and that He is carrying forward His plans for the giving of all things to God.
Shall be subdued unto him . . . when all His enemies shall be overcome and destroyed; and when the hearts of the redeemed shall be entirely subject to God. When God's Kingdom shall be fully established in the Universe. Then it shall be seen that He is Lord of all. In the previous verses Paul had spoken of the Promise that all things should be subjected to God; and here, he speaks of its being actually done.
Then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him . . . the Son's subjection to His Father, which is mentioned in this place, does nowhere, nor in any place prove that He is not equal in essence or power with His Father. It only means what was spoken before, that Christ should deliver up His Mediatory Kingdom to His Father; so establishing, that whatever He had done in the office of Mediator, was done in the Name of His Father, and by His power and authority, Since Jesus was a Man, He was subject to His Father.
That God may be all in all . . . that God may be the Highest, the Absolute Supreme; that the Holiness of the Godhead, may rule; and that it may be seen that He is the Sovereign over all the Universe. I think that by the word "God", this means the Godhead, the Divine Nature, the Holy estate of our Awesome Triune God, consisting of the Three Divine Persons. See Triune God: http://www.hisservants.org/triune_god_h_s.htm
This may make verse 28 a little more clear: If a king has only one son, and he takes into a partnership with him in his majesty and kingdom; that king would still have the pre-eminence of a father, the son only has the dignity of a son in such power and authority. If this king, had some subjects rise up in rebellion against him, he would send his son with armies and his authority against them. At the son’s return, he would yield up his command to his father, but he would still retain the exact same nature he had before, and the same authority with which his Father had before given him, for he was a partner in the kingdom and government with him.

The Program and Pattern of the Resurrection (1 Cor.15:29-50)

1 Cor. 15:29  Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead? (KJV)

Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead? . . . the word baptize means to identifiy with someone or something. It may have been that some believers were baptized on behalf of others who had died, who had not been baptized. Nothing more is known about this practice, but it clearly confirms a belief in the resurrection. Paul is NOT promoting baptism for the dead; he is showing in his argument that the resurrection is a reality.
This is a very difficult text, and is explained in so many ways. The terms baptize and baptism, mean no more than to wash, like the washing of pots and cups (Mk.7:4,8). But the most usual acceptation of baptism in Scripture, means one of the sacraments of the New Testament, which is water baptism, which simply lets others know that we take a stand with Christ. Baptism of the Holy Spirit (1 Cor.12:13) places us into the Body of Christ (the church), and identifies us with Christ and the brethren.
Baptism is also used symbolically by our Saviour in the Gospels (Mat.20:22-23; Mk.10:38-39; Lk.12:50), to mean suffering for the Name of Christ. And it is also used symbolically, to mean the action of the Holy Ghost in cleansing and renewing our hearts (Mat.3:11-12; Jn.1:33; 3:5). Baptism by the Holy Ghost is in NO way applies here.
Some say that to be baptized for the dead, means to be baptized when they were dying, and so were as good as dead. Others say there was a custom in use in the primitive church, to baptize persons over the graves of the martyrs, as a testimony of their belief of the resurrection.

So many interpretations of this verse. Below are 3 which I think are unfounded and untrue:  
*****#1. "Baptismal Regeneration," is a false doctrine teaching that God requires baptism to be saved. http://www.hisservants.org/f_baptismal_regeneration.htm
*****#2. A saved person is baptized for a lost person who has died.
*****#3. A saved person is baptized for a believer who died unbaptized.

Baptism for the dead is NOT Scriptural:
#1. Every doctrine must be proven by two or more Scriptures (Deut.19:15-18; Mat.18:16; 2 Cor.13:1), but this is the only verse that casually mentions the subject.
#2. The Corinthians were caught up in many errors, falsehoods and heresies (1 Cor.11:19). Baptism for the dead was just one of many.
#3. Water baptism CANNOT save a living man who repents and meets the Gospel conditions of salvation (Mat.3:11; Eph.2:8-9) . . . SO how could it possibly save a dead man who did not meet conditions while he was alive (Lk.13:1-5; Rom.10:9-10; Eph.2:8-9; 1 Jn.1:9).
#4. Salvation is an extremely personal matter and CANNOT be obtained by proxy (substitution) (Mk.16:16; Lk.13:1-5; Jn.3:15-20; Acts 3:19; Rom.1:16, 10:9-10; Eph.2:8-9; Rev.22:17).
#5. There is absolutely NO command, NO example of baptism for the dead in Scripture.
#6. Paul is here showing the inconsistency of false teachers at Corinth in their denying the doctrine of the resurrection and yet accepting the falsehood of baptism for the dead. Paul in NO way approves of such a doctrine or practice just because he makes one reference to this error.
#7. You may as well believe there is no resurrection of the dead on the basis of false teachers saying there is none (1 Cor.15:12), as to believe in their practice of baptism for the dead (1 Cor.15:29).

1 Cor. 15:30 And why stand we in jeopardy every hour? (KJV)

And why stand we in jeopardy every hour? . . . why do we constantly risk our lives, and come upon danger of every kind? This especially refers to Paul and the other apostles, who were constantly exposed to peril by land or by sea in the difficult work of making known the Gospel.
They really were fools, IF there was no resurrection of believers unto eternal life. Paul says: why should we ourselves risk our lives hour after hour if there is no resurrection? Every hour? Constantly (verse 26). So numerous were the apostles’ dangers, that they might be said to occur every hour. This was particularly the case in the occurrence to which he refers in Ephesus (verse 32).
See: Paul’s many perils: (2 Cor.11:23-27).

1 Cor. 15:31 I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily. (KJV)

I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily . . . since Christ is raised from the dead, believers are identified with Him. As Paul said to the believers at Rome: Romans 6:3-4 Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? 4 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. (KJV) . . . We are joined to a resurrected, living Christ. Paul says, I am foolish to make the sacrifices I have made if there is no resurrection, for my life stands in jeopardy every hour. I am constantly in danger of death.

1 Cor. 15:32  If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die. (KJV)

If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? . . . Paul asks, why should I be put in a lions' cage for my faith in Christ, IF Christ did not rise from the dead? Paul says that he was identified, he was baptized into His death. He was identified as a dead man because he was joined to a living Christ.
Being identified with Christ in His death and resurrection is a fabulous fact! We should NEVER reduce it to just a little water baptism service. That would be totally in vain!
IF Christ is not risen, and IF the dead will not be resurrected, then we may as well go along with the self-indulgent philosophy of the Epicureans who say, "Let us eat and drink; for tomorrow we die."

1 Cor. 15:33 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners. (KJV)

Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners . . . do not allow yourselves to be abused with the evil and corrupt doctrines of those false teachers who bring their smooth and rational arguments. This is a warning. Paul had so far been involved in an argument on the subject; now he warns them to watch out lest they be deceived by false teachers. Evil communications . . . means not only speech, but also being together, companionship, close interaction. It seems that Paul quotes these words from the Greek poet, Menander, showing that he was, in some degree, familiar with the Greek writers (Acts 17:28). Menander was a celebrated comic poet of Athens. His writings were filled with elegance, refined wit, and sensible observations. Maybe Paul quoted this sentiment from this Greek poet, because it might have weight with the Greeks. It was a sentiment of one of their own writers, and here was an occasion in which it was exactly applicable. It is implied here, that there were some persons who were trying to corrupt their minds away from the simplicity of the Gospel.
The meaning of the poet’s quote is, that close friendship and conversation with those who hold wrong opinions, or who are impure in their lives, tends to corrupt the morals, the heart, the sentiments of others. The main thing to which Paul here applies it to, is the resurrection. Such interaction can tend to corrupt the simplicity of their faith (and ours), and pervert their views of the Truth of the Gospel, and thus corrupt their lives (and ours). Paul warns the Corinthians, and us! We must be very careful what we allow into our hearts and minds!  It is always true that evil communications corrupt the mind and the heart.

1 Cor. 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame. (KJV)

Awake to righteousness, and sin not . . . sin, in Scripture is compared to sleep, and that very correctly; because just as the natural senses are closed in natural sleep, so too is the sinner's spiritual senses are locked, so that he does not use them to tell the difference between good and evil; and just as he that is asleep has no worries, no care, no fear and feels secure, so too, the sinner is totally secure and void of fear. Repentance is set out under the notion of waking up (Rom. 13:11; Eph.5:14). We should not only be concerned about avoiding evil, but also to do good; not only to awake from sin, but to wake up to righteousness, meaning to awake to a holy lifestyle. Sin is called a crooked way (Isa.42:16; 59:8), because it refuses to agree with the rule of God's Holy Word.
For some have not the knowledge of God . . . Paul tells the Corinthians (and some of us), that they did not have a saving knowledge of God, or a right understanding of the things of God. See Saving Faith: http://www.godcannotlie.org/saving_faith.htm
I speak this to your shame . . . (1 Cor.6:5), because you have had so many opportunities to know the Truth, and because it is a subject of deep disgrace that there are any in your congregation who deny the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead, and who are strangers to the amazing grace of God (Eph.1:5-12; 2:8-9).
Comment: IF death ends it all, as some false teachers say, enjoying the moment would be all that matters. But all TRUE Christians know that life continues beyond the grave and that this life on Earth is only a preparation for our life that will never end. I truly believe that this life on Earth is what God gives us, to decide WHERE we shall spend eternity. What you do today, what you decide today, matters for eternity. If you consider the thought of eternity in Heaven, continuing in SIN is stupid!
Just WHAT is your belief about the resurrection? My friend, it will affect your outlook of the future. It also should affect how you live today. Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. (KJV) . . . WHICH of these resurrections will YOU take part in? The Bible absolutely teaches a bodily resurrection, both of believers and unbelievers . . . NOT ate the same time!
Sin, in Scripture compared to sleep: (Pro.19:15; Isa.26:19; 51:17; 52:1; 56:10; 60:1; Eze.37:10; Mat.13:25; 24:42; 25:5,13; 26:38,40-41; Mk.13:34-35; 14:37-38; Lk.12:39; 21:36; 22:46; Jn.5:25-29; 11:43-44; Acts 20:31; Rom.6:4-5,13; 13:11-14; 1 Cor.15:34; 16:13; Eph.2:5; 5:14; 6:18; Col.3:1; 4:2; 1 Thes.5:6; 2 Tim.2:26; 4:5; 1 Pet.4:7; Rev.3:2; 16:15)

With what kind of body, will the dead rise? (1 Cor.15:35-51).
The Dead Shall be Raised in a Spiritual Body


1 Cor. 15:35 But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come? (KJV)

But some man will say . . . this verse begins the second part of the chapter, where the apostle Paul meets the objections to the argument, and shows in what manner the dead will be raised. That objections were made to the doctrine is obvious from verse 12.
How are the dead raised up? . . . in what way? by what means? This is the first objection which would be made, the first inquiry on which the apostle answers. The question is one which would most likely be made by the doubting Greeks. The apostle Paul does not draw it out at length, nor state it fully, but it may be regarded as the same questions that have been asked in all ages. How is it possible that the dead should be raised? Do they return to the dust? If their dust is scattered; how shall it be re-gathered? What about those burned at the stake, how shall their bodies be recollected and reorganized? What about those eaten by the beasts of the field, the fowls of heaven, or the fishes of the sea? How can these bodies be re-gathered and restructured? This objection the apostle Paul will answer in verses 36-38.
And with what body do they come? . . . this is the second objection or inquiry which Paul will answer. It may be understood as meaning, what will be the form, the shape, the size, the organization of the new body? Are we to believe that all the matter which at any time entered into the body’s composition, is to be re-gathered, to establish a large frame? Are we to believe that it will be the same as it is here, with the same organization, the same necessities, the same wants? Are we to believe that the aged will be raised as aged, and the young as young, and that infancy will be raised in the same state, and remain so for ever? Are we to believe that the bodies will be material, and need support and nourishment, or, that there will be a new body? All these and many other questions have been asked, in regard to the bodies at the resurrection; and it is by no means improbable that they were asked by the philosophizing Greeks, and that they constituted a part of the reasoning of those who denied the doctrine of the resurrection. This question, or objection, the apostle answers in verses 39-50.

1 Cor. 15:36  Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die: (KJV)

Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die . . . Paul does not say Thou fool, in anger, (which is that using of this term which Jesus said in Mat.5:22, and brings a man under the danger of Hell fire), Paul states this as a serious and commanding rebuke. He calls them fools for their lack of understanding of the things and ways of God. He tells them that they may as well ask, how the grain of wheat, which they sow in their field, rises again; for that grain also rots under the clods of the earth, under which it is buried, before it comes up again.

1 Cor. 15:37 And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain: (KJV)

And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain . . . and when it rises or shoots up, it is NOT the same little, bare grain, which was what by them was sown.

1 Cor. 15:38  But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body. (KJV)

But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body . . . God gives to every grain, or kind of seed, such a kind of body as pleases Him, for out of that one bare grain is produced a system of roots, a tall and vigorous stalk, with all its leaves. All of this is the mystery of life. In reality, the mystery of life is greater than the mystery of death. When you sow wheat, wheat comes up, NOT barley or corn. That little grain that forms on the stalk is
The Resurrection: 
The resurrection is illustrated and proven by a grain of wheat:
#1. New bodies of grain are not reproduced, unless they die (1 Cor.15:36; Jn.12:24).
#2. Bodies of grain that die are NOT the same bodies as those that rise (1 Cor.15:37; Jn.12:24).
#3. Grain must die before reproducing new bodies (Jn.12:24).

1 Cor. 15:39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds. (KJV)

All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds . . . flesh here means a kind of body: the flesh of men differs from the flesh of beasts; and there is a difference in natural qualities between the physical flesh of beasts, of fishes, and birds . . . yet they are all bodies, they are all flesh, different kinds, but still flesh.

1 Cor. 15:40 There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. (KJV)

There are also celestial bodies . . . such as the sun, the moon, and the stars.
And bodies terrestrial . . . men, beasts, birds, fishes, the elements, stones, etc.
But the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another . . . between these two species of bodies, in respect to qualities, there is a very great difference. The glory of the heavenly bodies is much greater than the glory of the earthy bodies that are compounded of the elements.

1 Cor. 15:41  There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory. (KJV)

There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory . . . among the celestial bodies there is much difference with respect to the qualities. The glory of the moon is not like the glory of the sun, and the glory of a star is much beneath the glory both of the sun and of the moon, and one star is more glorious than another: yet they are all bodies, though of different species and qualities.

1 Cor. 15:42  So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: (KJV)

So also is the resurrection of the dead . . . so it shall be, as to the bodies of the saints in the resurrection. The same bodies of the saints shall rise, but with qualities, and in a condition, much different from what they were when they died . . . the same as the grain of wheat that shoots up, although with another body. Just as there is a difference between celestial and terrestrial bodies, and between celestial bodies themselves; so there will also be a difference between the bodies of the saints. Now they are only of the Earth, from what they shall be in the resurrection; which difference he shows in several ways.
It is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption: it is sown . . . it dies and is buried in a physical state, which is subject to decay; but when it shall be again raised from the dead, it shall never be subject to putrefaction or corruption ever again (1 Cor.15:52). The dead shall be raised incorruptible.

1 Cor. 15:43  It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: (KJV)

It is sown in dishonor . . . our bodies die, and go to the grave.
It is raised in glory. . . in the resurrection, our bodies shall be raised in honor; in beauty; and in a form and manner that shall be glorious. This refers to the fact that everything like dishonor, vileness and humiliation, which attends it here, shall be removed there, and that the body shall bear a resemblance to the glorified body of Jesus Christ (Phil.3:21). Our new body shall be adapted to a world of glory; and everything which here on Earth is considered cumbersome, degraded, immoral, offensive, vile, etc., shall there be removed. The word glory here means dignity, splendor, honor, excellence, perfection; and is here used as meaning the combination of all those things which shall rescue it from humiliation and disgrace.  
Raised in glory: (Dan.12:3; Mat.13:43; Phil.3:21).
It is sown in weakness . . . death takes away the strength and power of the body, and hands it over to the dust. It means death removes us from the many weaknesses, frailties and liabilities to sickness, to which we are here exposed. The body’s feeble powers are soon flattened and its vital functions soon stop in death.
It is raised in power. . . this does not mean power like that of God, or like the angels. It does not confirm that our new bodies shall be endued with remarkable and enormous physical strength, or that it shall have the power of performing what would now be regarded as miracles. I think that if we consider power here to be the opposite of weakness, it would mean that it shall be no longer be liable to disease; no more overcome by the attacks of sickness; no more subject to the infirmities and weaknesses which it here experiences. The heavenly body shall not be brought down by sickness, nor overcome by fatigue. It shall not be lazy, and shall willingly serve God without weariness. It shall need no rest as it does here (Rev.7:15; 22:5). It will be a new world where there shall be no fatigue, weariness, disease; but where there shall be ample power to engage in the service of God for ever. I do not think that the physical powers of man, or his intelligence, shall be greatly increased in Heaven. I think each person will keep his own characteristics. If there is any revelation on this point, I do not know where it is written.

1 Cor. 15:44  It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. (KJV)

It is sown a natural body . . . this seems to be added by Paul in the way of strong confirmation coming from sincerity and from a desire to prevent misunderstanding. The statement is, that there is a natural body; that is obvious; it is seen everywhere. No one can doubt it.
It is raised a spiritual body . . . with equal confidence, Paul says, there is a spiritual body, and it is just as certain and indisputable as a natural body. This statement is made, not because the evidence of both is the same, but is made because of his apostolic authority, and is to be received on that authority. That there was a natural body was clear to all . . . but that there was a spiritual body was a position which he stated to be just as certain as the other. The only proof which he claims is in verse 46, which is the proof arising from revelation.
Spiritual Body: (Lk.24:31; Jn.20:19,26).

1 Cor. 15:45  And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. (KJV)

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul . . . Gen.2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. (KJV)  . . . Adam became a living soul, a living substance, a natural body, because of that breath of life which God breathed into him.
The last Adam was made a quickening spirit . . . the last Adam . . . the last Head of humanity, who is to be fully manifested in the last day, which is His day (Jn. 6:39). Christ became the representative of the whole human family in His union of the two natures, God and Man. He died on the cross, so that all who believe, could have spiritual and everlasting life in Heaven. Last day: (Jn.6:39-40,44,54; 11:24; 12:48; Dan.12:2,8,13)
Contrasting Adam and Christ: 
#1. First Adam. . . Last Adam (1 Cor.15:45)
#2. Living soul . . . quickening spirit (1 Cor.15:45)
#3. Natural body . . . Spiritual Body (1 Cor.15:46)
#4. Earthly . . . Heavenly (1 Cor.15:47)
#5. Only man . . . both Man and God (1 Cor.5:47)
#6. First man . . . Second Man (1 Cor.15:47)
#7. Adam, sinner (Gen.3) . . . Christ Jesus, sinless (Isa.53:9; Mat.27:4,19,23-24; Jn.8:46; Lk.23:41,47; 2 Cor.5:21; Heb.4:15; 7:26-27; 1 Pet.2;22; 1 Jn.2:1; 3:5).

Liberals today do NOT believe in a bodily resurrection. It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. My friend, the only thing that is carried over in resurrection is the BODY! It is one kind of body when it dies, a natural body, but when it is raised, it is raised a body as well . . . but a spiritual body, controlled now by the spirit  . . . but it is still a body.

1 Cor. 15:46  Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. (KJV)

Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual . . . that was not first which is spiritual . . . meaning the natural or animal body, described in verse 44, came before the spiritual body. It was the natural body with which Adam was created. The spiritual body is the last, and is that with which the soul shall be clothed in the resurrection.

1 Cor. 15:47  The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven. (KJV)

The first man is of the earth, earthy . . . the first man is of the earth . . . meaning Adam's body was made out of the dust of the earth (Gen.2:7).
The second man is the Lord from heaven . . . the second man is from Heaven, Heavenly. The second man is the Lord from heaven!
I think both these clauses can better help us understand, and relate to man, and can point out the difference between the animal body and the spiritual body, or between the bodies which we now have and the bodies which we shall have in the resurrection. What is formed of Earth must live after an earthly manner; must be nourished and supported by the Earth. What is from Heaven is of a spiritual nature; and shall have no farther connection with, nor dependence upon the Earth. The resurrection body shall be of a heavenly nature, and not subject to decay or death.

1 Cor. 15:48  As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. (KJV)

As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy . . . earthy, as Adam was, who was formed from the dust of the Earth, so are all his descendants; frail, decaying and subject to death.
And as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly . . . the heavenly, as those who shall one day have a spiritual body as Christ now has, since His resurrection, (which is a heavenly body). Such a heavenly body shall all believers one day have, after the resurrection.

1 Cor. 15:49  And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly. (KJV)

And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly . . . since we are descendants of Adam, we bear the image of the earthy. For from Adam we have all been born in his likeness, and subject to the same kind of corruption, disgrace and death. All TRUE believers shall also be raised to everlasting life in the Kingdom of God. It is my opinion here, that this refers to Adam (the earthly) and Christ (the heavenly, verses 46-49). We now bear the image of Adam, BUT at the resurrection, we shall bear the image of Christ, the heavenly! Thank You Jesus!

1 Cor. 15:50  Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. (KJV)

Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God . . . man, in his present state, CANNOT inherit the Kingdom of God; CANNOT enter Heaven’s gates. His sinful nature is not suitable for that place. He would not, in his present sinful and weak state, be granted entrance into God’s Holy Home. Because of this, it is necessary that his earthly body must be changed, to a heavenly body suited to the heavenly state. The resurrection shall make all this possible.
Flesh and blood does not here mean sin, the un-renewed nature, (as some think), but I think it means our bodies, in their present natural, corruptible, frail, mortal state. Flesh and blood, our earthy bodies, shall NOT inherit the Kingdom of God. Our body, as in its present state, until changed and altered as to qualities, until it be made a spiritual body, shall not inherit the kingdom of God. The reason why flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, is because of corruption. Our bodies are subject to natural corruption and decay, and the heavenly state of incorruption.  The bodies of believers therefore must be raised up in that state of incorruption mentioned in verse 42, before they are able to inherit the Kingdom of God.
Neither doth corruption inherit incorruption . . . natural bodies are liable to decay, and are adapted to a world where everything is corruptible. Paul here simply states that fact. He is telling us that it is impossible for us to go to Heaven in these corruptible bodies. The dead in Christ (TRUE believers), shall not only rise, but shall rise gloriously changed. The bodies of the saints, when they rise again, will be changed. They will be then glorious and spiritual bodies, fitted for the heavenly world and state where they are ever afterwards to dwell (Jn.3:3,5). The human body in its present form, and with its evil lusts and weaknesses, cannot enter or enjoy the Kingdom of God. Our corrupted bodies can NOT inherit incorruption. We must be changed, and the resurrection is what will do that! See: TRUE Children of God:
http://www.godcannotlie.org/true_children_of_god.htm

The Power of the Resurrection (1 Cor.15:51-58)

1 Cor. 15:51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, (KJV)

Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed . . . some may say: How can this be? There will be many saints alive in the world when Christ shall come at the Rapture. They all will have natural bodies that they were born with, and grew up with in the world until that time. Paul says: I now tell you a secret thing; a mystery (Rom.11:25; 16:25), and in many other texts. See end of chapter for more on Mysteries.
Comment on MANY: I do not believe there shall be as many believers left at the Rapture, as some people think. (Gen.7:7-23; Mat.7:13-14; 13:3-23; 20:6; 22:14; 25:1-12; Lk.12:32; 13:23.30; Rom.9:27-29,32; 11:5-6; 12:2; Eph.2:2-3; 1 Pet.3:20-21). That is why I keep stressing the point of TRUE believers! We must beware! We must watch, for we know not when He shall come!     
We shall not all sleep . . . not all Christians will be dead when Christ comes in the Rapture.
But we shall all be changed . . . at the resurrection, all natural, corruptible bodies of the saints shall be turned into spiritual bodies, no more capable of corruption any more. 1Thes. 4:15-17 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. 16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: 17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. (KJV)

1 Cor. 15:52  In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. (KJV)

In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed . . . this will happen very fast! Blink your eye, it is done! With God all things are possible (Mat.19:26).
This change from corruptible to incorruptible, from earthly to heavenly, will be in a moment. The command of Christ, will first call all TRUE believers out of their graves, just as a trumpet call persons together. We also read of the last trump, in the last days (Mat.24:31). There shall be such a sound made at the Rapture. Whether it is a literal trumpet, or whether it is the booming Voice of the Lord Jesus (1 Thes.4:16), there are many opinions . . . And with the trump of God . . . will there be trumpets there? Personally, I do not think so. I think it shall be Jesus’ Voice that will be like a trumpet. Why do I say this? Rev.1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, (KJV) . . . John said Jesus’ Voice sounded like a trumpet. John turned to see what it was, and he saw the glorified Christ. I believe it is the Voice of the glorified Christ that is like the sound of a trumpet.

When the Lord calls to the dead souls, they shall immediately be raised out of their graves; NOT with the same bodies as they went there with, but with different bodies that shall no longer be subject to corruption. And all those TRUE believers who at that time shall be alive, shall one way or another, also be changed, and shall also be put into an incorruptible (heavenly) state. There shall be NO mistakes! It is my humble opinion that ONLY God’s TRUE children shall hear the Lord Jesus’ call at the Rapture. ALL the unsaved (the unbelieving), shall remain on Earth to go through the Great Tribulation. See more on the Great Tribulation:
http://www.hisservants.org/tribulation_what_h_s.htm
http://www.hisservants.org/tribulation_why_h_s.htm
Glorified Christ: (Dan.7:9-10,13-14; 10:6; Mat.17:2; 28:3; Mk.9:3; Lk.:29; Acts 10:30; Rev.1:13-17; 2:18; 19:12)  
Transfiguration, Jesus: (Mat.17:2; Mk.9:2; Lk.9:29; 2 Pet.1:18)

Voice of Jesus, as a trumpet, many waters, thunder, power: (Job 37:1-5; Ps.93:3-5; Jer.51:15-16; Eze.43:2; Rev.1:10,15; 3:20; 4:2; 10:3-4; 14:2; 19:6)

1 Cor. 15:53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. (KJV)

For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality . . . it is God’s declared plan, that our flesh and blood body, our natural, corrupt body, in the state in which it now is, shall not be glorified. It will be the same body as to the matter, but not as to the qualities. Our body that we have now is corruptable and earthly. It has to be put into a state of incorruption and immortality, before it can enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.

1 Cor. 15:54  So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. (KJV)

So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality . . . a change must take place, either by dying and then being raised, or by being changed without seeing death at the Rapture; because we CANNOT enter Heaven as we are now.
We must put on incorruption (2 Cor.5:4), like putting on as a garment. We must be clothed with, or endued with, or furnished with a new body, a heavenly body. We must stop being corruptible and mortal, and must become incorruptible and immortal. All the righteous who remain alive until Christ’s Coming at the Rapture, shall be changed at once, and endowed with incorruption and immortality, just as Enoch and Elijah at their translation were (Gen.5:18-24; 2 Ki.2:11).           
Then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory . . .
Meaning an eternal and continuing victory! The saints shall die no more! Paul quotes words of the prophets (Isa.25:8; Hos.13:14). Paul says that in that day, they (andwe) will have a fuller, perfect and important victory, than they ever had before.

1 Cor. 15:55  O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? (KJV)

O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? . . . Paul, in considering this blessed day, of triumphing over death, asks in a symbolic way: Where is thy sting? What hurt can death ever do to believers again? Death will be like a bee, hornet or wasp that has lost its stinger. O grave, or O Hell, where is thy victory? Death, the conqueror of all flesh is now conquered by the resurrection! Death, the enemy of all men is ended by the resurrection! It had always gotten a victory before, but now . . . O grave, (death) where is thy victory?
For more on Hades and Hell, see: http://www.hisservants.org/hell_hades.htm

1 Cor. 15:56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law. (KJV)

The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law . . . if it were not for sin, death would NOT have any power over man. It is sin that gives death a power to hurt the children of men. The wages of sin is death (Rom.6:23).
And the strength of sin is the law . . . without the law there could be no transgression. But, the law cannot take away the guilt of sin. The law of God forbids ALL transgression, and sentences those who commit it to temporal and eternal death. Sin has its control and power from the law. The law curses the transgressor, and provides NO help for him; and if nothing or no one else intervenes, the sinner must continue forever under the realm of death. Eternity in Hell.

1 Cor. 15:57  But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. (KJV)

But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ . . . all those in Christ, have both the victory over sin and victory over death . . . because of the death and the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ. It was Jesus’ willing, sacrificial death, that both delivered us from the guilt of sin, and also from the power of sin; and who through His death destroyed him who had the power of death, the devil who continually plagues us.  

1 Cor. 15:58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord. (KJV)

Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord . . . Paul concludes this discourse, proving the resurrection of the body from the dead, establishing it upon an need to holiness, which here seems to be called the work of the Lord, because holiness is made up of works, done by us at the command of Christ. These works we do should be nonstop, with respect to His honor and glory, and in obedience to His will. Paul reminds them not only to do these things, but to do them stedfastly, never turning aside from them one way or another; and unmovably, standing firm so as NOT to give in to temptations. Paul warns them (and us) to stand firm in their faith, and to be very careful of the dangers of false teachers that could shake their faith, as to the main beliefs that lead to such a holy life, and especially of the resurrection from the dead.
For as much as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord . . . any work done for the Lord Jesus, shall be rewarded. It is NOT as if you were to die and never live again. There will be a resurrection, and you will be properly rewarded for what you did for the Lord. What you do for the honor and glory of God will be attended with happiness here, and will also be met with the glorious and eternal rewards of Heaven. 
John 14:1-4 Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me. 2  In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. 3  And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also. 4  And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know. (KJV) . . . The Bible tells us the Way! The Way, the ONLY Way is Jesus (Jn.14:6).
1 Peter 1:3-9 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4  To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, 5  Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. 6  Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations: 7  That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ: 8  Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory: 9  Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls. (KJV)
My dear friend, it does not get any better than this! 

Three commands that bring us victory:
#1. Stedfast . . . to be seated, settled, and firmly standing in the truth of the resurrection and of victory in Christ (1 Cor.7:37; 15:58)
#2. Uunmoveable . . . not allowing anything to shake your faith or move you away from the hope of the Gospel (1 Cor.15:58; Tit.1:2)
#3. Abounding in the work of the Lord  . . . always abound in the work of the Lord, knowing that what you do will be rewarded (Isa.3:10-11; 40:10; 62:11; Mat.10:42; 1 Cor.3:8,14; 9:17-18; 15:58; Rev.11:18; 22:12).

Christianity is strongly grounded on the bodily resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. Below is a list the resurrection appearances, as recorded in the Bible:
#1. Jesus first appears to Mary Magdalene, shortly after his resurrection. (Mark 16:9; John 20:11-18).
#2. Jesus appears to the women returning from the empty tomb. (Matthew 28:8-10).
#3. Jesus appears to two disciples on the road to Emmaus. (Mark 16:12-13; Luke 24:13-35).
#4. He appears to Peter. (Luke 24:34, 1 Cor.15:5).
#5. He appears to His disciples, in Jerusalem, Thomas is absent. (Luke 24:36-49; John 20:19-23).
#6. Jesus again appears to His disciples, in Jerusalem. Thomas is present. (John 20:24-29).
#7. To seven apostles by the Galilean Sea (John 21:1-2)
#8. Jesus is seen by 500 believers at one time. (1 Cor.15:6).
#9. He appears to James. (1 Cor.15:7).                                           
#10. He appears to His disciples on a mountain in Galilee. (Matthew 28:16-20).
#11. He appears to His disciples, blesses them, and ascends into Heaven. (Luke 24:50-53).
#12. He appears to Paul, on the road to Damascus. (Acts 9:3-6; 1 Cor.15:8).

Ten Proofs of the resurrection:
#1. Proven by Scripture (1 Cor.15:1-4; Job 19:25; Ps.16:10; Dan.12:1-3; Mat.28; Mk.16; Lk.24; Jn.20-31; Acts 2:27)
#2. Proved from facts (1 Cor.15:5-8; Jn.21:14; Eph.1:20; Rev.1:12-18)
#3. Proven by the absurdity of unbelief in the resurrection (1 Cor.15:12-19)
#4. Proven by declaration of fact (1 Cor.15:20-22)
#5. Proven by prophecy (1 Cor.15:23-56)
#6. Proven by the inconsistency of those who deny it (1 Cor.15:29)
#7. Proven by faith and consecration in sacrificing all for it (1 Cor.15:30-34)
#8. Proven by nature (1 Cor.15:33-49)
#9. Proved by absolute necessity of immortality of body in order to inherit the kingdom and other promises (1 Cor.15:50-54)
#10. Proven by fulfillment of prophecy in final victory over death (1 Cor.15:43-57)

What is a mystery in Scripture? It is NOT a whodunit or a mystery story, and it is NOT something you wonder about: Was it the butler who committed the crime? A mystery in Scripture means that God is revealing something, that up to that time, He had not revealed. There are two elements which always enter into a New Testament mystery: #1. It cannot be discovered by man, for it is always a revelation from God; and #2. it is revealed at the right time and not concealed, and enough is revealed to establish the fact without all the details being disclosed.
There are fifteen mysteries in the New Testament:
#1. The mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven (Mat.13:3-50; Mk.4:11; Lk.8:10).
#2. The mystery of His will (Eph.1:9).
#3. The great mystery of Christ and His church (Eph. 5:32; Col.4:3).
#4. The mystery of the Gospel (Eph.6:19). 
#5. The mystery of Israel's blindness during this age (Rom.11:25).
#6. The mystery of the faith (1 Tim.3:9).
#7. The mystery of the translation of living saints at the end of this age (1 Cor.15:51-52; 1 Thes.4:13-17).
#8. The mystery of the N.T. Church as one body composed of Jews and Gentiles (Eph.3:1-12; 6:19; Rom.16:25; Col.4:3).
#9. The mystery of the Church as the bride of Christ  (Eph.5:23-32).
#10. The mystery of being in Christ (Gal.2:20; Col.1:26-27).
#11.  The mystery of Christ as the incarnate fullness of the Godhead embodied, in whom all the divine wisdom for man subsists (1 Cor.2:7; Col.2:2,9).
#12. The mystery of godliness (1 Tim.3:16).
#13. The mystery of iniquity (2 Thes.2:7; Mat.13:33).
#14. The mystery of the seven stars (Rev.1:20).
#15. The mystery of the woman (Rev.17:5,7).
My friend, even with all these, God has NOT revealed everything to us. There are many things God has NOT told us, because it is not necessary for us to know. When it is necessary, He will reveal them to us.

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