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1 Corinthians
Chapter 10

Theme: Christian liberty is NOT a license to do as we please!

We are still in the section concerning Christian liberty, which extends through this chapter and into the first verse of chapter 11. We are going to see another area of liberty illustrated through the nation Israel.

The Great Privileges of the Israelites;
Their Terrible Overthrow in the Wilderness (1 Cor.10:1-5)

1 Cor. 10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; (KJV)

Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea . . . it seems that many Corinthians thought they were secure in their salvation because they had repented, were baptized, and had partaken of Christian ordinances. They thought that nothing they did could cut them off from Christ.
To remove this harmful belief, which would have led to endless mistakes both in principle and practice, Paul tells them that the Jews had sacramental ordinances in the wilderness, similar to those of the Christians; and that they had the typical baptism from the cloud, and the manna that came down from Heaven, yet they joined with idolaters and partook of idolatrous feasts. God was not only displeased with them, but showed His displeasure by pouring out His judgments upon them, so that in one day 23,000 of them were destroyed (Num.26:62).
Under the cloud . . . the cloud, the Shechinah . . . isthe visible symbol of the Divine Presence and protection of God that attended them out of Egypt. It is clear from Scripture that the miraculous cloud in the wilderness accomplished a three-fold office to the Israelites.
#1. It was a cloud in the form of a pillar to direct their journey by day.
#2. It was a pillar of fire to give light to the camp by night.
#3. It was a covering for them, a shade, during the day, that preserved them from the scorching rays of the sun; and supplied them with a sufficient amount of aqueous particles, not only to cool that burning atmosphere, but to give refreshment to themselves and their cattle; and its humidity, it seems, was sufficient that Paul here represents the people as thoroughly sprinkled and enveloped in its aqueous vapor (Ex.13:21).
The word shekinah is not in the Bible, but its doctrine most certainly is.
Shekinah: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/13537-shekinah

1 Cor. 10:2  And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; (KJV)

And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea . . . the meaning of the word baptized (Mat.3:6), does not mean the ceremony of baptism, as we understand it. It was not formally administered by Moses, or by any other person to the Jews in the Old Testament. Israel was baptized "in the cloud" and "in the sea." This baptism was NOT referring to the application of water as a religious ritual, in whatever mode it is done. The baptism of Moses was a sense of dedicating, consecrating, initiating into, or bringing under obligation to. This was done by the fact that their passing under the cloud and through the sea, brought the Jews under the authority and direction of Moses as a leader, and was a public recognition of their being his followers, and being bound to obey his laws. Unto Moses . . . this means that they were therefore devoted or dedicated to Moses; they received and acknowledged him as their ruler and guide. They recognized his Divine mission, and bound themselves to obey his commands.  
And in the sea . . . this refers to the Red Sea, and the event was the passage through that sea (Ex.14:21-31). This multitude walked across the sea bed on dry ground!
Exodus 12:37-38 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. 38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. (KJV)

1 Cor. 10:3  And did all eat the same spiritual meat; (KJV)

And did all eat the same spiritual meat . . . meaning manna (Ex.16:15,35). The word meat here is used in the old English sense of the word, to mean food in general. Israel lived on manna all those years in the wilderness. The word spiritual is clearly used to mean that the meat (manna) was given by God. Manna was the result of His miraculous gift, not made in an ordinary way. Manna and the fact that it was the direct gift of God, and is thus called "angel's food" (Pa.78:25). Josephus calls it, "Divine and extraordinary food," Ant. iii. 1.
I think what Paul is saying here is that all the Israelites were nourished and supported in this remarkable manner by food given directly by God; and that they all had proof of the Divine protection and favor, and were all under His care, yet they disobeyed His commands as to what they should do about the manna. They collected more than the daily quota and they also collected on the Sabbath (Ex.16:13-20, 27-29).

Israel’s Ten Failures: http://www.hisservants.org/israel%27s_ten_failures_h_s.htm
Manna: (Ex.16:4,15,31,33; Num.11:6; 21:5; Deut.8:3,16; Josh.5:12; Neh.9:15,20;  Ps.78:24; 105:40; Jn.6:31,49; 1 Cor.10:3; 2 Cor.8:15; Heb.9:4; Rev.2:17)

1 Cor. 10:4  And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. (KJV)

And did all drink the same spiritual drink . . . the idea here is basically the same as in the previous verse . . . that they had been highly favored of God, and enjoyed gestures of His Divine care and guardianship. That was very clear in the miraculous supply of water in the desert. There can be no doubt that by "spiritual drink" here the apostle Paul refers to the water that was made to gush from the rock that was smitten by Moses. Why this is called "spiritual drink" has been a subject on which there has been some difference of opinion. Personally, I believe the water is called spiritual, for the same reason the food (manna) is called spiritual in the previous verse. I think it means that it was given in a miraculous and supernatural manner, the same way the manna was given. So, "spiritual" must be understood as being supernatural, that which is given directly by God. What person anywhere, could strike a rock and have water come forth . . . enough water to supply all the thousands of people and all their animals and much cattle! Only God could do that!
For they drank of that spiritual Rock . . . of the waters which flowed from that Rock. Again we have the word spiritual . . . here referring to the Rock which produced the water, enough water to supply all the thousands of people and all their many, many animals.
That followed them . . . Christ went with them . . . because it is certain that the rock itself did NOT follow them. They drank of the water that flowed from the rock.
And that Rock was Christ. . . . the rock itself that Moses struck, was NOT Christ, for that was just an ordinary rock, a part of Mount Horeb. It would be ridiculous to think that the rock that was smitten by Moses literally followed them in the wilderness. Water was twice brought out of a rock to supply the wants of the children of Israel. Once at Mount Horeb (Ex.17:6), in the wilderness of Sin, in the first year of their leaving Egypt. The second time water was brought from a rock about the time of the death of Miriam, at Kadesh, and probably in the fortieth year of their departure from Egypt (Num.20:1). It was to the former of these occasions that the apostle evidently refers. The account in Numbers is where Moses disobeyed God. God told Moses to SPEAK to the rock (Num.20:8), but instead Moses STRUCK the rock TWICE (Num.20:11). That sin prevented Moses from entering the Promised Land (Deut.34:1-6).

Water from the Rock: (Ex.17:6; Num.20:11; Deut.8:15; Ps.78:15,16,20; Ps.105:41; 114:8; Neh.9:15; Isa.48:21; 1 Cor.10:4).
See: Israel, God’s Chosen People: http://www.lastdaysprophecy.org/L_D_israel_god%27s_chosen_people.htm
http://www.hisservants.org/israel_god_faithful_to_h_s.htm

1 Cor. 10:5  But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness. (KJV)

But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness . . . Paul means that Israel’s conduct did not please God. They rebelled and sinned, and were destroyed. The plan of Paul here, is to remind the Corinthians that although Israel enjoyed so many privileges, yet they were destroyed. He is warning the Corinthians that their privileges did NOT establish a total security from danger, and that they should be very cautious against indulging in sin.
God was offended with Israel’s disobedience, ingratitude and rebellion, and would be offended with the Corinthians sin as well. BEWARE!!! My friend, God is also offended with our disobedience, ingratitude and rebellion as well.  
Only two men of that entire generation, Caleb and Joshua, were permitted to enter the Promised Land (Num.14:29-30).
HOW did God arrive at the figure of 40 years in the wilderness? It all boiled down to Caleb and Joshua being the only ones who believed God! The majority of Israel did not trust God! So sad! Numbers 14:34  After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise. (KJV)


Warnings Against All Idolatrous,
And Other Sinful Practices (1 Cor. 10:6-14)


1 Cor. 10:6  Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted. (KJV)

Now these things . . . Paul tells them that the judgments inflicted on Israel by God for their sins,
Were our examples . . . they were not designed to be types for us, but they are to be looked at as a warning to us, so that we do not sin in the same way Israel did. It is the EXACT same God who directs our affairs that ordered theirs. Paul says that IF we sin as they did, we also must expect to be punished, and excluded from God’s favor and from Heaven.
To the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted . . . lust after evil things . . . desire things that are forbidden, and which would be harmful. Israel lusted after flesh (food), and God granted them their desires, but His anger resulted with a plague, and the destruction of multitudes (Num.11:4,31-34). So Paul warns that the Corinthian Christians should not lust after, or desire the meat offered in sacrifice to idols, lest it should lead them also to sin and ruin.
Some other judgments on Israel to consider: Plagues, death in; judgments of God: Num. 11:33-34 (many died), Num.16:31-33; 16:35; 16:49 (14,700 died); Num.21:5-6 (fiery serpents, many died); Num.25:9 (24,000 died); 1 Chron.21:14 (70,000 died). BEWARE!!!

Six bad illustrations in the Bible:
#1. Canaanites (Lev.18:2-3; 20:23)
#2. Backslidden Israel (2 Chron.30:7; Isa.8:11;  Jer.16:12; 17:1-2; Eze.20:18; Hos.4:9; Zec.1:4)
#3. An angry man (Pro.22:24-25)
#4. Pharisees (Mat.23)
#5. Gentiles (Eph.4:17)
#6. Israel in the wilderness (1 Cor.10:6-11)

Five major sins of Israel . . . and the world:  
#1. Lust for evil things (Num.11:4-15; Ps.106:14; 1 Cor.10:6; Gal 5:19-21; 2 Cor.6:9-11; Rom.1:29-32; Col.3:5-10; Mk.7:19-21).
#2. Idolatry (Ex.32:6-25; Gal.5:19-21; Eph.5:5; Col.3:5; 1 Cor.6:9)
#3. Fornication (Num.25:1-9; 1 Cor.10:8; Gal.5:19-21;1 Cor.6:9-11; Col.3:5).
#4. Tempting God and Christ (Ex.17:2,7; Num.14:22’ 21:5-10;      Deut.6:16; Ps.78:17-18,41,56; 95:8-9; 106:14; 1 Cor.10:9).
#5. Murmuring (Ex.15:24; 16:2-12; 17:3; Num.14:2,27-29,36; 16:11,41; 17:5,10; Deut.1:27; 1 Cor.10:10; Phil.2:14).             
See: Israel’s Ten Failures:  http://www.hisservants.org/israel%27s_ten_failures_h_s.htm

BEWARE!!! On Judgment Day, the punishments imposed upon Israel will be also imposed upon Christians IF they backslide and sin after the example of Israel (Rom.2:11-16; Heb.4:1-11; 19:26-29).
 
1 Cor. 10:7  Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play. (KJV)

Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them . . . Paul considers partaking of the idolatrous feasts as actual acts of idolatry; because those who offered the flesh to their gods considered them as feeding invisibly with the gods, on the flesh they offered, and that every one that partook of the feast, participated with the god to whom the meat or animal had been offered in sacrifice (verse 21).
As it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play . . .  (Ex.32:6). This does not seem to be idolatrous acts only, it is also acts of impurity, with which idolatrous acts were often accompanied, including vulgar dances which were done in honor of their ridiculous gods (nothing idols).
The whole idolatrous process was as follows:
1. The proper animal was prepared and set apart.
2. The animal was slain, and its blood poured out at the altar of the god (idol).
3. The flesh was dressed, and the priests and offerers feasted on it, and then tried to establish a unity between themselves and the object of their worship.
4. After eating, there were idolatrous dances in honor of their god; and,
5. As might be expected, impure mixtures, in consequence of those dances.

In some of these idolatrous worship services, children were offered as sacrifices to these gods. Idolatry, wicked practices; Human sacrifices: (Lev.18:21; 20:2-5; Deut.12:31; 18:10; 2 Ki.3:26-27; 16:3; 17:17-18; 21:6; 23:10;  2 Chrun.28:3; 33:6; Ps.106:37-38; Isa.57:5; Jer.7:31; 19:4-7; 32:35; Eze.16:20-21; 20:26,31; 23:37,39; Mic.6:7)

The people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play . . . most of the oriental dances were totally indecent and licentious. This refers to the issue of idolatrous feasts and dancing that the apostle Paul immediately adds: Neither let us commit Fornication,

1 Cor. 10:8  Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand. (KJV)

Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed . . . the case referred to here by Paul was that of the licentious intercourse with the daughters of Moab (Num.25:1-9).
And fell in one day three and twenty thousand . . . were slain for their sin by the plague that prevailed. Numbers 25:9 says twenty-four thousand. In order to resolve these statements, it may be that maybe twenty-three thousand fell directly by the plague, and one thousand were slain by Phinehas and his companions, or that the number was between twenty-three and twenty-four thousand. In any event, Paul has not exceeded the truth. There were at least twenty-three thousand that fell, although there might have been more. Some other judgments on Israel to consider: Plagues, death in; judgments of God: Num. 11:33-34 (many died), Num.16:31-33; 16:35; 16:49 (14,700 died); Num.21:5-6 (fiery serpents, many died); Num.25:9 (24,000 died); 1 Chron.21:14 (70,000 died). BEWARE!!!

1 Cor. 10:9  Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents. (KJV)

Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted . . . the word tempt, when applied to man, means to offer reasons or enticements to sin: when used with reference to God, it means, to try His patience, to provoke His anger, or to act in such a way as to see just how much He will put up with, or how long He will endure the wickedness and disobedience of men. The Israelites tempted the Lord, continually trying his patience and forbearance by rebellion, murmuring, impatience and being dissatisfied with the way He did things. In what way the Corinthians were in danger of tempting Christ is not known, we can only guess. Maybe Paul warns them against opening themselves up to temptation in the idol temples, placing themselves under the influence of idolatry, and thus trying (tempting) the strength of their faith, and testing the grace of Christ, as if He would keep them even in the midst of dangers into which they ran, headfirst. Matthew 4:7 Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. (KJV) . . . There are many ways to tempt the Lord. BEWARE!!!
And were destroyed of serpents . . . fiery serpents (Num.21:4-10; Jn.3:14-15).

Twelve ways, of many, to tempt God:
#1. Murmuring (Ex.17:2; 1 Cor.10:6)
#2. Unbelief (Ex.17:7; Heb.4:1-11)
#3. Rebellion (Num.14:22; 21:1-9)
#4. Provoking God (Ps.78:17-18,56)
#5. Backsliding (Ps.78:41,56)
#6. Hardening the heart (Ps.95:8-9)
#7. Lust and sin (Ex.32; Ps.106:14)
#8. Idolatry (Ex.20:3-5; Lev.18:21; 20:2-5; Deut.12:31; 18:10;        1 Cor.10:7,18-22)
#9. Spiritual Blindness (Ps.14:1,4; 73:2-28; 79:6; Isa.42:18-20; 44:18-20; 1 Cor.1:18-21; 15:34)
#10. Pride (Deut.8:11-14; Ps.10:2-6,11; 12:4; 1 Cor.1:29; 3:18; Rev.3:17-18; 18:7-8)
#11. Ingratitude (Gen.3:1-7; Num.11:4-6; 21:5)
#12. Rejection of God (1 Sam.8:7; 10:19; 15:23; Ps.81:11; Pro.1:24)
See: Israel’s Ten Failures: http://www.hisservants.org/israel%27s_ten_failures_h_s.htm

1 Cor. 10:10  Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. (KJV)

Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured . . . Num. 14:2 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! (KJV) . . . We should NEVER feel or express despair or discontent, or complain
about the Lord’s dealings with us. The reason they murmured was that they were disappointed. They had been brought out of a land of plenty into a wilderness of want; and that instead of being led at once to the Promised Land, they were left to perish in the desert because of their sin. They complained about their leaders, and wanted to return again into Egypt. It would be wise to read all of Numbers chapter 14.
And were destroyed of the destroyer . . . Num. 14:29 Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, (KJV) . . . they were condemned to die in the wilderness without seeing the land of Canaan. The "destroyer" here is understood by many to mean the angel of death, so often referred to in the Old Testament, and I think his work is spoken of also in the New Testament. The simple fact here is, that the non-trusting Israelites died for their sin, and were not permitted to enter the Promised Land.
Destroyer: (Ex.12:12-13,23; 2 Sam.24:16; 1 Chron.21:15; 2 Chron.32:21; 1 Sam.15:3,18;  Isa.37:26; Eze.9:4-8; 10:2; Mat. 13:39-42; Acts 12:23; 1 Cor.10:10; 2 Thes.1:7-8; Heb.11:28; Rev.14:9-11,15,18; 15:1,6,5-8; 16:1-12,17)

1 Cor. 10:11  Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. (KJV)

Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples . . . this verse repeats the warning in verse 6, in order to impress it more deeply on the memory. This does not mean that these things took place ONLY to be examples, or warnings for us, but the fact that they happened, illustrated great principles of human nature and of God’s governing. They showed the weakness of men, their being so liable to fall into sin, their desperate need of the Divine protection, and last but not least, that Israel’s sinfulness might be used to warn succeeding generations.
They are written for our admonition . . . the examples of Israel are recorded in the writings of Moses, so that we and all others might be warned not to trust in our own wisdom and power. The caution by Paul did not apply just to the Corinthians, but equally apply to Christians in all ages in the world.
Upon whom the ends of the world are come . . . this saying is equal to that which so often occurs in the Scriptures, such as "the last time," "the latter day." It means the last dispensation or that period and method of the Divine administration under which the affairs of the world would be wound up. Only the Millennial Kingdom follows the dispensation of grace.

See: Dispensations: http://www.worldlychaos.org/w_c_what_is_dispensationalism.htm

1 Cor. 10:12  Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. (KJV)

Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall . . . we all must take these sad examples of Israel’s sinfulness seriously, and learn from the hopeless self-confidence of the Jews. Let us be warned that we are NOT to put confidence in our own strength. IF we presume to be firm in the love of God, and in the knowledge of His truth; IF we regard our self as secure, we may be relying on his own strength. We must take heed lest he fall into sin, idolatry, or any other form of iniquity. We can learn from this: 
#1. Confidence in our own security is absolutely NO evidence that we are safe.
#2. Any such confidence may be one of the strongest evidences that we are in danger. The ones who are most safe, are they who feel that they are weak and feeble, and who feel they need the Lord’s help and strength, because then they will rely on the ONLY true source of strength; and they will be secure.
#3. All TRUE Christians should be cautioned, because all are in danger of falling into sin, and of dishonoring their profession of faith in Christ. We cannot be urged and encouraged often enough, so that we take heed lest they fall into sin.

This indicates Paul's purpose in referring to the events in Israelite history. There is perpetual danger of falling. No degree of progress we may have already made, no amount of privilege which we may have enjoyed, can justify the lack of caution. Eternity looms out ahead of us.
Matthew 25:13 Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh. (KJV) . . . We do not know when He shall come for the church, nor do we know when God will call us home. We may not be here tomorrow! We must be careful how we live. Read our booklet: Living With Eternity in Mind:
http://www.godcannotlie.org/booklet_living_with_eternity_in_mind.htm

1 Cor. 10:13  There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it. (KJV)

There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man . . . the temptations in your life are no different from what others experience or have experienced. Paul could be referring their circumstances, having a tendency to forsake their faithfulness to their Lord, and to lead them into idolatry and sin. But no matter what temptation came before the Corinthians, it had come to persons before them, and will continue on to others, through to Judgment Day. You will NOT have any temptation come to you that someone else did not have before you, and others will have after you. Taken you . . . seized you, attacked you, like when an enemy grabs us, and tries to hold us fast.
But God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it. . . God will NOT allow any temptation to be more than you can stand. Sometimes I wonder, just how strong does the Lord think I am? But, He has seen me through so far, and I know He will never leave or forsake me (Heb.13:5). So I thank Him. Any time that you are tempted, the Lord will show you a way out so that you can endure whatever it is. Satan is never allowed to block our way, without the providence of God making a way through his wall. God will always make a breach in the devil’s fortification. Should a TRUE Christian get into difficulty and trouble, he may rest assured that there IS a way out, just as there was a way in. No matter the trial or temptation, he shall always have the strength that God shall give him to bear it. This is a wonderful Promise from the Lord Jesus. Claim it for yourself each time you need it. He will NOT let you down. Trust Him!

1 Cor. 10:14  Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry. (KJV)

Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry . . . Paul says that in view of the dangers and temptations that surround you; in view of your own weakness, and the dangers to which you would be exposed in the idol temples, flee from idolatry! Do not have anything at all to do with idols. They are of the devil! BEWARE!!! Paul tells them to stay away from the feasts celebrated in honor of these nothing gods (1 Cor.8:4); and stay away from the temples where they are worshipped! This was one of the dangers to which they were peculiarly exposed; and Paul urges them to escape (run away fast) from everything that would have a tendency to lead them into the sin of idolatry. Paul had told them that God was faithful (and He IS faithful); but Paul did not expect God would keep them, without any effort of their own. Paul returns, in this verse, to the particular subject discussed in chapter 8, the correctness of partaking of the feasts in honor of idols; and shows the danger which would follow such a practice. That danger he sets forth in view of the warnings contained in this chapter (verses 1-12). The rest of the chapter is a discussion of the question stated in chapter 8, whether it was right for them to partake of the meat which was used in the feasts of idolaters.

Partaking in Idolatry Cannot Exist
With Having Communion with Christ (1 Cor.15-22)

1 Cor. 10:15  I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say. (KJV)

I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say . . . the Corinthians considered themselves very wise; and Paul brings an argument from this against them. If you are so wise, surely ye can see that committing idolatry is an abomination. Paul will present reasons why it is so wrong, making them judges in this case.
I have found in my many years of teaching the Bible, that the more education a person has, or the older the person is, the harder it is to reach them for Christ.

1 Cor. 10:16  The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? (KJV)

The cup of blessing which we bless . . . the design of this verse and the following verses seems to be to prove that Christians, by partaking of the Lord's Supper, are solemnly set apart to the service of the Lord Jesus Christ; and that they acknowledge Him as their Lord, and dedicate themselves to Him; and that, since they could not and should not to be devoted to idols and to the Lord Jesus at the same time. So . . . they should NOT participate in the feasts in honor of any of the nothing gods (idols), or in any of the celebrations in which idolaters would be engaged (verse 21).
 Is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? . . . is it not the symbol by which the Blood of Christ is shown, and the means by which our union through that Blood is displayed? Is it not the Lord’s Supper (communion), the way by which we express our affection to Jesus as Christians? Doesn’t this show our union to Him and to each other? Doesn’t it show that we all partake of the many benefits of His precious Blood? By partaking of this cup of blessing the Corinthians showed that they were united to Him and to each other; and that they should consider themselves as set apart (sanctified) to Him.
The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? . . . the bread used in the communion, shows, since we all partake of it, that we all share alike in the benefits which are imparted by means of the broken Body of the Redeemer. So . . . in like manner it is implied, that IF Christians should participate with idolaters in the feasts offered in honor of idols that they would be regarded as partaking with them in the worship services of idols, or as united to them, and therefore any such participation was wrong.

1 Cor. 10:17  For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread. (KJV)

For we . . . we Christians.
Being many . . . many does not mean how many in number, but means that all (many) were united, and established one society.
Are one bread . . . one loaf, one cake, a reference to the fact that the loaf or cake of bread was made up of many separate grains of wheat, or portions of flour, united in one; and that one loaf was broken and partaken by all, implying that they were all one. We all (Christians) are one society; united as one for the same reason. Our partaking of the same bread is a symbol of the fact that we are one. In nearly all nations the act of eating together has been considered as a symbol of unity or friendship.
And one body . . . one society; Christians united together.
For we are all partakers of that one bread . . . when we partake of communion or the Lord’s Supper, we as a result show publicly that we are united, and belong to the same great family. BUT . . . IF anyone partakes of the feasts in honor of idols with their worshippers, they shall show that that they are a part of idolatry, which is forbidden by Almighty God (Ex.20:3-5).

1 Cor. 10:18  Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar? (KJV)

Behold Israel after the flesh . . . look at the Jews. Paul’s plan here is to illustrate the feeling which he was establishing, by referring to the fact, that the Old Testament Jews who partook of the same sacrifices were regarded as being one people, and as worshipping one God. So, if the Corinthians partook of the sacrifices offered to idols, they would be regarded also as being fellow-worshippers of idols with them. After the flesh means the Jews who were not converted to Christianity; the natural descendants of Israel, or Jacob.
Are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar? . . . a part of the sacrifices offered to God was eaten by the offerer, and another portion by the priests. Some portions of the animal, as the fat, were burnt; and the rest, unless it was a total burnt-offering, was then the property of the priests who had officiated, or of the persons who had brought it (Ex.29:13,22; Lev.3:4,10,15; 4:9; 7:3-4; 8:26). The right shoulder and the breast was the part which was assigned to the priests; the remainder belonged to the offerer. Partakers of the altar? . . . means worshippers of the same God,  who are united in their worship. Paul is trying to tell them that IF they partook of the sacrifices offered to idols, and joined with their worshippers in their temples, they will be rightly regarded as united with them in their idolatry, and would be partaking with them in their ungodly and wicked abominations.

1 Cor. 10:19 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing? (KJV)

What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?. . . this is in the present tense: what do I say? What is my meaning? Do I mean to say that an idol is anything? Does it have a real existence? Paul is asking if an idol is of itself of any importance, any value. We must remember that the Corinthian Christians said that they knew that an idol was nothing in the world (1 Cor.8:4). Paul did not directly deny that; but his thinking led him to call their attending the feasts of idols in question. Paul is telling them that an idol in itself is nothing, BUT, I do not think that it is right for you to attend worship services in their temples. For although the idol itself is nothing but a block of wood or stone . . . it is nothing, yet the offerings are really made to devils; and Paul does NOT want them to be a part of devil worship (verses 20-21).  
See: Other Gods??? At the end of this chapter.

1 Cor. 10:20  But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. (KJV)

But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice . . . the sense is, I say that there are reasons why you should not partake of those sacrifices; and one of those reasons is that they have been really offered to devils.
They sacrifice to devils and not to God . . . the cup of the Lord particularly signifies having communion, in the ordinance of the Lord's Supper, which is called the cup of the Lord, either because God hath instituted and appointed the drinking of it, or because it is done for the honor, glory, and remembrance of our Lord Christ, to remember His death until He come, as the apostle Paul states (1 Cor.11:26). This, Paul tells them they could NOT drink of, not rightly, or with a good conscience. No man that is an idolater, or has communion with idolaters in their idolatrous worship acts, can have communion with Christ. The same is meant by the Lord's Table, and the table of devils. A person sits either at the Lord’s Table OR at the devil’s table . . . NOT both! NO idolatrous church can be a TRUE church! NO idolater can be a TRUE Christian! Idolatry divides the soul of man from the Lord Jesus Christ, for only JESUS is the Head of all TRUE believers, and only JESUS is the Head of the TRUE church.
And I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils . . . Paul tells them that he does not want them to have communion (fellowship) with demons. He does not want them to express a belief of the existence of idols, or join in worship to them. He tells them that they are solemnly dedicated to Christ; and the reverence due to Christ Jesus should NOT be divided with reverence offered to devils, or to imaginary beings.
Demons, devils, evil spirits: (Lev.17:7; Deut.32:17; 2 Chron.11:15; Ps.106:37; Zec.13:2; Mat.4:9; Lk.4:7; 7:21; 8:2; Acts 19:12-13; 1 Cor.10:20-21; 1 Tim.4:1; Rev.9:20; 13:4).

1 Cor. 10:21  Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. (KJV)

Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils . . . it is vain hypocrisy to frequent idol festivals and at the same time profess faith in Christ. NO one can observe and reverence Jesus’ death and passionate suffering in Lord’s Supper (communion), and at the same time drink of the cup of devils! That the heathens, in their sacrifices of the slain beasts, and ate bread and drank wine in honor and reverence to their nothing gods, is very clear from various accounts. The cup of the Lord  (1 Cor.10:21,27), is love, honor and reverence to the Lord Jesus, while the cup of devils (1 Cor.10:21, 8:10; Deut.32:37-38; Mat.6:24; 2 Cor.6:15-16), is in direct contrast to the cup of the Lord. At idol feasts, drinks were usually made from the cup to the idol first, and then the worshippers drank . . . so that in drinking of the cup, the worshippers had fellowship with the idol (which is really the devil).
1 Kings 18:21 And Elijah came unto all the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions? if the LORD be God, follow him: but if Baal, then follow him. And the people answered him not a word. (KJV)
Ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils . . . the Lord's table, is the Lord's Supper, communion. It is a feast on a table, NOT a bloody animal sacrifice on an idol altar. Jesus’ Sacrifice, His once for all death on the cross (Heb.10:10), did away with ALL the Old Testament sacrifices. The TRUE Christian’s only altar is the cross, and our only Sacrifice is that of Christ, once for all. The Lord's Supper stands in the same way, to Christ's Sacrifice, as the Jews' sacrificial feasts did to their sacrifices "altar... table of the Lord", and the heathen idol feasts to their idolatrous sacrifices (Isa.65:11-14). The heathen sacrifices were offered to idol nobodies, behind which Satan lies in wait. The Jews' sacrifice was but a shadow of the substance which was to come (Jesus’ death on the cross). Our ONE Sacrifice of Christ is the only important reality; while the partaker of the Jew's sacrificial feast partook rather "of the altar" (verse 18), and the heathen idol-feaster, in reality had fellowship with demons. The partaker of the Lord's Supper has in it a real communion of, or fellowship in, the Body of Christ ONCE sacrificed, and now exalted as the Head of all redeemed humanity.
And the cup of devils (verse 20), in the feasts that honor the nothing gods, wine was poured out as a drink, and/or drunk by the worshippers. It was one of the abominations of heathenism to suppose that their gods would be pleased with the intoxicating drink. Such a cup of devils was usually accompanied with a prayer to the idol god, that he would accept the offering and that he would grant the desire of the worshipper. The toast is now also a prayer: but to whom? to the god of wine? to a heathen deity? Can it be supposed that it is a prayer offered to the TRUE God, the God of purity? Do you think that Almighty God would accept such a prayer that would be offered to him in such a manner? Paul says, Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord at the communion table, and the cup where a PRAYER, is offered to a false god, or to the dead. It is an outright disrespect and mockery of Almighty God! No TRUE Christian could ever go into the temple of an idol, and partake of the idolatrous celebrations there!

1 Cor. 10:22  Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he? (KJV)

Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? . . . no TRUE Christian should ever consider dividing our fellowship between the one TRUE God and nothing idols (Eze.20:39). That would be absolute stupidity! We should never provoke Him, so that He must assert His power! Deut.32:21 They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation. (KJV) . . . This is what comes to the apostle's mind.
Exodus 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; (KJV)
Are we stronger than he? . . . that we can risk a battle with Him. No, we are NOT!

All We Do Should Be to the Glory of God,
Without Offence to the Consciences of Others (1 Cor.10:23-33)


1 Cor. 10:23  All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not. (KJV)

All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient . . . Paul repeats his qualification of being a Christian (1 Cor.6:12).  
All things are lawful for me, but all things edify not . . . butedify not, do not build up the spiritual temple, the Church, in faith and love. Paul seems to appeal to the broad principle of real Christian freedom, which does not allow us to be governed by external things. Just because we can use our Christian liberties, does not mean that we have to use them. Using freedoms or not using them, should be regulated by whether the freedom can edify us and those around us or not. Paul told the Corinthians that All things are lawful for me . . . meaning all things that are NOT forbidden by the law of God may be used, may be done, under reasonable circumstances. But . . . circumstances can change the case . . . all things may NOT be expedient to be used or done by all persons, or at all times. There are many things that a believer CAN do, but they are not expedient (helpful or beneficial) to do.

1 Cor. 10:24  Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth. (KJV)

Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth . . . let no man seek his own, let no one for his own private satisfaction disturb the peace or injure the soul of another. A true Christian should live, not for himself, but for benefit of the great human family which surrounds him (1 Cor.10:33; 13:5; Rom.15:1-2).

1 Cor. 10:25  Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, asking no question for conscience sake: (KJV)

Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, asking no question for conscience sake . . . what Paul is referring to is that it was customary to bring the flesh (meat) of the animal to market. The blood of the animal had been poured out in sacrifice to an idol; ONE PART of the sacrifice was consumed on the altar of the idol: a SECOND PART was dressed and eaten by the offerer, and a THIRD PART belonged to the priest, and was often sold in the shambles (meat market). This is the only place in the Bible where the word shambles is found.
To partake of the SECOND PART, or to feast upon the sacrifice to the idol, Paul absolutely forbids, because this was the part of the religious worship which was paid to the idol. Guests sat down at the idol’s table (the devil’s table), symbolizing that they were in fellowship with this nothing idol (with the devil). This was TOTALLY IN OPPOSITION with receiving the sacrament of the Lord's Supper, which was the communion of the Body and Blood of Christ Jesus.
But as to the third share, Paul tells them that they are at liberty either to buy it at the meat market or eat of it . . . OR have no part of it. A weak Christian would be offended by the thought of eating the meat, even though it was lawful; so the duty of a stronger Christian was not to eat because it might harm or offend the weaker brother. From this it is clear that Paul had the case of the Jewish converts in view, and not the Gentiles. The Gentiles were not troubled with such extraordinary carefulness.

1 Cor. 10:26  For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof. (KJV)

For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof . . . because God made the Earth and its fullness, all animals, plants and vegetables, there can be nothing in it or them impure or unholy.
For the earth is the Lord's . . . this is quoted from (Ps.24:1). The same sentiment is also found in (Ps.50:12; Deut.10:14). This is a reason why it is right to partake of the meat offered in the shambles. It all belongs to the Lord. It really does NOT belong to the idol, even though it has been reverently offered to it. The third part of the sacrifice, sold in the shambles may, therefore, be partaken of as his gift, and if eaten, should be received with gratitude and thanksgiving.

1 Cor. 10:27 If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. (KJV)

If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast . . . those who are not Christians; that are still heathens; clearly not a feast in the temple of an idol, but at his own house. If he ask you to partake of his hospitality.
And ye be disposed to go . . . it seems implied here that it would be not improper to go. The Saviour accepted such invitations to dine with the Pharisees (Lk.11:37), and Christianity is not intended to abolish the good manners of social life; or to break the bonds of association; or to make men recluses or hermits. We should not withdraw from social life, or regard as improper the courtesies of society (1 Cor.5:10). 
Whatsoever is set before you eat, asking no question for conscience sake . . . Paul says eat (not drink)whatever is set before us (Lk.10:7), asking no questions for conscience sake. For while it was NOT a matter of importance in regard to eating, whether the meat had been sacrificed to idols or not, it IS a matter of importance whether a man may drink intoxicating liquor. That is a point on which the conscience should have much to do; and on which its honest decisions, and the will of the Lord, should be faithfully and honestly regarded. Some people simply cannot control their desire for booze. Drunkards are condemned by God: (Deut.21:20-21; Ps.69:12; Pro.23:21; Isa.28:1,3; Joel 1:5; Nah.1:10; 1 Cor.5:11; 6:9-10). This could also apply to drugs.

1 Cor. 10:28  But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof: (KJV)

But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols . . . here is another principle involved, this an entirely new matter. Paul has advised them to eat everything and ask no questions. BUT . . . what if someone else at the table sees you eat the meat and says, "That meat was offered to idols." What then? You should not eat the meat, NOT because eating it is wrong, but because it is clear it may offend the person who told you about it. It is NOT because of YOUR conscience but because of HIS conscience that you should not eat the meat. There is no law that you should not eat the meat. But out of your love and desire to help that brother whose conscience is bothered, you should not eat the meat. That is the whole point. There are some Christians that are harsh in their dealing with others because their motive is legality . . . "I don't do this, and you shouldn't do it." BUT . . . IF their motive were love, the approach would be completely different. Love for the other believer should be the motive in the Christian's conduct.
Eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof . . . do NOT offend him; do NOT lead him into sin; do NOT hurt his feelings.
And for conscience sake . . . conscience refers to the conscience of the informer, not yours.
For the earth is the Lord's . . . (verse 26), there is no need that you should partake of this food. All things belong to God; and He has made ample provision for your wants without subjecting you to the necessity of eating this. Since this is the case, it is best to respect the feelings of those who have doubts about the correctness of eating this food. It will not harm you to abstain.

 1 Cor. 10:29 Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty but of the other (KJV)

Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other. . . although you may have no consciences on the subject, the other person may have.
For why is my liberty but of the other . . . why should we be limited by another person's conscience? Because we are to do ALL things for the glory of God, including our eating and drinking. Nothing that we do should ever cause another believer to stumble. How do you rate here? I certainly do not receive a perfect score. The good that I would, I do not (Rom.7:15).

1 Cor. 10:30 For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks? (KJV)

For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks . . . there are times in our lives that our Christian liberty will be judged by another man's conscience. It seems that the idea in this verse is this: If I can thank God for the food and enjoy it, why should I be condemned for eating it? I have a right to eat this food, but if I did, I would be evil spoken of, and do injury, so I will not expose myself to slander and reproach, or be the occasion of injury to others by partaking of the food offered in sacrifice to idols.

1 Cor. 10:31  Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God. (KJV)

Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God . . . Paul has stated certain great principles that tell us of Christian liberty. One of those principles is: "All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient" (verse  23). Also, "all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not" (verse 23). Now here is another one: "Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, and whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God."  . . . This is the test every believer should apply to his life. We should not ask ourselves: "should I do this, or should I do that?" but instead . . .  WHAT can I do to glorify God? Will what I do, bring glory to God . . . or will it bring Him shame?
Whatever a TRUE believer does should be done for the glory of God. That is very important.

1 Cor. 10:32  Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God: (KJV)

Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God . . . here Paul divides the whole world into three groups: Jews, Gentiles and church of God. A believer should love other people enough so that his actions will not offend them. There are a lot of Gentiles, as well as Jews who have strange notions. It would be impossible to please all of them, but we should really try NOT to offend those with whom we have contact. Neither should we offend those who are of the church of God. We are told that we are not to offend either the Jews, the Gentiles or the church of God. This includes the entire human family. These are the three divisions of the human family today . . . but one of these days (soon I think), the church of God is going to leave this Earth (1 Thes.4:13-18). Then there will be only the Jews and Gentiles left. The Almighty God has a tremendous program which will take place at that time, the Great Tribulation. Will you go through the Great Tribulation???
Rapture: http://www.godcannotlie.org/1_thes_ch4.htm

Ten rules of keeping peace:
#1. Eat for the glory of God, do NOT offend your brother (1 Cor.10:31).
#2. Drink for the glory of God, do NOT offend your brother (1 Cor.10:21).
#3. Do all things for the glory of God, do all you can to keep peace with everyone (1 Cor.10:310.
#4. Give no offense to Jews, do not offend or wrong the Jews (1 Cor.19:32).
#5. Give no offense to Gentiles, do not offend or wrong Gentiles (1 Cor.19:32). 
#6. Give no offense to brethren, the Christian church (1 Cor.1:32).
#7. Seek to please all people, do your best to be at peace with all people (1 Cor.10:33).
#8. Seek to please people in all things, but do NOT compromise your convictions (1 Cor.10:33)
#9. Do not seek personal profit, but seek the profit of others (1 Cor.10:33. 9:19-23).
#10. Above all else, saving people’s souls should be #1 in our minds (1 Cor.10:33).
I don’t know about you, but there are some things here that I have trouble with. The Christian life certainly is NOT easy!

1 Cor. 10:33  Even as I please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved. (KJV)

Even as I please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved . . . as we live today, what we do we are to do for the glory of God. Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God (verse 31). No matter what you are doing, if you cannot do it for the glory of God, you should NOT be doing it, for when we live like this we are a witness to the world . . . that those who are lost might be saved.
Now the first verse of chapter 11 belongs in this division:

1 Cor. 11:1 Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ. (KJV)  

Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ . . . can you say this along with Paul? I truly do hope this includes you! This is something that very few Christians can say. This it is something that I dare not say, because I certainly do fall short, way short at times. I pray that you are a follower of Christ and a follower of Paul. This is a tremendous testimony Paul gives in that statement!
Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself. (KJV) . . . I look to this day when I shall be like Jesus! NO more sin, ever again! Thank You Jesus, for all that You have done for us!

Special comments for 1 Cor. chapter 10

Six bad illustrations in the Bible:
#1. Canaanites (Lev.18:2-3; 20:23)
#2. Backslidden Israel (2 Chron.30:7; Isa.8:11;  Jer.16:12; 17:1-2; Eze.20:18; Hos.4:9; Zec.1:4)
#3. An angry man (Pro.22:24-25)
#4. Pharisees (Mat.23)
#5. Gentiles (Eph.4:17)
#6. Israel in the wilderness (1 Cor.10:6-11)

Five major sins of Israel . . . and the world:  
#1. Lust for evil things (Num.11:4-15; Ps.106:14; 1 Cor.10:6; Gal 5:19-21; 2 Cor.6:9-11; Rom.1:29-32; Col.3:5-10; Mk.7:19-21).
#2. Idolatry (Ex.32:6-25; Gal.5:19-21; Eph.5:5; Col.3:5; 1 Cor.6:9)
#3. Fornication (Num.25:1-9; 1 Cor.10:8; Gal.5:19-21;1 Cor.6:9-11; Col.3:5).
#4. Tempting God and Christ (Ex.17:2,7; Num.14:22’ 21:5-10;      Deut.6:16; Ps.78:17-18,41,56; 95:8-9; 106:14; 1 Cor.10:9).
#5. Murmuring (Ex.15:24; 16:2-12; 17:3; Num.14:2,27-29,36; 16:11,41; 17:5,10; Deut.1:27; 1 Cor.10:10; Phil.2:14).             
See: Israel’s Ten Failures:  http://www.hisservants.org/israel%27s_ten_failures_h_s.htm

Ten ways, of many, to tempt God:
#1. Murmuring (Ex.17:2; 1 Cor.10:6)
#2. Unbelief (Ex.17:7; Heb.4:1-11)
#3. Rebellion (Num.14:22; 21:1-9)
#4. Provoking God (Ps.78:17-18,56)
#5. Backsliding (Ps.78:41,56)
#6. Hardening the heart (Ps.95:8-9)
#7. Lust and sin (Ex.32; Ps.106:14)
#8. Idolatry (Ex.20:3-5; Lev.18:21; 20:2-5; Deut.12:31; 18:10;        1 Cor.10:7,18-22)
#9. Spiritual Blindness (Ps.14:1,4; 73:2-28; 79:6; Isa.42:18-20; 44:18-20; 1 Cor.1:18-21; 15:34)
#10. Pride (Deut.8:11-14; Ps.10:2-6,11; 12:4; 1 Cor.1:29; 3:18; Rev.3:17-18; 18:7-8)
#11. Ingratitude (Gen.3:1-7; Num.11:4-6; 21:5)
#12. Rejection of God (1 Sam.8:7; 10:19; 15:23; Ps.81:11; Pro.1:24)
See: Israel’s Ten Failures: http://www.hisservants.org/israel%27s_ten_failures_h_s.htm

Ten rules of keeping peace:
#1. Eat for the glory of God, do NOT offend your brother (1 Cor.10:31).
#2. Drink for the glory of God, do NOT offend your brother (1 Cor.10:21).
#3. Do all things for the glory of God, do all you can to keep peace with everyone (1 Cor.10:310.
#4. Give no offense to Jews, do not offend or wrong the Jews (1 Cor.19:32).
#5. Give no offense to Gentiles, do not offend or wrong Gentiles (1 Cor.19:32). 
#6. Give no offense to brethren, the Christian church (1 Cor.1:32).
#7. Seek to please all people, do your best to be at peace with all people (1 Cor.10:33).
#8. Seek to please people in all things, but do NOT compromise your convictions (1 Cor.10:33)
#9. Do not seek personal profit, but seek the profit of others (1 Cor.10:33. 9:19-23).
#10. Above all else, saving people’s souls should be #1 in our minds (1 Cor.10:33).
I don’t know about you, but there are some things here that I have trouble with. The Christian life certainly is NOT easy!

Israel’s Persecution: 2 Kings 16:6; Esther 3:13; 4:7; 7:4; Psalm 74:8; 83:4; Jer. 50:7, 17; Lam. 4:18; Eze.25:12; 36:3; Dan.3:8; 8:24. Each time she was persecuted, it was a judgment from God because of her disobedience to Him.

Israel’s Forsaking God: Ex. 34:16; Num. 32:15; Deut.29:18; 31:16; 32:15; Josh.24:20; Jud. 2:12; 10:10; 1 Kings 9:6; 1 Chron.28:9; 2 Chron.7:19; 15:2; 34:25; Ezra 8:22; Job 21:14; 34:27; Psalm 73:27; 89:30; 106:39; Isa.1:4, 28; 59:13; Jer.1:16; Jer.2:13; 5:7; 5:19; 15:6; 16:11; 17:5; 22:9; Eze. 6:9; 14:7; Hosea 2:5.

Examples of Israel’s Forsaking God: Ex. 32:8; Num.14:43; Deut.28:20; 29:25; 31:18; Jud.8:33; 10:6, 13; 1 Sam.8:8; 1 Sam.10:19; 12:10; 28:7; 1 Kings 9:9; 11:9; 11:33; 14:9; 18:18; 2 Kings 17:7, 16; 21:22; 22:17; 1 Chron.5:25; 10:14; 2 Chron.12:1; 13:11; 2 Chron.21:10; 24:20, 24; 25:27; 28:6; 29:6; Ezra 9:10; Psalm 16:4; Isa.1:21;17:10; Isaiah 31:1; 43:22; 65:11; Jer.2:17, 31; 17:13; 19:4; Eze.23:5; Dan. 9:5; Hosea 1:2; Hosea 4:12; 5:7; 7:13; Zep.3:2; Mal.3:7.

Israel Carried Into Bondage: Gen.15:13; Ex.1:11; 2:11, 23; 5:4; 6:5; 13:3; Ex.13:14; 14:12; 20:2, 15; Deut.5:15; 6:12, 21; 8:14; 13:10; 15:15; 16:12; 24:18, 22; Deut.26:6; 28:48, 68; Josh.24:17; Jud.3:14; 6:8 2; 2 Chron.29:9; Ezra 9:8; Neh.9:36; Psalm 81:6; 105:25; 106:42; Eze.23:21; Joel 3:6.

May we learn from Israel’s mistakes. We are fools if we don't. The greatest blessing any nation or person can possibly have is knowing God! And knowing God means having a personal relationship with Him, and that means obeying Him. The secular world wants no part of God, and will not obey Him, not in the days of old, and not today.
If we believe that God can revoke His Promises to Israel, then we cannot be sure about our salvation. BUT if we believe God, and believe that He indeed is faithful to His Promises, we know deep within that our salvation is secured by the precious Blood of Jesus.
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. [KJV] We have eternal life the moment we accept Him. “Hath” = HAS, HAVE!
I believe that God is faithful both to the Jews, and to the church. He cannot, He will not, break even one of His Promises, not now, not ever! God CANNOT lie: (Num.23:19; Deut.32:4; Josh.21:45; Ps.19:9; 33:4; 89:14; 100:5; 119:160; 146:6; Tit.1:2; Heb.6:18; 1 John 5:20)

Faithfulness Of God: Gen.9:15; 18:19; 21:1; 24:27; 28:15; 50:24; Ex.2:24; 6:5; 8:13; 34:6; Deut.4:31; 7:9; 9:5; 10:22; 26:3; Jos.1:3; 14:10; 21:45; 1 Sam.12:22; 2 Sam.7:21; 1 Kings 8:1, 23; 8:56; 2 Kings 8:19; 13:23; 1 Chron.28:20; 2 Chron.6:4, 14; 21:7 Neh.1:5; 9:8, 32; Psalm 9:10; 36:5; 40:10; 71:22; Psalm 77:8; 88:11; 89:1; 89:24, 33; 92:2; 98:3; 105:8; 105:42; 106:45; 111:5; 119:65; Psalm 119:90; 119:138; 132:11; 143:1; Isa.25:1; 44:26; 49:7; Jer. 33:14, 21; 33:26; Lam.3:23; Eze.16:60; 36:36; 37:14; Dan.9:4; Hosea 2:20; Micah 7:20; Zep.3:5; Zec.8:8; Luke 1:55; 1:72; 1 Cor.1:9; 10:13; 2 Cor.1:18, 20; Heb.6:18; 11:11; 1 Peter 4:19; 2 Peter 3:9.

A God of Truth. Ex.34:6 Deut. 32:4; Psalm 31:5; 33:4; 40:10; 51:6; 57:3; 57:10; 85:10-11; 86:15; 89:14; 96:13; 98:3; 100:5; 108:4; Prov.12:19; 16:13; Isaiah 25:1; 59:14-15; 65:16; Jer.5:3; Dan.4:37; 10:21; Micah 7:20; John 1:14; 8:31-32; John 14:6; 14:17; 16:13; 17:17; 17:19; 18:37-38; Rom.2:2

Other “Gods”???

Paul states several ideas in 1 Cor.8:5-6, which seem to create some inner tension or discord. Although Paul clearly states that "there is but one God" (verse 4), what he says in verse 5 confuses the mind: For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, as there be gods many, and lords many.
Is Paul admitting the existence of other divine beings? These difficulties can be solved once we understand the problem which Paul addresses, the situation in Corinth and Paul's general Jewish-Christian worldview.
In verses 8-10, Paul seems to be addressing a second problem the church had laid before him in their letter; the first one was addressed in verse 7. The question was: Is it allowed for Christians to eat food that has been offered to idols (1 Cor.8:1,7,10; 10:14-30). In light of practices in the pagan world, that question arose in at least three settings. Animals which were sacrificed to pagan divinities at the various temples and shrines were not completely consumed in the sacrificial flames; often only certain organs were actually offered. The meat not consumed was sold by the priests to merchants, who resold it to the populace in the meat markets (1 Cor.10:25). The heathen called such meat "sacrificed for sacred purposes" (1 Cor.10:28), while Jews and Christians, recognizing idols as the work of human hands (Isa.40:18-20), called it "idol meat" (1 Cor.8:1,4; 10:18-19).
In addition to public sacrifices in the idol temples, there were also sacrificial rituals performed in private homes. Food remaining from such events was then consumed at regular meals. Would Christians invited by their pagan friends or neighbors be contaminated by such food (1 Cor.10:27-28)?  Sometimes banquets were held by individuals or associations in temple courts, and Christians could be invited (1 Cor.8:10). Since such meals were associated with the god or gods worshiped in these temples, the question of pagan defilement was very serious, not only for Jewish Christians, but for Gentile Christians who were still so accustomed to idols that when they eat such food they think of it as having been sacrificed to an idol (1 Cor.8:7).

1 Corinthians

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