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1 Corinthians
Chapter 11

Theme: Women's dress; the Lord's Table

Chapter 10 concluded the section concerning Christian liberty, which started in chapter 8, and continued to the first verse of this chapter. Paul will now deal with other matters about which the Corinthian church had written him.

Does God really give instructions about how a woman should dress? Yes, I think that He does. God is interested in what we are wearing and how we fix our hair, but I do think that God is much more interested in what is in our hearts. Mat.10:30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. (KJV) . . . God has a lot to say about these and related subjects. His tender watch care over us is a constant thing. We must consider that even the most intimate details of our lives are under His inspection. Scary, isn’t it? The Bible has some things to say about it.

Women's Dress (1 Cor. 11:2-16)

I have simply repeated verse 1, from the end of chapter 10.

1 Cor. 11:1 Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ. (KJV)

Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ . . . can you say this along with Paul? I truly do hope this includes you! This is something that very few Christians can say. This it is something that I dare not say, because I certainly do fall short, way short at times. I pray that you are a follower of Christ and a follower of Paul. This is a tremendous testimony Paul gives in that statement!
Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. (KJV) . . . I look to this day when I shall be like Jesus! NO more sin, ever again! Thank You Jesus, for all that You have done for us!
This verse certainly belongs to the preceding chapter, and is here out of place.

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Comment: verses 2-16 have been greatly disputed. Some think that Paul’s instruction here applied only to Paul’s day. Some others argue that these verses reflect Paul’s prejudice against women, since it seems that he was a bachelor. Then there are those who simply accept the teaching, even though they really do not understand them.

In the abundance of spiritual gifts bestowed on the Corinthians, some abuses had crept in; but, just as Christ did the will of God, and sought to honor Him, so too should the TRUE Christian maintain his subjection to Christ . . . doing His will and seeking His glory. And I think that we should, even in our dress and lifestyle, avoid everything that could in any way dishonor Christ. Jesus.  The woman was made subject to man, because she was made for his help and comfort. She should do nothing, in Christian assemblies, which looked like a claim of being equal to man. They were to be mutual comforts and blessings to each other, NOT one a slave, and the other a tyrant. God has so settled matters, both in the kingdom of providence and that of grace that the authority and subjection of each party should be for mutual help and benefit.

1 Cor. 11:2  Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered them to you. (KJV)

Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered them to you . . . it seems that Paul had previously given them some directions relating to the matters mentioned here. Some had paid attention, but others had not; and there were arguments and divisions because of it, which Paul here rebukes and tries to correct.

1 Cor. 11:3  But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. (KJV)

But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God . . . Paul is speaking particularly of Christianity and its ordinances. Christ is the Head or Author of this religion; and is the Creator, Preserver and Lord of every man, while the man is the lord or head of the woman; and the Head or Lord Jesus Christ, as Mediator between God and man, is God the Father. God sent His Son Jesus Christ to redeem man; Christ comes and lays down His life for the world. Every man who receives Christianity confesses that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father . . . and every believing woman will acknowledge, according to (Gen.3:16), that God has placed her in a dependence on and subjection to the man. So far there is no difficulty in this Passage.

1 Cor. 11:4  Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head. (KJV)

Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head . . . the Jewish rabbis of that day taught that a man was to cover his head. Paul says that they actually misinterpreted Moses and the reason for the veil. 2 Cor. 3:13 And not as Moses, which put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: (KJV) . . . This refers to the experience Moses had when he came down from the mount where he had communicated with God. When Moses first came down, the skin of his face shone (Ex.34:33-34). Paul is telling the men that they should not to cover their heads. A man created in the image of God, who is in Christ by redemption, is to have his head uncovered as a symbol of dignity and of liberty. He is not to be covered when he prays or when he prophesies. When he is praying, he is speaking for man to God, making intercession. When he is prophesying, he is speaking for God to man. Whenever he is standing in these two sacred, holy positions, he is to have his head uncovered.
This decision of Paul was direct hostility to the rules of the Jews; for they would not allow a man to pray unless he was veiled, for which they gave this reason. "He should veil himself to show that he is ashamed before God, and unworthy with open face to behold him."

1 Cor. 11:5  But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered dishonoureth her head: for that is even all one as if she were shaven. (KJV)

But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered dishonoureth her head: for that is even all one as if she were shaven .  . . the Corinthians had a woman's lib movement in Corinth, all those centuries ago, and it was going in the WRONG direction. Paul says that the man should have his head uncovered but that the woman should have her head covered. If this were the only verse in the Bible on this subject, then it would be okay for a woman to pray or prophesy as long as she covers her head. BUT . . . doesn’t Paul tells us that women should be silent in church? (1 Cor.14:34). Doesn’t he tell us that women should not be permitted to teach, or have authority over men, but to remain silent (1 Tim.2:11-12)? This is a very difficult Passage. See: http://www.godcannotlie.org/1_tim_ch2.htm
My comment on this follows:
Submission is a very important issue in relation to marriage. Submission is a word most married women do not want to consider or hear. But, even before sin entered the world, there was the principle of headship (1 Tim.2:13). Adam was created first, and Eve was created to be a "helper" for Adam (Gen.2:18-20). Since there was NO sin at that time, the only authority was God’s authority. Then Eve and Adam disobeyed God (Gen.2:17; 3:6). When SIN entered the world, authority was now needed. God established the laws of the land and also provided us with the protection we need. First, we need to submit to God, which is really the only way we can truly obey Him (Jam.1:21; 4:7).
Husbands are also to submit to their Head, which is Jesus! 1 Cor. 11:3  But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. (KJV)  . . . Husbands are to submit to Christ, just as Christ submitted to God the Father. Then the verse says that the wife should follow his example and submit to her husband.
May I say that I found a very good definition of submission. Submission is cooperating voluntarily. I like that!   
Submission is a natural response to loving leadership. When a husband loves his wife as Christ loves the church (Eph.5:25-33), submission is very EASY! It is a natural response from a wife to her husband. Submitting to God, the government or a husband is NOT a one-time thing! It is a continual, repeated approach. It becomes a habit, a pattern of behavior. The submission talked about in Ephesians 5, is absolutely NOT a one-sided subjection (hopelessness, enslavement or oppression) of a believer to a selfish, domineering person. Biblical submission is intended to be between two Spirit-filled believers who are jointly yielded to each other and to God in love.
Submission is a two-way street. Submission is a position of honor and completeness. When a wife is loved by her husband, as the church is loved by Christ, submission is never difficult. Eph. 5:24 Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing. (KJV) . . . This is saying that the wife is to submit to her husband in everything that is right and lawful. BUT . . . the wife is under NO obligation to disobey the law or God in submitting to her husband.
Spirit-filled believers are to be reverent, respectful (5:19), thankful (5:20), and submissive (5:21). A wife should submit to her husband, NOT because women are inferior, but because that is how God intended the marriage relationship to work. Submission is NOT a wife being a doormat for her husband to walk on. Instead, with the help of the Holy Spirit, a wife submits (cooperates voluntarily) to her husband, and a husband sacrificially loves his wife.

Although those in Christ there is no distinction (Gal.3:28), yet the Christian life does NOT put an end to the natural distinctions ordained by God. It recognizes them in order to inform them with its higher life. (1 Cor.11:3,7-10; 14:35; Eph.5:22-24,33; Col.3;18; Tit.2:5; 1 Pet.3:1-6).

1 Cor. 11:6  For if the woman be not covered, let her also be shorn: but if it be a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be covered. (KJV)

For if the woman be not covered, let her also be shorn: but if it be a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be covered . . . this had a particular application to Corinth. The unveiled woman in Corinth was a prostitute, and many of them had their heads shaved. The vestal virgins in the temple of Aphrodite who were really prostitutes had their heads shaved. In Corinth, the women who had their heads uncovered were the prostitutes. Possibly some of the women in the church at Corinth were saying, "All things are lawful for me, therefore, I won't cover my head." Paul says this should not be done because the veil is a mark of subjection, not to man, but to God. Now this had a local application to the women in Corinth. Does it apply to our day and society? Some say that if a woman is to lead, she should have her head covered. Other passages will give us more information about this.
1 Timothy 2:9-10 In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array; 10  But (which becometh women professing godliness) with good works. (KJV)
Titus 2:3-5 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things; 4 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, 5  To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed. (KJV)
1 Peter 3:3-5 Whose adorning let it not be that outward adorning of plaiting the hair, and of wearing of gold, or of putting on of apparel; 4  But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price. 5  For after this manner in the old time the holy women also, who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being in subjection unto their own husbands: (KJV)
Women are not to use sex appeal in the service of God. I think this is what Paul is trying to say here. She is NOT to use sex appeal at all.
There are women in the Bible stand out in Scripture as being wonderful, godly women whom God used: Sarah, Deborah, Hannah, Abigail, and Mary the mother of Jesus. These women should be an example to us. A woman should act dependably, morally and reliably if she wishes to be considered as a respectable woman.

1 Cor. 11:7  For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man. (KJV)

For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man . . . a man should not wear a cap or turban in the public congregation, for covering the head in those countries a token of subjection. Paul uses a double argument for a man's not covering of his head: #1. Because the man is immediately subject to God, and should not to show his natural subjection to men, and #2. Because God glories in man.
But the woman is the glory of the man . . . created for the honor of the man, and for his help and assistance, and originally made out of man, so as man may glory of her, as Adam did of Eve (Gen.2:23), This is now bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh. The glory of God should be revealed and uncovered, manifested to all: while the glory of the man should be hidden and concealed. Only the woman should be veiled; for the man should not to cover his head.
In verses 7-10, Paul teaches the subordination of the woman to the man, by going back to Creation. Shouldn’t this lay to rest any idea that Paul’s teaching about women’s covering was what was culturally suitable in his day, but does not apply to us today? The headship of man and the subjection of woman have been God’s order from the very beginning. The woman was NEVER given the place of headship; but instead she is the glory of man.

1 Cor. 11:8  For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man. (KJV)

For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man . . . Paul tells us that man was NOT created from woman, but that woman was created from man. Man was FIRST! This priority of man strengthens Paul’s case for man’s headship.

1 Cor. 11:9 Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man. (KJV)

Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man . . . the purpose of creation is Paul’s next point. Man was NOT created for the woman . . . but instead, woman was created for the man. Genesis 2:18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him. (KJV)  

1 Cor. 11:10  For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head because of the angels. (KJV)

For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head because of the angels . . . Paul had stated and proven that the woman is subordinate to the man, and he had said that the veil or head covering was the symbol of the man's authority. The implication is that the woman should wear the symbol of the authority of her husband in the assemblies of people for religious worship, for there they were in the presence not merely of men but of angels. The angels had had been spectators at what the woman did at the Creation, where she usurped the place of headship over her husband. She made the decision in the Garden that the man should have made. Because of this, sin entered the world causing the unspeakable aftermath of misery and woe.
Consider this: a woman could wear a head covering while her mind and heart were NOT in submission to her husband. IF a person’s heart is not right, NO outward sign would make any difference whatsoever to God!

1 Cor. 11:11  Nevertheless neither is the man without the woman, neither the woman without the man, in the Lord. (KJV)

Nevertheless neither is the man without the woman, neither the woman without the man, in the Lord . . . the man should NOT assume to himself too much superiority, and consider the woman as made only for his pleasure, and treat her as in all ways inferior, and withhold the respect that is due to her. The plan of this and the following verse is to show that the man and woman are united in the most tender interests; that the one cannot live comfortably without the other; that one is necessary to the happiness of the other. Even though the woman was formed from the man, yet it is also to be remembered that the man is descended from the woman. She should therefore be treated with proper respect, tenderness, and regard. Woman’s subordination does not conflict with mutual interdependence. The man and the woman were formed for each other, they should not be independent of each other. In God’s eyes, one is necessary to the comfort of the other; and this fact should be recognized by all.   

1 Cor. 11:12  For as the woman is of the man, even so is the man also by the woman; but all things of God. (KJV)

As the woman is of the man . . . in the original Creation, woman was formed from the man.
So is the man also by the woman . . . but, man is born of the woman, or descended from her. Both sexes are dependent on each other, and should therefore nurture and encourage a binding union.
But all things of God . . . all things were created and arranged by God (Rom.11:36). This statement seems designed to suppress and/or destroy any spirit of complaint or dissatisfaction with this arrangement. The woman should be content in her subordinate position, and the man should be humble by considering that it is all owing to the choice of God.
Has God changed? NO! Absolutely NOT! Malachi 3:6 For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed. (KJV) . . . This is NOT just for Israel! It is for us today. It is for ALL people who go against God! God today, as then, is still a God of judgment. His judgment will fall on ALL evildoers. But His grace has NOT changed either, and that is a comfort to anyone who will accept the amazing grace of God. No matter what a person has done in the past, no matter how evil it was, God can and will forgive them IF they sincerely repent (turn away from) their sin, and TO God. His loving and merciful arms are outstretched in your direction, no matter who you are! Red, yellow, black or white, Jew or Gentile; God can be merciful to you, if you let Him! Leave your sin, go to God!

1 Cor. 11:13  Judge in yourselves: is it comely that a woman pray unto God uncovered? (KJV)

Judge in yourselves . . . judge among yourselves. Paul had used several arguments to show the offensiveness of their females speaking unveiled in public. He now appeals to their natural sense of what was decent and right, according to the established and acknowledged customs and habits of that time.
Is it comely that a woman pray unto God uncovered?. . . is it decent, is it becoming? The Grecian women, except their priestesses, were accustomed to appear in public with a veil.
Paul refers to that established custom, and asks if it did not agree with their own views, that the women in Christian assemblies should also wear the same symbol of modesty. Did they want to come to church looking like a harlot? Certainly not!

1 Cor. 11:14  Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him? (KJV)

Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him? . . . we have an example of long hair in the Old Testament. The Nazarite vow was an act of consecrating oneself to God. It was symbolized by long, uncut hair. This meant that a Nazarite was willing to bear shame for God's Name. Even at that time men's long hair was considered shameful. It is a shame unto him . . . it is improper and disgraceful. Wearing long hair was almost a universal custom that fittingly belongs to the female sex. Nazarite: (Num.6:1-21; Judg.13:5; 16:17).                  

1 Cor. 11:15  But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering. (KJV)

But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering . . . it is true that today we have liberty in Christ. The length of the hair is really not so much the issue as the motive behind it. Many men wear long hair as a sign of rebellion, and many women cut their hair as a sign of rebellion. Rebellion is a SIN! (Num.14:22; 16:1-35; 21:1-9; 27:13-14; Ps.106:32-33; Jude 11).
Some people’s moral values get turned sunny side down, and there is a great danger of them being a radical . . . and an extremist has some very weird ways. I think what Paul is saying here is that it really is NOT the haircut or the style of the dress that is of utmost importance, but what is in the persons’ heart! Pure Heart: (Ps.24:4; Pro.22:11; Mat.5:8; 1 Tim.1:5; 2 Tim.2:22; Jam.4:8; 1 Pet.1:22).

1 Cor. 11:16  But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God. (KJV)

But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God . . . Paul ends this section by saying that the church should not make rules in connection with the matter of women's dress or men's hair. The most important issue is the inner man, the heart. In reality, it is the old nature that is in desperate need of a haircut and the robe of righteousness (Isa.61:10). It is my humble opinion, that IF we are clothed with the robe of Christ Jesus’ righteousness (1 Cor.1:30), and IF our old nature is under the control of the Holy Spirit, and we are walking in Him (Gal.5:16), that will take care of the outer man (2 Cor.4:16). No haircut or style of clothes will make a difference to God, IF a person’s heart in not right. Paul is saying that he is not giving a rule to the churches, he is just stating what is best in his opinion. We must remember that in our Christian liberty we are to think of others and of our testimony to others. We should be guided by the principles the Lord Jesus has laid down for us: to glorify God, and not to offend others. Inner man: (Eph.3:16; Rom.2:29; 7:22; 2 Cor.4:16; Col.3:9; 1 Pet.3:4; Jer.31:33).

The Lord's Supper (1 Cor. 11:17-22)

Paul now moves to a new subject. The Lord's Supper is probably the most holy part of our relationship to God. I feel that the Lord's Supper (communion) is something that is really misunderstood in today’s churches. This sacred ceremony is almost to the point of blasphemy the way it is observed in some places. Paul will say here, that God judges us in the way that we observe the Lord's Supper. In reality, some among the Corinthians were sick and some had died because of the way they observed it. They did not consider that it was a symbol of the Body of Christ. BUT . . . what about today? Are people really aware of this fact today? Do people really consider that the bread represents the Body of Christ today? Most of us observe the way that is used, noting every detail of the ritual . . . BUT do we really discern the body of Christ in the Lord's Supper?

The Lord's Supper is the highest and most holy observance of Christian worship. In Corinth it had dropped to such a low worldly level that they were almost blaspheming it. Three of the four Gospels record the institution of the Lord's Supper, and it is repeated in this Letter. It is VERY interesting to note that NOWHERE are we commanded to remember the day of the Lord's birth, because NO one knows for certain the exact day that He was born, but we are requested and commanded that those who are His own should remember His DEATH.

My husband and I have not celebrated the supposed birthday of Christ for many, many years. For us to celebrate “Christmas” would be a sin. http://www.hisservants.org/christmas_h_s.htm

Paul attached the utmost importance to the Lord's Supper. In verse 23, he says: "For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread." Paul received this by direct revelation: "For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures" (1 Cor.15:3). Paul received a direct revelation of the Gospel and a direct revelation of the Lord's Supper. The Lord gave him special instructions concerning it . . . we must remember that Paul was NOT in the Upper Room at the institution of the Lord's Supper.

It is difficult to see the connection of what Paul says to the Corinthian church, and with our celebration of the Lord's Supper. The situations are not the same. In that day the Lord's Supper was preceded by a social meal. It may have been celebrated in the homes daily. Luke tells us in Acts: Acts 2:46-47 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, 47  Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved. (KJV)

The church in Corinth followed the procedure of having a meal in connection with the Lord's Supper. In that day the social gathering led right to the Lord's Supper. Later on these feasts were separated, and they are not practiced like that today. We do not have a love feast or dinner that comes before the Lord's Supper . . . but there are lessons here for us.

1 Cor. 11:17  Now in this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse. (KJV)

Now in this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse . . . Paul rebukes the Corinthians because there were divisions among them as they gathered together (verses 17-19). There is a repetition of the expression “when ye come together” or related words (1 Cor.11:17,18,19, 20, 33,34; 1 Cor.14:23,26). In verse 2, Paul had praised them for keeping the traditions that he had delivered to them, but there was one matter that he could not praise them, that being when they came together for public meetings, they did NOT come together for the better, but for the worse. In other words, they should have come together for a great spiritual blessing, but that is not what happened.

1 Cor. 11:18  For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it. (KJV)

For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it . . . Paul is not talking about an structure, a building; he is talking about when the believers gather together . . . meaning the TRUE church. Today when we speak of a church, we always think of a building. The building is NOT the church, it is just a building. The church is the people of God. When the Corinthian believers came together, the varied divisions that we saw in chapter 1 was carried over into the Lord's Supper. NO division should be there!

1 Cor. 11:19  For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you. (KJV)

For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you . . . because of the carnal conditions of the Corinthians, it was inevitable that divisions among the members would arise. Why does God permit them? I can only think of this . . . when I make soup, there is an accumulation of scum on the top, which I skim off and discard. Do you think that maybe that is what God does in the church? I would say yes. I think that churches are filled with unbelievers today. A very large percentage of the people in the churches are NOT saved at all (Mat.7:13-14). They are simply members of a church, but they are not in reality members of the family of God (Jn.1:12; 1 Jn.3:1-2). I think that the Lord skims off the unbelievers and hypocrites! They go off into the cults and the "isms." That is what Paul is saying here: Of course there must be divisions among you, because that is proof that some of them failed to know the mind of the Lord. Damnable heresies (2 Pet.2:1), are common in these cults or "isms," multitudes go out of the churches and flock to them. The ones who leave were NOT born again believers, they were hypocrites, professing with their mouth to be “Christians” but NOT possessing Christ in their heart. 1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us. (KJV) . . . The Lord is skimming them off so that those who are TRUE children of God shall be revealed.

1 Cor. 11:20  When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper. (KJV)

When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper . . . although you come together supposedly to worship God, and to partake of the Lord's Supper, yet that is not what you have in mind. Such practices as this cannot be allowed among you can be a part of the celebration of that Supper. Your greediness and your overindulgence (verse 21), and your partaking of the food separately, and not in common, CANNOT be a celebration of the Lord's Supper. Whatever you may profess, you are NOT celebrating the Lord's Supper. Paul is saying, It is impossible for them to celebrate the Lord's Supper because of the way that they conducted the feast which came before it. Under such circumstances they could NOT celebrate the Lord's Supper. The Lord's Supper was that ordinance that the Lord Jesus instituted for us to honor and remember His death. It is called the Lord's, because it is by His appointment, and is in honor of Him; it is called Supper, because the word means the evening meal. It was founded in the evening; and it is evidently most proper that it should be observed in the latter part of the day. With most churches the time is improperly changed to the morning, a custom which has no authorization in the New Testament, and which is a departure from the very idea of a supper.

1 Cor. 11:21 For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken. (KJV)

For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper . . . this is not nice. A poor man comes to the supper, he couldn't even bring a pot of beans. He was poor, and he was hungry. Next to him sits a rich man who had fried chicken and pecan pie, and he would not pass one bit of food to the poor, hungry man. That is NOT fellowship! That is greed and gluttony! There could NOT be fellowship when there was a situation like that. Every one taketh before other his own supper. . . instead of making a meal in common, where all could eat together, each one ate by himself, and ate that which he had himself brought. They not only were wrong, they simply misunderstood completely the nature of the Lord's Supper.
And one is hungry . . . and is deprived of food, because of all the greed of others.
And another is drunken . . . there is no reason to understanding this in any other sense. There were those who were drunk . . . at a holy church function. It is remarkable that such wickedness and evil scenes should ever have happened in a Christian church, but it seems that it did happen! And worse . . . that there could have been such a total perversion of the nature and plan of the Lord's Supper. Satan just does not stop! BEWARE!!!

1 Cor. 11:22 What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not. (KJV)

What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? . . . this verse conveys the language of severe rebuke for their having so grossly corrupted the plan of the Lord's Supper. Have ye not houses . . . don’t you know that the church of God is not intended to be a place of pigging out and wild parties? 
Or despise ye the church of God . . . the sense is, that their conduct was such as if they had held in contempt the entire church of God, in all places, with all their views of the sacredness and purity of the Lord’s Supper.
And shame them that have not? . . . them that are poor.
What shall I say to you? . . . Paul says, how can I express my surprise and my disapproval at this course? It cannot be possible that this is right. It is not possible to conceal surprise and amazement that this custom exists, and is tolerated in a Christian.
Shall I praise you in this? I praise you not . . . they were in no condition to remember the death of Christ at all. It would be all fuzzy and hazy to them because of their drunkenness. Paul says “I praise you not."

Paul tells them how the Lord’s Supper was Instituted
(1 Cor.11:23-34)

1 Cor. 11:23 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: (KJV)

For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread . . . in order to stop the evils which existed, and bring them to a proper manner of observing the Lord's Supper, the apostle Paul proceeds to state very clearly and particularly its plan. The Corinthians had totally mistaken its purpose. They thought it was a common festival, and they had made it an event of great disorder. Because of this, Paul solemnly explains the circumstances in which it was established; the main fact being the memorial of the death of the Redeemer. The purpose which it was designed was to keep before the church and the world a continuous remembrance of the Lord Jesus, until He should again return (verse 26). Paul hoped to stop them from their wrongdoings, and to bring them to a right manner of celebrating this most holy ordinance. He did not use harsh, violent, insulting language; but hoped to change the evil by a mild and tender statement of the truth, and by an appeal to their consciences as the followers of the Lord Jesus Christ. Paul founded the church at Corinth; and it was he who first started the observance of the Lord's Supper there. Took bread . . . clearly the bread which the Lord Jesus used was same bread which happened to be before Him, bread made with no leaven for the Passover (Ex.12:8,15-20). It was NOT a wafer, such as the Catholics now use; but was the ordinary unleavened bread which was eaten at the Passover.  

1 Cor. 11:24  And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. (KJV)

And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me . . . Matthew says: Mat. 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. (KJV) . . . The words used here by Paul are very much the same as used by Jesus there. I think that this fact shows that, since this was communicated to Paul directly by the Saviour, and in a manner much different from that by which Matthew learned the manner of the Lord’s Supper, the Saviour intended that the exact form of the words should be used in its observance, and so should be continually kept in mind by His people.

1 Cor. 11:25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. (KJV)

After the same manner also he took the cup . . . in the same manner as He did the bread, with the same circumstances and ceremonies. The purpose was the same.
When he had supped . . . all this occurred AFTER the observance of the usual Passover supper, so it could not, therefore, be a part of it, nor could it have been designed to be just a festival or feast. The apostle Paul clearly introduces this in order to show them that it could not be, as they seemed to have thought, an occasion of feasting and pigging out. The Lord’s Supper took place AFTER the Passover supper, and was therefore to be observed in a different manner. Mat.26:27-28 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; 28  For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. (KJV) 
This do ye . . . partaking of this bread and wine; meaning to celebrate this ordinance.
As oft as ye drink it . . . this does not suggest any particular time; nor does it specify how often it was to be done; but left it up to them to determine how often they would partake of it. The time of the Passover had been fixed; but the more mild and gentle system of Christianity left it to the followers of the Redeemer to determine how often they would celebrate His death. 
In remembrance of me . . . this states the whole plan of the ordinance. It is a simple memorial, designed to keep in their memory (and ours), the Redeemer. It does this simply by a tender appeal to the senses, by the broken bread, and by the wine. The Lord Jesus knew how likely men would be to forget Him; so He appointed this ordinance as a means by which His memory should be kept in the world. The Lord’s Supper is rightly observed when it recalls the memory of the Saviour; and when its observance is the means of producing a deep and vivid impression of His death for sin. Luke 22:19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. (KJV) . . . This expression, at the institution of the Supper, is used by Luke, and by Paul (verses 24-25), but it does not occur in Matthew, Mark, or John.

1 Cor. 11:26  For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come. (KJV)

For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come . . . from this it appears, that the bread and wine is NOT (as the Catholics say) transubstantiated (changed into the very Flesh and Blood of Christ), when someone partakes of the ordinance. It is still the EXACT SAME bread and cup it was to start with. The reason for the Lord’s Supper is to commemorate (honor and remember) Christ's sacrificial death for us, until Christ shall come on Judgment Day. I believe that the Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation is a damnable heresy (2 Pet.2:1).
http://www.jesus-is-savior.com/False%20Religions/Roman%20Catholicism/finished.htm

1 Cor. 11:27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. (KJV)

Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord . . . to eat or drink in an unworthy manner means to come to the Lord's Table in a uncaring, disrespectful spirit, with absolutely NO intention or desire to honor and remember the death of Christ, our precious Redeemer as the once for all Sacrifice for our sins.
Hebrews 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. (KJV) . . . ONCE FOR ALL!!!
Hebrews 10:12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; (KJV) . . . ONE SACRIFICE FOR SINS FOR EVER!!!
Hebrews 10:14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. (KJV) . . . ONE OFFERING!!! These verses in Hebrews tell us Jesus died ONCE, ONE time!
The way in which the Corinthians ate unworthily was that they treated the Lord's Table as though it were their own; making NO distinction between the most holy Lord's Supper and a common meal; coming together to satisfy their hunger, and NOT to spiritually feed on the Body and Blood of Christ; and refusing to fellowship with their poorer brothers.
THINK ABOUT THIS: IF Christ's Body was actually present on the Catholic altar, HOW could it ALSO be in Heaven where Christ had ascended (Mk.16:19; Lk.24:50-53; Acts 1:9-12)? A body CANNOT be in two places at the same time. Ridiculous! YES! With God all things are possible (Mat.19:26) . . . BUT . . . God is NOT the Author of confusion (1 Cor.13:33). IF God tells us in His Holy Word that Jesus ascended into Heaven in bodily form: Acts 1:9 And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. (KJV) . . . This HAD TO BE a bodily ascension . . . if it had been just Jesus’ Spirit that ascended, the apostles would not have seen Him being received by the cloud. Jesus BODY ascended into Heaven at that time, and He is still there! Do NOT believe the devil’s heresies! Jesus was crucified ONCE . . . NOT in every mass that the Catholic priest performs.

1 Cor. 11:28  But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. (KJV)

But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup . . . before partaking of the Lord’s Supper (communion), Paul told the Corinthians to examine themselves. In other words, each person should judge himself on whether he has correct views of the nature and purpose of the ordinance, and whether he is in the proper state of mind. Does the person really want to honor and remember WHY the Lord died for them? Are they really thankful for what the Lord Jesus did on the cross for them? The Lord’s Supper was a very holy ordinance, NOT a time for wild parties and drunkenness.

1 Cor. 11:29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. (KJV)

He that eateth and drinketh unworthily . . . in the manner before mentioned, either having no right to partake in that ordinance, being an unbeliever, or an unholy person; or being irreverent and ungodly.
Eateth and drinketh damnation to himself . . . damnation is condemnation or judgment on himself. Partaking of the Lord’s Supper in an unworthy manner brings God's judgments upon him in this life, and will end in eternal damnation, IF there is not a proper repentance.
Not discerning the Lord's body . . . the person’s guilt lies in the fact that he does not distinguish between ordinary and common bread, and that bread which at the Lord’s Supper is symbolic of the Lord's Body. The Bread is just a symbol of the Body of Christ Jesus; the Bread is NOT changed into the real Body of Jesus. That is ridiculous! We are not cannibals who actually EAT Jesus’ Body. Even a little child knows that. 

1 Cor. 11:30 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. (KJV)

For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep . . . some had already died. I think that this should be taken in the literal sense. Paul states that sickness and frequent deaths among the Christians of Corinth were a judgment from God because of the ungodly way they had partaken of the Lord's Supper.

1 Cor. 11:31 For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. (KJV)

For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged . . . the word judge in the Bible means ALL parts of judgment: accusing, examining, condemning . . . and here it does mean accusing ourselves, condemning ourselves; examining ourselves . . . HOW do we do that? If we would stand back and really look at ourselves, examine ourselves thoroughly, and correct what is wrong before Judgment Day, we would not be judged by God in this way. This is talking about believers. We CAN judge ourselves when we are wrong (Ps.32:5; 1 Jn.1:9). If we do NOT judge ourselves, then be assured that He shall judge us.

1 Cor. 11:32  But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world. (KJV)

But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world . . . being a TRUE child of God is such a tremendous privilege! When we are judged of the Lord, we are chastened and chastised so that we will NOT be condemned with the world. The Lord Jesus is going to be the Judge the world in the future. Because of this, He has to deal with His own NOW. Refurbishing or overhauling our faith and repentance, is something we should do. We came from being unbelievers (defiant and profane persons), to people who are now the sons of God (1 Jn.3:1-2). If we would thus judge ourselves, God would not have to accuse, chastise or condemn us. TRUE Believers are chastened: (Ps.94:12-13; Heb.12:5-11).

1 Cor. 11:33  Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another. (KJV)

Wherefore, my brethren, when ye come together to eat, tarry one for another . . . supposedly to eat the Lord's Supper. Tarry one for another . . . do not be guilty of disorder, intemperance, and gluttony (verse 21). The idea is, that the table was a common table, for the rich and the poor alike, and that the rich should claim no priority or precedence over the poor.

1 Cor. 11:34  And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come. (KJV)

And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation . . . the Lord's Supper is NOT just a common feast. It was NOT designed as a place where a man may satisfy his appetite. It is intended as a simple commemoration to honor and remember the Lord Jesus’ death on the cross, and WHY He submitted to that death. It was NOT a feast where everyone could pig out on food and drink. This remark of Paul was designed to correct how they saw the Lord’s Supper, and to show them that it was VERY different indeed, from the ordinary idea of a feast or festival.
And the rest will I set in order when I come . . . Paul most likely refers here to other matters on which he had been consulted; or other things which he knew had to be adjusted. The rest means the other matters pertaining to the order and discipline of the church.
It is clear from this that Paul at this time intended soon to go to Corinth (2 Cor.1:15-16). It no doubt was true that there might be many things which needed to be adjusted in the church there, which could not be as well done by letter. The main things that needed correction right away, he had discussed in this letter; while the other matters he reserved to be spoken by himself when he would go to visit.
The two great evils connected with the observance of the Lord's Supper at Corinth were, #1. it was not a fellowship, one ate his supper before another (verse 21); and #2. they came to the Lord's table to satisfy their hunger, meaning that they made it into an ordinary meal, so they sinned against their brothers (verse 22), and they sinned against Christ (verse 27). In the conclusion, Paul urges them to correct these evils; to wait for each other, and make it a joint service; and to satisfy their hunger at home, and come together ONLY to commemorate the Lord's death.

 

My comment on submission follows:

Submission is a very important issue in relation to marriage. Submission is a word most married women do not want to consider or hear. But, even before sin entered the world, there was the principle of headship (1 Tim.2:13). Adam was created first, and Eve was created to be a "helper" for Adam (Gen.2:18-20). Since there was NO sin at that time, the only authority was God’s authority. Then Eve and Adam disobeyed God (Gen.2:17; 3:6). When SIN entered the world, authority was now needed. God established the laws of the land and also provided us with the protection we need. First, we need to submit to God, which is really the only way we can truly obey Him (Jam.1:21; 4:7).
Husbands are also to submit to their Head, which is Jesus! 1 Cor. 11:3  But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. (KJV)  . . . Husbands are to submit to Christ, just as Christ submitted to God the Father. Then the verse says that the wife should follow his example and submit to her husband.
May I say that I found a very good definition of submission. Submission is cooperating voluntarily. I like that!   
Submission is a natural response to loving leadership. When a husband loves his wife as Christ loves the church (Eph.5:25-33), submission is very EASY! It is a natural response from a wife to her husband.
Submitting to God, the government or a husband is NOT a one-time thing! It is a continual, repeated approach. It becomes a habit, a pattern of behavior. The submission talked about in Ephesians 5, is absolutely NOT a one-sided subjection (hopelessness, enslavement or oppression) of a believer to a selfish, domineering person. Biblical submission is intended to be between two Spirit-filled believers who are jointly yielded to each other and to God in love.
Submission is a two-way street. Submission is a position of honor and completeness. When a wife is loved by her husband, as the church is loved by Christ, submission is never difficult. Eph. 5:24 Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing. (KJV) . . . This is saying that the wife is to submit to her husband in everything that is right and lawful. BUT . . . the wife is under NO obligation to disobey the law or God in submitting to her husband.
Spirit-filled believers are to be reverent, respectful (5:19), thankful (5:20), and submissive (5:21). A wife should submit to her husband, NOT because women are inferior, but because that is how God intended the marriage relationship to work. Submission is NOT a wife being a doormat for her husband to walk on. Instead, with the help of the Holy Spirit, a wife submits (cooperates voluntarily) to her husband, and a husband sacrificially loves his wife.

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